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> GOVERNANCE - home > Employment protection legislation database - EPLex > Finland

Finland - Avenues for redress (penalties, remedies) and litigation procedure for individual complaints


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Compensation for unfair dismissal - free determination by court: No

Remarks:
  • See: sec. 2, chap. 12 ECA.

Compensation for unfair dismissal - Legal limits (ceiling in months or calculation method):
* Groundless termination of employment: min. 3 months' pay and max. 24 months' pay.

* Failure to observe the procedural requirements applicable to economic dismissal: max. 30 000 EUR.

Remarks:
  • * Compensation for groundless termination of employment: sec. 2, chap. 12 ECA.
    The minimum amount of 3 months is not applicable to dismissals based on financial and production-related grounds or a reorganization procedure.
    For shop stewards and elected representatives, the maximum amount is 30 months' pay.

    In cases of discriminatory terminations, the compensation which would have been received for the same infraction under the Non-Discrimination Act (1325/2014) must be taken into account, when determining the compensation received. (According to sec. 24 of the Non-Discrimination Act, the compensation must be equitably proportionate to the severity of the act, taking into account the type, extent and duration of the infringement but also attempts of the offender to preclude or remove the consequences of the actions).

    In case the former employee has received unemployment allowances before being granted the compensation payment, up to 75% of these allowances payment can be deducted from the final sum, sec. 3, chap. 12 ECA.


    * Failure to observe the procedural requirements applicable to economic dismissal: sec. 62 ACU.

Reinstatement available: No

Preliminary mandatory conciliation: No

Remarks:
  • No statutory provision found.

Competent court(s) / tribunal(s): ordinary courts

Remarks:
  • In Finland, individual labour disputes over rights are heard by ordinary courts as apposed to disputes connected with collective agreements which are dealt with by labour courts. (See Act on the Labour Court 646/19974)

Existing arbitration: No

Remarks:
  • No statutory provision found.

+ show references

Compensation for unfair dismissal - free determination by court: No

Remarks:
  • See: sec. 2, chap. 12 ECA.

Compensation for unfair dismissal - Legal limits (ceiling in months or calculation method):
* Groundless termination of employment: min. 3 months' pay and max. 24 months' pay.

* Failure to observe the procedural requirements applicable to economic dismissal: max. 30 000 EUR.

Remarks:
  • * Compensation for groundless termination of employment: sec. 2, chap. 12 ECA.
    The minimum amount of 3 months is not applicable to dismissals based on financial and production-related grounds or a reorganization procedure.
    For shop stewards and elected representatives, the maximum amount is 30 months' pay.

    In cases of discriminatory terminations, the compensation which would have been received for the same infraction under the Non-Discrimination Act (1325/2014) must be taken into account, when determining the compensation received. (According to sec. 24 of the Non-Discrimination Act, the compensation must be equitably proportionate to the severity of the act, taking into account the type, extent and duration of the infringement but also attempts of the offender to preclude or remove the consequences of the actions).

    In case the former employee has received unemployment allowances before being granted the compensation payment, up to 75% of these allowances payment can be deducted from the final sum, sec. 3, chap. 12 ECA.


    * Failure to observe the procedural requirements applicable to economic dismissal: sec. 62 ACU.

Reinstatement available: No

Preliminary mandatory conciliation: No

Remarks:
  • No statutory provision found.

Competent court(s) / tribunal(s): ordinary courts

Remarks:
  • In Finland, individual labour disputes over rights are heard by ordinary courts as apposed to disputes connected with collective agreements which are dealt with by labour courts. (See Act on the Labour Court 646/19974)

Existing arbitration: No

Remarks:
  • No statutory provision found.

+ show references

Compensation for unfair dismissal - free determination by court: No

Remarks:
  • See: sec. 2, chap. 12 ECA.

Compensation for unfair dismissal - Legal limits (ceiling in months or calculation method):
* Groundless termination of employment: min. 3 months' pay and max. 24 months' pay.

* Failure to observe the procedural requirements applicable to economic dismissal: max. 30 000 EUR.

Remarks:
  • * Compensation for groundless termination of employment: sec. 2, chap. 12 ECA.
    The minimum amount of 3 months is not applicable to dismissals based on financial and production-related grounds or a reorganization procedure.
    For shop stewards and elected representatives, the maximum amount is 30 months' pay.

    In cases of discriminatory terminations, the compensation which would have been received for the same infraction under the Non-Discrimination Act (1325/2014) must be taken into account, when determining the compensation received. (According to sec. 24 of the Non-Discrimination Act, the compensation must be equitably proportionate to the severity of the act, taking into account the type, extent and duration of the infringement but also attempts of the offender to preclude or remove the consequences of the actions).

    In case the former employee has received unemployment allowances before being granted the compensation payment, up to 75% of these allowances payment can be deducted from the final sum, sec. 3, chap. 12 ECA.


    * Failure to observe the procedural requirements applicable to economic dismissal: sec. 62 ACU.

Reinstatement available: No

Preliminary mandatory conciliation: No

Remarks:
  • No statutory provision found.

Competent court(s) / tribunal(s): ordinary courts

Remarks:
  • In Finland, individual labour disputes over rights are heard by ordinary courts as apposed to disputes connected with collective agreements which are dealt with by labour courts. (See Act on the Labour Court 646/19974)

Existing arbitration: No

Remarks:
  • No statutory provision found.

+ show references

Compensation for unfair dismissal - free determination by court: No

Remarks:
  • See: sec. 2, chap. 12 ECA.

Compensation for unfair dismissal - Legal limits (ceiling in months or calculation method):
* Groundless termination of employment: min. 3 months' pay and max. 24 months' pay.

* Failure to observe the procedural requirements applicable to economic dismissal: max. 30 000 EUR.

Remarks:
  • * Compensation for groundless termination of employment: sec. 2, chap. 12 ECA.
    The minimum amount of 3 months is not applicable to dismissals based on financial and production-related grounds or a reorganization procedure.
    For shop stewards and elected representatives, the maximum amount is 30 months' pay.
    In cases of discriminatory terminations, the compensation which would have been received for the same infraction under the Non-Discrimination Act (1325/2014) must be taken into account, when determining the compensation received. (According to sec. 24 of the Non-Discrimination Act, the compensation must be equitably proportionate to the severity of the act, taking into account the type, extent and duration of the infringement but also attempts of the offender to preclude or remove the consequences of the actions).

    * Failure to observe the procedural requirements applicable to economic dismissal: sec. 62 ACU.

Reinstatement available: No

Preliminary mandatory conciliation: No

Remarks:
  • No statutory provision found.

Competent court(s) / tribunal(s): ordinary courts

Remarks:
  • In Finland, individual labour disputes over rights are heard by ordinary courts as apposed to disputes connected with collective agreements which are dealt with by labour courts. (See Act on the Labour Court 646/19974)

Existing arbitration: No

Remarks:
  • No statutory provision found.

+ show references

Compensation for unfair dismissal - free determination by court: No

Remarks:
  • See: sec. 2, chap. 12 ECA.

Compensation for unfair dismissal - Legal limits (ceiling in months or calculation method):
* Groundless termination of employment: min. 3 months' pay and max. 24 months' pay.

* Failure to observe the procedural requirements applicable to economic dismissal: max. 30 000 EUR.

Remarks:
  • * Compensation for groundless termination of employment: sec. 2, chap. 12 ECA.
    The minimum amount of 3 months is not applicable to dismissals based on financial and production-related grounds or a reorganization procedure.
    For shop stewards and elected representatives, the maximum amount is 30 months' pay.
    In cases of discriminatory terminations, the compensation which would have been received for the same infraction under the Non-Discrimination Act (1325/2014) must be taken into account, when determining the compensation received. (According to sec. 24 of the Non-Discrimination Act, the compensation must be equitably proportionate to the severity of the act, taking into account the type, extent and duration of the infringement but also attempts of the offender to preclude or remove the consequences of the actions).

    * Failure to observe the procedural requirements applicable to economic dismissal: sec. 62 ACU.

Reinstatement available: No

Preliminary mandatory conciliation: No

Remarks:
  • No statutory provision found.

Competent court(s) / tribunal(s): ordinary courts

Remarks:
  • In Finland, individual labour disputes over rights are heard by ordinary courts as apposed to disputes connected with collective agreements which are dealt with by labour courts. (See Act on the Labour Court 646/19974)

Existing arbitration: No

Remarks:
  • No statutory provision found.

+ show references

Compensation for unfair dismissal - free determination by court: No

Remarks:
  • See: sec. 2, chap. 12 ECA.

Compensation for unfair dismissal - Legal limits (ceiling in months or calculation method):
* Groundless termination of employment: min. 3 months' pay and max. 24 months' pay.

* Failure to observe the procedural requirements applicable to economic dismissal: max. 30 000 EUR.

Remarks:
  • * Compensation for groundless termination of employment: sec. 2, chap. 12 ECA.
    The minimum amount of 3 months is not applicable to dismissals based on financial and production-related grounds or a reorganization procedure.
    For shop stewards and elected representatives, the maximum amount is 30 months' pay.
    In cases of discriminatory terminations, the compensation which would have been received for the same infraction under the Non-Discrimination Act (1325/2014) must be taken into account, when determining the compensation received. (According to sec. 24 of the Non-Discrimination Act, the compensation must be equitably proportionate to the severity of the act, taking into account the type, extent and duration of the infringement but also attempts of the offender to preclude or remove the consequences of the actions).

    * Failure to observe the procedural requirements applicable to economic dismissal: sec. 62 ACU.

Reinstatement available: No

Preliminary mandatory conciliation: No

Remarks:
  • No statutory provision found.

Competent court(s) / tribunal(s): ordinary courts

Remarks:
  • In Finland, individual labour disputes over rights are heard by ordinary courts as apposed to disputes connected with collective agreements which are dealt with by labour courts. (See Act on the Labour Court 646/19974)

Existing arbitration: No

Remarks:
  • No statutory provision found.

+ show references

Compensation for unfair dismissal - free determination by court: No

Remarks:
  • See: sec. 2, chap. 12 ECA.

Compensation for unfair dismissal - Legal limits (ceiling in months or calculation method):
* Groundless termination of employment: min. 3 months' pay and max. 24 months' pay.

* Failure to observe the procedural requirements applicable to economic dismissal: max. 30 000 EUR.

Remarks:
  • * Compensation for groundless termination of employment: sec. 2, chap. 12 ECA.
    The minimum amount of 3 months is not applicable to dismissals based on financial and production-related grounds or a reorganization procedure.
    For shop stewards and elected representatives, the maximum amount is 30 months' pay.

    * Failure to observe the procedural requirements applicable to economic dismissal: sec. 62 ACU.

Reinstatement available: No

Preliminary mandatory conciliation: No

Remarks:
  • No statutory provision found.

Competent court(s) / tribunal(s): ordinary courts

Remarks:
  • In Finland, individual labour disputes over rights are heard by ordinary courts as apposed to disputes connected with collective agreements which are dealt with by labour courts. (See Act on the Labour Court 646/19974)

Existing arbitration: No

Remarks:
  • No statutory provision found.

+ show references

Compensation for unfair dismissal - free determination by court: No

Remarks:
  • See: sec. 2, chap. 12 ECA.

Compensation for unfair dismissal - Legal limits (ceiling in months or calculation method):
* Groundless termination of employment: min. 3 months' pay and max. 24 months' pay.

* Failure to observe the procedural requirements applicable to economic dismissal: max. 30 000 EUR.

Remarks:
  • * Compensation for groundless termination of employment: sec. 2, chap. 12 ECA.
    The minimum amount of 3 months is not applicable to dismissals based on financial and production-related grounds or a reorganization procedure.
    For shop stewards and elected representatives, the maximum amount is 30 months' pay.

    * Failure to observe the procedural requirements applicable to economic dismissal: sec. 62 ACU.

Reinstatement available: No

Preliminary mandatory conciliation: No

Remarks:
  • No statutory provision found.

Competent court(s) / tribunal(s): ordinary courts

Remarks:
  • In Finland, individual labour disputes over rights are heard by ordinary courts as apposed to disputes connected with collective agreements which are dealt with by labour courts. (See Act on the Labour Court 646/19974)

Existing arbitration: No

Remarks:
  • No statutory provision found.

+ show references

Compensation for unfair dismissal - free determination by court: No

Remarks:
  • See: sec. 2, chap. 12 ECA.

Compensation for unfair dismissal - Legal limits (ceiling in months or calculation method):
* Groundless termination of employment: min. 3 months' pay and max. 24 months' pay.

* Failure to observe the procedural requirements applicable to economic dismissal: max. 30 000 EUR.

Remarks:
  • * Compensation for groundless termination of employment: sec. 2, chap. 12 ECA.
    The minimum amount of 3 months is not applicable to dismissals based on financial and production-related grounds or a reorganization procedure.
    For shop stewards and elected representatives, the maximum amount is 30 months' pay.

    * Failure to observe the procedural requirements applicable to economic dismissal: sec. 62 ACU.

Reinstatement available: No

Preliminary mandatory conciliation: No

Remarks:
  • No statutory provision found.

Competent court(s) / tribunal(s): ordinary courts

Remarks:
  • In Finland, individual labour disputes over rights are heard by ordinary courts as apposed to disputes connected with collective agreements which are dealt with by labour courts. (See Act on the Labour Court 646/19974)

Existing arbitration: No

Remarks:
  • No statutory provision found.

+ show references

Compensation for unfair dismissal - free determination by court: No

Remarks:
  • See: sec. 2, chap. 12 ECA.

Compensation for unfair dismissal - Legal limits (ceiling in months or calculation method):
* Groundless termination of employment: min. 3 months' pay and max. 24 months' pay.

* Failure to observe the procedural requirements applicable to economic dismissal: max. 30 000 EUR.

Remarks:
  • * Compensation for groundless termination of employment: sec. 2, chap. 12 ECA.
    The minimum amount of 3 months is not applicable to dismissals based on financial and production-related grounds or a reorganization procedure.
    For shop stewards and elected representatives, the maximum amount is 30 months' pay.

    * Failure to observe the procedural requirements applicable to economic dismissal: sec. 62 ACU.

Reinstatement available: No

Preliminary mandatory conciliation: No

Remarks:
  • No statutory provision found.

Competent court(s) / tribunal(s): ordinary courts

Remarks:
  • In Finland, individual labour disputes over rights are heard by ordinary courts as apposed to disputes connected with collective agreements which are dealt with by labour courts. (See Act on the Labour Court 646/19974)

Existing arbitration: No

Remarks:
  • No statutory provision found.

+ show references

Compensation for unfair dismissal - free determination by court: No

Remarks:
  • See: sec. 2, chap. 12 ECA.

Compensation for unfair dismissal - Legal limits (ceiling in months or calculation method):
* Groundless termination of employment: min. 3 months' pay and max. 24 months' pay.

* Failure to observe the procedural requirements applicable to economic dismissal: max. 30 000 EUR.

Remarks:
  • * Compensation for groundless termination of employment: sec. 2, chap. 12 ECA.
    The minimum amount of 3 months is not applicable to dismissals based on financial and production-related grounds or a reorganization procedure.
    For shop stewards and elected representatives, the maximum amount is 30 months' pay.

    * Failure to observe the procedural requirements applicable to economic dismissal: sec. 62 ACU.

Reinstatement available: No

Preliminary mandatory conciliation: No

Remarks:
  • No statutory provision found.

Competent court(s) / tribunal(s): ordinary courts

Remarks:
  • In Finland, individual labour disputes over rights are heard by ordinary courts as apposed to disputes connected with collective agreements which are dealt with by labour courts. (See Act on the Labour Court 646/19974)

Existing arbitration: No

Remarks:
  • No statutory provision found.