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> GOUVERNANCE - page d'accueil > EPLex: une base de données sur les législations de protection de l'emploi > Mexique

Mexique - Conditions de forme / procédure des licenciements collectifs pour motif économique


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Définition du licenciement collectif (nombre d'employés concernés):
No specified number in the legislation.

Remarks:
  • Art. 434 II, III, IV: Grounds for collective termination:
    - the known and obvious inability of the undertaking to pay its way;
    - the exhaustion of the substance being extracted by a mining undertaking;
    - statutory declaration of insolvency proceedings or bankruptcy if the competent authority or the creditors decide on the definitive closure of the undertaking or the definitive retrenchment of production.

Consultation préalable des syndicats (représentants des travailleurs): Oui

Remarks:
  • See: art. 900-919 FLA on Proceedings applicable to collective disputes (including collective termination): duty to inform and consult with employees representatives.

Notification à l'administration publique: Oui

Remarks:
  • *Notification to the Board of Conciliation: Art. 435 FLA.
    *Proceedings before the Board of Conciliation: art. 903-919 FLA.

Notification aux représentants des travailleurs: Oui

Remarks:
  • See: art. 900-919 FLA on Proceedings applicable to collective disputes (including collective termination): duty to inform and consult with employees representatives.

Autorisation de l'administration publique ou d'un organe judiciaire: Oui

Remarks:
  • *Art. 435 FLA: approval by the Board of Conciliation Arbitration
    *Proceedings before the Board of Conciliation when collective termination is based to the self-evident non profitability of the operations of the undertaking: art. 903-919 FLA.

    On the proceedings to be followed in case of bankruptcy, see art. 782 FLA.

Accord des représentants des travailleurs: Non

Remarks:
  • However, during the proceedings before the Board of Conciliation, if the employer and the trade union reach an agreement, the Board will approve it (art. 906 IV) FLA).

Règles de priorité pour l'ordre des des licenciements collectifs (situation sociale, âge, ancienneté): Oui

Remarks:
  • Art. 437 FLA: seniority-based priority to remain in the undertaking.

Obligation de l'employeur d'examiner des solutions alternatives au licenciement (transferts, formation...): Non

Règles de priorité de réembauche: Oui

Remarks:
  • Art. 438 together following 154 FLA . In equality of circumstances, employers must prefer Mexican workers over non-Mexican workers, those that satisfactory served for a longer period of time, those who do not have any other economic income and have family responsibilities and those that are members of a trade unions.

+ show references

Définition du licenciement collectif (nombre d'employés concernés):
No specified number in the legislation.

Remarks:
  • Art. 434 II, III, IV: Grounds for collective termination:
    - the known and obvious inability of the undertaking to pay its way;
    - the exhaustion of the substance being extracted by a mining undertaking;
    - statutory declaration of insolvency proceedings or bankruptcy if the competent authority or the creditors decide on the definitive closure of the undertaking or the definitive retrenchment of production.

Consultation préalable des syndicats (représentants des travailleurs): Oui

Remarks:
  • See: art. 900-919 FLA on Proceedings applicable to collective disputes (including collective termination): duty to inform and consult with employees representatives.

Notification à l'administration publique: Oui

Remarks:
  • *Notification to the Board of Conciliation: Art. 435 FLA.
    *Proceedings before the Board of Conciliation: art. 903-919 FLA.

Notification aux représentants des travailleurs: Oui

Remarks:
  • See: art. 900-919 FLA on Proceedings applicable to collective disputes (including collective termination): duty to inform and consult with employees representatives.

Autorisation de l'administration publique ou d'un organe judiciaire: Oui

Remarks:
  • *Art. 435 FLA: approval by the Board of Conciliation Arbitration
    *Proceedings before the Board of Conciliation when collective termination is based to the self-evident non profitability of the operations of the undertaking: art. 903-919 FLA.

    On the proceedings to be followed in case of bankruptcy, see art. 782 FLA.

Accord des représentants des travailleurs: Non

Remarks:
  • However, during the proceedings before the Board of Conciliation, if the employer and the trade union reach an agreement, the Board will approve it (art. 906 IV) FLA).

Règles de priorité pour l'ordre des des licenciements collectifs (situation sociale, âge, ancienneté): Oui

Remarks:
  • Art. 437 FLA: seniority-based priority to remain in the undertaking.

Obligation de l'employeur d'examiner des solutions alternatives au licenciement (transferts, formation...): Non

Règles de priorité de réembauche: Oui

Remarks:
  • Art. 438 together following 154 FLA . In equality of circumstances, employers must prefer Mexican workers over non-Mexican workers, those that satisfactory served for a longer period of time, those who do not have any other economic income and have family responsibilities and those that are members of a trade unions.