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Japon - Conditions de forme / procédure du licenciement individuel


Conditions de forme / procédure du licenciement individuel - Japon - 2019    

Forme de la notification du licenciement au travailleur : aucune forme particulière requise

Remarks:
  • No statutory provision on the form of notice.

Délai de préavis:
Remarks:
  • Art. 20 (1) LSA: at least 30 days advance notice.

    However, in accordance with art. 21 LSA, this rule does not apply to the following workers:
    * workers employed on a daily basis if they have worked for less than one month;
    * workers employed for a specific period not exceeding two months;
    * seasonal workers employed for a specific period not exceeding four months; and
    * workers during a trial period if they have worked for less than 14 days.

    In addition, an employer is exempt from obligations pursuant to article 20 LSA if the continued operation of the undertaking becomes impossible because of a natural disaster or some other unavoidable cause or in the event of dismissal for reasons attributable to the employee. In such cases, an employer is obliged to obtain administrative approval from the head of the local Labour Standards Inspection Office (art. 20 (3) LSL).

    • ancienneté ≥ 6 mois
      • 30 jour(s) .
    • ancienneté ≥ 9 mois
      • 30 jour(s) .
    • ancienneté ≥ 2 ans
      • 30 jour(s) .
    • ancienneté ≥ 4 ans
      • 30 jour(s) .
    • ancienneté ≥ 5 ans
      • 30 jour(s) .
    • ancienneté ≥ 10 ans
      • 30 jour(s) .
    • ancienneté ≥ 20 ans
      • 30 jour(s) .

    Indemnité compensatrice de préavis : Oui

    Remarks:
    • Art. 20(1) LSA.

    Notification à l'administration publique: Non

    Notification aux représentants des travailleurs: Non

    Remarks:
    • No statutory obligation. However, prior consultation may be foreseen in a collective agreement between the employer and a trade union.

    Autorisation de l'administration publique ou d'un organe judiciaire: Non

    Remarks:
    • Except for a dismissal without notice which is allowed if the continued operation of the undertaking becomes impossible because of a natural disaster or some other unavoidable cause or in the event of dismissal for reasons attributable to the employee. In such cases, an employer is obliged to obtain administrative approval from the head of the local Labour Standards Inspection Office. (art. 20 (3) LSL).

    Accord des représentants des travailleurs: Non