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Espagne - Conditions de forme / procédure du licenciement individuel

Conditions de forme / procédure du licenciement individuel - Espagne - 2019    

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Forme de la notification du licenciement au travailleur : écrite

  • - Dismissal based on objective reasons: art. 53(1)a) ET.
    - Disciplinary dismissal: art. 55(1) ET.

Délai de préavis:
  • As a result of Law Act 35/2010, the notice period to be observed in the event of dismissal for an objective cause (e.g economic reasons, capacity-related reasons - see 'valid grounds') is now reduced to 15 days (instead of 30 days) (see art. 53(1)c) ET).
    With respect to disciplinary dismissal, no notice is required.

    • ancienneté ≥ 6 mois
      • 15 jour(s) .
    • ancienneté ≥ 9 mois
      • 15 jour(s) .
    • ancienneté ≥ 2 ans
      • 15 jour(s) .
    • ancienneté ≥ 4 ans
      • 15 jour(s) .
    • ancienneté ≥ 5 ans
      • 15 jour(s) .
    • ancienneté ≥ 10 ans
      • 15 jour(s) .
    • ancienneté ≥ 20 ans
      • 15 jour(s) .

    Indemnité compensatrice de préavis : Oui

    • As a result of law 35/2010, if the employer fails to observe the notice requirements, he or she shall be liable to pay compensation in an amount equivalent to the period of notice that was not given (art. 53(4) ET).

    Notification à l'administration publique: Non

    Notification aux représentants des travailleurs: Non

    • No general obligation to notify the worker's representatives in the event of dismissal.
      However, notification is required in the following cases:
      - In the event of objective dismissal based on technical, organizational, economic or production-related grounds which is not part of a pattern of collective dismissal, copy of the notice of dismissal shall be given to the worker's representatives (art. 53(1)c) ET).
      - Where a trade unions member or trade union representative is dismissed by way of disciplinary dismissal (art. 55 (1) ET - see also above "worker's enjoying special protection")

    Autorisation de l'administration publique ou d'un organe judiciaire: Non

    Accord des représentants des travailleurs: Non