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Brésil - Conditions de forme / procédure du licenciement individuel


Conditions de forme / procédure du licenciement individuel - Brésil - 2019    

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Forme de la notification du licenciement au travailleur : aucune forme particulière requise

Délai de préavis:
Remarks:
  • According to art 487 of the CLL, a party who wishes to cancel an employment contract of an indefinite duration without a just motive ("sem justo motivo") shall give notice to the other party of his or her intention as follows:
    * eight days in advance if wages are paid weekly or at shorter intervals;
    * thirty days in advance if wages are paid fortnightly or monthly, or if the employee's length of service in the undertaking exceeds 12 months.

    LEI Nº 12.506, DE 11 DE OUTUBRO DE 2011, Article 1o. Parágrafo único. "Ao aviso prévio previsto neste artigo serão acrescidos 3 (três) dias por ano de serviço prestado na mesma empresa, até o máximo de 60 (sessenta) dias, perfazendo um total de até 90 (noventa) dias."

    Note that the 8 days' notice requirement for weekly-paid workers might not be valid anymore since the adoption of the 1988 Constitution as art. 7 XXI of the Constitution provides for "a right to notice of dismissal in proportion to the length of service of at least thirty days, as provided by law".
    • ancienneté ≥ 6 mois
      • licenciement sans cause ("sem justo motivo") - 30 jour(s) .
    • ancienneté ≥ 9 mois
      • licenciement sans cause ("sem justo motivo") - 30 jour(s) .
    • ancienneté ≥ 2 ans
      • licenciement sans cause ("sem justo motivo") - 33 jour(s) .
    • ancienneté ≥ 4 ans
      • licenciement sans cause ("sem justo motivo") - 39 jour(s) .
    • ancienneté ≥ 5 ans
      • licenciement sans cause ("sem justo motivo") - 42 jour(s) .
    • ancienneté ≥ 10 ans
      • licenciement sans cause ("sem justo motivo") - 57 jour(s) .
    • ancienneté ≥ 20 ans
      • licenciement sans cause ("sem justo motivo") - 87 jour(s) .

    Indemnité compensatrice de préavis : Oui

    Remarks:
    • Art. 487(1) CLL: If the employer fails to give due notice, the employee is entitled to his or her wages for the period of notice, and that period is always deemed to be included in the period of employment.

    Notification à l'administration publique: Non

    Remarks:
    • No prior notification as such.
      (Art. 477 (1) was derogated by Law 13467, 2017)

    Notification aux représentants des travailleurs: Non

    Autorisation de l'administration publique ou d'un organe judiciaire: Non

    Accord des représentants des travailleurs: Non