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Afrique du Sud - Conditions de forme / procédure du licenciement individuel

Conditions de forme / procédure du licenciement individuel - Afrique du Sud - 2019    

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Forme de la notification du licenciement au travailleur: écrite

  • See sec. 37(4) BCEA: Notice of termination must be given in writing and explained orally to an employee who is not able to understand it.

Délai de préavis:
  • Sec. 37(1) BCEA establishes minimum notice periods to be observed by the employer when he or she intends to dismiss an employee, as follows:
    - 1 week's notice if the employee has been employed for 6 months or less,
    - 2 week's notice if the employee has been employed for more than 6 months but not more than 1 year;
    - 4 weeks if the employee has been employed for one year or more (or is a farm or domestic workers employed for more than 6 months)
    Collective agreements only provide shorter notice periods than those stipulated by the BCEA for workers with more than 1 year of service. In such cases, the notice period can be reduced to 2 weeks (sec. 37(2) BCEA).
    • ancienneté ≥ 6 mois
      • 2 semaine(s).
    • ancienneté ≥ 9 mois
      • 2 semaine(s).
    • ancienneté ≥ 2 ans
      • 4 semaine(s).
    • ancienneté ≥ 4 ans
      • 4 semaine(s).
    • ancienneté ≥ 5 ans
      • 4 semaine(s).
    • ancienneté ≥ 10 ans
      • 4 semaine(s).
    • ancienneté ≥ 20 ans
      • 4 semaine(s).

    Indemnité compensatrice de préavis: Oui

    • Sec. 38 BCEA.

    Notification à l'administration publique: Non

    Notification aux représentants des travailleurs: Non

    • Except for individual dismissals based on operational requirements (see sec. 189 LRA).
      See also sec. 4(2) of the Code of Good Practice on Dismissal - schedule 8 of the LRA: Disciplinary proceedings against a trade union representative should not be instituted without first informing and consulting the union.

    Autorisation de l'administration publique ou d'un organe judiciaire: Non

    Accord des représentants des travailleurs: Non