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Venezuela, République bolivarienne du - Conditions de forme / procédure du licenciement individuel


Conditions de forme / procédure du licenciement individuel - Venezuela, République bolivarienne du - 2011    

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Forme de la notification du licenciement au travailleur : écrite

Délai de préavis:
    • ancienneté ≥ 6 mois
      • licenciement économique - 2 semaine(s) .
    • ancienneté ≥ 9 mois
      • licenciement économique - 2 semaine(s) .
    • ancienneté ≥ 2 ans
      • licenciement économique - 1 mois .
    • ancienneté ≥ 4 ans
      • licenciement économique - 1 mois .
    • ancienneté ≥ 5 ans
      • licenciement économique - 2 mois .
    • ancienneté ≥ 10 ans
      • licenciement économique - 3 mois .
    • ancienneté ≥ 20 ans
      • licenciement économique - 3 mois .

    Indemnité compensatrice de préavis : Oui

    Notification à l'administration publique: Non

    Notification aux représentants des travailleurs: Non

    Autorisation de l'administration publique ou d'un organe judiciaire: Non

    Accord des représentants des travailleurs: Non

    Notes / Remarques
    This section reflects the provisions of the Organic Labour Law.
    Under the OLL, the procedural requirements for individual dismissals depends on whether the dismissal is for a just cause or if it is unjustified and whether the workers enjoy job stability.

    HOWEVER, in spite of those legal requirements provided in the OLL, the rules on dismissal have been substantially modified by so-called "Immunity Decrees" enacted at regular interval since 2002, the latest (as of 2011) dating 16 December 2010 (No. 7914) covering the period from 1 January 2011 to 31 December 2011.
    Under those Decrees, prior accreditation of just cause by the labour inspectorate is required for any dismissal of any worker falling within the scope of of application of the decrees (= all workers in the private sector and all those covered within the scope of application of the Labour Code) Violation of this rule may be remedied through reinstatement, where requested.
    Therefore, those workers covered by such employment stability, cannot be dismissed by way of unjustified dismissal but only for a just cause and the requirements described in this section are not applicable.
    They would apply to workers not covered by the Decree, namely: Managers, workers with less than three months' seniority, employees in positions of trust, and workers who earn more than three times the minimum wage.