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Finlande - Conditions de forme / procédure du licenciement individuel


Conditions de forme / procédure du licenciement individuel - Finlande - 2019    

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Forme de la notification du licenciement au travailleur: aucune forme particulière requise

Remarks:
  • Sec. 4, chap. 9, ECA: A notice on termination of an employment contract shall be delivered to the employer or its representative, or to the employee, in person. If this is not possible, the notice may be delivered by letter or electronically.
    However, if so requested by the employee, the employer must notify the employee without delay in writing of the date of termination of the employment contract and of the grounds for termination or cancellation known by the employer to have caused the termination (sec. 5, chap.9 ECA).

Délai de préavis:
Remarks:
  • Section 3, Chapter 6, ECA, General notice periods
    “Unless otherwise agreed, the notice periods to be observed by the employer are the following if the employment relationship has continued uninterruptedly:
    1) 14 days, if the employment relationship has continued for up to one year;
    2) one month, if the employment relationship has continued for more than one year but no more than four years;
    3) two months, if the employment relationship has continued for more than four years but no more than eight years;
    4) four months, if the employment relationship has continued for more than eight years but no more than 12 years;
    5) six months, if the employment relationship has continued for more than 12 years.
    • ancienneté ≥ 1 an
      • 14 jour(s).
    • ancienneté ≥ 4 ans
      • 1 mois.
    • ancienneté ≥ 5 ans
      • 2 mois.
    • ancienneté ≥ 10 ans
      • 4 mois.
    • ancienneté ≥ 20 ans
      • 6 mois.

    Indemnité compensatrice de préavis: Oui

    Remarks:
    • Sec. 4, chap. 6, ECA.

    Notification à l'administration publique: Non

    Remarks:
    • Section 3a has been repealed by Act 204/2017.

      See also sec. 48 of the ACU, applicable only to undertakings employing at least 20 workers: When the employer proposes measures that may lead to termination (on economic grounds), he or she should also inform the employment office.

    Notification aux représentants des travailleurs: Non

    Remarks:
    • However, according to the Act on Co-operation within Undertakings (2007), notification to worker's representatives and negotiation are compulsory when the dismissal affects a single worker provided such dismissal is based on financial and productive grounds, and the undertakings employs at least 20 workers. (see sec. 44-53 ACU)

    Autorisation de l'administration publique ou d'un organe judiciaire: Non

    Accord des représentants des travailleurs: Non