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Japón - Requisitos de forma / procedimiento de despido individual


Requisitos de forma / procedimiento de despido individual - Japón - 2019    

Forma de la notificación del despido al trabajador: sin forma particular exigida

Remarks:
  • No statutory provision on the form of notice.

Plazo de preaviso:
Remarks:
  • Art. 20 (1) LSA: at least 30 days advance notice.

    However, in accordance with art. 21 LSA, this rule does not apply to the following workers:
    * workers employed on a daily basis if they have worked for less than one month;
    * workers employed for a specific period not exceeding two months;
    * seasonal workers employed for a specific period not exceeding four months; and
    * workers during a trial period if they have worked for less than 14 days.

    In addition, an employer is exempt from obligations pursuant to article 20 LSA if the continued operation of the undertaking becomes impossible because of a natural disaster or some other unavoidable cause or in the event of dismissal for reasons attributable to the employee. In such cases, an employer is obliged to obtain administrative approval from the head of the local Labour Standards Inspection Office (art. 20 (3) LSL).

    • duración de servicio ≥ 6 meses
      • 30 día(s).
    • duración de servicio ≥ 9 meses
      • 30 día(s).
    • duración de servicio ≥ 2 años
      • 30 día(s).
    • duración de servicio ≥ 4 años
      • 30 día(s).
    • duración de servicio ≥ 5 años
      • 30 día(s).
    • duración de servicio ≥ 10 años
      • 30 día(s).
    • duración de servicio ≥ 20 años
      • 30 día(s).

    Indemnización sustitutiva de preaviso:

    Remarks:
    • Art. 20(1) LSA.

    Notificación a la administración: No

    Notificación a los representantes de los trabajadores: No

    Remarks:
    • No statutory obligation. However, prior consultation may be foreseen in a collective agreement between the employer and a trade union.

    Aprobación de la administración publica o de organismos judiciales: No

    Remarks:
    • Except for a dismissal without notice which is allowed if the continued operation of the undertaking becomes impossible because of a natural disaster or some other unavoidable cause or in the event of dismissal for reasons attributable to the employee. In such cases, an employer is obliged to obtain administrative approval from the head of the local Labour Standards Inspection Office. (art. 20 (3) LSL).

    Acuerdo de los representantes de los trabajadores: No