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> GOVERNANCE - home > Employment protection legislation database - EPLex

Procedural requirements for individual dismissals


Jordan - 2019    

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Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

Remarks:
  • Art. 23 A) LL: "If one of the parties has intended to terminate the unlimited period work contract, then he shall notify the other party in writing of his intention of terminating the contract before one month at least, the notification shall not be cancelled except by the approval of both parties."

Notice period:
Remarks:
  • Art. 23 A) LL: If one of the parties intends to terminate the employment contract, he or she shall notify the other party of his or her intention in writing at least one month in advance.
    • tenure ≥ 6 months
      • 1 month(s).
    • tenure ≥ 9 months
      • 1 month(s).
    • tenure ≥ 2 years
      • 1 month(s).
    • tenure ≥ 4 years
      • 1 month(s).
    • tenure ≥ 5 years
      • 1 month(s).
    • tenure ≥ 10 years
      • 1 month(s).
    • tenure ≥ 20 years
      • 1 month(s).

    Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

    Remarks:
    • Art. 23 C) LL: "If the notification was provided by the employer, then the employer may exempt the employee from working during the period of notification [...] the employee shall be entitled to his/her wage for the period of notification in all such cases."

    Notification to the public administration: No

    Notification to workers' representatives: No

    Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

    Approval by workers' representatives: No

    Saudi Arabia - 2017    

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    Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

    Remarks:
    • Art. 75 LL.

    Notice period:
    Remarks:
    • Art 75 LL: the notice period shall be at least 60 days for monthly paid workers and 30 days for the others.
      • tenure ≥ 6 months
        • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
        • non-monthly paid workers - 15 day(s).
      • tenure ≥ 9 months
        • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
        • non-monthly paid workers - 15 day(s).
      • tenure ≥ 2 years
        • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
        • non-monthly paid workers - 15 day(s).
      • tenure ≥ 4 years
        • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
        • non-monthly paid workers - 15 day(s).
      • tenure ≥ 5 years
        • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
        • non-monthly paid workers - 15 day(s).
      • tenure ≥ 10 years
        • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
        • non-monthly paid workers - 15 day(s).
      • tenure ≥ 20 years
        • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
        • non-monthly paid workers - 15 day(s).

      Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

      Remarks:
      • Art. 76 LL.

      Notification to the public administration: No

      Notification to workers' representatives: No

      Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

      Approval by workers' representatives: No

      Syrian Arab Republic - 2013    

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      Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

      Remarks:
      • Art. 56 (a) LL: Either the employer or the worker may terminate the unspecified-term contract provided they send the other party written notice prior to termination.

      Notice period:
      Remarks:
      • Art. 56 a) 1) LL: Notice shall be sent two months prior to termination.
        In the event of termination of a disabled worker, the notice period shall be doubled (art. 140 LL).
        • tenure ≥ 6 months
          • 2 month(s).
        • tenure ≥ 9 months
          • 2 month(s).
        • tenure ≥ 2 years
          • 2 month(s).
        • tenure ≥ 4 years
          • 2 month(s).
        • tenure ≥ 5 years
          • 2 month(s).
        • tenure ≥ 10 years
          • 2 month(s).
        • tenure ≥ 20 years
          • 2 month(s).

        Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

        Remarks:
        • - Art. 56(b) LL: The party terminating the employment contract without notice or before the completion of the notice period shall pay the other party compensation equal to the wage of the worker for the whole or remaining duration of the notice period, unless the worker is dispensed from the notice period.
          - Art. 60 LL: Employers may dispense workers from working during the notice period and consider their service uninterrupted until the end of the notice period, with all accruing effects, in particular the amount of wages for the notice period.

        Notification to the public administration: No

        Notification to workers' representatives: No

        Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

        Approval by workers' representatives: No

        United Arab Emirates - 2013    

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        Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

        Remarks:
        • Art. 117 FLLR.

        Notice period:
        Remarks:
        • Art. 117 FLLR provides that either party may terminate a contract of unlimited duration for a valid reason at any time provided that written notice is given to the other party at least 30 days prior to termination.
          In respect of employees paid on a daily-basis, the period of notice is as follows:
          - one week in the employee has worked for more than six months but less than one year;
          - two weeks if the employee has worked for at least one year;
          - one month if the employee has worked for at least five years.
          • tenure ≥ 6 months
            • 30 day(s).
            • workers paid on a daily basis or by piece-rate - 1 week(s).
          • tenure ≥ 9 months
            • 30 day(s).
            • workers paid on a daily basis or by piece-rate - 1 week(s).
          • tenure ≥ 2 years
            • 30 day(s).
            • workers paid on a daily basis or by piece-rate - 2 week(s).
          • tenure ≥ 4 years
            • 30 day(s).
            • workers paid on a daily basis or by piece-rate - 2 week(s).
          • tenure ≥ 5 years
            • 30 day(s).
            • workers paid on a daily basis or by piece-rate - 1 month(s).
          • tenure ≥ 10 years
            • 30 day(s).
            • workers paid on a daily basis or by piece-rate - 1 month(s).
          • tenure ≥ 20 years
            • 30 day(s).
            • workers paid on a daily basis or by piece-rate - 1 month(s).

          Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

          Remarks:
          • Art. 119 FLLR.

          Notification to the public administration: No

          Remarks:
          • Notification is however required in the event of a dismissal of national employees (which only account for a small percentage of the workforce in the private sector). Under art.1.3 of the Ministerial Resolution No. 176 of 2009 "Restricting the Dismissal of UAE National Employees", the dismissal of a UAE national in unlawful if the employer failed to inform the Ministry of Labour at least 30 days prior to the dismissal or fails to comply with the Ministry's instructions within the designated times.

          Notification to workers' representatives: No

          Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

          Approval by workers' representatives: No

          Yemen - 2013    

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          Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

          Remarks:
          • No specific form of notice required in Art. 38 LC. This provision only stipulates that "a party wishing to terminate the contract shall give the other party prior notice of termination".

          Notice period:
          Remarks:
          • The length of the notice period to be observed by either party is not set according to the length of service but according to the pay period, as follows:
            - 30 days for workers with monthly wages;
            - 15 days for workers with half-monthly wages,
            - one week for workers working on the basis of production or piece work, or hourly or daily or weekly rates (art. 38(3) LC).
            • tenure ≥ 6 months
              • monthly paid workers - 30 day(s).
              • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers - 1 week(s).
              • fortnightly paid workers - 15 day(s).
            • tenure ≥ 9 months
              • monthly paid workers - 30 day(s).
              • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers - 1 week(s).
              • fortnightly paid workers - 15 day(s).
            • tenure ≥ 2 years
              • monthly paid workers - 30 day(s).
              • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers - 1 week(s).
              • fortnightly paid workers - 15 day(s).
            • tenure ≥ 4 years
              • monthly paid workers - 30 day(s).
              • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers - 1 week(s).
              • fortnightly paid workers - 15 day(s).
            • tenure ≥ 5 years
              • monthly paid workers - 30 day(s).
              • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers - 1 week(s).
              • fortnightly paid workers - 15 day(s).
            • tenure ≥ 10 years
              • monthly paid workers - 30 day(s).
              • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers - 1 week(s).
              • fortnightly paid workers - 15 day(s).
            • tenure ≥ 20 years
              • monthly paid workers - 30 day(s).
              • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers - 1 week(s).
              • fortnightly paid workers - 15 day(s).

            Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

            Remarks:
            • Art. 38(1) LC.

            Notification to the public administration: No

            Remarks:
            • No mandatory notification. However, art. 38(2) LC stipulates that "if either party refuses to receive notice of termination of the contract, the notice may be deposited with the Ministry or one of its offices".

            Notification to workers' representatives: No

            Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

            Approval by workers' representatives: No