ILO is a specialized agency of the United Nations
ILO-en-strap
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us français | español
> GOVERNANCE - home > Employment protection legislation database - EPLex

Procedural requirements for individual dismissals


Afghanistan - 2013    

+ show references

Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

Notice period:
    • tenure ≥ 6 months
      • 1 month(s).
    • tenure ≥ 9 months
      • 1 month(s).
    • tenure ≥ 2 years
      • 1 month(s).
    • tenure ≥ 4 years
      • 1 month(s).
    • tenure ≥ 5 years
      • 1 month(s).
    • tenure ≥ 10 years
      • 1 month(s).
    • tenure ≥ 20 years
      • 1 month(s).

    Pay in lieu of notice: No

    Notification to the public administration: Yes

    Notification to workers' representatives: No

    Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

    Approval by workers' representatives: No

    Algeria - 2013    

    + show references

    Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

    Notice period:

      Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

      Notification to the public administration: No

      Notification to workers' representatives: No

      Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

      Approval by workers' representatives: No

      Angola - 2013    

      + show references

      Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

      Notice period:
        • tenure ≥ 6 months
          • economic dismissal - 30 day(s).
          • executives, high-level and middle-level technicians - economic dismissal - 60 day(s).
        • tenure ≥ 9 months
          • economic dismissal - 30 day(s).
          • executives, high-level and middle-level technicians - economic dismissal - 60 day(s).
        • tenure ≥ 2 years
          • economic dismissal - 30 day(s).
          • executives, high-level and middle-level technicians - economic dismissal - 60 day(s).
        • tenure ≥ 4 years
          • economic dismissal - 30 day(s).
          • executives, high-level and middle-level technicians - economic dismissal - 60 day(s).
        • tenure ≥ 5 years
          • economic dismissal - 30 day(s).
          • executives, high-level and middle-level technicians - economic dismissal - 60 day(s).
        • tenure ≥ 10 years
          • economic dismissal - 30 day(s).
          • executives, high-level and middle-level technicians - economic dismissal - 60 day(s).
        • tenure ≥ 20 years
          • economic dismissal - 30 day(s).
          • executives, high-level and middle-level technicians - economic dismissal - 60 day(s).

        Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

        Notification to the public administration: Yes

        Notification to workers' representatives: Yes

        Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

        Approval by workers' representatives: Yes

        Antigua and Barbuda - 2018    

        + show references

        Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

        Notice period:
          • tenure ≥ 6 months
            • monthly paid workers - 30 day(s).
          • tenure ≥ 9 months
            • monthly paid workers - 30 day(s).
          • tenure ≥ 2 years
            • monthly paid workers - 30 day(s).
          • tenure ≥ 4 years
            • monthly paid workers - 30 day(s).
          • tenure ≥ 5 years
            • monthly paid workers - 30 day(s).
          • tenure ≥ 10 years
            • monthly paid workers - 30 day(s).
          • tenure ≥ 20 years
            • monthly paid workers - 30 day(s).

          Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

          Notification to the public administration: No

          Notification to workers' representatives: No

          Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

          Approval by workers' representatives: No

          Argentina - 2018    

          + show references

          Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

          Notice period:
            • tenure ≥ 6 months
              • 1 month(s).
            • tenure ≥ 9 months
              • 1 month(s).
            • tenure ≥ 2 years
              • 1 month(s).
            • tenure ≥ 4 years
              • 1 month(s).
            • tenure ≥ 5 years
              • 2 month(s).
            • tenure ≥ 10 years
              • 2 month(s).
            • tenure ≥ 20 years
              • 2 month(s).

            Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

            Notification to the public administration: No

            Notification to workers' representatives: No

            Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

            Approval by workers' representatives: No

            Notes / Remarks
            The notice period requirements do not apply to dismissals for "just cause".
            The only procedural requirement for dismissal for "just cause" is the submission of written notice of the fact of dismissal with a clear indication of the grounds invoked for the termination of the contract. There is no legally prescribed time limit for the submission of this notice.

            Armenia - 2018    

            + show references

            Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

            Notice period:
              • tenure ≥ 5 years
                • 35 day(s).
              • tenure ≥ 10 years
                • 42 day(s).
              • tenure ≥ 20 years
                • 60 day(s).

              Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

              Notification to the public administration: No

              Notification to workers' representatives: No

              Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

              Approval by workers' representatives: No

              Australia - 2019    

              + show references

              Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

              Notice period:
                • tenure ≥ 6 months
                  • 1 week(s).
                • tenure ≥ 9 months
                  • 1 week(s).
                • tenure ≥ 2 years
                  • employees ≤ 45 years old - 2 week(s).
                  • employees > 45 years old - 3 week(s).
                • tenure ≥ 4 years
                  • employees ≤ 45 years old - 3 week(s).
                  • employees > 45 years old - 4 week(s).
                • tenure ≥ 5 years
                  • employees ≤ 45 years old - 4 week(s).
                  • employees > 45 years old - 5 week(s).
                • tenure ≥ 10 years
                  • employees ≤ 45 years old - 4 week(s).
                  • employees > 45 years old - 5 week(s).
                • tenure ≥ 20 years
                  • employees ≤ 45 years old - 4 week(s).
                  • employees > 45 years old - 5 week(s).

                Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                Notification to the public administration: No

                Notification to workers' representatives: No

                Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                Approval by workers' representatives: No

                Austria - 2016    

                + show references

                Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

                Notice period:
                  • tenure ≥ 6 months
                    • white-collar workers - 6 week(s).
                    • blue-collar workers - 14 day(s).
                    • workers paid on a daily basis or by piece-rate - 1 day(s).
                  • tenure ≥ 9 months
                    • white-collar workers - 6 week(s).
                    • blue-collar workers - 14 day(s).
                    • workers paid on a daily basis or by piece-rate - 1 day(s).
                  • tenure ≥ 2 years
                    • white-collar workers - 2 month(s).
                    • blue-collar workers - 14 day(s).
                    • workers paid on a daily basis or by piece-rate - 1 day(s).
                  • tenure ≥ 4 years
                    • white-collar workers - 2 month(s).
                    • blue-collar workers - 14 day(s).
                    • workers paid on a daily basis or by piece-rate - 1 day(s).
                  • tenure ≥ 5 years
                    • white-collar workers - 3 month(s).
                    • blue-collar workers - 14 day(s).
                    • workers paid on a daily basis or by piece-rate - 1 day(s).
                  • tenure ≥ 10 years
                    • white-collar workers - 3 month(s).
                    • blue-collar workers - 14 day(s).
                    • workers paid on a daily basis or by piece-rate - 1 day(s).
                  • tenure ≥ 20 years
                    • white-collar workers - 4 month(s).
                    • blue-collar workers - 14 day(s).
                    • workers paid on a daily basis or by piece-rate - 1 day(s).

                  Pay in lieu of notice: No

                  Notification to the public administration: No

                  Notification to workers' representatives: Yes

                  Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                  Approval by workers' representatives: No

                  Azerbaijan - 2019    

                  + show references

                  Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                  Notice period:
                    • tenure ≥ 1 year
                      • economic dismissal - 2 week(s).
                    • tenure ≥ 5 years
                      • economic dismissal - 4 week(s).
                    • tenure ≥ 10 years
                      • economic dismissal - 6 week(s).
                    • tenure ≥ 20 years
                      • economic dismissal - 9 week(s).

                    Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                    Notification to the public administration: No

                    Notification to workers' representatives: No

                    Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                    Approval by workers' representatives: No

                    Bangladesh - 2017    

                    + show references

                    Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                    Notice period:
                      • tenure ≥ 6 months
                        • economic dismissal - 0 month(s).
                        • permanent (monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 120 day(s).
                        • permanent (non-monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 60 day(s).
                        • temporary (monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 30 day(s).
                        • temporary (non-monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 14 day(s).
                      • tenure ≥ 9 months
                        • economic dismissal - 0 month(s).
                        • permanent (monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 120 day(s).
                        • permanent (non-monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 60 day(s).
                        • temporary (monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 30 day(s).
                        • temporary (non-monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 14 day(s).
                      • tenure ≥ 2 years
                        • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                        • permanent (monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 120 day(s).
                        • permanent (non-monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 60 day(s).
                        • temporary (monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 30 day(s).
                        • temporary (non-monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 14 day(s).
                      • tenure ≥ 4 years
                        • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                        • permanent (monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 120 day(s).
                        • permanent (non-monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 60 day(s).
                        • temporary (monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 30 day(s).
                        • temporary (non-monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 14 day(s).
                      • tenure ≥ 5 years
                        • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                        • permanent (monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 120 day(s).
                        • permanent (non-monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 60 day(s).
                        • temporary (monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 30 day(s).
                        • temporary (non-monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 14 day(s).
                      • tenure ≥ 10 years
                        • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                        • permanent (monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 120 day(s).
                        • permanent (non-monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 60 day(s).
                        • temporary (monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 30 day(s).
                        • temporary (non-monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 14 day(s).
                      • tenure ≥ 20 years
                        • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                        • permanent (monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 120 day(s).
                        • permanent (non-monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 60 day(s).
                        • temporary (monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 30 day(s).
                        • temporary (non-monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 14 day(s).

                      Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                      Notification to the public administration: No

                      Notification to workers' representatives: No

                      Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                      Approval by workers' representatives: No

                      Belgium - 2019    

                      + show references

                      Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                      Notice period:

                        Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                        Notification to the public administration: No

                        Notification to workers' representatives: No

                        Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                        Approval by workers' representatives: No

                        Bolivia - 2017    

                        + show references

                        Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

                        Notice period:

                          Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                          Notification to the public administration: No

                          Notification to workers' representatives: No

                          Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                          Approval by workers' representatives: No

                          Botswana - 2018    

                          + show references

                          Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                          Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                          Notification to the public administration: Yes

                          Notification to workers' representatives: No

                          Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                          Approval by workers' representatives: No

                          Brazil - 2011    

                          + show references

                          Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

                          Notice period:
                            • tenure ≥ 6 months
                              • dismissal without cause ("sem justo motivo") - 30 day(s).
                            • tenure ≥ 9 months
                              • dismissal without cause ("sem justo motivo") - 30 day(s).
                            • tenure ≥ 2 years
                              • dismissal without cause ("sem justo motivo") - 30 day(s).
                            • tenure ≥ 4 years
                              • dismissal without cause ("sem justo motivo") - 30 day(s).
                            • tenure ≥ 5 years
                              • dismissal without cause ("sem justo motivo") - 30 day(s).
                            • tenure ≥ 10 years
                              • dismissal without cause ("sem justo motivo") - 30 day(s).
                            • tenure ≥ 20 years
                              • dismissal without cause ("sem justo motivo") - 30 day(s).

                            Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                            Notification to the public administration: No

                            Notification to workers' representatives: No

                            Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                            Approval by workers' representatives: No

                            Bulgaria - 2016    

                            + show references

                            Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                            Notice period:
                              • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                • 30 day(s).
                              • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                • 30 day(s).
                              • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                • 30 day(s).
                              • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                • 30 day(s).
                              • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                • 30 day(s).
                              • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                • 30 day(s).
                              • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                • 30 day(s).

                              Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                              Notification to the public administration: No

                              Notification to workers' representatives: No

                              Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                              Approval by workers' representatives: No

                              Burkina Faso - 2019    

                              + show references

                              Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                              Notice period:
                                • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                  • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                  • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers - 8 day(s).
                                  • first-line supervisors, technicians, engineers, executives - 3 month(s).
                                • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                  • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                  • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers - 8 day(s).
                                  • first-line supervisors, technicians, engineers, executives - 3 month(s).
                                • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                  • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                  • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers - 8 day(s).
                                  • first-line supervisors, technicians, engineers, executives - 3 month(s).
                                • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                  • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                  • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers - 8 day(s).
                                  • first-line supervisors, technicians, engineers, executives - 3 month(s).
                                • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                  • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                  • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers - 8 day(s).
                                  • first-line supervisors, technicians, engineers, executives - 3 month(s).
                                • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                  • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                  • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers - 8 day(s).
                                  • first-line supervisors, technicians, engineers, executives - 3 month(s).
                                • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                  • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                  • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers - 8 day(s).
                                  • first-line supervisors, technicians, engineers, executives - 3 month(s).

                                Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                Notification to the public administration: No

                                Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                Cambodia - 2017    

                                + show references

                                Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                Notice period:
                                  • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                    • 15 day(s).
                                  • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                    • 15 day(s).
                                  • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                    • 15 day(s).
                                  • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                    • 1 month(s).
                                  • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                    • 1 month(s).
                                  • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                    • 2 month(s).
                                  • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                    • 3 month(s).

                                  Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                  Notification to the public administration: Yes

                                  Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                  Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                  Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                  Cameroon - 2019    

                                  + show references

                                  Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                  Notice period:
                                    • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                      • worker's categories I to VI and domestic workers - 15 day(s).
                                      • worker's categories VII to IX - 1 month(s).
                                      • worker's categories X to XII - 1 month(s).
                                    • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                      • worker's categories I to VI and domestic workers - 15 day(s).
                                      • worker's categories VII to IX - 1 month(s).
                                      • worker's categories X to XII - 1 month(s).
                                    • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                      • worker's categories I to VI and domestic workers - 1 month(s).
                                      • worker's categories VII to IX - 2 month(s).
                                      • worker's categories X to XII - 3 month(s).
                                    • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                      • worker's categories I to VI and domestic workers - 1 month(s).
                                      • worker's categories VII to IX - 2 month(s).
                                      • worker's categories X to XII - 3 month(s).
                                    • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                      • worker's categories I to VI and domestic workers - 2 month(s).
                                      • worker's categories VII to IX - 3 month(s).
                                      • worker's categories X to XII - 4 month(s).
                                    • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                      • worker's categories I to VI and domestic workers - 2 month(s).
                                      • worker's categories VII to IX - 3 month(s).
                                      • worker's categories X to XII - 4 month(s).
                                    • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                      • worker's categories I to VI and domestic workers - 2 month(s).
                                      • worker's categories VII to IX - 3 month(s).
                                      • worker's categories X to XII - 4 month(s).

                                    Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                    Notification to the public administration: No

                                    Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                    Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                    Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                    Canada (Federal only) - 2012    

                                    + show references

                                    Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                    Notice period:
                                      • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                        • 2 week(s).
                                      • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                        • 2 week(s).
                                      • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                        • 2 week(s).
                                      • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                        • 2 week(s).
                                      • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                        • 2 week(s).
                                      • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                        • 2 week(s).
                                      • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                        • 2 week(s).

                                      Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                      Notification to the public administration: No

                                      Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                      Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                      Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                      Central African Republic - 2019    

                                      + show references

                                      Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                      Notice period:
                                        • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                          • managerial and similar positions - 3 month(s).
                                          • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                          • first-line supervisors and technicians - 2 month(s).
                                          • fortnightly, weekly, daily or hourly paid workers - 8 day(s).
                                        • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                          • managerial and similar positions - 3 month(s).
                                          • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                          • first-line supervisors and technicians - 2 month(s).
                                          • fortnightly, weekly or hourly paid workers - 8 day(s).
                                        • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                          • managerial and similar positions - 3 month(s).
                                          • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                          • first-line supervisors and technicians - 2 month(s).
                                          • fortnightly, weekly or hourly paid workers - 8 day(s).
                                        • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                          • managerial and similar positions - 3 month(s).
                                          • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                          • first-line supervisors and technicians - 2 month(s).
                                          • fortnightly, weekly or hourly paid workers - 8 day(s).
                                        • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                          • managerial and similar positions - 3 month(s).
                                          • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                          • first-line supervisors and technicians - 2 month(s).
                                          • fortnightly, weekly, daily or hourly paid workers - 8 day(s).
                                        • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                          • managerial and similar positions - 3 month(s).
                                          • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                          • first-line supervisors and technicians - 2 month(s).
                                          • fortnightly, weekly or hourly paid workers - 8 day(s).
                                        • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                          • managerial and similar positions - 3 month(s).
                                          • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                          • first-line supervisors and technicians - 2 month(s).
                                          • fortnightly, weekly or hourly paid workers - 8 day(s).

                                        Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                        Notification to the public administration: No

                                        Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                        Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                        Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                        Chile - 2018    

                                        + show references

                                        Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                        Notice period:
                                          • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                            • economic dismissal - 30 day(s).
                                            • dismissal without cause ("Desahucio") - 30 day(s).
                                          • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                            • economic dismissal - 30 day(s).
                                            • dismissal without cause ("Desahucio") - 30 day(s).
                                          • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                            • economic dismissal - 30 day(s).
                                            • dismissal without cause ("Desahucio") - 30 day(s).
                                          • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                            • economic dismissal - 30 day(s).
                                            • dismissal without cause ("Desahucio") - 30 day(s).
                                          • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                            • economic dismissal - 30 day(s).
                                            • dismissal without cause ("Desahucio") - 30 day(s).
                                          • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                            • economic dismissal - 30 day(s).
                                            • dismissal without cause ("Desahucio") - 30 day(s).
                                          • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                            • economic dismissal - 30 day(s).
                                            • dismissal without cause ("Desahucio") - 30 day(s).

                                          Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                          Notification to the public administration: Yes

                                          Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                          Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                          Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                          China - 2017    

                                          + show references

                                          Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                          Notice period:
                                            • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                              • 30 day(s).
                                            • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                              • 30 day(s).
                                            • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                              • 30 day(s).
                                            • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                              • 30 day(s).
                                            • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                              • 30 day(s).
                                            • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                              • 30 day(s).
                                            • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                              • 30 day(s).

                                            Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                            Notification to the public administration: No

                                            Notification to workers' representatives: Yes

                                            Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                            Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                            Comoros - 2019    

                                            + show references

                                            Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                            Notice period:

                                              Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                              Notification to the public administration: No

                                              Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                              Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                              Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                              Congo, Democratic Republic - 2019    

                                              + show references

                                              Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                              Notice period:
                                                • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                  • managerial and similar positions - 3 month(s).
                                                  • first-line supervisors, technicians, engineers, executives - 1 month(s).
                                                  • worker's categories 1 to 5 - 14 day(s).
                                                • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                  • managerial and similar positions - 3 month(s).
                                                  • first-line supervisors, technicians, engineers, executives - 1 month(s).
                                                  • worker's categories 1 to 5 - 14 day(s).
                                                • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                  • managerial and similar positions - 122 day(s).
                                                  • first-line supervisors, technicians, engineers, executives - 48 day(s).
                                                  • worker's categories 1 to 5 - 28 day(s).
                                                • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                  • managerial and similar positions - 154 day(s).
                                                  • first-line supervisors, technicians, engineers, executives - 66 day(s).
                                                  • worker's categories 1 to 5 - 42 day(s).
                                                • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                  • managerial and similar positions - 170 day(s).
                                                  • first-line supervisors, technicians, engineers, executives - 75 day(s).
                                                  • worker's categories 1 to 5 - 49 day(s).
                                                • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                  • managerial and similar positions - 250 day(s).
                                                  • first-line supervisors, technicians, engineers, executives - 110 day(s).
                                                  • worker's categories 1 to 5 - 84 day(s).
                                                • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                  • managerial and similar positions - 410 day(s).
                                                  • first-line supervisors, technicians, engineers, executives - 210 day(s).
                                                  • worker's categories 1 to 5 - 154 day(s).

                                                Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                Notification to the public administration: Yes

                                                Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                Cyprus - 2012    

                                                + show references

                                                Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                Notice period:
                                                  • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                    • 1 week(s).
                                                  • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                    • 1 week(s).
                                                  • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                    • 4 week(s).
                                                  • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                    • 6 week(s).
                                                  • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                    • 7 week(s).
                                                  • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                    • 8 week(s).
                                                  • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                    • 8 week(s).

                                                  Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                  Notification to the public administration: No

                                                  Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                  Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                  Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                  Czech Republic - 2010    

                                                  + show references

                                                  Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                  Notice period:
                                                    • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                      • 2 month(s).
                                                    • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                      • 2 month(s).
                                                    • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                      • 2 month(s).
                                                    • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                      • 2 month(s).
                                                    • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                      • 2 month(s).
                                                    • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                      • 2 month(s).
                                                    • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                      • 2 month(s).

                                                    Pay in lieu of notice: No

                                                    Notification to the public administration: No

                                                    Notification to workers' representatives: Yes

                                                    Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                    Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                    Côte d'Ivoire - 2013    

                                                    + show references

                                                    Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                    Notice period:
                                                      • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                        • monthly paid workers (categories 1 to 5) - 1 month(s).
                                                        • monthly paid workers (categories 6 to 10) - 3 month(s).
                                                        • fortnightly, weekly, daily or hourly paid workers - 15 day(s).
                                                      • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                        • monthly paid workers (categories 1 to 5) - 1 month(s).
                                                        • monthly paid workers (categories 6 to 10) - 3 month(s).
                                                        • fortnightly, weekly, daily or hourly paid workers - 15 day(s).
                                                      • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                        • monthly paid workers (categories 1 to 5) - 1 month(s).
                                                        • monthly paid workers (categories 6 to 10) - 3 month(s).
                                                        • fortnightly, weekly, daily or hourly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                      • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                        • monthly paid workers (categories 1 to 5) - 1 month(s).
                                                        • monthly paid workers (categories 6 to 10) - 3 month(s).
                                                        • fortnightly, weekly, daily or hourly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                      • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                        • monthly paid workers (categories 1 to 5) - 1 month(s).
                                                        • monthly paid workers (categories 6 to 10) - 3 month(s).
                                                        • fortnightly, weekly, daily or hourly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                      • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                        • monthly paid workers (categories 1 to 5) - 2 month(s).
                                                        • monthly paid workers (categories 6 to 10) - 3 month(s).
                                                        • fortnightly, weekly, daily or hourly paid workers - 2 month(s).
                                                      • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                        • monthly paid workers (categories 1 to 5) - 4 month(s).
                                                        • monthly paid workers (categories 6 to 10) - 4 month(s).
                                                        • fortnightly, weekly, daily or hourly paid workers - 4 month(s).

                                                      Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                      Notification to the public administration: No

                                                      Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                      Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                      Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                      Denmark - 2017    

                                                      + show references

                                                      Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                      Notice period:
                                                        • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                          • white-collar workers - 3 month(s).
                                                        • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                          • white-collar workers - 3 month(s).
                                                        • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                          • white-collar workers - 3 month(s).
                                                        • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                          • white-collar workers - 3 month(s).
                                                        • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                          • white-collar workers - 4 month(s).
                                                        • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                          • white-collar workers - 6 month(s).
                                                        • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                          • white-collar workers - 6 month(s).

                                                        Pay in lieu of notice: No

                                                        Notification to the public administration: No

                                                        Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                        Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                        Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                        Notes / Remarks
                                                        With regards to blue-collar workers, the notice period is not provided in the law but in individual or collective agreements.

                                                        Egypt - 2017    

                                                        + show references

                                                        Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                        Notice period:
                                                          • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                            • 2 month(s).
                                                          • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                            • 2 month(s).
                                                          • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                            • 2 month(s).
                                                          • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                            • 2 month(s).
                                                          • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                            • 2 month(s).
                                                          • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                            • 3 month(s).
                                                          • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                            • 3 month(s).

                                                          Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                          Notification to the public administration: No

                                                          Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                          Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: Yes

                                                          Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                          Notes / Remarks
                                                          - Under the LL, as amended in 2008, there is a special procedure for dismissal on disciplinary grounds.
                                                          Where a worker is accused of an offence for which the appropriate disciplinary penalty is dismissal, the employer must, before deciding to dismiss him/her, submit a request to do so to the Labour Court which can either grant authorization or refuse the dismissal. The decision shall be taken within 15 days. (art. 68, 69, 71 LL as amended in 2008).
                                                          - This procedure is not applicable to a dismissal based on the worker's inefficiency which is governed by specific regulations (see art. 110 LL)

                                                          El Salvador - 2010    

                                                          + show references

                                                          Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

                                                          Pay in lieu of notice: No

                                                          Notification to the public administration: No

                                                          Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                          Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                          Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                          Notes / Remarks
                                                          There are no statutory notice periods to be observed in the event of dismissal.

                                                          Estonia - 2017    

                                                          + show references

                                                          Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                          Notice period:
                                                            • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                              • 15 day(s).
                                                            • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                              • 15 day(s).
                                                            • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                              • 30 day(s).
                                                            • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                              • 30 day(s).
                                                            • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                              • 60 day(s).
                                                            • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                              • 90 day(s).
                                                            • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                              • 90 day(s).

                                                            Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                            Notification to the public administration: No

                                                            Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                            Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                            Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                            Ethiopia - 2013    

                                                            + show references

                                                            Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                            Notice period:
                                                              • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                • non economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                              • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                • non economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                              • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                • non economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                                • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                              • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                • non economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                                • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                              • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                • non economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                                • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                              • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                • non economic dismissal - 3 month(s).
                                                                • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                              • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                • non economic dismissal - 3 month(s).
                                                                • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).

                                                              Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                              Notification to the public administration: No

                                                              Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                              Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                              Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                              Finland - 2019    

                                                              + show references

                                                              Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

                                                              Notice period:
                                                                • tenure ≥ 1 year
                                                                  • 14 day(s).
                                                                • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                  • 1 month(s).
                                                                • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                  • 2 month(s).
                                                                • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                  • 4 month(s).
                                                                • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                  • 6 month(s).

                                                                Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                France - 2012    

                                                                + show references

                                                                Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                Notice period:
                                                                  • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                    • 1 month(s).
                                                                  • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                    • 1 month(s).
                                                                  • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                    • 2 month(s).
                                                                  • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                    • 2 month(s).
                                                                  • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                    • 2 month(s).
                                                                  • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                    • 2 month(s).
                                                                  • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                    • 2 month(s).

                                                                  Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                  Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                  Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                  Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                  Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                  Gabon - 2019    

                                                                  + show references

                                                                  Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                  Notice period:
                                                                    • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                      • 15 day(s).
                                                                    • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                      • 15 day(s).
                                                                    • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                      • 1 month(s).
                                                                    • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                      • 2 month(s).
                                                                    • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                      • 3 month(s).
                                                                    • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                      • 4 month(s).
                                                                    • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                      • 6 month(s).

                                                                    Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                    Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                    Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                    Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                    Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                    Georgia - 2017    

                                                                    + show references

                                                                    Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

                                                                    Notice period:

                                                                      Pay in lieu of notice: No

                                                                      Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                      Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                      Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                      Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                      Germany - 2017    

                                                                      + show references

                                                                      Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                      Notice period:
                                                                        • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                          • 4 week(s).
                                                                        • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                          • 4 week(s).
                                                                        • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                          • 1 month(s).
                                                                        • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                          • 1 month(s).
                                                                        • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                          • 2 month(s).
                                                                        • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                          • 4 month(s).
                                                                        • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                          • 7 month(s).

                                                                        Pay in lieu of notice: No

                                                                        Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                        Notification to workers' representatives: Yes

                                                                        Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                        Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                        Ghana - 2013    

                                                                        + show references

                                                                        Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                        Notice period:

                                                                          Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                          Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                          Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                          Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                          Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                          Greece - 2017    

                                                                          + show references

                                                                          Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                          Notice period:
                                                                            • tenure ≥ 1 year
                                                                              • white-collar workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                            • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                              • white-collar workers - 2 month(s).
                                                                            • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                              • white-collar workers - 3 month(s).
                                                                            • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                              • white-collar workers - 4 month(s).

                                                                            Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                            Notification to the public administration: Yes

                                                                            Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                            Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                            Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                            Honduras - 2012    

                                                                            + show references

                                                                            Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                            Notice period:
                                                                              • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                • 2 week(s).
                                                                              • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                • 2 week(s).
                                                                              • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                • 2 month(s).
                                                                              • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                • 2 month(s).
                                                                              • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                • 2 month(s).
                                                                              • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                • 2 month(s).
                                                                              • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                • 2 month(s).

                                                                              Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                              Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                              Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                              Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                              Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                              Hungary - 2017    

                                                                              + show references

                                                                              Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                              Notice period:
                                                                                • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                  • 30 day(s).
                                                                                • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                  • 30 day(s).
                                                                                • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                  • 30 day(s).
                                                                                • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                  • 35 day(s).
                                                                                • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                  • 45 day(s).
                                                                                • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                  • 55 day(s).
                                                                                • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                  • 90 day(s).

                                                                                Pay in lieu of notice: No

                                                                                Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                India - 2019    

                                                                                + show references

                                                                                Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                Notice period:

                                                                                  Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                  Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                  Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                  Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: Yes

                                                                                  Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                  Indonesia - 2013    

                                                                                  + show references

                                                                                  Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

                                                                                  Pay in lieu of notice: No

                                                                                  Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                  Notification to workers' representatives: Yes

                                                                                  Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: Yes

                                                                                  Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                  Notes / Remarks
                                                                                  The Indonesian termination system is not based on notice but on prior bipartite negotiations and if they fail, on mediation by the administration and eventually judicial settlement.

                                                                                  Iran, Islamic Republic of - 2010    

                                                                                  + show references

                                                                                  Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

                                                                                  Notice period:

                                                                                    Pay in lieu of notice: No

                                                                                    Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                    Notification to workers' representatives: Yes

                                                                                    Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                    Approval by workers' representatives: Yes

                                                                                    Italy - 2017    

                                                                                    + show references

                                                                                    Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                    Notice period:

                                                                                      Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                      Notification to the public administration: Yes

                                                                                      Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                      Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                      Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                      Japan - 2019    

                                                                                      Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

                                                                                      Notice period:
                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                          • 30 day(s).
                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                          • 30 day(s).
                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                          • 30 day(s).
                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                          • 30 day(s).
                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                          • 30 day(s).
                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                          • 30 day(s).
                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                          • 30 day(s).

                                                                                        Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                        Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                        Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                        Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                        Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                        Jordan - 2013    

                                                                                        + show references

                                                                                        Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                        Notice period:
                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                            • 1 month(s).
                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                            • 1 month(s).
                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                            • 1 month(s).
                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                            • 1 month(s).
                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                            • 1 month(s).
                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                            • 1 month(s).
                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                            • 1 month(s).

                                                                                          Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                          Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                          Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                          Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                          Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                          Kazakhstan - 2019    

                                                                                          + show references

                                                                                          Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                          Notice period:

                                                                                            Pay in lieu of notice: No

                                                                                            Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                            Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                            Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                            Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                            Korea, Republic of - 2012    

                                                                                            + show references

                                                                                            Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                            Notice period:
                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                • 30 day(s).
                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                • 30 day(s).
                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                • 30 day(s).
                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                • 30 day(s).
                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                • 30 day(s).
                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                • 30 day(s).
                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                • 30 day(s).

                                                                                              Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                              Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                              Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                              Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                              Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                              Kyrgyzstan - 2019    

                                                                                              + show references

                                                                                              Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                              Notice period:
                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                  • non economic dismissal - 2 week(s).
                                                                                                  • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                  • non economic dismissal - 2 week(s).
                                                                                                  • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 1 year
                                                                                                  • non economic dismissal - 2 week(s).
                                                                                                  • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                  • non economic dismissal - 2 week(s).
                                                                                                  • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                  • non economic dismissal - 2 week(s).
                                                                                                  • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                  • non economic dismissal - 2 week(s).
                                                                                                  • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                  • non economic dismissal - 2 week(s).
                                                                                                  • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                  • non economic dismissal - 2 week(s).
                                                                                                  • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).

                                                                                                Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                Lesotho - 2019    

                                                                                                + show references

                                                                                                Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

                                                                                                Notice period:
                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                    • 2 week(s).
                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                    • 2 week(s).
                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                    • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                    • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                    • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                    • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                    • 1 month(s).

                                                                                                  Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                  Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                  Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                  Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                  Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                  Luxembourg - 2012    

                                                                                                  + show references

                                                                                                  Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                  Notice period:
                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                      • 2 month(s).
                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                      • 2 month(s).
                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                      • 2 month(s).
                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                      • 2 month(s).
                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                      • 4 month(s).
                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                      • 6 month(s).
                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                      • 6 month(s).

                                                                                                    Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                    Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                    Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                    Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                    Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                    Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of - 2017    

                                                                                                    + show references

                                                                                                    Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                    Notice period:
                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                        • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                        • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                        • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                        • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                        • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                        • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                        • 1 month(s).

                                                                                                      Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                      Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                      Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                      Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                      Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                      Madagascar - 2019    

                                                                                                      + show references

                                                                                                      Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                      Notice period:
                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                          • Workers' category I - 8 day(s).
                                                                                                          • Workers' category II - 15 day(s).
                                                                                                          • Workers' category III - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                          • Workers' category IV - 45 day(s).
                                                                                                          • Workers' category V - 3 month(s).
                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                          • Workers' category I - 8 day(s).
                                                                                                          • Workers' category II - 15 day(s).
                                                                                                          • Workers' category III - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                          • Workers' category IV - 45 day(s).
                                                                                                          • Workers' category V - 3 month(s).
                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                          • Workers' category I - 10 day(s).
                                                                                                          • Workers' category II - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                          • Workers' category III - 45 day(s).
                                                                                                          • Workers' category IV - 75 day(s).
                                                                                                          • Workers' category V - 4 month(s).
                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                          • Workers' category I - 18 day(s).
                                                                                                          • Workers' category II - 38 day(s).
                                                                                                          • Workers' category III - 53 day(s).
                                                                                                          • Workers' category IV - 83 day(s).
                                                                                                          • Workers' category V - 128 day(s).
                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                          • Workers' category I - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                          • Workers' category II - 45 day(s).
                                                                                                          • Workers' category III - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                          • Workers' category IV - 3 month(s).
                                                                                                          • Workers' category V - 6 month(s).
                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                          • Workers' category I - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                          • Workers' category II - 45 day(s).
                                                                                                          • Workers' category III - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                          • Workers' category IV - 3 month(s).
                                                                                                          • Workers' category V - 6 month(s).
                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                          • Workers' category I - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                          • Workers' category II - 45 day(s).
                                                                                                          • Workers' category III - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                          • Workers' category IV - 3 month(s).
                                                                                                          • Workers' category V - 6 month(s).

                                                                                                        Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                        Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                        Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                        Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                        Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                        Malawi - 2019    

                                                                                                        + show references

                                                                                                        Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                        Notice period:
                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                            • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                            • fortnightly paid workers - 2 week(s).
                                                                                                            • hourly or weekly paid workers - 1 week(s).
                                                                                                            • fixed-term workers - 14 day(s).
                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                            • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                            • fortnightly paid workers - 2 week(s).
                                                                                                            • hourly or weekly paid workers - 1 week(s).
                                                                                                            • fixed-term workers - 14 day(s).
                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                            • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                            • fortnightly, weekly or hourly paid workers - 2 week(s).
                                                                                                            • fixed-term workers - 14 day(s).
                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                            • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                            • fortnightly, weekly or hourly paid workers - 2 week(s).
                                                                                                            • fixed-term workers - 14 day(s).
                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                            • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                            • fortnightly, weekly or hourly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                            • fixed-term workers - 14 day(s).
                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                            • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                            • fortnightly, weekly or hourly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                            • fixed-term workers - 14 day(s).
                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                            • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                            • fortnightly, weekly or hourly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                            • fixed-term workers - 14 day(s).

                                                                                                          Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                          Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                          Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                          Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                          Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                          Malaysia - 2013    

                                                                                                          + show references

                                                                                                          Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                          Notice period:
                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                              • 4 week(s).
                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                              • 4 week(s).
                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                              • 6 week(s).
                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                              • 6 week(s).
                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                              • 8 week(s).
                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                              • 8 week(s).
                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                              • 8 week(s).

                                                                                                            Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                            Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                            Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                            Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                            Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                            Mexico - 2010    

                                                                                                            + show references

                                                                                                            Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                            Notice period:
                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                • 0 month(s).
                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                • 0 month(s).
                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                • 0 month(s).
                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                • 0 month(s).
                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                • 0 month(s).
                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                • 0 month(s).
                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                • 0 month(s).

                                                                                                              Pay in lieu of notice: No

                                                                                                              Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                              Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                              Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                              Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                              Moldova, Republic of - 2017    

                                                                                                              + show references

                                                                                                              Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                              Notice period:
                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                  • non economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                  • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                  • non economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                  • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                  • non economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                  • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                  • non economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                  • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                  • non economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                  • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                  • non economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                  • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                  • non economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                  • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).

                                                                                                                Pay in lieu of notice: No

                                                                                                                Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                Mongolia - 2017    

                                                                                                                + show references

                                                                                                                Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                Notice period:
                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                    • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                    • dismissal based on worker's capacity - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                    • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                    • dismissal based on worker's capacity - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                    • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                    • dismissal based on worker's capacity - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                    • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                    • dismissal based on worker's capacity - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                    • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                    • dismissal based on worker's capacity - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                    • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                    • dismissal based on worker's capacity - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                    • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                    • dismissal based on worker's capacity - 1 month(s).

                                                                                                                  Pay in lieu of notice: No

                                                                                                                  Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                  Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                  Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                  Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                  Montenegro - 2017    

                                                                                                                  + show references

                                                                                                                  Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                  Notice period:
                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                      • 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                      • 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                      • 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                      • 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                      • 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                      • 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                      • 30 day(s).

                                                                                                                    Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                    Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                    Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                    Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                    Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                    Morocco - 2019    

                                                                                                                    + show references

                                                                                                                    Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                    Notice period:
                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                        • managerial and similar positions - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                        • white-collars and blue-collars - 8 day(s).
                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                        • managerial and similar positions - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                        • white-collars and blue-collars - 8 day(s).
                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 1 year
                                                                                                                        • managerial and similar positions - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                        • white-collars and blue-collars - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                        • managerial and similar positions - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                        • white-collars and blue-collars - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                        • managerial and similar positions - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                        • white-collars and blue-collars - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                        • managerial and similar positions - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                        • white-collars and blue-collars - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                        • managerial and similar positions - 3 month(s).
                                                                                                                        • white-collars and blue-collars - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                        • managerial and similar positions - 3 month(s).
                                                                                                                        • white-collars and blue-collars - 2 month(s).

                                                                                                                      Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                      Notification to the public administration: Yes

                                                                                                                      Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                      Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                      Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                      Namibia - 2019    

                                                                                                                      + show references

                                                                                                                      Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                      Notice period:
                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                          • 1 week(s).
                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                          • 1 week(s).
                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                          • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                          • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                          • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                          • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                          • 1 month(s).

                                                                                                                        Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                        Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                        Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                        Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                        Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                        Netherlands - 2019    

                                                                                                                        + show references

                                                                                                                        Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

                                                                                                                        Notice period:
                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                            • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                            • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 1 year
                                                                                                                            • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                            • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                            • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                            • 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                            • 3 month(s).
                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                            • 4 month(s).

                                                                                                                          Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                          Notification to the public administration: Yes

                                                                                                                          Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                          Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: Yes

                                                                                                                          Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                          New Zealand - 2019    

                                                                                                                          + show references

                                                                                                                          Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

                                                                                                                          Notice period:

                                                                                                                            Pay in lieu of notice: No

                                                                                                                            Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                            Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                            Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                            Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                            Notes / Remarks
                                                                                                                            An employer is required to adhere to the requirements of procedural fairness and reasonableness and the principles of natural justice in order for a dismissal to be justified. See Sec. 103A ERA.
                                                                                                                            Procedural fairness is assessed by the court on a case-by-case basis.

                                                                                                                            Section 103A ERA -Test of justification:
                                                                                                                            (1) For the purposes of section 103(1)(a) and (b), the question of whether a dismissal or an action was justifiable must be determined, on an objective basis, by applying the test in subsection (2).
                                                                                                                            (2) The test is whether the employer’s actions, and how the employer acted, were what a fair and reasonable employer could have done in all the circumstances at the time the dismissal or action occurred.
                                                                                                                            (3) In applying the test in subsection (2), the Authority or the court must consider—
                                                                                                                            (a) whether, having regard to the resources available to the employer, the employer sufficiently investigated the allegations against the employee before dismissing or taking action against the employee; and
                                                                                                                            (b) whether the employer raised the concerns that the employer had with the employee before dismissing or taking action against the employee; and
                                                                                                                            (c) whether the employer gave the employee a reasonable opportunity to respond to the employer’s concerns before dismissing or taking action against the employee; and
                                                                                                                            (d) whether the employer genuinely considered the employee’s explanation (if any) in relation to the allegations against the employee before dismissing or taking action against the employee.
                                                                                                                            (4) In addition to the factors described in subsection (3), the Authority or the court may consider any other factors it thinks appropriate.

                                                                                                                            Niger - 2019    

                                                                                                                            + show references

                                                                                                                            Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                            Notice period:
                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers - 8 day(s).
                                                                                                                                • first-line supervisors and technicians - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                • engineers, executives and top executives - 3 month(s).
                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers - 8 day(s).
                                                                                                                                • first-line supervisors and technicians - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                • engineers, executives and top executives - 3 month(s).
                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers - 8 day(s).
                                                                                                                                • first-line supervisors and technicians - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                • engineers, executives and top executives - 3 month(s).
                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers - 8 day(s).
                                                                                                                                • first-line supervisors and technicians - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                • engineers, executives and top executives - 3 month(s).
                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers - 8 day(s).
                                                                                                                                • first-line supervisors and technicians - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                • engineers, executives and top executives - 3 month(s).
                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers - 8 day(s).
                                                                                                                                • first-line supervisors and technicians - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                • engineers, executives and top executives - 3 month(s).
                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers - 8 day(s).
                                                                                                                                • first-line supervisors and technicians - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                • engineers, executives and top executives - 3 month(s).

                                                                                                                              Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                              Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                              Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                              Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                              Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                              Nigeria - 2013    

                                                                                                                              + show references

                                                                                                                              Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                              Notice period:
                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                  • 1 week(s).
                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                  • 1 week(s).
                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 1 year
                                                                                                                                  • 1 week(s).
                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                  • 2 week(s).
                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                  • 2 week(s).
                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                  • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                  • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                  • 1 month(s).

                                                                                                                                Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                                Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                Norway - 2017    

                                                                                                                                + show references

                                                                                                                                Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                                Notice period:
                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                    • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                    • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                    • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                    • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                    • 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                    • employee < 50 years old - 3 month(s).
                                                                                                                                    • employees ≥ 50 years old - 4 month(s).
                                                                                                                                    • employees ≥ 55 years old - 5 month(s).
                                                                                                                                    • employees ≥ 60 years old - 6 month(s).
                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                    • employee < 50 years old - 3 month(s).
                                                                                                                                    • employees ≥ 50 years old - 4 month(s).
                                                                                                                                    • employees ≥ 55 years old - 5 month(s).
                                                                                                                                    • employees ≥ 60 years old - 6 month(s).

                                                                                                                                  Pay in lieu of notice: No

                                                                                                                                  Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                  Notification to workers' representatives: Yes

                                                                                                                                  Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                  Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                  Panama - 2010    

                                                                                                                                  + show references

                                                                                                                                  Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                                  Notice period:

                                                                                                                                    Pay in lieu of notice: No

                                                                                                                                    Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                    Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                    Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                    Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                    Notes / Remarks
                                                                                                                                    As a general rule, the employer is not required to observe statutory notice period under the Panamanian labour legislation.
                                                                                                                                    Depending on the reasons for dismissal, before proceeding to dismissal, the employer has either the obligation to obtain authorization from the labour administration (in case of an economic dismissal) or the option of applying to the labour courts for prior authorization to dismiss when dismissal is based on any other authorized ground.

                                                                                                                                    Peru - 2010    

                                                                                                                                    + show references

                                                                                                                                    Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                                    Notice period:
                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                        • dismissal based on conduct (excl. serious wrongdoings) - 6 day(s).
                                                                                                                                        • dismissal based on worker's capacity - 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                        • dismissal based on conduct (excl. serious wrongdoings) - 6 day(s).
                                                                                                                                        • dismissal based on worker's capacity - 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                        • dismissal based on conduct (excl. serious wrongdoings) - 6 day(s).
                                                                                                                                        • dismissal based on worker's capacity - 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                        • dismissal based on conduct (excl. serious wrongdoings) - 6 day(s).
                                                                                                                                        • dismissal based on worker's capacity - 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                        • dismissal based on conduct (excl. serious wrongdoings) - 6 day(s).
                                                                                                                                        • dismissal based on worker's capacity - 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                        • dismissal based on conduct (excl. serious wrongdoings) - 6 day(s).
                                                                                                                                        • dismissal based on worker's capacity - 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                        • dismissal based on conduct (excl. serious wrongdoings) - 6 day(s).
                                                                                                                                        • dismissal based on worker's capacity - 30 day(s).

                                                                                                                                      Pay in lieu of notice: No

                                                                                                                                      Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                      Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                      Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                      Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                      Philippines - 2013    

                                                                                                                                      + show references

                                                                                                                                      Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                                      Notice period:
                                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                          • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                          • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                          • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                          • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                          • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                          • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                          • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).

                                                                                                                                        Pay in lieu of notice: No

                                                                                                                                        Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                        Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                        Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                        Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                        Portugal - 2014    

                                                                                                                                        + show references

                                                                                                                                        Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                                        Notice period:
                                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                            • 15 day(s).
                                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                            • 15 day(s).
                                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                            • 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                            • 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                            • 60 day(s).
                                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                            • 75 day(s).
                                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                            • 75 day(s).

                                                                                                                                          Pay in lieu of notice: No

                                                                                                                                          Notification to the public administration: Yes

                                                                                                                                          Notification to workers' representatives: Yes

                                                                                                                                          Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                          Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                          Romania - 2017    

                                                                                                                                          + show references

                                                                                                                                          Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                                          Notice period:
                                                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                              • 20 day(s).
                                                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                              • 20 day(s).
                                                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                              • 20 day(s).
                                                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                              • 20 day(s).
                                                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                              • 20 day(s).
                                                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                              • 20 day(s).
                                                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                              • 20 day(s).

                                                                                                                                            Pay in lieu of notice: No

                                                                                                                                            Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                            Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                            Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                            Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                            Russian Federation - 2019    

                                                                                                                                            + show references

                                                                                                                                            Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                                            Notice period:
                                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                                • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                                • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 1 year
                                                                                                                                                • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                                • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                                • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                                • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                                • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                                • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).

                                                                                                                                              Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                                              Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                              Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                              Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                              Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                              Rwanda - 2019    

                                                                                                                                              + show references

                                                                                                                                              Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                                              Notice period:
                                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                                  • 15 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                                  • 15 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                                  • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                                  • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                                  • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                                  • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                                  • 1 month(s).

                                                                                                                                                Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                                                Notification to the public administration: Yes

                                                                                                                                                Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                                Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                Saint Lucia - 2011    

                                                                                                                                                + show references

                                                                                                                                                Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

                                                                                                                                                Notice period:
                                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                                    • 1 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                                    • 1 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                                    • 2 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                                    • 2 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                                    • 4 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                                    • 6 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                                    • 6 week(s).

                                                                                                                                                  Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                                                  Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                                  Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                  Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                                  Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                  Saudi Arabia - 2017    

                                                                                                                                                  + show references

                                                                                                                                                  Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                                                  Notice period:
                                                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                                      • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                      • non-monthly paid workers - 15 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                                      • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                      • non-monthly paid workers - 15 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                                      • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                      • non-monthly paid workers - 15 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                                      • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                      • non-monthly paid workers - 15 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                                      • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                      • non-monthly paid workers - 15 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                                      • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                      • non-monthly paid workers - 15 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                                      • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                      • non-monthly paid workers - 15 day(s).

                                                                                                                                                    Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                                                    Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                                    Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                    Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                                    Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                    Senegal - 2019    

                                                                                                                                                    + show references

                                                                                                                                                    Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                                                    Notice period:
                                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                                        • managerial and similar positions - 3 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                        • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                        • hourly, daily, weekly paid blue-collar workers (categories 1 to 4) - 8 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                        • hourly, daily, weekly paid blue-collar workers (categories 5 to 7) - 15 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                                        • managerial and similar positions - 3 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                        • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                        • hourly, daily, weekly paid blue-collar workers (categories 1 to 4) - 8 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                        • hourly, daily, weekly paid blue-collar workers (categories 5 to 7) - 15 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                                        • managerial and similar positions - 3 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                        • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                        • hourly, daily, weekly paid blue-collar workers (categories 1 to 7) - 15 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                                        • managerial and similar positions - 3 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                        • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                        • hourly, daily, weekly paid blue-collar workers (categories 1 to 7) - 15 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                                        • managerial and similar positions - 3 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                        • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                        • hourly, daily, weekly paid blue-collar workers (categories 1 to 7) - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                                        • managerial and similar positions - 3 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                        • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                        • hourly, daily, weekly paid blue-collar workers (categories 1 to 7) - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                                        • managerial and similar positions - 3 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                        • monthly paid workers - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                        • hourly, daily, weekly paid blue-collar workers (categories 1 to 7) - 1 month(s).

                                                                                                                                                      Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                                                      Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                                      Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                      Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                                      Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                      Serbia - 2017    

                                                                                                                                                      + show references

                                                                                                                                                      Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                                                      Notice period:

                                                                                                                                                        Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                                                        Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                                        Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                        Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                                        Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                        Singapore - 2013    

                                                                                                                                                        + show references

                                                                                                                                                        Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                                                        Notice period:
                                                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                                            • 1 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                                            • 1 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                                            • 2 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                                            • 2 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                                            • 4 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                                            • 4 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                                            • 4 week(s).

                                                                                                                                                          Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                                                          Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                                          Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                          Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                                          Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                          Slovakia - 2012    

                                                                                                                                                          + show references

                                                                                                                                                          Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                                                          Notice period:  new 
                                                                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                                              • non economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                              • dismissal based on economic reasons and health grounds - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                                              • non economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                              • dismissal based on economic reasons and health grounds - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                                              • non economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                              • dismissal based on economic reasons and health grounds - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                                              • non economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                              • dismissal based on economic reasons and health grounds - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                                              • non economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                              • dismissal based on economic reasons and health grounds - 3 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                                              • non economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                              • dismissal based on economic reasons and health grounds - 3 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                                              • non economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                              • dismissal based on economic reasons and health grounds - 3 month(s).

                                                                                                                                                            Pay in lieu of notice: Yes  new 

                                                                                                                                                            Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                                            Notification to workers' representatives: No  new 

                                                                                                                                                            Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                                            Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                            Slovenia - 2012    

                                                                                                                                                            + show references

                                                                                                                                                            Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                                                            Notice period:
                                                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                                                • dismissal not based on conduct - 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                • dismissal based on conduct (excl. serious wrongdoings) - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                                                • dismissal not based on conduct - 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                • dismissal based on conduct (excl. serious wrongdoings) - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                                                • dismissal not based on conduct - 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                • dismissal based on conduct (excl. serious wrongdoings) - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                                                • dismissal not based on conduct - 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                • dismissal based on conduct (excl. serious wrongdoings) - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                                                • dismissal not based on conduct - 45 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                • dismissal based on conduct (excl. serious wrongdoings) - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                                                • dismissal not based on conduct - 45 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                • dismissal based on conduct (excl. serious wrongdoings) - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                                                • dismissal not based on conduct - 60 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                • dismissal based on conduct (excl. serious wrongdoings) - 1 month(s).

                                                                                                                                                              Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                                                              Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                                              Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                              Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                                              Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                              South Africa - 2019    

                                                                                                                                                              + show references

                                                                                                                                                              Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                                                              Notice period:
                                                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                                                  • 2 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                                                  • 2 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                                                  • 4 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                                                  • 4 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                                                  • 4 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                                                  • 4 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                                                  • 4 week(s).

                                                                                                                                                                Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                                                                Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                                                Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                                                Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                Spain - 2019    

                                                                                                                                                                + show references

                                                                                                                                                                Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                                                                Notice period:
                                                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                                                    • 15 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                                                    • 15 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                                                    • 15 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                                                    • 15 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                                                    • 15 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                                                    • 15 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                                                    • 15 day(s).

                                                                                                                                                                  Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                                                                  Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                                                  Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                  Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                                                  Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                  Sri Lanka - 2013    

                                                                                                                                                                  + show references

                                                                                                                                                                  Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

                                                                                                                                                                  Notice period:
                                                                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                                                      • economic dismissal not covered by the TEWA - 0 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                                                      • economic dismissal not covered by the TEWA - 0 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                                                      • economic dismissal not covered by the TEWA - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                                                      • economic dismissal not covered by the TEWA - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                                                      • economic dismissal not covered by the TEWA - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                                                      • economic dismissal not covered by the TEWA - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                                                      • economic dismissal not covered by the TEWA - 1 month(s).

                                                                                                                                                                    Pay in lieu of notice: No

                                                                                                                                                                    Notification to the public administration: Yes

                                                                                                                                                                    Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                    Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: Yes

                                                                                                                                                                    Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                    Sweden - 2017    

                                                                                                                                                                    + show references

                                                                                                                                                                    Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                                                                    Notice period:
                                                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                                                        • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                                                        • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                                                        • 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                                                        • 3 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                                                        • 3 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                                                        • 6 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                                                        • 6 month(s).

                                                                                                                                                                      Pay in lieu of notice: No

                                                                                                                                                                      Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                                                      Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                      Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                                                      Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                      Switzerland - 2013    

                                                                                                                                                                      + show references

                                                                                                                                                                      Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

                                                                                                                                                                      Notice period:
                                                                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                                                          • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                                                          • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                                                          • 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                                                          • 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                                                          • 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                                                          • 3 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                                                          • 3 month(s).

                                                                                                                                                                        Pay in lieu of notice: No

                                                                                                                                                                        Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                                                        Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                        Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                                                        Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                        Syrian Arab Republic - 2013    

                                                                                                                                                                        + show references

                                                                                                                                                                        Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                                                                        Notice period:
                                                                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                                                            • 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                                                            • 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                                                            • 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                                                            • 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                                                            • 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                                                            • 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                                                            • 2 month(s).

                                                                                                                                                                          Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                                                                          Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                                                          Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                          Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                                                          Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                          Tajikistan - 2016    

                                                                                                                                                                          + show references

                                                                                                                                                                          Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                                                                          Notice period:
                                                                                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                                                              • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                              • dismissal based on worker's capacity - 1 month(s).

                                                                                                                                                                            Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                                                                            Notification to the public administration: Yes

                                                                                                                                                                            Notification to workers' representatives: Yes

                                                                                                                                                                            Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                                                            Approval by workers' representatives: Yes

                                                                                                                                                                            Tanzania, United Republic of - 2013    

                                                                                                                                                                            + show references

                                                                                                                                                                            Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                                                                            Notice period:
                                                                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                                                                • monthly paid workers - 28 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                • daily or weekly paid workers - 4 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                                                                • monthly paid workers - 28 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                • daily or weekly paid workers - 4 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                                                                • monthly paid workers - 28 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                • daily or weekly paid workers - 4 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                                                                • monthly paid workers - 28 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                • daily or weekly paid workers - 4 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                                                                • monthly paid workers - 28 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                • daily or weekly paid workers - 4 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                                                                • monthly paid workers - 28 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                • daily or weekly paid workers - 4 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                              • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                                                                • monthly paid workers - 28 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                • daily or weekly paid workers - 4 day(s).

                                                                                                                                                                              Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                                                                              Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                                                              Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                              Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                                                              Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                              Thailand - 2017    

                                                                                                                                                                              + show references

                                                                                                                                                                              Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                                                                              Notice period:
                                                                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                                                                  • economic dismissal - 60 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                  • monthly paid workers - non economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                                                                  • economic dismissal - 60 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                  • monthly paid workers - non economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                                                                  • economic dismissal - 60 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                  • monthly paid workers - non economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                                                                  • economic dismissal - 60 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                  • monthly paid workers - non economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                                                                  • economic dismissal - 60 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                  • monthly paid workers - non economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                                                                  • economic dismissal - 60 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                  • monthly paid workers - non economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                                                                  • economic dismissal - 60 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                  • monthly paid workers - non economic dismissal - 1 month(s).

                                                                                                                                                                                Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                                                                Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                                Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                                                                Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                                Tunisia - 2013    

                                                                                                                                                                                + show references

                                                                                                                                                                                Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                                                                                Notice period:
                                                                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                                                                    • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                                                                    • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                                                                    • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                                                                    • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                                                                    • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                                                                    • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                                                                    • 1 month(s).

                                                                                                                                                                                  Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                  Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                                                                  Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                                  Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                                                                  Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                                  Turkey - 2019    

                                                                                                                                                                                  + show references

                                                                                                                                                                                  Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                                                                                  Notice period:
                                                                                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                                                                      • 2 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                                                                      • 4 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                                                                      • 6 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                                                                      • 8 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                                                                      • 8 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                                                                      • 8 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                                                                      • 8 week(s).

                                                                                                                                                                                    Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                    Notification to the public administration: Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                    Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                                    Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                                                                    Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                                    Notes / Remarks
                                                                                                                                                                                    The notice requirements apply to both employees covered by the job security provisions (termination with a valid reason) and those not covered by such provisions (no justification required).
                                                                                                                                                                                    As mentioned above, the job security provision applies to employees who fulfil all the following criteria:the employee is engaged for an indefinite period, and; the employee has worked for at least 6 months, and; the employee works in an establishment with at least 30 employees.
                                                                                                                                                                                    When terminating a contract for a just cause ("breaking of the contract) for reasons related to health, misconduct, force majeure, arrest and custody, as listed in Art. 25, the employer does not have to observe any notice requirements.

                                                                                                                                                                                    Turkmenistan - 2019    

                                                                                                                                                                                    + show references

                                                                                                                                                                                    Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                                                                                    Notice period:
                                                                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                                                                        • non economic dismissal - 2 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                        • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).

                                                                                                                                                                                      Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                      Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                                                                      Notification to workers' representatives: Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                      Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                                                                      Approval by workers' representatives: Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                      Uganda - 2013    

                                                                                                                                                                                      + show references

                                                                                                                                                                                      Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                                                                                      Notice period:
                                                                                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                                                                          • 2 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                                                                          • 2 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                                                                          • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                                                                          • 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                                                                          • 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                                                                          • 3 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                                                                          • 3 month(s).

                                                                                                                                                                                        Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                        Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                                                                        Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                                        Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                                                                        Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                                        United Arab Emirates - 2013    

                                                                                                                                                                                        + show references

                                                                                                                                                                                        Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                                                                                        Notice period:
                                                                                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                                                                            • 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                            • workers paid on a daily basis or by piece-rate - 1 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                                                                            • 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                            • workers paid on a daily basis or by piece-rate - 1 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                                                                            • 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                            • workers paid on a daily basis or by piece-rate - 2 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                                                                            • 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                            • workers paid on a daily basis or by piece-rate - 2 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                                                                            • 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                            • workers paid on a daily basis or by piece-rate - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                                                                            • 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                            • workers paid on a daily basis or by piece-rate - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                          • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                                                                            • 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                            • workers paid on a daily basis or by piece-rate - 1 month(s).

                                                                                                                                                                                          Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                          Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                                                                          Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                                          Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                                                                          Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                                          United Kingdom - 2019    

                                                                                                                                                                                          + show references

                                                                                                                                                                                          Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

                                                                                                                                                                                          Notice period:
                                                                                                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                                                                              • 2 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                                                                              • 4 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                                                                              • 5 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                                                                              • 10 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                            • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                                                                              • 12 week(s).

                                                                                                                                                                                            Pay in lieu of notice: No

                                                                                                                                                                                            Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                                                                            Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                                            Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                                                                            Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                                            United States - 2017    

                                                                                                                                                                                            + show references

                                                                                                                                                                                            Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

                                                                                                                                                                                            Notice period:

                                                                                                                                                                                              Pay in lieu of notice: No

                                                                                                                                                                                              Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                                                                              Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                                              Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                                                                              Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                                              Uzbekistan - 2019    

                                                                                                                                                                                              + show references

                                                                                                                                                                                              Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                                                                                              Notice period:
                                                                                                                                                                                                • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • dismissal not based on conduct - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • dismissal based on conduct (excl. serious wrongdoings) - 3 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • dismissal based on worker's capacity - 2 week(s).

                                                                                                                                                                                                Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                Notification to the public administration: Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                Notification to workers' representatives: Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                                                                                Approval by workers' representatives: Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of - 2011    

                                                                                                                                                                                                + show references

                                                                                                                                                                                                Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

                                                                                                                                                                                                Notice period:
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • economic dismissal - 2 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • economic dismissal - 2 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • economic dismissal - 3 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • economic dismissal - 3 month(s).

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Notes / Remarks
                                                                                                                                                                                                  This section reflects the provisions of the Organic Labour Law.
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Under the OLL, the procedural requirements for individual dismissals depends on whether the dismissal is for a just cause or if it is unjustified and whether the workers enjoy job stability.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  HOWEVER, in spite of those legal requirements provided in the OLL, the rules on dismissal have been substantially modified by so-called "Immunity Decrees" enacted at regular interval since 2002, the latest (as of 2011) dating 16 December 2010 (No. 7914) covering the period from 1 January 2011 to 31 December 2011.
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Under those Decrees, prior accreditation of just cause by the labour inspectorate is required for any dismissal of any worker falling within the scope of of application of the decrees (= all workers in the private sector and all those covered within the scope of application of the Labour Code) Violation of this rule may be remedied through reinstatement, where requested.
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Therefore, those workers covered by such employment stability, cannot be dismissed by way of unjustified dismissal but only for a just cause and the requirements described in this section are not applicable.
                                                                                                                                                                                                  They would apply to workers not covered by the Decree, namely: Managers, workers with less than three months' seniority, employees in positions of trust, and workers who earn more than three times the minimum wage.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Viet Nam - 2012    

                                                                                                                                                                                                  + show references

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Notice period:
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • permanent workers - 45 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • permanent workers - 45 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • permanent workers - 45 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • permanent workers - 45 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • permanent workers - 45 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • permanent workers - 45 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • permanent workers - 45 day(s).

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Notification to workers' representatives: Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Yemen - 2013    

                                                                                                                                                                                                    + show references

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Notice period:
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • monthly paid workers - 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers - 1 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • fortnightly paid workers - 15 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • monthly paid workers - 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers - 1 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • fortnightly paid workers - 15 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • monthly paid workers - 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers - 1 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • fortnightly paid workers - 15 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • monthly paid workers - 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers - 1 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • fortnightly paid workers - 15 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • monthly paid workers - 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers - 1 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • fortnightly paid workers - 15 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • monthly paid workers - 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers - 1 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • fortnightly paid workers - 15 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • monthly paid workers - 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers - 1 week(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • fortnightly paid workers - 15 day(s).

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Zambia - 2019    

                                                                                                                                                                                                      + show references

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Notice period:
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 6 months
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • oral contract ≥ 1 week - non economic dismissal - 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 9 months
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • oral contract ≥ 1 week - non economic dismissal - 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 2 years
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • oral contract ≥ 1 week - non economic dismissal - 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 4 years
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • non economic dismissal - 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 5 years
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • non economic dismissal - 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 10 years
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • non economic dismissal - 30 day(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • tenure ≥ 20 years
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • oral contract ≥ 1 week - non economic dismissal - 30 day(s).

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Notification to the public administration: No

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Notification to workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Approval by workers' representatives: No

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Notes / Remarks
                                                                                                                                                                                                        - This section deals with individual terminations of oral contracts.
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Termination of written contracts is regulated by sec. 36 EA which reads as follows: "(1) A written contract of service shall be terminated
                                                                                                                                                                                                        (a) by the expiry of the term for which it is expressed to be made; or
                                                                                                                                                                                                        (b) by the death of the employee before such expiry; or
                                                                                                                                                                                                        (c) in any other manner in which a contract of service may be lawfully terminated or deemed to be terminated whether under the provisions of this Act or otherwise except that where the termination is at the initiative of the employer, the employer shall give reasons to the employee for the termination of that employee’s employment.
                                                                                                                                                                                                        (2) Where owing to sickness or accident an employee is unable to fulfill a written contract of service, the contract may be terminated on the report of a registered medical practitioner.
                                                                                                                                                                                                        (3) The contract of service of an employee shall not be terminated unless there is a valid reason for the termination connected with the capacity, conduct of the employee or based on the operational requirements of the undertaking.
                                                                                                                                                                                                        (4) Reasons that are not valid for termination of contracts include
                                                                                                                                                                                                        (a) union membership or participation in union activities outside working hours or, with the consent of the employer, within working hours;
                                                                                                                                                                                                        (b) seeking office as, acting or having acted in the capacity of, an employee’s representatives;
                                                                                                                                                                                                        (c) the filing of a complaint, the participation in proceedings against an employer involving alleged violation of laws or recourse to administrative authorities;
                                                                                                                                                                                                        (d) race, colour, sex, marital status, family responsibilities, pregnancy, religion, political opinion or affiliation, ethnicity, tribal affiliation or social status of the employee; or
                                                                                                                                                                                                        (e)absence from work during leave or a rest period in accordance with a written law. "

                                                                                                                                                                                                        No further information is given as to termination of a written contract.
                                                                                                                                                                                                        - Individual terminations for reason of redundancy are dealt with under the section on collective dismissals.