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> GOVERNANCE - home > Employment protection legislation database - EPLex > Russian Federation

Russian Federation - Procedural requirements for individual dismissals


Procedural requirements for individual dismissals - Russian Federation - 2019    

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Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

Remarks:
  • Article 84-1 of the Labour Code

Notice period:
Remarks:
  • Article 180 LC provides that the employees should be notified no less than two months if the reason for the dismissal is liquidation or downsizing of the enterprise.

    Moreover:
    • if a fixed-term contract for a period of up to 2 months is terminated, a notice must be sent not less than 3 calendar days for the reasons of expiry of the contract (Article 79 LC) and for liquidation or downsizing of the enterprise (Article 292 LC);
    • if a seasonal work contract is terminated, a notice must be sent not less than 7 calendar days (Article 296 LC)
    • if the employee is a migrant worker or a stateless person, a notice regarding the termination of the contract for liquidation or downsizing of the enterprise reasons must be sent not less than 3 calendar days before the dismissal (Article 327.6 LC)
    • tenure ≥ 6 months
      • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
    • tenure ≥ 9 months
      • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
    • tenure ≥ 1 year
      • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
    • tenure ≥ 2 years
      • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
    • tenure ≥ 4 years
      • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
    • tenure ≥ 5 years
      • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
    • tenure ≥ 10 years
      • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).
    • tenure ≥ 20 years
      • economic dismissal - 2 month(s).

    Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

    Remarks:
    • Article 180 of the Labour Code provides on the pay in lieu of notice in case of dismissals for economic reasons.

    Notification to the public administration: No

    Notification to workers' representatives: No

    Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

    Approval by workers' representatives: No

    Remarks:
    • Article 82 of the Labour Code: in case of termination of employment for economic reasons or for worker's conduct or performance, an employer cannot dismiss a worker, member of a trade union, without having taken into account the motivated opinion of the entreprise trade union.