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United Kingdom - Procedural requirements for individual dismissals

Procedural requirements for individual dismissals - United Kingdom - 2019    

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Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

  • No specific form required for dismissal notification.
    The ERA only provides for the right to a written statement of the reasons for dismissal upon request (sec. 92).

Notice period:
  • Sec. 86 ERA establishes minimum notice periods according to the length of service, as follows:
    - one week, if the employee has been continuously employed for at least 1 month but less than two years;
    - one week for each year of continuous employment if the period of continuous employment is between two and 12 years; and
    - 12 weeks if the period of continuous employment is 12 years or more.
    No notice needs to be given if the employee has been employed for less than 1 month.
    • tenure ≥ 6 months
      • 1 week(s).
    • tenure ≥ 9 months
      • 1 week(s).
    • tenure ≥ 2 years
      • 2 week(s).
    • tenure ≥ 4 years
      • 4 week(s).
    • tenure ≥ 5 years
      • 5 week(s).
    • tenure ≥ 10 years
      • 10 week(s).
    • tenure ≥ 20 years
      • 12 week(s).

    Pay in lieu of notice: No

    • There is no statutory right to pay in lieu of notice. However, a pay in lieu of notice clause can be inserted in the employment contract or it may be paid to cover any potential damages for breach of contract
      See also sec. 88 (1) a) ERA that provides that "If an employee has normal working hours under the contract of employment in force during the period of notice and during any part of those normal working hours the employee is ready and willing to work but no work is provided for him by his employer (...) the employer is liable to pay the employee for the part of normal working hours a sum not less than the amount of remuneration for that part of normal working hours calculated at the average hourly rate of remuneration produced by dividing a week's pay by the number of normal working hours."

    Notification to the public administration: No

    Notification to workers' representatives: No

    Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

    Approval by workers' representatives: No