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> GOVERNANCE - home > Employment protection legislation database - EPLex > Chile

Chile - Procedural requirements for individual dismissals


Procedural requirements for individual dismissals - Chile - 2018    

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Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

Remarks:
  • See art. 161 and 162 LC.

Notice period:
Remarks:
  • - Dismissal without cause (desahucio) of persons in positions of trust, representatives or certain categories of domestic workers ("trabajador de casa particular") must be carried out in writing, 30 days in advance except if the employer pays the worker cash compensation equivalent to the last monthly remuneration earned. Copy of the notice shall be sent to the relevant labour inspectorate (art. 161 LC)
    - Dismissal based on the requirements of the undertaking: the worker must be given notice, copied to the relevant inspectorate, at least 30 days in advance (art. 162 LC).
    - If the employee is dismissed for conduct-related reasons as listed in art. 160 LC then notice must be sent promptly after the occurrence of the conduct.
    • tenure ≥ 6 months
      • economic dismissal - 30 day(s).
      • dismissal without cause ("Desahucio") - 30 day(s).
    • tenure ≥ 9 months
      • economic dismissal - 30 day(s).
      • dismissal without cause ("Desahucio") - 30 day(s).
    • tenure ≥ 2 years
      • economic dismissal - 30 day(s).
      • dismissal without cause ("Desahucio") - 30 day(s).
    • tenure ≥ 4 years
      • economic dismissal - 30 day(s).
      • dismissal without cause ("Desahucio") - 30 day(s).
    • tenure ≥ 5 years
      • economic dismissal - 30 day(s).
      • dismissal without cause ("Desahucio") - 30 day(s).
    • tenure ≥ 10 years
      • economic dismissal - 30 day(s).
      • dismissal without cause ("Desahucio") - 30 day(s).
    • tenure ≥ 20 years
      • economic dismissal - 30 day(s).
      • dismissal without cause ("Desahucio") - 30 day(s).

    Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

    Remarks:
    • - Economic dismissal: art. 162 LC
      - Desahucio: art. 161 LC

    Notification to the public administration: Yes

    Remarks:
    • Notification to the Labour Inspectorate, at the time the worker receives the dismissal notice is required for any type of dismissal.
      * Conduct-based dismissal: art. 162
      * Dismissal based on the requirements of the undertaking: art. 162 LC.
      * Dismissal without cause in the cases established in article 161 (desahucio): art. 161 LC.

    Notification to workers' representatives: No

    Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

    Remarks:
    • However, judicial authorization is required when the employer intends to dismiss workers who benefit from the "fuero laboral" (art. 174 LC - see special protection)

    Approval by workers' representatives: No