ILO is a specialized agency of the United Nations
ILO-en-strap
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us français | español
> GOVERNANCE - home > Employment protection legislation database - EPLex > Brazil

Brazil - Procedural requirements for individual dismissals


Procedural requirements for individual dismissals - Brazil - 2019    

+ show references

Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

Notice period:
Remarks:
  • According to art 487 of the CLL, a party who wishes to cancel an employment contract of an indefinite duration without a just motive ("sem justo motivo") shall give notice to the other party of his or her intention as follows:
    * eight days in advance if wages are paid weekly or at shorter intervals;
    * thirty days in advance if wages are paid fortnightly or monthly, or if the employee's length of service in the undertaking exceeds 12 months.

    LEI Nº 12.506, DE 11 DE OUTUBRO DE 2011, Article 1o. Parágrafo único. "Ao aviso prévio previsto neste artigo serão acrescidos 3 (três) dias por ano de serviço prestado na mesma empresa, até o máximo de 60 (sessenta) dias, perfazendo um total de até 90 (noventa) dias."

    Note that the 8 days' notice requirement for weekly-paid workers might not be valid anymore since the adoption of the 1988 Constitution as art. 7 XXI of the Constitution provides for "a right to notice of dismissal in proportion to the length of service of at least thirty days, as provided by law".
    • tenure ≥ 6 months
      • dismissal without cause ("sem justo motivo") - 30 day(s).
    • tenure ≥ 9 months
      • dismissal without cause ("sem justo motivo") - 30 day(s).
    • tenure ≥ 2 years
      • dismissal without cause ("sem justo motivo") - 33 day(s).
    • tenure ≥ 4 years
      • dismissal without cause ("sem justo motivo") - 39 day(s).
    • tenure ≥ 5 years
      • dismissal without cause ("sem justo motivo") - 42 day(s).
    • tenure ≥ 10 years
      • dismissal without cause ("sem justo motivo") - 57 day(s).
    • tenure ≥ 20 years
      • dismissal without cause ("sem justo motivo") - 87 day(s).

    Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

    Remarks:
    • Art. 487(1) CLL: If the employer fails to give due notice, the employee is entitled to his or her wages for the period of notice, and that period is always deemed to be included in the period of employment.

    Notification to the public administration: No

    Remarks:
    • No prior notification as such.
      (Art. 477 (1) was derogated by Law 13467, 2017)

    Notification to workers' representatives: No

    Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

    Approval by workers' representatives: No