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> GOVERNANCE - home > Employment protection legislation database - EPLex > Bangladesh

Bangladesh - Procedural requirements for individual dismissals


Procedural requirements for individual dismissals - Bangladesh - 2017    

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Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

Remarks:
  • - Retrenchment: sec. 20(1) LA
    - Dismissal (on the ground of serious misconduct): sec. 24 LA
    - Termination by the employer with notice without a cause: sec. 26(1) LA.

Notice period:
Remarks:
  • - In the event of a retrenchment, the employer shall give the employee one month's notice (sec. 20(1) LA).

    - In the event of termination without cause (sec. 26 LA), the employer shall give the employee the following notice period:

    1) For permanent workers:
    - 120 days' notice if the worker is paid on a monthly basis;
    - 60 days' notice to other workers.

    2) For temporary workers (when termination is not due to the completion, cessation, abolition or discontinuance of the temporary work for which he was appointed):
    - 30 days' notice if the temporary worker is paid on a monthly basis;
    - 14 days' notice to other temporary workers.

    - No statutory notice requirements for conduct and capacity-related dismissals (referred to respectively in the LA as 'dismissal' and 'discharge'), except for dismissals based on unjustified absence from the work place. (In case a worker remains absent from work without notice for at least 10 days, the employer shall serve him or her a notice to explain the reasons for the absence. If the worker does not submit a written justification for the absence or returns to work within 17 days, he or she is considered terminated, sec. 27(3A)).
    • tenure ≥ 6 months
      • economic dismissal - 0 month(s).
      • permanent (monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 120 day(s).
      • permanent (non-monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 60 day(s).
      • temporary (monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 30 day(s).
      • temporary (non-monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 14 day(s).
    • tenure ≥ 9 months
      • economic dismissal - 0 month(s).
      • permanent (monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 120 day(s).
      • permanent (non-monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 60 day(s).
      • temporary (monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 30 day(s).
      • temporary (non-monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 14 day(s).
    • tenure ≥ 2 years
      • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
      • permanent (monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 120 day(s).
      • permanent (non-monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 60 day(s).
      • temporary (monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 30 day(s).
      • temporary (non-monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 14 day(s).
    • tenure ≥ 4 years
      • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
      • permanent (monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 120 day(s).
      • permanent (non-monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 60 day(s).
      • temporary (monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 30 day(s).
      • temporary (non-monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 14 day(s).
    • tenure ≥ 5 years
      • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
      • permanent (monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 120 day(s).
      • permanent (non-monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 60 day(s).
      • temporary (monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 30 day(s).
      • temporary (non-monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 14 day(s).
    • tenure ≥ 10 years
      • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
      • permanent (monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 120 day(s).
      • permanent (non-monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 60 day(s).
      • temporary (monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 30 day(s).
      • temporary (non-monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 14 day(s).
    • tenure ≥ 20 years
      • economic dismissal - 1 month(s).
      • permanent (monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 120 day(s).
      • permanent (non-monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 60 day(s).
      • temporary (monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 30 day(s).
      • temporary (non-monthly-paid) workers - termination without cause - 14 day(s).

    Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

    Remarks:
    • The employer can opt for paying the wages for the period of notice in the following cases:
      - Retrenchment (sec. 20(1) LA)
      - Termination by the employer without a cause (that is termination by the employer otherwise than by dismissal (conduct-related), discharge (capacity-related) or retrenchment) (sec. 26(3) LA)

    Notification to the public administration: No

    Remarks:
    • Except in the event of an economic dismissal (retrenchment): sec. 20(2)b) LA, dealt below under "Procedural requirement for collective dismissals for economic reasons".
      The Labour Inspection must be immediately notified in case of dismissals of workers due to illegal strikes. Otherwise there are no notification obligations (sec. 25(1) Labour Rules, 2015).

    Notification to workers' representatives: No

    Remarks:
    • Except in the event of an economic dismissal (retrenchment): sec. 20(2)b) LA, dealt below under "Procedural requirement for collective dismissals for economic reasons".

    Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

    Approval by workers' representatives: No