ILO is a specialized agency of the United Nations
ILO-en-strap
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us franšais | español
> GOVERNANCE - home > Employment protection legislation database - EPLex > United Kingdom

United Kingdom - Procedural requirements for individual dismissals


+ show references

Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

Remarks:
  • No specific form required for dismissal notification.
    The ERA only provides for the right to a written statement of the reasons for dismissal upon request (sec. 92).

Notice period:
Remarks:
  • Sec. 86 ERA establishes minimum notice periods according to the length of service, as follows:
    - one week, if the employee has been continuously employed for at least 1 month but less than two years;
    - one week for each year of continuous employment if the period of continuous employment is between two and 12 years; and
    - 12 weeks if the period of continuous employment is 12 years or more.
    No notice needs to be given if the employee has been employed for less than 1 month.
    • tenure ≥ 6 months
      • 1 week(s).
    • tenure ≥ 9 months
      • 1 week(s).
    • tenure ≥ 2 years
      • 2 week(s).
    • tenure ≥ 4 years
      • 4 week(s).
    • tenure ≥ 5 years
      • 5 week(s).
    • tenure ≥ 10 years
      • 10 week(s).
    • tenure ≥ 20 years
      • 12 week(s).

    Pay in lieu of notice: No

    Remarks:
    • There is no statutory right to pay in lieu of notice. However, a pay in lieu of notice clause can be inserted in the employment contract or it may be paid to cover any potential damages for breach of contract
      See also sec. 88 (1) a) ERA that provides that "If an employee has normal working hours under the contract of employment in force during the period of notice and during any part of those normal working hours the employee is ready and willing to work but no work is provided for him by his employer (...) the employer is liable to pay the employee for the part of normal working hours a sum not less than the amount of remuneration for that part of normal working hours calculated at the average hourly rate of remuneration produced by dividing a week's pay by the number of normal working hours."

    Notification to the public administration: No

    Notification to workers' representatives: No

    Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

    Approval by workers' representatives: No

    + show references

    Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

    Remarks:
    • No specific form required for dismissal notification.
      The ERA only provides for the right to a written statement of the reasons for dismissal upon request (sec. 92).

    Notice period:
    Remarks:
    • Sec. 86 ERA establishes minimum notice periods according to the length of service, as follows:
      - one week, if the employee has been continuously employed for at least 1 month but less than two years;
      - one week for each year of continuous employment if the period of continuous employment is between two and 12 years; and
      - 12 weeks if the period of continuous employment is 12 years or more.
      No notice needs to be given if the employee has been employed for less than 1 month.
      • tenure ≥ 6 months
        • 1 week(s).
      • tenure ≥ 9 months
        • 1 week(s).
      • tenure ≥ 2 years
        • 2 week(s).
      • tenure ≥ 4 years
        • 4 week(s).
      • tenure ≥ 5 years
        • 5 week(s).
      • tenure ≥ 10 years
        • 10 week(s).
      • tenure ≥ 20 years
        • 12 week(s).

      Pay in lieu of notice: No

      Remarks:
      • There is no statutory right to pay in lieu of notice. However, a pay in lieu of notice clause can be inserted in the employment contract or it may be paid to cover any potential damages for breach of contract
        See also sec. 88 (1) a) ERA that provides that "If an employee has normal working hours under the contract of employment in force during the period of notice and during any part of those normal working hours the employee is ready and willing to work but no work is provided for him by his employer (...) the employer is liable to pay the employee for the part of normal working hours a sum not less than the amount of remuneration for that part of normal working hours calculated at the average hourly rate of remuneration produced by dividing a week's pay by the number of normal working hours."

      Notification to the public administration: No

      Notification to workers' representatives: No

      Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

      Approval by workers' representatives: No

      + show references

      Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

      Remarks:
      • No specific form required for dismissal notification.
        The ERA only provides for the right to a written statement of the reasons for dismissal upon request (sec. 92).

      Notice period:
      Remarks:
      • Sec. 86 ERA establishes minimum notice periods according to the length of service, as follows:
        - one week, if the employee has been continuously employed for at least 1 month but less than two years;
        - one week for each year of continuous employment if the period of continuous employment is between two and 12 years; and
        - 12 weeks if the period of continuous employment is 12 years or more.
        No notice needs to be given if the employee has been employed for less than 1 month.
        • tenure ≥ 6 months
          • 1 week(s).
        • tenure ≥ 9 months
          • 1 week(s).
        • tenure ≥ 2 years
          • 2 week(s).
        • tenure ≥ 4 years
          • 4 week(s).
        • tenure ≥ 5 years
          • 5 week(s).
        • tenure ≥ 10 years
          • 10 week(s).
        • tenure ≥ 20 years
          • 12 week(s).

        Pay in lieu of notice: No

        Remarks:
        • There is no statutory right to pay in lieu of notice. However, a pay in lieu of notice clause can be inserted in the employment contract or it may be paid to cover any potential damages for breach of contract
          See also sec. 88 (1) a) ERA that provides that "If an employee has normal working hours under the contract of employment in force during the period of notice and during any part of those normal working hours the employee is ready and willing to work but no work is provided for him by his employer (...) the employer is liable to pay the employee for the part of normal working hours a sum not less than the amount of remuneration for that part of normal working hours calculated at the average hourly rate of remuneration produced by dividing a week's pay by the number of normal working hours."

        Notification to the public administration: No

        Notification to workers' representatives: No

        Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

        Approval by workers' representatives: No

        + show references

        Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

        Remarks:
        • No specific form required for dismissal notification.
          The ERA only provides for the right to a written statement of the reasons for dismissal upon request (sec. 92).

        Notice period:
        Remarks:
        • Sec. 86 ERA establishes minimum notice periods according to the length of service, as follows:
          - one week, if the employee has been continuously employed for at least 1 month but less than two years;
          - one week for each year of continuous employment if the period of continuous employment is between two and 12 years; and
          - 12 weeks if the period of continuous employment is 12 years or more.
          No notice needs to be given if the employee has been employed for less than 1 month.
          • tenure ≥ 6 months
            • 1 week(s).
          • tenure ≥ 9 months
            • 1 week(s).
          • tenure ≥ 2 years
            • 2 week(s).
          • tenure ≥ 4 years
            • 4 week(s).
          • tenure ≥ 5 years
            • 5 week(s).
          • tenure ≥ 10 years
            • 10 week(s).
          • tenure ≥ 20 years
            • 12 week(s).

          Pay in lieu of notice: No

          Remarks:
          • There is no statutory right to pay in lieu of notice. However, a pay in lieu of notice clause can be inserted in the employment contract or it may be paid to cover any potential damages for breach of contract
            See also sec. 88 (1) a) ERA that provides that "If an employee has normal working hours under the contract of employment in force during the period of notice and during any part of those normal working hours the employee is ready and willing to work but no work is provided for him by his employer (...) the employer is liable to pay the employee for the part of normal working hours a sum not less than the amount of remuneration for that part of normal working hours calculated at the average hourly rate of remuneration produced by dividing a week's pay by the number of normal working hours."

          Notification to the public administration: No

          Notification to workers' representatives: No

          Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

          Approval by workers' representatives: No

          + show references

          Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

          Remarks:
          • No specific form required for dismissal notification.
            The ERA only provides for the right to a written statement of the reasons for dismissal upon request (sec. 92).

          Notice period:
          Remarks:
          • Sec. 86 ERA establishes minimum notice periods according to the length of service, as follows:
            - one week, if the employee has been continuously employed for at least 1 month but less than two years;
            - one week for each year of continuous employment if the period of continuous employment is between two and 12 years; and
            - 12 weeks if the period of continuous employment is 12 years or more.
            No notice needs to be given if the employee has been employed for less than 1 month.
            • tenure ≥ 6 months
              • 1 week(s).
            • tenure ≥ 9 months
              • 1 week(s).
            • tenure ≥ 2 years
              • 2 week(s).
            • tenure ≥ 4 years
              • 4 week(s).
            • tenure ≥ 5 years
              • 5 week(s).
            • tenure ≥ 10 years
              • 10 week(s).
            • tenure ≥ 20 years
              • 12 week(s).

            Pay in lieu of notice: No

            Remarks:
            • There is no statutory right to pay in lieu of notice. However, a pay in lieu of notice clause can be inserted in the employment contract or it may be paid to cover any potential damages for breach of contract
              See also sec. 88 (1) a) ERA that provides that "If an employee has normal working hours under the contract of employment in force during the period of notice and during any part of those normal working hours the employee is ready and willing to work but no work is provided for him by his employer (...) the employer is liable to pay the employee for the part of normal working hours a sum not less than the amount of remuneration for that part of normal working hours calculated at the average hourly rate of remuneration produced by dividing a week's pay by the number of normal working hours."

            Notification to the public administration: No

            Notification to workers' representatives: No

            Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

            Approval by workers' representatives: No

            + show references

            Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

            Remarks:
            • No specific form required for dismissal notification.
              The ERA only provides for the right to a written statement of the reasons for dismissal upon request (sec. 92).

            Notice period:
            Remarks:
            • Sec. 86 ERA establishes minimum notice periods according to the length of service, as follows:
              - one week, if the employee has been continuously employed for at least 1 month but less than two years;
              - one week for each year of continuous employment if the period of continuous employment is between two and 12 years; and
              - 12 weeks if the period of continuous employment is 12 years or more.
              No notice needs to be given if the employee has been employed for less than 1 month.
              • tenure ≥ 6 months
                • 1 week(s).
              • tenure ≥ 9 months
                • 1 week(s).
              • tenure ≥ 2 years
                • 2 week(s).
              • tenure ≥ 4 years
                • 4 week(s).
              • tenure ≥ 5 years
                • 5 week(s).
              • tenure ≥ 10 years
                • 10 week(s).
              • tenure ≥ 20 years
                • 12 week(s).

              Pay in lieu of notice: No

              Remarks:
              • There is no statutory right to pay in lieu of notice. However, a pay in lieu of notice clause can be inserted in the employment contract or it may be paid to cover any potential damages for breach of contract
                See also sec. 88 (1) a) ERA that provides that "If an employee has normal working hours under the contract of employment in force during the period of notice and during any part of those normal working hours the employee is ready and willing to work but no work is provided for him by his employer (...) the employer is liable to pay the employee for the part of normal working hours a sum not less than the amount of remuneration for that part of normal working hours calculated at the average hourly rate of remuneration produced by dividing a week's pay by the number of normal working hours."

              Notification to the public administration: No

              Notification to workers' representatives: No

              Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

              Approval by workers' representatives: No

              + show references

              Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

              Remarks:
              • No specific form required for dismissal notification.
                The ERA only provides for the right to a written statement of the reasons for dismissal upon request (sec. 92).

              Notice period:
              Remarks:
              • Sec. 86 ERA establishes minimum notice periods according to the length of service, as follows:
                - one week, if the employee has been continuously employed for at least 1 month but less than two years;
                - one week for each year of continuous employment if the period of continuous employment is between two and 12 years; and
                - 12 weeks if the period of continuous employment is 12 years or more.
                No notice needs to be given if the employee has been employed for less than 1 month.
                • tenure ≥ 6 months
                  • 1 week(s).
                • tenure ≥ 9 months
                  • 1 week(s).
                • tenure ≥ 2 years
                  • 2 week(s).
                • tenure ≥ 4 years
                  • 4 week(s).
                • tenure ≥ 5 years
                  • 5 week(s).
                • tenure ≥ 10 years
                  • 10 week(s).
                • tenure ≥ 20 years
                  • 12 week(s).

                Pay in lieu of notice: No

                Remarks:
                • There is no statutory right to pay in lieu of notice. However, a pay in lieu of notice clause can be inserted in the employment contract or it may be paid to cover any potential damages for breach of contract
                  See also sec. 88 (1) a) ERA that provides that "If an employee has normal working hours under the contract of employment in force during the period of notice and during any part of those normal working hours the employee is ready and willing to work but no work is provided for him by his employer (...) the employer is liable to pay the employee for the part of normal working hours a sum not less than the amount of remuneration for that part of normal working hours calculated at the average hourly rate of remuneration produced by dividing a week's pay by the number of normal working hours."

                Notification to the public administration: No

                Notification to workers' representatives: No

                Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                Approval by workers' representatives: No

                + show references

                Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

                Remarks:
                • No specific form required for dismissal notification.
                  The ERA only provides for the right to a written statement of the reasons for dismissal upon request (sec. 92).

                Notice period:
                Remarks:
                • Sec. 86 ERA establishes minimum notice periods according to the length of service, as follows:
                  - one week, if the employee has been continuously employed for at least 1 month but less than two years;
                  - one week for each year of continuous employment if the period of continuous employment is between two and 12 years; and
                  - 12 weeks if the period of continuous employment is 12 years or more.
                  No notice needs to be given if the employee has been employed for less than 1 month.
                  • tenure ≥ 6 months
                    • 1 week(s).
                  • tenure ≥ 9 months
                    • 1 week(s).
                  • tenure ≥ 2 years
                    • 2 week(s).
                  • tenure ≥ 4 years
                    • 4 week(s).
                  • tenure ≥ 5 years
                    • 5 week(s).
                  • tenure ≥ 10 years
                    • 10 week(s).
                  • tenure ≥ 20 years
                    • 12 week(s).

                  Pay in lieu of notice: No

                  Remarks:
                  • There is no statutory right to pay in lieu of notice. However, a pay in lieu of notice clause can be inserted in the employment contract or it may be paid to cover any potential damages for breach of contract
                    See also sec. 88 (1) a) ERA that provides that "If an employee has normal working hours under the contract of employment in force during the period of notice and during any part of those normal working hours the employee is ready and willing to work but no work is provided for him by his employer (...) the employer is liable to pay the employee for the part of normal working hours a sum not less than the amount of remuneration for that part of normal working hours calculated at the average hourly rate of remuneration produced by dividing a week's pay by the number of normal working hours."

                  Notification to the public administration: No

                  Notification to workers' representatives: No

                  Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                  Approval by workers' representatives: No

                  + show references

                  Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

                  Remarks:
                  • No specific form required for dismissal notification.
                    The ERA only provides for the right to a written statement of the reasons for dismissal upon request (sec. 92).

                  Notice period:
                  Remarks:
                  • Sec. 86 ERA establishes minimum notice periods according to the length of service, as follows:
                    - one week, if the employee has been continuously employed for at least 1 month but less than two years;
                    - one week for each year of continuous employment if the period of continuous employment is between two and 12 years; and
                    - 12 weeks if the period of continuous employment is 12 years or more.
                    No notice needs to be given if the employee has been employed for less than 1 month.
                    • tenure ≥ 6 months
                      • 1 week(s).
                    • tenure ≥ 9 months
                      • 1 week(s).
                    • tenure ≥ 2 years
                      • 2 week(s).
                    • tenure ≥ 4 years
                      • 4 week(s).
                    • tenure ≥ 5 years
                      • 5 week(s).
                    • tenure ≥ 10 years
                      • 10 week(s).
                    • tenure ≥ 20 years
                      • 12 week(s).

                    Pay in lieu of notice: No

                    Remarks:
                    • There is no statutory right to pay in lieu of notice. However, a pay in lieu of notice clause can be inserted in the employment contract or it may be paid to cover any potential damages for breach of contract
                      See also sec. 88 (1) a) ERA that provides that "If an employee has normal working hours under the contract of employment in force during the period of notice and during any part of those normal working hours the employee is ready and willing to work but no work is provided for him by his employer (...) the employer is liable to pay the employee for the part of normal working hours a sum not less than the amount of remuneration for that part of normal working hours calculated at the average hourly rate of remuneration produced by dividing a week's pay by the number of normal working hours."

                    Notification to the public administration: No

                    Notification to workers' representatives: No

                    Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                    Approval by workers' representatives: No

                    + show references

                    Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

                    Remarks:
                    • No specific form required for dismissal notification.
                      The ERA only provides for the right to a written statement of the reasons for dismissal upon request (sec. 92).

                    Notice period:
                    Remarks:
                    • Sec. 86 ERA establishes minimum notice periods according to the length of service, as follows:
                      - one week, if the employee has been continuously employed for at least 1 month but less than two years;
                      - one week for each year of continuous employment if the period of continuous employment is between two and 12 years; and
                      - 12 weeks if the period of continuous employment is 12 years or more.
                      No notice needs to be given if the employee has been employed for less than 1 month.
                      • tenure ≥ 6 months
                        • 1 week(s).
                      • tenure ≥ 9 months
                        • 1 week(s).
                      • tenure ≥ 2 years
                        • 2 week(s).
                      • tenure ≥ 4 years
                        • 4 week(s).
                      • tenure ≥ 5 years
                        • 5 week(s).
                      • tenure ≥ 10 years
                        • 10 week(s).
                      • tenure ≥ 20 years
                        • 12 week(s).

                      Pay in lieu of notice: No

                      Remarks:
                      • There is no statutory right to pay in lieu of notice. However, a pay in lieu of notice clause can be inserted in the employment contract or it may be paid to cover any potential damages for breach of contract
                        See also sec. 88 (1) a) ERA that provides that "If an employee has normal working hours under the contract of employment in force during the period of notice and during any part of those normal working hours the employee is ready and willing to work but no work is provided for him by his employer (...) the employer is liable to pay the employee for the part of normal working hours a sum not less than the amount of remuneration for that part of normal working hours calculated at the average hourly rate of remuneration produced by dividing a week's pay by the number of normal working hours."

                      Notification to the public administration: No

                      Notification to workers' representatives: No

                      Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                      Approval by workers' representatives: No

                      + show references

                      Notification to the worker to be dismissed: no specific form required

                      Remarks:
                      • No specific form required for dismissal notification.
                        The ERA only provides for the right to a written statement of the reasons for dismissal upon request (sec. 92).

                      Notice period:
                      Remarks:
                      • Sec. 86 ERA establishes minimum notice periods according to the length of service, as follows:
                        - one week, if the employee has been continuously employed for at least 1 month but less than two years;
                        - one week for each year of continuous employment if the period of continuous employment is between two and 12 years; and
                        - 12 weeks if the period of continuous employment is 12 years or more.
                        No notice needs to be given if the employee has been employed for less than 1 month.
                        • tenure ≥ 6 months
                          • 1 week(s).
                        • tenure ≥ 9 months
                          • 1 week(s).
                        • tenure ≥ 2 years
                          • 2 week(s).
                        • tenure ≥ 4 years
                          • 4 week(s).
                        • tenure ≥ 5 years
                          • 5 week(s).
                        • tenure ≥ 10 years
                          • 10 week(s).
                        • tenure ≥ 20 years
                          • 12 week(s).

                        Pay in lieu of notice: No

                        Remarks:
                        • There is no statutory right to pay in lieu of notice. However, a pay in lieu of notice clause can be inserted in the employment contract or it may be paid to cover any potential damages for breach of contract
                          See also sec. 88 (1) a) ERA that provides that "If an employee has normal working hours under the contract of employment in force during the period of notice and during any part of those normal working hours the employee is ready and willing to work but no work is provided for him by his employer (...) the employer is liable to pay the employee for the part of normal working hours a sum not less than the amount of remuneration for that part of normal working hours calculated at the average hourly rate of remuneration produced by dividing a week's pay by the number of normal working hours."

                        Notification to the public administration: No

                        Notification to workers' representatives: No

                        Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

                        Approval by workers' representatives: No