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> GOBERNANZA - página de entrada > EPLex: una base de datos sobre la legislación de protección del empleo > México

México - Requisitos formales / procedimientos de despido colectivos por razones económicas


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Definición de despido colectivo (número de empleados afectados):
No specified number in the legislation.

Remarks:
  • Art. 434 II, III, IV: Grounds for collective termination:
    - the known and obvious inability of the undertaking to pay its way;
    - the exhaustion of the substance being extracted by a mining undertaking;
    - statutory declaration of insolvency proceedings or bankruptcy if the competent authority or the creditors decide on the definitive closure of the undertaking or the definitive retrenchment of production.

Consultación previa con los sindicatos (representantes de los trabajadores):

Remarks:
  • See: art. 900-919 FLA on Proceedings applicable to collective disputes (including collective termination): duty to inform and consult with employees representatives.

Notificación a la administración:

Remarks:
  • *Notification to the Board of Conciliation: Art. 435 FLA.
    *Proceedings before the Board of Conciliation: art. 903-919 FLA.

Notificación a los representantes de los trabajadores:

Remarks:
  • See: art. 900-919 FLA on Proceedings applicable to collective disputes (including collective termination): duty to inform and consult with employees representatives.

Aprobación de la administración publica o de organismos judiciales:

Remarks:
  • *Art. 435 FLA: approval by the Board of Conciliation Arbitration
    *Proceedings before the Board of Conciliation when collective termination is based to the self-evident non profitability of the operations of the undertaking: art. 903-919 FLA.

    On the proceedings to be followed in case of bankruptcy, see art. 782 FLA.

Acuerdo de los representantes de los trabajadores: No

Remarks:
  • However, during the proceedings before the Board of Conciliation, if the employer and the trade union reach an agreement, the Board will approve it (art. 906 IV) FLA).

Reglas de prioridad para los despidos colectivos (consideraciones sociales, edad, años de servicio):

Remarks:
  • Art. 437 FLA: seniority-based priority to remain in the undertaking.

Obligación del empleador de considerar solucionés alternativas al despido (transferencia, formación...): No

Reglas de prioridad para la re-contratación:

Remarks:
  • Art. 438 together following 154 FLA . In equality of circumstances, employers must prefer Mexican workers over non-Mexican workers, those that satisfactory served for a longer period of time, those who do not have any other economic income and have family responsibilities and those that are members of a trade unions.

+ show references

Definición de despido colectivo (número de empleados afectados):
No specified number in the legislation.

Remarks:
  • Art. 434 II, III, IV: Grounds for collective termination:
    - the known and obvious inability of the undertaking to pay its way;
    - the exhaustion of the substance being extracted by a mining undertaking;
    - statutory declaration of insolvency proceedings or bankruptcy if the competent authority or the creditors decide on the definitive closure of the undertaking or the definitive retrenchment of production.

Consultación previa con los sindicatos (representantes de los trabajadores):

Remarks:
  • See: art. 900-919 FLA on Proceedings applicable to collective disputes (including collective termination): duty to inform and consult with employees representatives.

Notificación a la administración:

Remarks:
  • *Notification to the Board of Conciliation: Art. 435 FLA.
    *Proceedings before the Board of Conciliation: art. 903-919 FLA.

Notificación a los representantes de los trabajadores:

Remarks:
  • See: art. 900-919 FLA on Proceedings applicable to collective disputes (including collective termination): duty to inform and consult with employees representatives.

Aprobación de la administración publica o de organismos judiciales:

Remarks:
  • *Art. 435 FLA: approval by the Board of Conciliation Arbitration
    *Proceedings before the Board of Conciliation when collective termination is based to the self-evident non profitability of the operations of the undertaking: art. 903-919 FLA.

    On the proceedings to be followed in case of bankruptcy, see art. 782 FLA.

Acuerdo de los representantes de los trabajadores: No

Remarks:
  • However, during the proceedings before the Board of Conciliation, if the employer and the trade union reach an agreement, the Board will approve it (art. 906 IV) FLA).

Reglas de prioridad para los despidos colectivos (consideraciones sociales, edad, años de servicio):

Remarks:
  • Art. 437 FLA: seniority-based priority to remain in the undertaking.

Obligación del empleador de considerar solucionés alternativas al despido (transferencia, formación...): No

Reglas de prioridad para la re-contratación:

Remarks:
  • Art. 438 together following 154 FLA . In equality of circumstances, employers must prefer Mexican workers over non-Mexican workers, those that satisfactory served for a longer period of time, those who do not have any other economic income and have family responsibilities and those that are members of a trade unions.