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> GOUVERNANCE - page d'accueil > EPLex: une base de données sur les législations de protection de l'emploi > Comores

Comores - Conditions de fond du licenciement


+ show references

Obligation d'informer le travailleur des raisons du licenciement: Oui
Remarks:
  • Article 48 of the Labour Code.



Motifs autorisés (licenciement justifié): tout motif légitime
Remarks:
  • Article 43 of the Labour Code requires a valid reason connected with the capacity or conduct of the worker or based on the operational requirements of the undertaking, establishment or service.


Motifs prohibés: état matrimonial; grossesse; congé de matérnité; responsabilités familiales; avoir déposé une plainte contre l'employeur; maladie ou accident professionel temporaire; race; couleur; sexe; religion; opinion politique; origine sociale; nationalité/origine nationale; affiliation et activités syndicales; statut sérologique VIH
Remarks:
  • Article 2 of the Labour Code: general prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of race, colour, sex, religion, political opinion, national or social origin including with respect to disciplinary measures and dismissal.

    Article 44 of the Labour Code (former art. 46) provides a list of reasons which cannot consitute valid reasons for termination:
    - trade-union membership or non-membership and trade-union activities;
    - race, colour, sex, marital status, family responsibilities, pregnancy, religion or belief, political or philosophical opinion, nationality or social origin;
    - seeking office as, or acting or having acted in the capacity of, a workers' representative;
    - the filing of a complaint or the participation in proceedings against an employer involving alleged violation of laws;
    - absence from work during maternity leave or temporary absence from work because of illness or injury;
    New in June 2012: Additional grounds have been introduced:
    - HIV status, whether real or perceived;
    - having reported or testified about sexual or psychological harassment (workplace bullying) by an employer or his representative.


Travailleurs bénéficiant d'une protection particulière: représentants des travailleurs; femmes enceintes ou en congé de maternité
Remarks:
  • - Workers' representatives: article 203 of the Labour Code: any dismissal of a workers' representative must be approved by the Labour Tribunal. [New in June 2012: the article number has changed in the new LC (former art. 183, now art. 203), and the new LC introduced new provisions: the new LC provides that the court's decision must be made within a period of one month].
    - Women on maternity leave: article 125 of the Labour Code: no worker can be dismissed during maternity leave.
    - In addition, the LC establishes a special protection against dismissal for widows: article 125 (former art. 121) of the Labour Code : any woman who just lost her husband must suspend work for 4 months and 10 days and cannot be dismissed during this period.


+ show references

Obligation d'informer le travailleur des raisons du licenciement: Oui
Remarks:
  • Article 48 of the Labour Code.



Motifs autorisés (licenciement justifié): tout motif légitime
Remarks:
  • Article 43 of the Labour Code requires a valid reason connected with the capacity or conduct of the worker or based on the operational requirements of the undertaking, establishment or service.


Motifs prohibés: état matrimonial; grossesse; congé de matérnité; responsabilités familiales; avoir déposé une plainte contre l'employeur; maladie ou accident professionel temporaire; race; couleur; sexe; religion; opinion politique; origine sociale; nationalité/origine nationale; affiliation et activités syndicales; statut sérologique VIH
Remarks:
  • Article 2 of the Labour Code: general prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of race, colour, sex, religion, political opinion, national or social origin including with respect to disciplinary measures and dismissal.

    Article 44 of the Labour Code (former art. 46) provides a list of reasons which cannot consitute valid reasons for termination:
    - trade-union membership or non-membership and trade-union activities;
    - race, colour, sex, marital status, family responsibilities, pregnancy, religion or belief, political or philosophical opinion, nationality or social origin;
    - seeking office as, or acting or having acted in the capacity of, a workers' representative;
    - the filing of a complaint or the participation in proceedings against an employer involving alleged violation of laws;
    - absence from work during maternity leave or temporary absence from work because of illness or injury;
    New in June 2012: Additional grounds have been introduced:
    - HIV status, whether real or perceived;
    - having reported or testified about sexual or psychological harassment (workplace bullying) by an employer or his representative.


Travailleurs bénéficiant d'une protection particulière: représentants des travailleurs; femmes enceintes ou en congé de maternité
Remarks:
  • - Workers' representatives: article 203 of the Labour Code: any dismissal of a workers' representative must be approved by the Labour Tribunal. [New in June 2012: the article number has changed in the new LC (former art. 183, now art. 203), and the new LC introduced new provisions: the new LC provides that the court's decision must be made within a period of one month].

    - Women on maternity leave: article 125 of the Labour Code: no worker can be dismissed during maternity leave. [Note: the article number has changed in the new LC (former art. 121, now art. 125), but its content has remained unchanged]

    - In addition, the LC establishes a special protection against dismissal for widows: article 125 (former art. 121) of the Labour Code : any woman who just lost her husband must suspend work for 4 months and 10 days and cannot be dismissed during this period.


+ show references

Obligation d'informer le travailleur des raisons du licenciement: Oui
Remarks:
  • Article 48 of the Labour Code.



Motifs autorisés (licenciement justifié): tout motif légitime
Remarks:
  • Article 43 of the Labour Code requires a valid reason connected with the capacity or conduct of the worker or based on the operational requirements of the undertaking, establishment or service.


Motifs prohibés: état matrimonial; grossesse; congé de matérnité; responsabilités familiales; avoir déposé une plainte contre l'employeur; maladie ou accident professionel temporaire; race; couleur; sexe; religion; opinion politique; origine sociale; nationalité/origine nationale; affiliation et activités syndicales; statut sérologique VIH
Remarks:
  • Article 2 of the Labour Code: general prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of race, colour, sex, religion, political opinion, national or social origin including with respect to disciplinary measures and dismissal.

    Article 44 of the Labour Code (former art. 46) provides a list of reasons which cannot consitute valid reasons for termination:
    - trade-union membership or non-membership and trade-union activities;
    - race, colour, sex, marital status, family responsibilities, pregnancy, religion or belief, political or philosophical opinion, nationality or social origin;
    - seeking office as, or acting or having acted in the capacity of, a workers' representative;
    - the filing of a complaint or the participation in proceedings against an employer involving alleged violation of laws;
    - absence from work during maternity leave or temporary absence from work because of illness or injury;
    New in June 2012: Additional grounds have been introduced:
    - HIV status, whether real or perceived;
    - having reported or testified about sexual or psychological harassment (workplace bullying) by an employer or his representative.


Travailleurs bénéficiant d'une protection particulière: représentants des travailleurs; femmes enceintes ou en congé de maternité
Remarks:
  • - Workers' representatives: article 203 of the Labour Code: any dismissal of a workers' representative must be approved by the Labour Tribunal. [New in June 2012: the article number has changed in the new LC (former art. 183, now art. 203), and the new LC introduced new provisions: the new LC provides that the court's decision must be made within a period of one month].

    - Women on maternity leave: article 125 of the Labour Code: no worker can be dismissed during maternity leave. [Note: the article number has changed in the new LC (former art. 121, now art. 125), but its content has remained unchanged]

    - In addition, the LC establishes a special protection against dismissal for widows: article 125 (former art. 121) of the Labour Code : any woman who just lost her husband must suspend work for 4 months and 10 days and cannot be dismissed during this period.


+ show references

Obligation d'informer le travailleur des raisons du licenciement: Oui
Remarks:
  • Article 48 of the Labour Code.



Motifs autorisés (licenciement justifié): tout motif légitime
Remarks:
  • Article 43 of the Labour Code requires a valid reason connected with the capacity or conduct of the worker or based on the operational requirements of the undertaking, establishment or service.


Motifs prohibés: état matrimonial; grossesse; congé de matérnité; responsabilités familiales; avoir déposé une plainte contre l'employeur; maladie ou accident professionel temporaire; race; couleur; sexe; religion; opinion politique; origine sociale; nationalité/origine nationale; affiliation et activités syndicales; statut sérologique VIH
Remarks:
  • Article 2 of the Labour Code: general prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of race, colour, sex, religion, political opinion, national or social origin including with respect to disciplinary measures and dismissal.

    Article 44 of the Labour Code (former art. 46) provides a list of reasons which cannot consitute valid reasons for termination:
    - trade-union membership or non-membership and trade-union activities;
    - race, colour, sex, marital status, family responsibilities, pregnancy, religion or belief, political or philosophical opinion, nationality or social origin;
    - seeking office as, or acting or having acted in the capacity of, a workers' representative;
    - the filing of a complaint or the participation in proceedings against an employer involving alleged violation of laws;
    - absence from work during maternity leave or temporary absence from work because of illness or injury;
    New in June 2012: Additional grounds have been introduced:
    - HIV status, whether real or perceived;
    - having reported or testified about sexual or psychological harassment (workplace bullying) by an employer or his representative.


Travailleurs bénéficiant d'une protection particulière: représentants des travailleurs; femmes enceintes ou en congé de maternité
Remarks:
  • - Workers' representatives: article 203 of the Labour Code: any dismissal of a workers' representative must be approved by the Labour Tribunal. [New in June 2012: the article number has changed in the new LC (former art. 183, now art. 203), and the new LC introduced new provisions: the new LC provides that the court's decision must be made within a period of one month].

    - Women on maternity leave: article 125 of the Labour Code: no worker can be dismissed during maternity leave. [Note: the article number has changed in the new LC (former art. 121, now art. 125), but its content has remained unchanged]

    - In addition, the LC establishes a special protection against dismissal for widows: article 125 (former art. 121) of the Labour Code : any woman who just lost her husband must suspend work for 4 months and 10 days and cannot be dismissed during this period.


+ show references

Obligation d'informer le travailleur des raisons du licenciement: Oui
Remarks:
  • Article 48 of the Labour Code.



Motifs autorisés (licenciement justifié): tout motif légitime
Remarks:
  • Article 43 of the Labour Code requires a valid reason connected with the capacity or conduct of the worker or based on the operational requirements of the undertaking, establishment or service.


Motifs prohibés: état matrimonial; grossesse; congé de matérnité; responsabilités familiales; avoir déposé une plainte contre l'employeur; maladie ou accident professionel temporaire; race; couleur; sexe; religion; opinion politique; origine sociale; nationalité/origine nationale; affiliation et activités syndicales; statut sérologique VIH
Remarks:
  • Article 2 of the Labour Code: general prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of race, colour, sex, religion, political opinion, national or social origin including with respect to disciplinary measures and dismissal.

    Article 44 of the Labour Code (former art. 46) provides a list of reasons which cannot consitute valid reasons for termination:
    - trade-union membership or non-membership and trade-union activities;
    - race, colour, sex, marital status, family responsibilities, pregnancy, religion or belief, political or philosophical opinion, nationality or social origin;
    - seeking office as, or acting or having acted in the capacity of, a workers' representative;
    - the filing of a complaint or the participation in proceedings against an employer involving alleged violation of laws;
    - absence from work during maternity leave or temporary absence from work because of illness or injury;
    New in June 2012: Additional grounds have been introduced:
    - HIV status, whether real or perceived;
    - having reported or testified about sexual or psychological harassment (workplace bullying) by an employer or his representative.


Travailleurs bénéficiant d'une protection particulière: représentants des travailleurs; femmes enceintes ou en congé de maternité
Remarks:
  • - Workers' representatives: article 203 of the Labour Code: any dismissal of a workers' representative must be approved by the Labour Tribunal. [New in June 2012: the article number has changed in the new LC (former art. 183, now art. 203), and the new LC introduced new provisions: the new LC provides that the court's decision must be made within a period of one month].

    - Women on maternity leave: article 125 of the Labour Code: no worker can be dismissed during maternity leave. [Note: the article number has changed in the new LC (former art. 121, now art. 125), but its content has remained unchanged]

    - In addition, the LC establishes a special protection against dismissal for widows: article 125 (former art. 121) of the Labour Code : any woman who just lost her husband must suspend work for 4 months and 10 days and cannot be dismissed during this period.


+ show references

Obligation d'informer le travailleur des raisons du licenciement: Oui
Remarks:
  • Article 48 of the Labour Code.



Motifs autorisés (licenciement justifié): tout motif légitime
Remarks:
  • Article 43 of the Labour Code requires a valid reason connected with the capacity or conduct of the worker or based on the operational requirements of the undertaking, establishment or service.


Motifs prohibés: état matrimonial; grossesse; congé de matérnité; responsabilités familiales; avoir déposé une plainte contre l'employeur; maladie ou accident professionel temporaire; race; couleur; sexe; religion; opinion politique; origine sociale; nationalité/origine nationale; affiliation et activités syndicales; statut sérologique VIH
Remarks:
  • Article 2 of the Labour Code: general prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of race, colour, sex, religion, political opinion, national or social origin including with respect to disciplinary measures and dismissal.

    Article 44 of the Labour Code (former art. 46) provides a list of reasons which cannot consitute valid reasons for termination:
    - trade-union membership or non-membership and trade-union activities;
    - race, colour, sex, marital status, family responsibilities, pregnancy, religion or belief, political or philosophical opinion, nationality or social origin;
    - seeking office as, or acting or having acted in the capacity of, a workers' representative;
    - the filing of a complaint or the participation in proceedings against an employer involving alleged violation of laws;
    - absence from work during maternity leave or temporary absence from work because of illness or injury;
    New in June 2012: Additional grounds have been introduced:
    - HIV status, whether real or perceived;
    - having reported or testified about sexual or psychological harassment (workplace bullying) by an employer or his representative.


Travailleurs bénéficiant d'une protection particulière: représentants des travailleurs; femmes enceintes ou en congé de maternité
Remarks:
  • - Workers' representatives: article 203 of the Labour Code: any dismissal of a workers' representative must be approved by the Labour Tribunal. [New in June 2012: the article number has changed in the new LC (former art. 183, now art. 203), and the new LC introduced new provisions: the new LC provides that the court's decision must be made within a period of one month].

    - Women on maternity leave: article 125 of the Labour Code: no worker can be dismissed during maternity leave. [Note: the article number has changed in the new LC (former art. 121, now art. 125), but its content has remained unchanged]

    - In addition, the LC establishes a special protection against dismissal for widows: article 125 (former art. 121) of the Labour Code : any woman who just lost her husband must suspend work for 4 months and 10 days and cannot be dismissed during this period.


+ show references

Obligation d'informer le travailleur des raisons du licenciement: Oui
Remarks:
  • Article 48 of the Labour Code.
    [Note: The article number has changed in the new LC (former art. 50, now art. 48), but its content has remained unchanged].


Motifs autorisés (licenciement justifié): tout motif légitime
Remarks:
  • Article 43 of the Labour Code requires a valid reason connected with the capacity or conduct of the worker or based on the operational requirements of the undertaking, establishment or service.
    [Note: The article number has changed in the new LC (former art. 45, now art. 43), but its content has remained unchanged].


Motifs prohibés: état matrimonial; grossesse; congé de matérnité; responsabilités familiales; avoir déposé une plainte contre l'employeur; maladie ou accident professionel temporaire; race; couleur; sexe; religion; opinion politique; origine sociale; nationalité/origine nationale; affiliation et activités syndicales; statut sérologique VIH
Remarks:
  • Article 2 of the Labour Code: general prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of race, colour, sex, religion, political opinion, national or social origin including with respect to disciplinary measures and dismissal.

    Article 44 of the Labour Code (former art. 46) provides a list of reasons which cannot consitute valid reasons for termination:
    - trade-union membership or non-membership and trade-union activities;
    - race, colour, sex, marital status, family responsibilities, pregnancy, religion or belief, political or philosophical opinion, nationality or social origin;
    - seeking office as, or acting or having acted in the capacity of, a workers' representative;
    - the filing of a complaint or the participation in proceedings against an employer involving alleged violation of laws;
    - absence from work during maternity leave or temporary absence from work because of illness or injury;
    New in June 2012: Additional grounds have been introduced:
    - HIV status, whether real or perceived;
    - having reported or testified about sexual or psychological harassment (workplace bullying) by an employer or his representative.


Travailleurs bénéficiant d'une protection particulière: représentants des travailleurs; femmes enceintes ou en congé de maternité
Remarks:
  • - Workers' representatives: article 203 of the Labour Code: any dismissal of a workers' representative must be approved by the Labour Tribunal. [New in June 2012: the article number has changed in the new LC (former art. 183, now art. 203), and the new LC introduced new provisions: the new LC provides that the court's decision must be made within a period of one month].

    - Women on maternity leave: article 125 of the Labour Code: no worker can be dismissed during maternity leave. [Note: the article number has changed in the new LC (former art. 121, now art. 125), but its content has remained unchanged]

    - In addition, the LC establishes a special protection against dismissal for widows: article 125 (former art. 121) of the Labour Code : any woman who just lost her husband must suspend work for 4 months and 10 days and cannot be dismissed during this period.


+ show references

Obligation d'informer le travailleur des raisons du licenciement: Oui
Remarks:
  • Article 48 of the Labour Code.
    [Note: The article number has changed in the new LC (former art. 50, now art. 48), but its content has remained unchanged].


Motifs autorisés (licenciement justifié): tout motif légitime
Remarks:
  • Article 43 of the Labour Code requires a valid reason connected with the capacity or conduct of the worker or based on the operational requirements of the undertaking, establishment or service.
    [Note: The article number has changed in the new LC (former art. 45, now art. 43), but its content has remained unchanged].


Motifs prohibés: état matrimonial; grossesse; congé de matérnité; responsabilités familiales; avoir déposé une plainte contre l'employeur; maladie ou accident professionel temporaire; race; couleur; sexe; religion; opinion politique; origine sociale; nationalité/origine nationale; affiliation et activités syndicales; statut sérologique VIH
NOTE: This information has changed since the previous period covered.
Remarks:
  • Article 2 of the Labour Code: general prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of race, colour, sex, religion, political opinion, national or social origin including with respect to disciplinary measures and dismissal.

    Article 44 of the Labour Code (former art. 46) provides a list of reasons which cannot consitute valid reasons for termination:
    - trade-union membership or non-membership and trade-union activities;
    - race, colour, sex, marital status, family responsibilities, pregnancy, religion or belief, political or philosophical opinion, nationality or social origin;
    - seeking office as, or acting or having acted in the capacity of, a workers' representative;
    - the filing of a complaint or the participation in proceedings against an employer involving alleged violation of laws;
    - absence from work during maternity leave or temporary absence from work because of illness or injury;
    New in June 2012: Additional grounds have been introduced:
    - HIV status, whether real or perceived;
    - having reported or testified about sexual or psychological harassment (workplace bullying) by an employer or his representative.


Travailleurs bénéficiant d'une protection particulière: représentants des travailleurs; femmes enceintes ou en congé de maternité
NOTE: This information has changed since the previous period covered.
Remarks:
  • - Workers' representatives: article 203 of the Labour Code: any dismissal of a workers' representative must be approved by the Labour Tribunal. [New in June 2012: the article number has changed in the new LC (former art. 183, now art. 203), and the new LC introduced new provisions: the new LC provides that the court's decision must be made within a period of one month].

    - Women on maternity leave: article 125 of the Labour Code: no worker can be dismissed during maternity leave. [Note: the article number has changed in the new LC (former art. 121, now art. 125), but its content has remained unchanged]

    - In addition, the LC establishes a special protection against dismissal for widows: article 125 (former art. 121) of the Labour Code : any woman who just lost her husband must suspend work for 4 months and 10 days and cannot be dismissed during this period.


+ show references

Obligation d'informer le travailleur des raisons du licenciement: Oui
Remarks:
  • Article 50 of the Labour Code


Motifs autorisés (licenciement justifié): tout motif légitime
Remarks:
  • Article 45 of the Labour Code requires a valid reason connected with the capacity or conduct of the worker or based on the operational requirements of the undertaking, establishment or service.


Motifs prohibés: état matrimonial; grossesse; congé de matérnité; responsabilités familiales; avoir déposé une plainte contre l'employeur; maladie ou accident professionel temporaire; race; couleur; sexe; religion; opinion politique; origine sociale; nationalité/origine nationale; affiliation et activités syndicales
Remarks:
  • Article 2 of the Labour Code: general prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of race, colour, sex, religion, political opinion, national or social origin including with respect to disciplinary measures and dismissal.

    Article 46 of the Labour Code provides a list of reasons which cannot consitute valid reasons for termination:
    - trade-union membership or non-membership and trade-union activities;
    - race, colour, sex, marital status, family responsibilities, pregnancy, religion or belief, political or philosophical opinion, nationality or social origin;
    - seeking office as, or acting or having acted in the capacity of, a workers' representative;
    - the filing of a complaint or the participation in proceedings against an employer involving alleged violation of laws;
    - absence from work during maternity leave or temporary absence from work because of illness or injury.


Travailleurs bénéficiant d'une protection particulière: représentants des travailleurs; femmes enceintes ou en congé de maternité
Remarks:
  • - Workers' representatives: article 183 of the Labour Code: any dismissal of a workers' representative must be approved by the Labour Tribunal.

    - Women on maternity leave: article 121 of the Labour Code: no worker can be dismissed during maternity leave.

    In addition, the LC establishes a special protection against dismissal for widows: article 121 of the Labour Code : any woman who just lost her husband must suspend work for 4 months and 10 days and cannot be dismissed during this period.


+ show references

Obligation d'informer le travailleur des raisons du licenciement: Oui
Remarks:
  • Article 50 of the Labour Code


Motifs autorisés (licenciement justifié): tout motif légitime
Remarks:
  • Article 45 of the Labour Code requires a valid reason connected with the capacity or conduct of the worker or based on the operational requirements of the undertaking, establishment or service.


Motifs prohibés: état matrimonial; grossesse; congé de matérnité; responsabilités familiales; avoir déposé une plainte contre l'employeur; maladie ou accident professionel temporaire; race; couleur; sexe; religion; opinion politique; origine sociale; nationalité/origine nationale; affiliation et activités syndicales
Remarks:
  • Article 2 of the Labour Code: general prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of race, colour, sex, religion, political opinion, national or social origin including with respect to disciplinary measures and dismissal.

    Article 46 of the Labour Code provides a list of reasons which cannot consitute valid reasons for termination:
    - trade-union membership or non-membership and trade-union activities;
    - race, colour, sex, marital status, family responsibilities, pregnancy, religion or belief, political or philosophical opinion, nationality or social origin;
    - seeking office as, or acting or having acted in the capacity of, a workers' representative;
    - the filing of a complaint or the participation in proceedings against an employer involving alleged violation of laws;
    - absence from work during maternity leave or temporary absence from work because of illness or injury.


Travailleurs bénéficiant d'une protection particulière: représentants des travailleurs; femmes enceintes ou en congé de maternité
Remarks:
  • - Workers' representatives: article 183 of the Labour Code: any dismissal of a workers' representative must be approved by the Labour Tribunal.

    - Women on maternity leave: article 121 of the Labour Code: no worker can be dismissed during maternity leave.

    In addition, the LC establishes a special protection against dismissal for widows: article 121 of the Labour Code : any woman who just lost her husband must suspend work for 4 months and 10 days and cannot be dismissed during this period.


+ show references

Obligation d'informer le travailleur des raisons du licenciement: Oui
Remarks:
  • Article 50 of the Labour Code


Motifs autorisés (licenciement justifié): tout motif légitime
Remarks:
  • Article 45 of the Labour Code requires a valid reason connected with the capacity or conduct of the worker or based on the operational requirements of the undertaking, establishment or service.


Motifs prohibés: état matrimonial; grossesse; congé de matérnité; responsabilités familiales; avoir déposé une plainte contre l'employeur; maladie ou accident professionel temporaire; race; couleur; sexe; religion; opinion politique; origine sociale; nationalité/origine nationale; affiliation et activités syndicales
Remarks:
  • Article 2 of the Labour Code: general prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of race, colour, sex, religion, political opinion, national or social origin including with respect to disciplinary measures and dismissal.

    Article 46 of the Labour Code provides a list of reasons which cannot consitute valid reasons for termination:
    - trade-union membership or non-membership and trade-union activities;
    - race, colour, sex, marital status, family responsibilities, pregnancy, religion or belief, political or philosophical opinion, nationality or social origin;
    - seeking office as, or acting or having acted in the capacity of, a workers' representative;
    - the filing of a complaint or the participation in proceedings against an employer involving alleged violation of laws;
    - absence from work during maternity leave or temporary absence from work because of illness or injury.


Travailleurs bénéficiant d'une protection particulière: représentants des travailleurs; femmes enceintes ou en congé de maternité
Remarks:
  • - Workers' representatives: article 183 of the Labour Code: any dismissal of a workers' representative must be approved by the Labour Tribunal.

    - Women on maternity leave: article 121 of the Labour Code: no worker can be dismissed during maternity leave.

    In addition, the LC establishes a special protection against dismissal for widows: article 121 of the Labour Code : any woman who just lost her husband must suspend work for 4 months and 10 days and cannot be dismissed during this period.