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> GOUVERNANCE - page d'accueil > EPLex: une base de données sur les législations de protection de l'emploi > Hongrie

Hongrie - Conditions de fond du licenciement


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Obligation d'informer le travailleur des raisons du licenciement : Oui
Remarks:
  • Sec. 66(1) LC (in the former LC sec. 89 (2) LC).


Motifs autorisés (licenciement justifié) : tout motif légitime
Remarks:
  • Sec. 66(2) LC (in connection with his/her ability, his/her behavior in relation to the employment relationship or with the employer's operations), (in the former LC sec. 89(3)).


Motifs prohibés: état matrimonial; grossesse ; congé de matérnité; race; couleur; sexe; orientation sexuelle ; religion ; opinion politique ; origine sociale ; nationalité/origine nationale ; âge ; affiliation et activités syndicales ; handicap; statut financier ; accomplissement du service militaire ou civil ; langue; congé parental; état de santé ; origine ethnique
Remarks:
  • - Race, colour, sex, etc. are listed as prohibited grounds for discrimination including in the context of termination of employment in the Equal Treatment Act (No. 125 of 2003). (Sec. 8 and 21 c) ETA).
    - In addition, pregnancy, parental leave; a leave of absence taken without pay for caring for a child (Sections 66(3), 128 and 130 LC).
    -Sec. 271(2) provides that no employee shall be dismissed on a ground of being a member of any trade union.


Travailleurs bénéficiant d'une protection particulière: représentants des travailleurs; femmes enceintes ou en congé de maternité; travailleurs avec des responsabilités familiales
Remarks:
  • * Prior consent of the higher ranking trade union body is requested in case of dismissal of an elected trade union representatives: sec. 273(1) LC (in former LC sec. 28 (1)).
    * The LC provides for protected periods during which ordinary dismissal can not take place: pregnancy, parental leave.: sec. 65 3 LC (in former LC sec. 90 (1)).

    New in 2012
    Section 89(7) of the previous Labour Code provided that workers who are between 57 and less than 62 years old, can only be dismissed in "particularly justified cases", unless they are already entitled to pension benefits. However, new Labour Code does not contain such provision.

    Contrary to the previous regulation, the new Labour Code allows for dismissal of an employee during the period of sick leave. Sec. 66(7) LC now states: The employer may terminate by notice the employment relationship of a worker who is receiving rehabilitation treatment or rehabilitation benefits due to the worker's capacity related to medical reasons if the worker can no longer be employed in his/her original position and no other job is available that is considered appropriate for his/her medical condition, or if the employee refuses to accept a job offered by the employer without good reason.


+ show references

Obligation d'informer le travailleur des raisons du licenciement : Oui
Remarks:
  • Sec. 66(1) LC (in the former LC sec. 89 (2) LC).


Motifs autorisés (licenciement justifié) : tout motif légitime
Remarks:
  • Sec. 66(2) LC (in connection with his/her ability, his/her behavior in relation to the employment relationship or with the employer's operations), (in the former LC sec. 89(3)).


Motifs prohibés: état matrimonial; grossesse ; congé de matérnité; race; couleur; sexe; orientation sexuelle ; religion ; opinion politique ; origine sociale ; nationalité/origine nationale ; âge ; affiliation et activités syndicales ; handicap; statut financier ; accomplissement du service militaire ou civil ; langue; congé parental; état de santé ; origine ethnique
Remarks:
  • - Race, colour, sex, etc. are listed as prohibited grounds for discrimination including in the context of termination of employment in the Equal Treatment Act (No. 125 of 2003). (Sec. 8 and 21 c) ETA).
    - In addition, pregnancy, parental leave; a leave of absence taken without pay for caring for a child (Sections 66(3), 128 and 130 LC).
    -Sec. 271(2) provides that no employee shall be dismissed on a ground of being a member of any trade union.


Travailleurs bénéficiant d'une protection particulière: représentants des travailleurs; femmes enceintes ou en congé de maternité; travailleurs avec des responsabilités familiales
Remarks:
  • * Prior consent of the higher ranking trade union body is requested in case of dismissal of an elected trade union representatives: sec. 273(1) LC (in former LC sec. 28 (1)).
    * The LC provides for protected periods during which ordinary dismissal can not take place: pregnancy, parental leave.: sec. 65 3 LC (in former LC sec. 90 (1)).

    New in 2012
    Section 89(7) of the previous Labour Code provided that workers who are between 57 and less than 62 years old, can only be dismissed in "particularly justified cases", unless they are already entitled to pension benefits. However, new Labour Code does not contain such provision.

    Contrary to the previous regulation, the new Labour Code allows for dismissal of an employee during the period of sick leave. Sec. 66(7) LC now states: The employer may terminate by notice the employment relationship of a worker who is receiving rehabilitation treatment or rehabilitation benefits due to the worker's capacity related to medical reasons if the worker can no longer be employed in his/her original position and no other job is available that is considered appropriate for his/her medical condition, or if the employee refuses to accept a job offered by the employer without good reason.


+ show references

Obligation d'informer le travailleur des raisons du licenciement : Oui
Remarks:
  • Sec. 66(1) LC (in the former LC sec. 89 (2) LC).


Motifs autorisés (licenciement justifié) : tout motif légitime
Remarks:
  • Sec. 66(2) LC (in connection with his/her ability, his/her behavior in relation to the employment relationship or with the employer's operations), (in the former LC sec. 89(3)).


Motifs prohibés: état matrimonial; grossesse ; congé de matérnité; race; couleur; sexe; orientation sexuelle ; religion ; opinion politique ; origine sociale ; nationalité/origine nationale ; âge ; affiliation et activités syndicales ; handicap; statut financier ; accomplissement du service militaire ou civil ; langue; congé parental; état de santé ; origine ethnique
Remarks:
  • - Race, colour, sex, etc. are listed as prohibited grounds for discrimination including in the context of termination of employment in the Equal Treatment Act (No. 125 of 2003). (Sec. 8 and 21 c) ETA).
    - In addition, pregnancy, parental leave; a leave of absence taken without pay for caring for a child (Sections 66(3), 128 and 130 LC).
    -Sec. 271(2) provides that no employee shall be dismissed on a ground of being a member of any trade union.


Travailleurs bénéficiant d'une protection particulière: représentants des travailleurs; femmes enceintes ou en congé de maternité; travailleurs avec des responsabilités familiales
Remarks:
  • * Prior consent of the higher ranking trade union body is requested in case of dismissal of an elected trade union representatives: sec. 273(1) LC (in former LC sec. 28 (1)).
    * The LC provides for protected periods during which ordinary dismissal can not take place: pregnancy, parental leave.: sec. 65 3 LC (in former LC sec. 90 (1)).

    New in 2012
    Section 89(7) of the previous Labour Code provided that workers who are between 57 and less than 62 years old, can only be dismissed in "particularly justified cases", unless they are already entitled to pension benefits. However, new Labour Code does not contain such provision.

    Contrary to the previous regulation, the new Labour Code allows for dismissal of an employee during the period of sick leave. Sec. 66(7) LC now states: The employer may terminate by notice the employment relationship of a worker who is receiving rehabilitation treatment or rehabilitation benefits due to the worker's capacity related to medical reasons if the worker can no longer be employed in his/her original position and no other job is available that is considered appropriate for his/her medical condition, or if the employee refuses to accept a job offered by the employer without good reason.


+ show references

Obligation d'informer le travailleur des raisons du licenciement : Oui
Remarks:
  • Sec. 66(1) LC (in the former LC sec. 89 (2) LC).


Motifs autorisés (licenciement justifié) : tout motif légitime
Remarks:
  • Sec. 66(2) LC (in connection with his/her ability, his/her behavior in relation to the employment relationship or with the employer's operations), (in the former LC sec. 89(3)).


Motifs prohibés: état matrimonial; grossesse ; congé de matérnité; race; couleur; sexe; orientation sexuelle ; religion ; opinion politique ; origine sociale ; nationalité/origine nationale ; âge ; affiliation et activités syndicales ; handicap; statut financier ; accomplissement du service militaire ou civil ; langue; congé parental; état de santé ; origine ethnique
Remarks:
  • - Race, colour, sex, etc. are listed as prohibited grounds for discrimination including in the context of termination of employment in the Equal Treatment Act (No. 125 of 2003). (Sec. 8 and 21 c) ETA).
    - In addition, pregnancy, parental leave; a leave of absence taken without pay for caring for a child (Sections 66(3), 128 and 130 LC).
    -Sec. 271(2) provides that no employee shall be dismissed on a ground of being a member of any trade union.


Travailleurs bénéficiant d'une protection particulière: représentants des travailleurs; femmes enceintes ou en congé de maternité; travailleurs avec des responsabilités familiales
Remarks:
  • * Prior consent of the higher ranking trade union body is requested in case of dismissal of an elected trade union representatives: sec. 273(1) LC (in former LC sec. 28 (1)).
    * The LC provides for protected periods during which ordinary dismissal can not take place: pregnancy, parental leave.: sec. 65 3 LC (in former LC sec. 90 (1)).

    New in 2012
    Section 89(7) of the previous Labour Code provided that workers who are between 57 and less than 62 years old, can only be dismissed in "particularly justified cases", unless they are already entitled to pension benefits. However, new Labour Code does not contain such provision.

    Contrary to the previous regulation, the new Labour Code allows for dismissal of an employee during the period of sick leave. Sec. 66(7) LC now states: The employer may terminate by notice the employment relationship of a worker who is receiving rehabilitation treatment or rehabilitation benefits due to the worker's capacity related to medical reasons if the worker can no longer be employed in his/her original position and no other job is available that is considered appropriate for his/her medical condition, or if the employee refuses to accept a job offered by the employer without good reason.


+ show references

Obligation d'informer le travailleur des raisons du licenciement : Oui
Remarks:
  • Sec. 66(1) LC (in the former LC sec. 89 (2) LC).


Motifs autorisés (licenciement justifié) : tout motif légitime
Remarks:
  • Sec. 66(2) LC (in connection with his/her ability, his/her behavior in relation to the employment relationship or with the employer's operations), (in the former LC sec. 89(3)).


Motifs prohibés: état matrimonial; grossesse ; congé de matérnité; race; couleur; sexe; orientation sexuelle ; religion ; opinion politique ; origine sociale ; nationalité/origine nationale ; âge ; affiliation et activités syndicales ; handicap; statut financier ; accomplissement du service militaire ou civil ; langue; congé parental; état de santé ; origine ethnique
Remarks:
  • - Race, colour, sex, etc. are listed as prohibited grounds for discrimination including in the context of termination of employment in the Equal Treatment Act (No. 125 of 2003). (Sec. 8 and 21 c) ETA).
    - In addition, pregnancy, parental leave; a leave of absence taken without pay for caring for a child (Sections 66(3), 128 and 130 LC).
    -Sec. 271(2) provides that no employee shall be dismissed on a ground of being a member of any trade union.


Travailleurs bénéficiant d'une protection particulière: représentants des travailleurs; femmes enceintes ou en congé de maternité; travailleurs avec des responsabilités familiales
Remarks:
  • * Prior consent of the higher ranking trade union body is requested in case of dismissal of an elected trade union representatives: sec. 273(1) LC (in former LC sec. 28 (1)).
    * The LC provides for protected periods during which ordinary dismissal can not take place: pregnancy, parental leave.: sec. 65 3 LC (in former LC sec. 90 (1)).

    New in 2012
    Section 89(7) of the previous Labour Code provided that workers who are between 57 and less than 62 years old, can only be dismissed in "particularly justified cases", unless they are already entitled to pension benefits. However, new Labour Code does not contain such provision.

    Contrary to the previous regulation, the new Labour Code allows for dismissal of an employee during the period of sick leave. Sec. 66(7) LC now states: The employer may terminate by notice the employment relationship of a worker who is receiving rehabilitation treatment or rehabilitation benefits due to the worker's capacity related to medical reasons if the worker can no longer be employed in his/her original position and no other job is available that is considered appropriate for his/her medical condition, or if the employee refuses to accept a job offered by the employer without good reason.


+ show references

Obligation d'informer le travailleur des raisons du licenciement : Oui
Remarks:
  • Sec. 66(1) LC (in the former LC sec. 89 (2) LC).


Motifs autorisés (licenciement justifié) : tout motif légitime
Remarks:
  • Sec. 66(2) LC (in connection with his/her ability, his/her behavior in relation to the employment relationship or with the employer's operations), (in the former LC sec. 89(3)).


Motifs prohibés: état matrimonial; grossesse ; congé de matérnité; race; couleur; sexe; orientation sexuelle ; religion ; opinion politique ; origine sociale ; nationalité/origine nationale ; âge ; affiliation et activités syndicales ; handicap; statut financier ; accomplissement du service militaire ou civil ; langue; congé parental; état de santé ; origine ethnique
Remarks:
  • - Race, colour, sex, etc. are listed as prohibited grounds for discrimination including in the context of termination of employment in the Equal Treatment Act (No. 125 of 2003). (Sec. 8 and 21 c) ETA).
    - In addition, pregnancy, parental leave; a leave of absence taken without pay for caring for a child (Sections 66(3), 128 and 130 LC).
    -Sec. 271(2) provides that no employee shall be dismissed on a ground of being a member of any trade union.


Travailleurs bénéficiant d'une protection particulière: représentants des travailleurs; femmes enceintes ou en congé de maternité; travailleurs avec des responsabilités familiales
NOTE: This information has changed since the previous period covered.
Remarks:
  • * Prior consent of the higher ranking trade union body is requested in case of dismissal of an elected trade union representatives: sec. 273(1) LC (in former LC sec. 28 (1)).
    * The LC provides for protected periods during which ordinary dismissal can not take place: pregnancy, parental leave.: sec. 65 3 LC (in former LC sec. 90 (1)).

    New in 2012
    Section 89(7) of the previous Labour Code provided that workers who are between 57 and less than 62 years old, can only be dismissed in "particularly justified cases", unless they are already entitled to pension benefits. However, new Labour Code does not contain such provision.

    Contrary to the previous regulation, the new Labour Code allows for dismissal of an employee during the period of sick leave. Sec. 66(7) LC now states: The employer may terminate by notice the employment relationship of a worker who is receiving rehabilitation treatment or rehabilitation benefits due to the worker's capacity related to medical reasons if the worker can no longer be employed in his/her original position and no other job is available that is considered appropriate for his/her medical condition, or if the employee refuses to accept a job offered by the employer without good reason.


+ show references

Obligation d'informer le travailleur des raisons du licenciement : Oui
Remarks:
  • Sec. 89 (2) LC


Motifs autorisés (licenciement justifié) : tout motif légitime
Remarks:
  • Sec. 89(3) LC (in connection with his/her ability, his/her behavior in relation to the employment relationship or with the employer's operations).


Motifs prohibés: état matrimonial; grossesse ; congé de matérnité; maladie ou accident professionel temporaire; race; couleur; sexe; orientation sexuelle ; religion ; opinion politique ; origine sociale ; nationalité/origine nationale ; âge ; affiliation et activités syndicales ; handicap; statut financier ; accomplissement du service militaire ou civil ; langue; congé parental; état de santé ; origine ethnique
Remarks:
  • - Race, colour, sex, etc. are listed as prohibited grounds for discrimination including in the context of termination of employment in the Equal Treatment Act (No. 125 of 2003). (Sec. 8 and 21 c) ETA).
    - In addition, pregnancy, parental leave; temporary injury or illness are periods during which dismissal is prohibited (sec. 89 (4) LC).


Travailleurs bénéficiant d'une protection particulière: représentants des travailleurs; femmes enceintes ou en congé de maternité; travailleurs avec des responsabilités familiales; travailleurs seniors/à la veille de la retraite
Remarks:
  • * Prior consent of the higher ranking trade union body is requested in case of dismissal of an elected trade union representatives: sec. 28 (1) LC.
    * The LC provides for protected periods during which ordinary dismissal can not take place: pregnancy, parental leave.: sec. 90 (1) LC.
    * Workers who are between 57 and less than 62 years old, can only be dismissed in "particularly justified cases", unless they are already entitled to pension benefits: sec. 89(7) LC.


+ show references

Obligation d'informer le travailleur des raisons du licenciement : Oui
Remarks:
  • Sec. 89 (2) LC


Motifs autorisés (licenciement justifié) : tout motif légitime
Remarks:
  • Sec. 89(3) LC (in connection with his/her ability, his/her behavior in relation to the employment relationship or with the employer's operations).


Motifs prohibés: état matrimonial; grossesse ; congé de matérnité; maladie ou accident professionel temporaire; race; couleur; sexe; orientation sexuelle ; religion ; opinion politique ; origine sociale ; nationalité/origine nationale ; âge ; affiliation et activités syndicales ; handicap; statut financier ; accomplissement du service militaire ou civil ; langue; congé parental; état de santé ; origine ethnique
Remarks:
  • - Race, colour, sex, etc. are listed as prohibited grounds for discrimination including in the context of termination of employment in the Equal Treatment Act (No. 125 of 2003). (Sec. 8 and 21 c) ETA).
    - In addition, pregnancy, parental leave; temporary injury or illness are periods during which dismissal is prohibited (sec. 89 (4) LC).


Travailleurs bénéficiant d'une protection particulière: représentants des travailleurs; femmes enceintes ou en congé de maternité; travailleurs avec des responsabilités familiales; travailleurs seniors/à la veille de la retraite
Remarks:
  • * Prior consent of the higher ranking trade union body is requested in case of dismissal of an elected trade union representatives: sec. 28 (1) LC.
    * The LC provides for protected periods during which ordinary dismissal can not take place: pregnancy, parental leave.: sec. 90 (1) LC.
    * Workers who are between 57 and less than 62 years old, can only be dismissed in "particularly justified cases", unless they are already entitled to pension benefits: sec. 89(7) LC.


+ show references

Obligation d'informer le travailleur des raisons du licenciement : Oui
Remarks:
  • Sec. 89 (2) LC


Motifs autorisés (licenciement justifié) : tout motif légitime
Remarks:
  • Sec. 89(3) LC (in connection with his/her ability, his/her behavior in relation to the employment relationship or with the employer's operations).


Motifs prohibés: état matrimonial; grossesse ; congé de matérnité; maladie ou accident professionel temporaire; race; couleur; sexe; orientation sexuelle ; religion ; opinion politique ; origine sociale ; nationalité/origine nationale ; âge ; affiliation et activités syndicales ; handicap; statut financier ; accomplissement du service militaire ou civil ; langue; congé parental; état de santé
Remarks:
  • - Race, colour, sex, etc. are listed as prohibited grounds for discrimination including in the context of termination of employment in the Equal Treatment Act (No. 125 of 2003). (Sec. 8 and 21 c) ETA).
    - In addition, pregnancy, parental leave; temporary injury or illness are periods during which dismissal is prohibited (sec. 89 (4) LC).


Travailleurs bénéficiant d'une protection particulière: représentants des travailleurs; femmes enceintes ou en congé de maternité; travailleurs avec des responsabilités familiales; travailleurs seniors/à la veille de la retraite
Remarks:
  • * Prior consent of the higher ranking trade union body is requested in case of dismissal of an elected trade union representatives: sec. 28 (1) LC.
    * The LC provides for protected periods during which ordinary dismissal can not take place: pregnancy, parental leave.: sec. 90 (1) LC.
    * Workers who are between 57 and less than 62 years old, can only be dismissed in "particularly justified cases", unless they are already entitled to pension benefits: sec. 89(7) LC.