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Allemagne - Conditions de fond du licenciement


Conditions de fond du licenciement (motifs autorisés et prohibés) - Allemagne - 2017    

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Obligation d'informer le travailleur des raisons du licenciement : Oui
Remarks:
  • Sec. 1 PADA


Motifs autorisés (licenciement justifié) : tout motif légitime
Remarks:
  • Sec. 1 (2) PADA:
    Dismissal shall be socially justified by reasons relating to the employee's person or conduct or compelling operational requirements.


Motifs prohibés: grossesse ; congé de matérnité; avoir déposé une plainte contre l'employeur; race; couleur; sexe; orientation sexuelle ; religion ; origine sociale ; nationalité/origine nationale ; âge ; affiliation et activités syndicales ; handicap; origine ethnique
Remarks:
  • The General Equal Treatment Act (2006, as amended in 2013) prohibits discrimination (including with respect of termination of employment) on the basis of race, ethnic origin, gender, sexual identity, religion, disability and age: sec. 1 and 2 (1) 2).
    Prohibition of dismissal during pregnancy and maternity leave: sec. 17 Maternity Protection Act (as amended in May 2017).
    Sec. 75 WCA obligation of the employer and the works council to ensure that the employees do not suffer any discrimination on the ground of race, creed, nationality, origin, political or trade union activity or convictions, gender or sexual identity.
    Sec. 612a CC prohibition to discriminate on the basis of the lawful exercise of his rights by the employee.


Travailleurs bénéficiant d'une protection particulière: représentants des travailleurs; femmes enceintes ou en congé de maternité; travailleurs avec des responsabilités familiales; travailleurs handicapés
Remarks:
  • - Pregnant women : sec. 17 Federal Act on Maternity Protection (2002, as amended in May 2017): prohibition of dismissal during pregnancy and up to 4 months after childbirth).
    - Maternity /parental leave: sec. 18 of the Federal Parenting Benefits and Parental Leave Act (2007, as amended in May 2017)
    - Disabled workers: sec. 85 Social Code, book IX: or consent of the integration office required.
    - Worker's representatives: sec. 15 PADA.
    Prohibition of dismissal except in case of serious misconduct (good cause).