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Alemania - Requisitos de fondo para el despido


Requisitos de fondo de despido (motivos permitidos y prohibidos) - Alemania - 2017    

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Obligación de motivar el despido :
Remarks:
  • Sec. 1 PADA


Motivos autorizados (despido justificado) : cualquiera justa causa
Remarks:
  • Sec. 1 (2) PADA:
    Dismissal shall be socially justified by reasons relating to the employee's person or conduct or compelling operational requirements.


Motivos prohibidos : embarazo ; licencia de maternidad; presentación de una queja contra el empleador; raza; color; sexo; orientación sexual ; religión ; origen social ; nacionalidad ; edad ; afiliación sindical y actividades sindicales ; discapacidad ; origen étnico
Remarks:
  • The General Equal Treatment Act (2006, as amended in 2013) prohibits discrimination (including with respect of termination of employment) on the basis of race, ethnic origin, gender, sexual identity, religion, disability and age: sec. 1 and 2 (1) 2).
    Prohibition of dismissal during pregnancy and maternity leave: sec. 17 Maternity Protection Act (as amended in May 2017).
    Sec. 75 WCA obligation of the employer and the works council to ensure that the employees do not suffer any discrimination on the ground of race, creed, nationality, origin, political or trade union activity or convictions, gender or sexual identity.
    Sec. 612a CC prohibition to discriminate on the basis of the lawful exercise of his rights by the employee.


Trabajadores que gozan de una protección particular (fuero): representantes de los trabajadores ; mujeres embarazadas o con licencia de maternidad ; trabajadores con responsabilidades familiares ; trabajadores con discapacidad
Remarks:
  • - Pregnant women : sec. 17 Federal Act on Maternity Protection (2002, as amended in May 2017): prohibition of dismissal during pregnancy and up to 4 months after childbirth).
    - Maternity /parental leave: sec. 18 of the Federal Parenting Benefits and Parental Leave Act (2007, as amended in May 2017)
    - Disabled workers: sec. 85 Social Code, book IX: or consent of the integration office required.
    - Worker's representatives: sec. 15 PADA.
    Prohibition of dismissal except in case of serious misconduct (good cause).