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> GOBERNANZA - página de entrada > EPLex: una base de datos sobre la legislación de protección del empleo > República Checa

República Checa - Requisitos de fondo para el despido


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Obligación de motivar el despido :
Remarks:
  • Sec. 50 (4) LC


Motivos autorizados (despido justificado) : conducta del trabajador ; capacidad del trabajador ; razones económicas
Remarks:
  • Sec. 52 LC provides for a list of valid reasons for dismissal that relate to the worker's conduct, the worker's capacity, or economic reasons.


Motivos prohibidos : estado civil; embarazo ; licencia de maternidad; responsabilidades familiares; presentación de una queja contra el empleador; enfermedad o accidente profesional temporal; raza; color; sexo; orientación sexual ; religión ; opinion política ; origen social ; nacionalidad ; edad ; afiliación sindical y actividades sindicales ; discapacidad ; cumplimiento del servicio militar o civil ; lengua; patrimonio; nacimiento; estado de salud ; origen étnico
Remarks:
  • No list of prohibited grounds in the LC but a general prohibition of "any form of discrimination in labour relations" (sec. 16(2) LC).
    There is however an express reference to non discrimination for "claiming rights ensuing from the labour relations in a lawful manner" (Sec. 14(2) LC)
    A list of prohibited grounds with relation to discrimination in labour relations is provided in sec. 4 (2) of the Employment Act (2004).

    Note that the adoption of an Anti-discrimination Act has been discussed at the Parliament but no agreement has been reached so far (2009).


Trabajadores que gozan de una protección particular (fuero): representantes de los trabajadores ; mujeres embarazadas o con licencia de maternidad ; trabajadores con responsabilidades familiares ; trabajadores que desempeñan servicio militar/servicio alternativo ; trabajadores que ejercen cargo de elección o una función política
Remarks:
  • Sec. 53 (1) LC establishes a prohibition of notice during a "protection period". That applies to:
    * pregnancy
    * maternity and parental leave
    * recognized temporary inability to work due to illness or injury
    * military obligations
    * unpaid leave to exercise of a public office
    * night workers temporary unfit
    Note that except for pregnant women and employee on maternity or parental leave, the protection is not absolute (sec. 54 LC)
    Sec. 61 (2) LC: Special protection for trade union's representatives: mandatory consent of the trade union prior to dismissal.


+ show references

Obligación de motivar el despido :
Remarks:
  • Sec. 50 (4) LC


Motivos autorizados (despido justificado) : conducta del trabajador ; capacidad del trabajador ; razones económicas
Remarks:
  • Sec. 52 LC provides for a list of valid reasons for dismissal that relate to the worke's conduct, the worker's capacity, or economic reasons.


Motivos prohibidos : estado civil; embarazo ; licencia de maternidad; responsabilidades familiares; presentación de una queja contra el empleador; enfermedad o accidente profesional temporal; raza; color; sexo; orientación sexual ; religión ; opinion política ; origen social ; nacionalidad ; edad ; afiliación sindical y actividades sindicales ; discapacidad ; cumplimiento del servicio militar o civil ; lengua; patrimonio; nacimiento; estado de salud
Remarks:
  • No list of prohibited grounds in the LC but a general prohibition of "any form of discrimination in labour relations" (sec. 16(2) LC).
    There is however an express reference to non discrimination for "claiming rights ensuing from the labour relations in a lawful manner" (Sec. 14(2) LC)
    A list of prohibited grounds with relation to discrimination in labour relations is provided in sec. 4 (2) of the Employment Act (2004).

    Note that the adoption of an Anti-discrimination Act has been discussed at the Parliament but no agreement has been reached so far (2009).


Trabajadores que gozan de una protección particular (fuero): representantes de los trabajadores ; mujeres embarazadas o con licencia de maternidad ; trabajadores con responsabilidades familiares ; trabajadores que desempeñan servicio militar/servicio alternativo ; trabajadores que ejercen cargo de elección o una función política
Remarks:
  • Sec. 53 (1) LC establishes a prohibition of notice during a "protection period". That applies to:
    * pregnancy
    * maternity and parental leave
    * recognized temporary inability to work due to illness or injury
    * military obligations
    * unpaid leave to exercise of a public office
    * night workers temporary unfit
    Note that except for pregnant women and employee on maternity or parental leave, the protection is not absolute (sec. 54 LC)
    Sec. 61 (2) LC: Special protection for trade union's representatives: mandatory consent of the trade union prior to dismissal.