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Bolivia - Requisitos de fondo para el despido


Requisitos de fondo de despido (motivos permitidos y prohibidos) - Bolivia - 2017    

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Motivos autorizados (despido justificado): conducta del trabajador
Remarks:
  • Art. 16 of the Labour Code sets out the following causes for the termination of employment and in these cases there is no entitlement to severance pay or compensation:
    a) Intentional material damage to working tools/ instruments
    b) Revelation of industrial secrets
    c) Imprudence or omission impacting industrial security or hygiene
    d) Partial or complete breach of agreement
    e) Larceny or robbery committed by the employee


Motivos prohibidos: estado civil; embarazo; color; sexo; orientación sexual; religión; opinion política; nacionalidad; edad; afiliación sindical y actividades sindicales; discapacidad; situación económica; lengua; nacimiento; origen étnico
Remarks:
  • With the adoption of Supreme Decree No. 28699, of 1st May 2006, any dismissal that is based on grounds that are not included in the list established by Article 16 LC is to be considered against labour stability; and the worker affected can request the Labour Authority to order his/her reinstatement.
    Therefore, only the grounds based on worker’s conduct are not prohibited (Art. 10, Supreme Decree No. 28699).

    Art. 14 of the Bolivian Constitution
    Regarding trade union membership and activities, only the leaders of workers' organizations are protected; they cannot be dismissed without prior authorization from the Labour Court. (Art. 2 of the Legislative Decree No. 37 of 7 February 1944).

    Maternity protection: Article 61 of the Labour Code; Supreme Decree No. 12 of 19 February 2009

    Protection of workers with disabilities (and their family members, under certain conditions): Supreme Decree No 27477, of 6 May 2004


Trabajadores que gozan de una protección particular (fuero): representantes de los trabajadores; mujeres embarazadas o con licencia de maternidad; trabajadores con discapacidad
Remarks:
  • Article 14 of the Constitution: General provision against discrimination

    Trade union leaders: Under Art. 14 of the Bolivian Constitution, with respect to trade union membership and activities, only the leaders of workers' organizations are protected; they cannot be dismissed without prior authorization from the Labour Court. (Art. 2 of the Legislative Decree No. 37 of 7 February 1944).

    Maternity protection: Article 61 of the Labour Code; Supreme Decree No. 12 of 19 February 2009

    Protection of workers with disabilities (and their family members, under certain conditions): Supreme Decree No 27477, of 6 May 2004