Art. 179 refers to "a just cause relating to his/her working ability, behavior and employer's need" and provides an exhaustive list of 9 instances when termination of employment by the employer is authorized.
Prohibited grounds: marital status; pregnancy; maternity leave; family responsibilities; filing a complaint against the employer; temporary work injury or illness; race; colour; sex; sexual orientation; religion; political opinion; social origin; nationality/national origin; age; trade union membership and activities; disabilities; financial status; performing military or civil service; language; parental leave; state of health
Art. 18 LL: general provision on non discrimination. Art. 183 LL: list of prohibited grounds for dismissal.
Workers enjoying special protection: workers' representatives; pregnant women and/or women on maternity leave; workers with family responsibilities
* Workers' representatives: art. 188 LL: no dismissal during the term of office. * No dismissal during pregnancy, maternity leave, absence for childcare or special care of the child: art. 187 LL.