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Syrian Arab Republic - Substantive requirements for dismissals

Substantive requirements for dismissals (justified and prohibited grounds) - Syrian Arab Republic - 2013    

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Obligation to provide reasons to the employee: No

Valid grounds (justified dismissal): none
  • According to art. 56 LL, either party may terminate the unspecified-term contract provided they send the other party prior written notice of termination.
    However, this does not result in a total freedom of the employer to terminate the contract.

Prohibited grounds: marital status; pregnancy; maternity leave; family responsibilities; filing a complaint against the employer; race; colour; sex; religion; political opinion; nationality/national origin; trade union membership and activities; ethnic origin
  • Article 67(a) LL.

Workers enjoying special protection: pregnant women and/or women on maternity leave
  • Art. 57(a) LL provides that "no notice of termination shall be served upon female workers while on maternity leave, or upon workers while on leave. The notice period shall be calculated starting the day after the end of the leave or maternity leave."
    See also article 122 LL: No employer may dismiss a female worker or terminate her contract while on maternity leave.