Labour Code [LC], Act No 97-17 of 1st December 1997 (Code du travail - available in French) Date: 01 Dec 1997 (view in NATLEX»)
Act No. 2003-23 amending the Labour Code (Loi n° 2003-23 du 20 août 2003, modifiant les articles L24 et L25 du Code du Travail et ajoutant un article L 85 bis même code - available in French) Date: 20 Aug 2003 (view in NATLEX»)
Obligation to provide reasons to the employee: Yes
Art. L50 LC
Valid grounds (justified dismissal): any fair reasons
- Art. L56 LC: any fair reason In addition there are some provisions on termination for economic reasons (Art. L60 LC) and summary dismissal for serious misconduct (art. L54LC).
Prohibited grounds: maternity leave; race; sex; religion; political opinion; social origin; trade union membership and activities
Art. L56 LC and 7 of the Inter-occupational Collective Agreement on the prohibition of dismissal on the basis of trade union activities and membership, and on the basis of the opinions of the worker. Art. L143 LC on the prohibition of dismissal during the suspension of the contract due to maternity leave (no reference to prohibition of dismissal on the basis of pregnancy) Art. L1 (2) LC on the general prohibition of discrimination on the basis of origin, race, sex and religion.
Workers enjoying special protection: workers' representatives; pregnant women and/or women on maternity leave
Art. L214-217 LC: mandatory approval by the Labour Inspector prior to any dismissal of a workers' representative and specific remedies for wrongful dismissal. Art. L143 LC on the prohibition of dismissal during the suspension of the contract due to maternity leave (no reference to prohibition of dismissal on the basis of pregnancy)