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Saudi Arabia - Substantive requirements for dismissals


Substantive requirements for dismissals (justified and prohibited grounds) - Saudi Arabia - 2017    

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Obligation to provide reasons to the employee: Yes
Remarks:
  • Sec. 75 LL: the contract can be terminated by either party for a valid reason to be specified in a written notice.


Valid grounds (justified dismissal): any fair reasons
Remarks:
  • Sec. 75 LL: "a contract of an indefinite term can be terminated by either party for a valid reason to be specified in a written notice".
    Sec. 80 LL: provides for a list of behaviours entailing dismissal without notice (dismissal for serious misconduct).


Prohibited grounds: maternity leave
Remarks:
  • No statutory provision on non-discrimination in the LL.
    Maternity leave: sec. 155 LL
    Note: dismissal during pregnancy is not prohibited. What is only prohibited is dismissal during illness resulting from pregnancy provided the absence of the worker does not exceed 180 days.


Workers enjoying special protection: pregnant women and/or women on maternity leave
Remarks:
  • Limited protection. No prohibition of dismissal of pregnant women as such: the prohibition only covers maternity leave (sec. 155 LL: 10 weeks period) and period of illness resulting from pregnancy or delivery provided it does not exceed 180 days (sec. 156 LL).