Labour Code [LC], 31 July 2006, including amendments up to 31 October 2012 (Code du travail - available only in French) Date: 31 Oct 2012; view website » (view in NATLEX»)
Obligation to provide reasons to the employee: Yes
Art. L 124-5 (2) LC.
Valid grounds (justified dismissal): any fair reasons
Art. L 124-5 (2) LC : this article requires that the reasons be genuine and serious ("motifs réels et sérieux").
Prohibited grounds: marital status; pregnancy; maternity leave; race; sexual orientation; religion; political opinion; age; trade union membership and activities; disabilities; ethnic origin
Except for marital status and pregnancy, those grounds are listed in art. L 251-1 LC (non-discrimination in employment including dismissal: art. L 251-2 1) c) LC). * Marital status: art. L 337-5 LC: No contractual clause can stipulate that the contract of a woman employee be terminated on the grounds that she got married. * Pregnancy and maternity leave: art. L 337-1 LC: Dismissal with notice is prohibited during pregnancy (as established by a medical certificate), during a period of 12 weeks after birth.
Workers enjoying special protection: workers' representatives; pregnant women and/or women on maternity leave
* Pregnant women /women on maternity leave: prohibition of dismissal: art. L 337-1 LC. * Workers' representatives: prohibition of dismissal: art. L 415-11 LC.