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Gabon - Substantive requirements for dismissals

Substantive requirements for dismissals (justified and prohibited grounds) - Gabon - 2019    

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Obligation to provide reasons to the employee: Yes
  • - Dismissal based on personal reasons: Art. 51 LC, as amended in 2010 by Order No. 018/PR/2010.
    - Economic dismissal (consultation procedure): Art. 59 LC.

Valid grounds (justified dismissal): any fair reasons
  • Art. 50 LC.

Prohibited grounds: pregnancy; maternity leave; filing a complaint against the employer; race; colour; sex; religion; political opinion; social origin; nationality/national origin; trade union membership and activities
  • Art. 8 LC on non-discrimination.
    Art. 74 LC on unfair dismissals.
    Art. 170 LC on pregnant women.

Workers enjoying special protection: workers' representatives; pregnant women and/or women on maternity leave
  • Art. 294 and Art. 170 LC.