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Ethiopia - Substantive requirements for dismissals

Substantive requirements for dismissals (justified and prohibited grounds) - Ethiopia - 2013    

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Obligation to provide reasons to the employee: Yes
  • Art. 34 (1) LP.

Valid grounds (justified dismissal): worker's conduct; worker's capacity; economic reasons
  • Art. 26 (1) LP.
    The LP defines limited grounds relating to the worker's conduct for resorting to termination without notice (art. 27 (1) LP). In addition, the grounds for termination with notice (relating to the worker's capacity or operational requirements) are listed in article 28 (1) and (2) LP).

Prohibited grounds: marital status; pregnancy; maternity leave; family responsibilities; filing a complaint against the employer; race; colour; sex; religion; political opinion; nationality/national origin; trade union membership and activities; ethnic origin
  • Art. 26 (2) LP.

Workers enjoying special protection: pregnant women and/or women on maternity leave
  • Art. 87 (5) LP: Prohibition to dismiss women workers during pregnancy and maternity leave (up 4 months after childbirth) except in case of serious misconduct (summary dismissal) and as a "last resort" in case of economic dismissal.