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> GOVERNANCE - home > Employment protection legislation database - EPLex > Spain

Spain - Substantive requirements for dismissals


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Obligation to provide reasons to the employee: Yes

Valid grounds (justified dismissal): economic reasons; worker's conduct; worker's capacity

Prohibited grounds: marital status; pregnancy; maternity leave; family responsibilities; race; colour; sex; sexual orientation; religion; political opinion; social origin; age; trade union membership and activities; disabilities; adoption leave; ethnic origin

Workers enjoying special protection: workers' representatives

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Obligation to provide reasons to the employee: Yes

Valid grounds (justified dismissal): economic reasons; worker's conduct; worker's capacity

Prohibited grounds: marital status; pregnancy; maternity leave; family responsibilities; race; colour; sex; sexual orientation; religion; political opinion; social origin; age; trade union membership and activities; disabilities; adoption leave; ethnic origin

Workers enjoying special protection: workers' representatives

+ show references

Obligation to provide reasons to the employee: Yes

Valid grounds (justified dismissal): economic reasons; worker's conduct; worker's capacity

Prohibited grounds: marital status; pregnancy; maternity leave; family responsibilities; race; colour; sex; sexual orientation; religion; political opinion; social origin; age; trade union membership and activities; disabilities; adoption leave; ethnic origin

Workers enjoying special protection: workers' representatives

+ show references

Obligation to provide reasons to the employee: Yes

Valid grounds (justified dismissal): economic reasons; worker's conduct; worker's capacity

Prohibited grounds: marital status; pregnancy; maternity leave; family responsibilities; race; colour; sex; sexual orientation; religion; political opinion; social origin; age; trade union membership and activities; disabilities; adoption leave; ethnic origin

Workers enjoying special protection: workers' representatives

+ show references

Obligation to provide reasons to the employee: Yes

Valid grounds (justified dismissal): economic reasons; worker's conduct; worker's capacity

Prohibited grounds: marital status; pregnancy; maternity leave; family responsibilities; race; colour; sex; sexual orientation; religion; political opinion; social origin; age; trade union membership and activities; disabilities; adoption leave; ethnic origin

Workers enjoying special protection: workers' representatives

+ show references

Obligation to provide reasons to the employee: Yes

Valid grounds (justified dismissal): economic reasons; worker's conduct; worker's capacity

Prohibited grounds: marital status; pregnancy; maternity leave; family responsibilities; race; colour; sex; sexual orientation; religion; political opinion; social origin; age; trade union membership and activities; disabilities; adoption leave; ethnic origin

Workers enjoying special protection: workers' representatives

+ show references

Obligation to provide reasons to the employee: Yes

Valid grounds (justified dismissal): economic reasons; worker's conduct; worker's capacity

Prohibited grounds: marital status; pregnancy; maternity leave; family responsibilities; race; colour; sex; sexual orientation; religion; political opinion; social origin; age; trade union membership and activities; disabilities; adoption leave; ethnic origin

Workers enjoying special protection: workers' representatives

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Obligation to provide reasons to the employee: Yes

Valid grounds (justified dismissal): economic reasons; worker's conduct; worker's capacity  new 

Prohibited grounds: marital status; pregnancy; maternity leave; family responsibilities; race; colour; sex; sexual orientation; religion; political opinion; social origin; age; trade union membership and activities; disabilities; adoption leave; ethnic origin

Workers enjoying special protection: workers' representatives  new 

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Obligation to provide reasons to the employee: Yes

Valid grounds (justified dismissal): economic reasons; worker's conduct; worker's capacity  new 

Prohibited grounds: marital status; pregnancy; maternity leave; family responsibilities; race; colour; sex; sexual orientation; religion; political opinion; social origin; age; trade union membership and activities; disabilities; adoption leave; ethnic origin

Workers enjoying special protection: workers' representatives

+ show references

Obligation to provide reasons to the employee: Yes

Valid grounds (justified dismissal): economic reasons; worker's conduct; worker's capacity

Prohibited grounds: marital status; pregnancy; maternity leave; family responsibilities; race; colour; sex; sexual orientation; religion; political opinion; social origin; age; trade union membership and activities; disabilities; adoption leave; ethnic origin

Workers enjoying special protection: workers' representatives

+ show references

Obligation to provide reasons to the employee: Yes

Valid grounds (justified dismissal): economic reasons; worker's conduct; worker's capacity

Prohibited grounds: marital status; pregnancy; maternity leave; family responsibilities; race; colour; sex; sexual orientation; religion; political opinion; social origin; age; trade union membership and activities; disabilities; adoption leave; ethnic origin

Workers enjoying special protection: workers' representatives