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Elevators, escalators and hoists - 176 entries found

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CIS 10-0184 Guide to inspecting workplace
This guide consists of a series of checklists for workplace inspections involving the following activities and exposures: chemicals and harmful substances; electricity; manual tasks; slips and trips; working at heights; forklifts; new and young workers; machinery and plant; machinery guarding; noise; emergency procedures; violence and aggression; working alone.
Commission for occupational safety and health, 1260 Hay Street, PO Box 294, West Perth, WA 6872, Australia, no date. PDF document, 21p.
http://www.commerce.wa.gov.au/WorkSafe/PDF/Hazard_identification/priority_area_checklist.pdf [in English]

CIS 10-0414 A trade union look at the lift sector
This document on the lift sector consists of three parts: interviews of trade union representatives on the challenges facing European workers in the lifts sector; overview of the cooperation between the European Metalworkers' Federation (EMF) and the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) on cooperation for safety in lifts; position paper on single persons working in lift construction.
European Trade Union Confederation, International Trade Union House (ITUH), 5 Boulevard Roi Albert II, 1210 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2010. 61p. Illus. 5 ref.
A_trade_ union.pdf [in English]

2006

CIS 06-701 Richard A.M.
Builders' hoists - Safety at all levels
Monte-matériaux - La sécurité à tous les étages [in French]
Transporting materials to upper levels on construction sites involves strenuous handling that in turn gives rise to occupational accidents and diseases. This article covers the safety aspects of builders' hoists: selection of equipment; mandatory checks; safe use and operation; safety rules to be followed.
Prévention BTP, Feb. 2006, No.82, p.26-27. Illus. 3 ref.

2005

CIS 06-1460 Richard A.M.
MEWPs - Tailor-made solutions for each construction site
PEMP - Des solutions sur mesure pour chaque chantier [in French]
As an alternative to the usual practice of scaffolding, mobile elevated working platforms (MEWPs) allow for the increased productivity and safety of work teams thanks to their possibilities of quick installation and their ease of use. This article describes the hazards inherent in this type of equipment and outlines preventive measures. Topics addressed: qualification of operators; equipment checks; types of equipment; selection of equipment.
Prévention BTP, Nov. 2005, No.79, p.30-32. Illus. 1 ref.

2004

CIS 07-524
Ministério do Trabalho e Emprego
Workers' magazine: NR-29 Hoisting operations
Revista do trabalhador: NR-29 Operações de guindar [in Portuguese]
This videotape identifies the hazards associated with hoisting operations and describes safety measures.
Fundacentro, Rua Capote Valente 710, São Paulo, SP 05409-002, Brazil, [ca 2004]. Videotape (VHS format), 12min.

CIS 03-1897 Tamborero del Pino J.M.
Mobile elevating work platforms
Plataformas elevadoras móviles de personal [in Spanish]
This information note describes the hazards resulting from the use of mobile elevating platforms together with the appropriate preventive measures. Contents: definition, classification and characteristics of mobile elevating platforms; risk factors (falls from heights or on the level, overturning, falls of objects, strikes against objects, entanglement); preventive and protective measures (characteristics of the safety of structures, controls for telescopic systems, work platforms, stabilizing systems, evaluation systems, electrocution prevention, safety standards applicable to the use of this type of equipment); user manuals and signalling plates; training of mobile elevating platform operators; applicable legislation.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2004. 9p. Illus. 4 ref.
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/ntp/ntp_634.htm [in Spanish]

2003

CIS 06-189
Health and Safety Executive
Safety in window cleaning using suspended and powered access equipment
For every window cleaning job, the choice of access equipment is determined by the height of the building, site conditions, duration and extent of work and frequency of access. Cradles and mobile elevating work platforms are an ideal form of access for external window cleaning for many larger buildings. This information note, aimed at window cleaning businesses, provides a series of checklists to reduce the risks as far as possible.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Sep. 2003. 4p. 6 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/misc611.pdf [in English]

CIS 03-1388 Gil Fraile G.
Platform for the safe installation of lifts without a machine room
Plataforma para el montaje seguro de ascensores sin sala de máquinas [in Spanish]
Following a brief reference to legislation applicable to lifts and to the main hazards resulting from the installation of lifts, this article goes on to present a solution developed by a Spanish enterprise for the installation of hydraulic and electric lifts that do not have a machine room on the roof. It consists of a platform fixed to the chassis of the car, which allows the assembly workers to work with greater comfort and mobility. Apart from electrical hazards, this platform eliminates most other hazards, the most important being falls in the lift shaft.
Prevención, Apr.-June 2003, No.164, p.8-14. Illus.

CIS 03-1399 Jones B.J.
Health and Safety Executive
Use and effectiveness of mobile elevating work platforms (MEWPS) for tree work
This report examines the use of mobile elevated working platforms (MEWPS) in the tree nursery sector. Various MEWPS designs were evaluated at different sites in order to assess the potential benefits of MEWPS over manual climbing and the factors which affect the performance of MEWPS in tree work. The report includes guidance on the selection of MEWPS for particular types of sites, operations and working practices in arboriculture. It was found that MEWPS offer a range of advantages including safer working environments, reduced efforts of the operator when gaining access to the working position and potential increases in efficiency and productivity.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. vi, 66p. Illus. Price: GBP 15.00.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr123.pdf [in English]

2001

CIS 01-1824
Health and Safety Executive
Thorough examination and testing of lifts
The Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998 (LOLER, see CIS 00-76) introduced new requirements, in particular that all lifts provided for use in work activities be thoroughly examined by a competent person at regular intervals. This booklet is aimed at owners of lifts or persons responsible for their safe equipment such as facilities managers or supervisors, and explains what needs to be done to comply with the law. Contents include: meaning of "thorough examination" under the regulations; role of "duty holders"; what the thorough examination entails (examination schemes, notification of defects and corrective actions, documentation, record-keeping).
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Apr. 2001. 9p. Illus. 5 ref.

2000

CIS 02-1912 Pinca S., Rosellini C., Scasso M., Amicucci G., Cortis L., Gori E., Pera F.
Monitoring of the low-speed shaft of electric lifts and hoists through non-destructive monitoring by "acoustic emission"
Controllo dell'albero lento degli ascensori e montacarichi elettrici mediante il controllo non distruttivo delle "emissioni acustiche" [in Italian]
This article describes a non-destructive acoustic test for locating dangerous flaws in the low-speed shafts of electric lifts and hoists.
Prevenzione oggi, Apr.-June 2000, Vol.12, No.2, p.79-119. Illus. 5 ref.

CIS 02-926 Lusardi G.
The new European standard concerning safety rules for the construction and installation of passenger lifts incorporated into Italian law (D.P.R. n. 162 of 30 April 1999)
La nuova normativa comunitaria relativa alla costruzione ed installazione degli ascensori recepita in Italia con il D.P.R. n. 162 del 30 aprile 1999 [in Italian]
European Union directives (84/529/EEC and 86/312/EEC) on safety rules for the construction and installation of electrically operated passenger lifts and builder hoists have been incorporated into an Italian decree (D.P.R. No. 162 of 30 April 1999), which also contains the third edition of the corresponding national standards. Main contents are: purpose and scope; references; definitions; symbols and abbreviations; lift shaft; machine and pulley room; landing doors; cabin and counterweight; suspension elements, compensating elements, fall arresters; speed limiting devices, lift guides, shock absorbers, travel limiting devices; clearance between cabin and lift shaft; machinery; electrical equipment and installation; protection against electrical fault; controls; notices and instructions for use; checking; testing, test record-keeping, maintenance. Numerous appendices.
Fogli d'informazione ISPESL, Jan.-Mar. 2000, Vol.13, No.1, p.51-71.

CIS 00-1018 Kotel'nikov V.S., Klovač E. V., Kručinina I.A., Pečerkin A.S., Sidorov V.I., Šalaev V.K.
Apartment buildings as hazardous production sites
Žiloj dom, kak opasnyj proizvostvennyj ob"ekt [in Russian]
Arguments are provided why apartment buildings with lifts can be regarded as hazardous industrial installations in the sense of the 1997 law of the Russian Federation on Industrial safety of major hazard installations. Accidents can occur during repair work, the lift requires inspection and must be checked, insurance must be paid although premiums should be lowered in view of favourable accident statistics.
Bezopasnost' truda v promyšlennosti, 2000, No.4, p.48-50.

1999

CIS 00-1442 Cortis L., Gori E., Opromalla E.
Study of systems for the installation of lifts for persons and loads in relation to the risks associated with lift installation. Identification of preventive and protective measures to be taken
Studio dei sistemi di montaggio di impianti ascensori e montacarichi in relazione ai rischi connessi all'installazione dell'impianto. Individuazione delle misure di prevenzione e protezione da attuare [in Italian]
The installation of lifts, both hydraulic and electric, is an activity presenting major risks for the workers. This article provides a comprehensive description of the safety management system suitable for this activity, including considerations of safety responsibility, information and training. The risks of all activities involved are evaluated and preventive measures are provided. Check lists for safety management system are included.
Fogli d'informazione ISPESL, Apr.-June 1999, Vol.12, No.2, p.71-124. Illus. 14 ref.

1998

CIS 00-1344 Alcouffe J., Chaudron B., Crestois M., Haëntjens C., Hemery J.M., Özkan Rabret E., Peyronnet M.
Comparative analysis of occupational accidents among elevator and air conditioning maintenance personnel
Analyse comparative d'accidents du travail chez les agents de maintenance d'ascenseurs et de génie climatique [in French]
An epidemiological study of work injuries (W.I.) was conducted among lift and climatic engineering maintenance operators. Lesion locations were similar (hands, eyes). However, low back pain was more frequent among climatic engineering maintenance operators who had more sick leave lasting more than a week. The injuries linked to the device occurred more often in the morning and in August/September for climatic engineering maintenance operators, while peaks of frequency were in the afternoon and in April/October among lift maintenance operators. The primary difference between the two groups was the occurrence of public highway injuries, seven times higher among lift maintenance operators than among controls. Currently, lift maintenance operators mostly use motorized bikes in the Paris area while climatic engineering maintenance operators use cars. In conclusion, the reason why lift maintenance personnel have a greater incidence of W.I. than climatic engineering maintenance personnel is that they are exposed to greater risk on the public highway.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Dec. 1998, Vol.59, No.8, p.537-542. 8 ref.

1996

CIS 01-1221 Biewald J.
Developments and state of the art of elevator doors and associated safety equipment
Stand und Entwicklung von Aufzugstüren und deren Sicherheitseinrichtungen [in German]
Topics: description of equipment; doors; Germany; legislation; lift cars and doors; safe working methods; safety by design; safety devices.
Lift Report, Nov.-Dec. 1996, Vol.22, No.6, p.48-53 (German), p.53-58. (English). Illus. 8 ref.

CIS 01-1220 Al-Sharif L.
Escalator stopping, braking and passenger falls
Das Anhalten/Abbremsen von Fahrtreppen und die Gefahr eines Sturzes der Benutzer [in German]
Topics: acceleration; brakes; deceleration; emergency stop devices; escalators; falls of persons; Germany; velocity measurement.
Lift Report, Nov.-Dec. 1996, Vol.22, No.6, p.34-36, 38-40 (German), p.42-46. (English). Illus. 18 ref.

CIS 01-1219 Wieland R.
Elevator landing and cab doors made from glass
Schacht- und Fahrkorbtüren aus Glas [in German]
Topics: doors; Germany; glass; impact testing; legislation; lift cars and doors; notch brittleness; standard; strength of materials.
Lift Report, Nov.-Dec. 1996, Vol.22, No.6, p.18-20, 22 (German), p.22, 24-26. (English). Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 01-1218 Schiffner G.
Preventing the uncontrolled movements of lifts
Massnahmen gegen unkontrollierte Fahrbewegungen [in German]
Topics: analysis of accident causes; brakes; deceleration; Germany; legislation; lifts; safety devices.
Lift Report, Nov.-Dec. 1996, Vol.22, No.6, p.6, 8-10 (German), p.12, 14-16. (English). Illus. 6 ref.

CIS 00-1742 Safety aspects of elevating tables
Sicherheitsaspekte bei Flachform-Hubtischen [in German]
Topics: elevating platforms; loading and unloading; materials handling; occupational safety; pallets; safety by design; safety devices.
Fördern und Heben, Aug. 1996, Vol.46, No.8, p.593-594. Illus.

CIS 00-1741 Windhorst K.
Safety aspects of elevating tables
Sicherheitsaspekte bei Flachform-Hubtischen [in German]
Topics: elevating platforms; loading and unloading; materials handling; occupational safety; pallets; safe distances; safety by design; safety devices.
Betriebstechnik, 1996, No.10, p.12-14, Illus.

CIS 98-1191 Aumas M.
Mobile elevated platforms: Guidance for users
Plates-formes élévatrices mobiles de personnel dites "PEMP": conseils aux utilisateurs [in French]
Topics: elevating platforms; equipment testing; France; legislation; periodical checks; preventive maintenance; safe working methods; safety guides; selection of equipment; training material; work at height.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30, rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris cedex 14, France, 1996. 53p. Illus.

1995

CIS 96-1039 Platforms for maintenance and repair of air-conditioned trucks
Arbeitsbühnen für Wartungs- und Reparaturarbeiten an Kühlfahrzeugen [in German]
Fruits and vegetables are usually transported in air-conditioned trucks. The air-conditioning system is usually installed at the top of the truck. For access, ladders need to be installed on these trucks which, in Germany, must be designed in compliance with Accident Prevention Directive VBG 74. Different types of mobile platforms are described for the installation, maintenance and repair of air-conditioning equipment on trucks. Some are adjustable in height and all have railings protecting against falls from heights.
Unfall-Stop - Mitteilungsblatt der Grosshandels- und Lagerei-Berufsgenossenschaft, Mar. 1995, No.2, p.11-13. Illus.

CIS 95-2270 Approved code of practice for power-operated elevating work platforms
This code provides guidelines for the design, safe use and maintenance of power-operated elevating work platforms. Contents: responsibilities of manufacturers, employers, operators and others; general safety requirements (hydraulic equipment, welding, fuel and exhaust systems, platforms and guardrails); machine controls; safety features; markings and documentation; stability tests; acceptance of work platforms; work platform maintenance; machine operation.
Occupational Safety and Health Service, Department of Labour, P.O. Box 3705, Wellington, New Zealand, May 1995. 31p. 11 ref. Price: NZD 10.00.

CIS 95-1577 European Parliament and Council Directive 95/16/EC of 29 June 1995 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to lifts [European Communities]
Directive 95/16/CE du Parlement européen et du Conseil, du 29 juin 1995, concernant le rapprochement des législations des Etats membres relatives aux ascenseurs [Communautés européennes] [in French]
This directive stipulates the measures to be taken by the Member States so that lifts may be placed on the market and put into service only if they are not liable to endanger the health or safety of persons or, where appropriate, the safety of property. It also defines the conformity assessment procedure (EC marking). Appendices: essential health and safety requirements relating to the design and construction of lifts and safety components; content of the EC declaration of conformity for safety components; CE conformity marking; EC type-examination; final inspection; minimum criteria to be taken into account by Member States for the notification of bodies; product quality assurance by module.
Official Journal of the European Communities - Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, 7 Sep. 1995, Vol.38, No.L 213, p.1-31. Illus.

1994

CIS 96-2125 The elevator (lift) serviceman
L'agent de maintenance et de réparation d'ascenseurs [in French]
Contents of this occupational data sheet devoted to service personnel working on elevators (lifts): definition; characteristics of the occupation; description of activities; risks and stresses of the job (connected with the environment, the equipment, the products used, the working hours, the physical and mental workload); occupational diseases (musculoskeletal and skin problems) and accidents; prevention of hazards (collective, personal, OSH measures, specific first-aid measures); regulations applicable in France; particular health conditions to watch (chronic and metabolic health conditions, poorly-controlled cardiovascular and neurological problems, drug addictions, musculoskeletal problems).
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 1994, Vol.34, No.4. Insert.

CIS 96-1877 Balbino P.
Risk factors in passenger lifts
Situazioni di "Rischio" negli ascensori [in Italian]
This brief study covers probable risk factors in passenger lifts with an analysis of accident causes. This is graphically represented by means of three typical "fault trees" (analysis of possible sequences of events), which are commented.
Fogli d'informazione ISPESL, July-Sep. 1994, Vol.7, No.3, p.34-39. Illus.

CIS 96-1454 Roccati L.
Electrical equipment in lifts
Gli impianti elettrici di alimentazione degli elevatori [in Italian]
Survey of Italian regulations and standards concerning the safety of electrical equipment in lifts and hoists. Particular attention is paid to technical standards concerning concepts such as: thermal equivalent current; range of low-voltage copper cables; choice of cables and overload protection; differential protection; long-distance disconnection.
Fogli d'informazione ISPESL, Jan.-Mar. 1994, Vol.7, No.1, p.27-41. Illus.

CIS 96-1477 Zilli L.
European developments in the design, construction and conformity testing of passenger lifts
Evoluzione dello scenario europeo nel settore della progettazione, costruzione e omologazione degli ascensori [in Italian]
As a consequence of new requirements of EU directives regarding the elimination of restrictions on intra-EU trade, the Italian institute ISPESL (Istituto Superiore Prevenzione e Sicurezza del Lavoro) has the following obligations relating to the design, construction and conformity testing of passenger lifts: introduction of proposals for safety rules and standards; new procedures for the conformity testing of equipment (total quality control, type approval); proposed developments in line with these new responsibilities.
Fogli d'informazione ISPESL, Jan.-Mar. 1994, Vol.7, No.1, p.10-13.

CIS 95-1115 Feyrer K., Dudde F.
Protective measures to prevent uncontrolled movements of traction lifts
Schutzmassnahmen gegen unkontrolliertes Fahren von Treibscheibenaufzügen [in German]
The causes of 171 uncontrolled movements of traction lifts were studied. The incidents were recorded in Germany between 1972 and 1992. Through fault tree analysis and analysis of each incident the failure frequency of individual components was determined. The results were used to calculate the probability of uncontrolled movement of lifts of various designs. Through an additional brake and modification of the speed control device the incidence of uncontrolled movements of the lift cage in either direction can be cut to one fifth of the incidence observed.
Lift Report, Sep.-Oct. 1994, Vol.20, No.5, p.6, 8, 10, l2, 14. Illus. 15 ref.

1993

CIS 96-2124 The elevator (lift) installer
Le monteur en ascenseurs [in French]
Contents of this occupational data sheet devoted to persons in charge of the installation of elevators (lifts): definition; characteristics of the occupation; description of activities: normal work areas, tools, equipment, products used, hand movements and postures; risks and stresses of the job (connected with the environment, the equipment, the products used, the working hours, the physical and mental workload); occupational diseases (affecting the musculoskeletal system and the skin) and accidents; prevention of hazards (collective, personal, OSH measures, specific first-aid measures); regulations applicable in France; particular health conditions to watch (musculoskeletal, neurological, cardiovascular, and blood disorders; drug addiction).
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 1993, Vol.33, No.2. Insert.

CIS 96-1560 Escalators and passenger conveyors [Sweden]
Rulltrappor och rullramper [in Swedish]
This amendment of regulation AFS 1986:16 (CIS 87-53) was adopted on 25 November 1993 and is an adaptation of EEC Directive 89/392/EEC (CIS 89-1442). It covers: modifications regarding its applicability; regular inspections.
Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen, Publikationsservice, Box 1300, 171 25 Solna, Sweden, 1993. 5p.

CIS 96-1552 Lifting tables [Sweden]
Lyftbord [in Swedish]
This amendment of regulation AFS 1985:13 (CIS 86-1208) was adopted on 25 November 1993 and is an adaptation of EEC Directive 89/392/EEC (CIS 89-1442). It covers: modifications regarding its applicability.
Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen, Publikationsservice, Box 1300, 171 25 Solna, Sweden, 1993. 3p.

CIS 96-1059 Bircher W.
Association suisse pour la sécurité des ascenseurs
Lifts
Aufzugsanlagen [in German]
Installations d'ascenseurs [in French]
This practical guide provides clear information on the definitions, legal context and technical rules that must be taken into account when designing lifting installations as well as on all the problems associated with their operation and maintenance. Main contents: definition of terms; legal requirements and technical rules applicable in Switzerland, internationally and in Europe (SIA standards, European standards, International Standardization Organization (ISO)); project development; operation and maintenance; alterations of existing installations; highlights concerning safety regulations. Appendices.
Schweizerischer Aufzugsverein (SAV), Postfach 2713, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, July 1993. 83p. Illus. Price: CHF 50.00.

CIS 95-1510 Magnus P.
Lift safety
Betichut bemaaliot [in Hebrew]
One hundred and twelve occupational lift accidents were analyzed. The most serious accidents involved falls into the lift shaft; 9 out of 27 were fatal. Seven deaths were caused by accidents in lifts without a door. The new (published August 1993) Israeli occupational safety regulations make it mandatory to install doors in all lifts, including old ones.
Betichut, 1993, No.227, p.8-9, 27. Illus.

CIS 94-1278 Bresnitz E.A., Gilman M.J., Gracely E.J., Airoldi J., Vogel E., Gefter W.
Asbestos-related radiographic abnormalities in elevator construction workers
Elevator construction workers are exposed to asbestos dust during construction and refurbishment work on older buildings. The study screened a cohort of workers, all with more than 20 years of employment in the industry, with clinical examinations, chest radiography ("B" reader interpretations), and routine spirometry. Twenty of the 91 workers (22%) had evidence of pleural disease, but none had an interstitial process consistent with asbestosis. Of those with pleural thickening, 15 had bilateral circumscribed plaques and five had unilateral plaque formation. There were no cases of diffuse pleural thickening, benign pleural effusions, or mesothelioma in the cohort. The difference in the mean body mass index of those with pleural abnormalities (29.18 ± 3.95) and those without (27.7 ± 3.86) was not statistically significant (p=0.135). The results of this study show that elevator construction workers have an increased risk for the development of asbestos-related pleural disease.
American Review of Respiratory Disease, June 1993, Vol.147, No.6, p.1341-1344. 26 ref.

CIS 94-147 Mäder A.
Scaffolding in elevator shafts
Liftschachtgerüste [in German]
Impalcature per vani d'ascensori [in Italian]
Echafaudages dans les cages d'ascenseurs [in French]
This information note is intended for foremen on site and for workers in elevator installation or repair enterprises. Safety rules for erecting and using scaffolding in elevator shafts are emphasized. Applicable Swiss regulations are cited.
SUVA, Arbeitssicherheit, Postfach, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, July 1993. 11p. Illus.

CIS 93-1071 Health and Safety - The Mines (Shafts and Winding) Regulations 1993 [United Kingdom]
These Regulations concern the safe installation and use of shafts and winding apparatus in mines.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1993. 15p. Price: GBP 3.20.

1992

CIS 94-1060 Collas F., Mairiaux P.
Lift installation work and musculoskeletal disorders
Travail de montage d'ascenseurs et plaintes musculosquelettiques [in French]
This study was designed to evaluate the relationship between working activity and complaints of the locomotor system among lift fitters. The study involved work analyses on building sites and a survey, using a standardized questionnaire, among 70 lift fitters and 70 matched controls assigned to light work. Part of the questionnaire focused on the prevalence of musculoskeletal complaints during the preceding 7 days, the preceding 12 months and before, and on the aetiological role of working conditions. Musculoskeletal complaints in the low back, shoulder, and neck regions were significantly more prevalent among lift fitters than among controls. The high prevalence of complaints in lift fitters may be ascribed to the frequent manual handling of heavy loads, the use of vibrating tools, and the adoption of unfavourable working postures for long periods. The prognostic significance of these complaints, either transient muscular fatigue or early signs of structural alterations, cannot be determined on the basis of these results and should be assessed through a prospective study. Annex: questionnaire used for the study.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, 1992, Vol.53, No.6, p.407-413. Illus. 19 ref.

CIS 93-1370 James B.G.
Health and Safety Executive. Technology and Health Sciences Division
Safety at lifts. Mechanical interlocking of manually-operated landing doors
This report describes how the need for mechanical interlocking of landing doors became apparent and how legislation and technology have subsequently developed within the UK. Requirements of current legislation, standards and EEC Directives are outlined along with differing risks of manually-operated and automatic landing doors. The technology of interlocking of manually-operated landing doors is also described.
HSE Information Centre, Broad Lane, Sheffield S3 7HQ, United Kingdom, 1992. ii, 12p. Illus.

CIS 92-1445 Cranes (Suspended Personnel) Regulations 1992; Lifts and Cranes (Certification of Operators) Regulations 1992; Lifts and Cranes (Certification of Operators) (Exemption) Regulations 1992 [Australia - Victoria]
These regulations (made on 30 June 1992, effective 1 July 1992) were issued under the Victoria Lifts and Cranes Act 1967 (see CIS 92-1086). The 1972/1973 Regulations under the Act (also in CIS 92-1086) dealing with the safety of dogmen, the certification of operators and exemption from such certification are at the same time revoked.
In: Australian Industrial Safety, Health and Welfare, CCH Australia Ltd., CNR Talavera & Khartoum Roads, Box 230, North Ryde, NSW 2113, Australia, Vol.2, 20p. (pages numbered 61,331 - 61,404).

CIS 92-1156 Building hoists
Bauaufzüge [in German]
This safety guide deals with: construction, inspection and operation of building hoists; periodic checkups; relevant legislation. Update of Merkblatt M 37 abstracted under CIS 89-1002.
Allgemeine Unfallversicherungsanstalt, Abteilung für Unfallverhütung und Berufskrankheitenbekämpfung, Adalbert-Stifter-Str. 65, 1200 Wien, Austria, 1992. 6p. Illus.

1991

CIS 92-1779 Mobile elevating work platforms - Construction, use and maintenance [Netherlands]
Hoogwerkers - Gebruik en onderhoud [in Dutch]
In order to prevent accidents, work with mobile elevating work platforms has to be performed with considerable care. This directive describes how, in accordance with the state of the art and with regard to legal requirements, mobile elevating work platforms can be constructed, used and maintained safely.
Labour Inspectorate, Directorate-General of Labour (Arbeidsinspectie, Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid), Postbus 90804, 2509 LV Den Haag, Netherlands, 2nd ed., 1991. 31p. Illus.

1990

CIS 95-31 Lifting devices and lifting tools [Norway]
Løfteinnretninger og løfteredskap [in Norwegian]
Rules applied to devices used in connection with cranes. Main topics: General obligations, design, safety devices, electrical devices, hydraulic devices, information and warnings to be affixed to the equipment, mounting, tests, marking, monitoring, obligations on the operator and use of the lifting devices. The original 1974 directive (CIS 75-2) was amended to 1984.
Direktoratet for Arbeidstilsynet, Fr. Nansens vei 14, Postboks 8103 Dep, 0032 Oslo 1, Norway, 2nd ed., Aug. 1990. 27p. Illus. Index.

CIS 91-727
Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften
Elevating platforms [Germany]
Hebebühnen [in German]
Update of the document abstracted under CIS 89-50. Contents: scope; definitions; provisions relating to design and equipment: marking, control post, emergency stop switch, maximum lifting and lowering speeds, warning devices, stability, load-supporting elements, suspension elements, power transmission elements (mechanical, hydraulic or pneumatic), accidental movements, wheeled chassis, access and loading points, safety provisions; testing; use (qualifications of personnel, safe working methods, work near electrical installations); implementation of the regulations. In the appendix: alphabetical index, rules for application and commentaries. Technical illustrations and list of addresses.
Carl Heymanns Verlag KG, Luxemburger Strasse 449, D-W-5000 Köln 41, Germany, 1 Oct. 1990, 35 + 34p. Illus. Appendix. Index.

CIS 91-1005 Safety measures for lifts on construction sites
Lift car ui anjun daechaek [in Korean]
Safety measures for lifts on construction sites, including winches and wire ropes. Illustrated guide to safety signs used in the Republic of Korea.
Korea Industrial Safety Corporation, Kukje Bld. 9F. 191, 2-ka Hangang-ro, Yongsan-ku, Seoul, Republic of Korea, 1990. 10p. Illus.

CIS 91-85 Bürkli M.
Fixed elevating platforms
Ortsfest eingebaute Hebehühnen [in German]
Piattaforme di sollevamento stazionarie [in Italian]
Plates-formes élévatrices installées à demeure [in French]
This brochure covers: protection against falls on or from elevating platforms; protection against pinching or crushing; travel-limiting devices; preventing the platform from falling; signage; maintenance (prevention of mechanical failure; safety during maintenance work).
Caisse nationale suisse d'assurance en cas d'accidents, Case postale, 6002 Lucerne, Switzerland, Sep. 1990. 15p. Illus.

CIS 90-1100 Lifting tables [Norway]
Løftebord [in Norwegian]
New edition of the regulations that were made on 13 Dec. 1973 under the Workers' Protection Act of 7 Dec. 1956 and entered into force on 1 Apr. 1974. The following aspects are covered: duties of employers, workers, manufacturers and suppliers installing the equipment, legal aspects, features of lifting tables (descending and rising speeds, hydraulic equipment, safe distances, safety devices such as limit switches, dead-man controls and automatic stops to prevent injury, control devices), installation, warning notices.
Direktoratet for arbeidstilsynet, Postboks 8103 Dep., 0032 Oslo 1, Norway, 4th ed. Mar. 1990. 7p. Illus.

1989

CIS 91-2047 Page M., Hough A.
Ergonomic aspects of escalators used in retail organisations
This document comprises the following reports on research carried out by the Institute of Consumer Ergonomics: summary report of the collection of data on escalator accidents; an ergonomic evaluation of deflector devices on escalators in retail organisations; an expert appraisal of escalator warning signs; the establishment of user expectations on the siting of stop buttons; the collection of data on escalator incidents and accidents.
Health and Safety Executive, St. Hugh's House, Stanley Precinct, Trinity Road, Bootle L20 3QY, Merseyside, United Kingdom, 1988. 261p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: GBP 40.00.

CIS 91-307 Feyrer K.
Enhancement of safety by two parallel cables
Sicherheitszuwachs durch zwei parallele Seile [in German]
In several cases it is necessary to use a second parallel cable for lifting equipment. Investigations were made to determine the additional forces acting upon the second rope when the first is broken.
Fördern und Heben, 1989, Vol.39, No.10, p.820-826. Illus. 20 ref.

CIS 90-1437
Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen
Lifts [Sweden]
Hissar [in Swedish]
This ordinance (effective 1 January 1991) applies to all types of lifts except mine lifts, construction hoists, lifts on ships and some others. References are made to two Swedish Standards, SS 2097 part I (Electrical lifts) and part 2 (Hydraulic lifts). These standards are based on European Standards EN 81-1 and EN 81-2. The previous Lift Code (Anvisning No.92, CIS 74-1204) is revoked. In the ordinance, the highly detailed stipulations on design, quality and equipment found in the old Standard have been replaced to a great extent by functional requirements, leaving a wider choice of methods for complying with the requirements. Detailed commentaries are appended.
LiberDistribution, 162 89 Stockholm, Sweden, 28 June 1989. 57p.

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