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Beverage industry - 84 entries found

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2009

CIS 09-914 Olayinka O.S., Abdullahi S.A.
An overview of industrial employees' exposure to noise in sundry processing and manufacturing industries in Ilorin metropolis, Nigeria
This study evaluates and compares industrial employees' noise exposure level in five selected processing and manufacturing industries in Ilorin, Nigeria. The highest and lowest average noise exposure levels are recorded in mineral crushing mills (93.16 dB(A)) and the mattress making industry (84.69 dB(A)) respectively. The study shows that there is significant difference in noise levels in the industries surveyed. High percentages of machines emitting noise above FEPA and OSHA recommendation (90 dB(A)) were found: soft drink bottling industry (83.3%), beer brewing and bottling industry (42.9%), tobacco industry (71.4%), mattress making industry (11.1%) and minerals crushing mills (87.5%). In the past 20 years, the noise levels in the soft drink bottling industry was reduced by 0.58 dB(A) and that of the brewing and bottling industry by 9.66 dB(A), but that of the mattress making industry increased by 2.69 dB(A). On the average, the noise control measures put in place have had significant impact on the noise exposure.
Industrial Health, Mar. 2009, Vol.47, No.2, p.123-133. Illus. 25 ref.
http://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/indhealth/47/2/123/_pdf/-char/ja/ [in English]

2008

CIS 08-781 Knox C.M.
The new Pepsi challenge: World-class safety
This article presents the safety policy and organization of a large bottled beverage producer in the United States, launched in 2002. For a long time, the biggest obstacle to adopting improved safety measures was a corporate culture that considered while accidents and injuries should be controlled, they were an unavoidable part of the business. The current policy is based on five components: communication; compliance measures to make sure rules are being followed; training; regular monitoring; specific cost-containment measures. Since the new policy was introduced, there has been a 55% reduction in lost time cases, a 29% reduction in OSHA-recordable cases, a 14% reduction in overall claims and a 37% reduction in vehicle accidents.
Occupational Hazards, Feb. 2008, Vol.70, No.2, p.49-51. Illus.

2007

CIS 07-1353 The impact of global food chains on employment in the food and drink sector
L'impact des filières alimentaires mondiales sur l'emploi dans le secteur des produits alimentaires et des boissons [in French]
La incidencia de las cadenas mundiales de alimentación en el empleo en el sector de alimentación y bebidas [in Spanish]
This report was prepared as a basis for discussion at a tripartite meeting on the impact of global food chains on employment in the food and drink sector held in Geneva, Switzerland, 24-27 September 2007. The research that has led to the preparation of this report, apart from providing indications on employment trends around the world in the food and drink industry, has brought to the fore certain social and labour issues arising from the globalization of food chains, such as the rise of retailers as they gain more control over global supply chains as well as consumer information. It raises other questions such as further company concentration which in turn has repercussions at the level of processors, manufacturers and seed suppliers, who cluster even further to supply mass-produced, uniform products at margins acceptable to such firms. Farms, in turn, will need to grow larger to meet the demand for raw materials in mass quantities at lower prices, disempowering smaller, independent farmers. More and more consumers are adopting a posture of resistance to the dictates of food conglomerates and their control over consumer choices. All these developments together require analysis and pro-active measures to safeguard employment and decent work in the sector.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2007. iii, 28p. Illus.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/sector/techmeet/tmfce07/tmfce-r.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/french/dialogue/sector/techmeet/tmfce07/tmfce-r.pdf [in French]
http://www.ilo.org/public/spanish/dialogue/sector/techmeet/tmfce07/tmfce-r.pdf [in Spanish]

2006

CIS 07-1084 Mejía P., Cújar M., González O., González Villarejo P.M.
Safety and health in the food sector
Protección y seguridad en el sector de alimentos [in Spanish]
Main topics addressed in this collection of articles on safety in the food sector: challenges in risk management in the food sector; good manufacturing practices; assurances concerning the freedom from risk of food items; characteristics and advantages of single-use work clothing; diseases transmitted by food; guide to the vaccination of food sector workers in Colombia; broad outline of Decree 3075 of 1997 regulating activities that generate risks of food contamination; safety of food packaging and food preservation.
Protección y seguridad, Sep.-Oct. 2006, Vol.52, No.309, p.54-79. Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 07-934 Hazards of confined spaces for food and beverage industries
Contents of this booklet on the prevention of hazards during work in confined spaces, with a focus on the food and beverage industries: definition of confined space; hazardous atmospheres (toxic gases, explosive gases, oxygen-rich and oxygen-poor atmospheres); mechanical, physical and electrical hazards; confined space entry programme. It includes short descriptions of accidents specific to the food and beverage industries.
Workers' Compensation Board of British Columbia, Richmond, British Columbia, Canada, 2nd ed., 2006. ii, 20p. Illus.
http://www.worksafebc.com/publications/health_and_safety/by_topic/assets/pdf/confined_space_bk82.pdf [in English]

CIS 07-962 Macdonald F., Waclawski E.
Upper limb disorders among coopers in the Scotch whisky industry
Coopering is a physically demanding activity which involves using long curved pieces of wood to make whisky casks. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of upper limb disorders among these workers. It was carried out in the form of a cross-sectional study of 108 coopers and 110 other workers, who were administered the Standardized Nordic questionnaire for the analysis of musculoskeletal symptoms. Participants were also subjected to a clinical assessment for upper limb disorders. Findings are discussed. Coopers were found to be at an increased risk of upper limb disorders. Logistic regression analysis confirmed the risk of upper limb disorder as a function of age and years of service. Work practices have been reviewed and a number of changes have been implemented to reduce this risk.
Occupational Medicine, June 2006, Vol.56, No.4, p.232-236. 17 ref.

2005

CIS 06-1389
Health and Safety Executive
A recipe for safety - Occupational health and safety in food and drink manufacture
This safety guide identifies the priority health and safety hazards in the food and drink manufacturing industries and outlines key factors for effective arrangements to prevent or protect against them. Contents: injury incidence rates and the need for preventive measures; economic benefits of management control of health and safety; an action plan for management; main causes of injuries; managing safety hazards; occupational health priorities and their management; role of the HSE.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Sep. 2005. vi, 30p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: GBP 9.95.

CIS 06-845 Gilewicz A.
Amendment to occupational safety and health requirements in the beverage industry
Nowelizacja bioz w zakładach przemysłu napojów gazowanych [in Polish]
The Regulation of the Agriculture and Rural Development Minister of 23 June 2004 (Official Law Journal No.160, item 1669 of 14 July 2004) sets out new occupational safety and health requirements for the brewing and gaseous beverage industry. These include procedures and safety measures related to production equipment and production rooms and protective measures during the handling of glass containers.
Przyjaciel przy Pracy, 2005, No.10, p.22-23.

2004

CIS 06-193 Ballue C., Lavergne G., Vernois G.
Delivery of beverages for non-domestic consumption. Prevention of occupational hazards
La distribution de boissons en consommation hors domicile. Prévention des risques professionnels [in French]
This guide is intended for managers of enterprises that deliver beverages to sectors other than retail outlets, such as restaurants, hotels, canteens, hospitals, etc. It provides guidance on the analysis and assessment of hazards and the adoption of preventive measures and is the result of collaboration between several trade federations in the beverages and hotel sectors. Contents: responsibilities of management; health hazards in this sector of activity; managing the risks; occupational accidents in this sector, conclusions.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 2003. 64p. Illus. 53 ref. Price: EUR 8.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://en.inrs.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/ED%20892/$File/ED892.pdf [in French]

2003

CIS 05-214 Ballue C., Lavergne G., Vernois G.
Delivery of beverages in cafés, hotels, restaurants and discotheques
Livraisons de boissons dans les cafés, hôtels, restaurants et discothèques [in French]
This guide covers client-supplier relationships in the distribution of beverages other than to individual homes. It is aimed at managers of cafés, hotels, restaurants and discotheques. It complements the guide entitled "Distribution of beverages for consumption other than in individual homes" ("La distribution de boissons en consommation hors domicile", INRS ED 892). Contents: duties and responsibilities of managers; occupational safety and health issues; good occupational safety and health practices in client-supplier relationships.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Sep. 2003. 6p. Illus. 10 ref. Price: EUR 1.50. Downloadable version free.
http://www.inrs.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_search_view_view/2EE8E4E9DB4EAEAAC1256DC6003FB947/$FILE/ed915.pdf [in French]

CIS 03-1907
Health and Safety Executive
Roll cages and wheeled racks in the food and drink industries: Reducing manual handling injuries
The movement, loading and unloading of rolled cages and wheeled racks used in the food and drink industries often result in injuries. This information sheet provides guidance on good design and proper usage of this equipment aimed at plant managers, purchasers of equipment and persons responsible for risk assessment within the food and drink industries. Contents: types of equipment; injuries associated with their use; designs to reduce injuries; hazard evaluation; safe working methods; maintenance; legal aspects.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Apr. 2003. 4p. 10 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/fis33.pdf [in English]

CIS 03-1302 Héry M., Binet S., Gagnaire F., Gérardin F., Hecht G., Massin N.
Cleaning and disinfection in the food and beverage industry: Evaluation of exposure to chemical pollutants
Nettoyage et désinfection dans l'industrie agroalimentaire: évaluation des expositions aux polluants chimiques [in French]
This article reviews cleaning agents and disinfectants used in the food and beverage industry, and discusses toxicology, health hazards, exposure evaluation and preventive measures. Contents: products used; sampling and analysis of chloramines, hydrogen peroxide, peracetic acid and quaternary ammonium salts; toxicological studies; epidemiological study; occupational exposure evaluation; intervention of the French National Research and Safety Institute (INRS) in premises for washing fresh vegetables with the resulting installation of a stripping tower for lowering the concentration of chloramines in workplace air.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 3rd Quarter 2003, No.95, p.333-350. Illus. 19 ref.

2002

CIS 03-946 Winder B., Ridgway K., Nelson A., Baldwin J.
Food and drink packaging: Who is complaining and who should be complaining
This paper reports a questionnaire survey of shoppers at four supermarket stores in the United Kingdom on the packaging of food and drink products. Analyses on who was most likely to suffer accidents or injuries while opening food and drink packaging indicated that handedness (being left-handed made accidents more likely) and scoring low on a measure of personal control during decision-making were significant associates. Social resistance (resisting asking for help from others) was related to the most severe accidents. These findings imply that individual factors should be taken into account when designing the openability of packaging. They indicate that manufacturers should ensure that novel packaging closures are tested on left-handed people, that packaging opening tools specifically for them is available and that they should always look at a "worst case scenario" for their packaging closures, as it is evident that some persons will continue to struggle with difficult packaging until either they open it or injure themselves.
Applied Ergonomics, Sep. 2002, Vol.33, No.5, p.433-438. 14 ref.

CIS 02-1755
Health and Safety Executive
Reducing noise exposure in the food and drink industries
This information sheet provides advice on the legal requirements and hierarchy of control measures to prevent noise exposure in the food and drink industries. It also gives typical noise levels in particularly noisy food and drink operations and describes some of the corresponding noise-reduction processes adopted by enterprises.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Mar. 2002. 4p. 9 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/fis08.pdf [in English]

CIS 02-1742 Durham S., Heasman T.
Health and Safety Executive
Manual handling in the food/drink industries - Injury rate v weight of unit loads lifted
Statistics indicate that some food sector industries where heavy loads are handled (such as brewing) have a higher manual handling injury rate than others (such as the dairy and soft drink industries). The aim of this study was to verify this finding and to determine a statistical correlation between loads lifted (light and heavy sacks) and manual handling injuries or absences due to injury. The study consisted of a review of the literature and the conducting of phone interviews of selected workers at food and drink company sites. It was found that most injuries involved weights of 1-10kg, classed as sprains, and the lifting, pushing or pulling of sacks. However, due to numerous confounding factors, further conclusions were not possible.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2002. iv, 30p. Illus. Price: GBP 15.00.

2001

CIS 03-1966
Health and Safety Executive
Reducing injuries caused by sack handling in the food and drink industries
The manual handling of sacks, a frequent activity in the food and drink industries, is one of the main causes of musculoskeletal injury. Studies have shown that 75% of manual handling injuries are preventable. The Manual Handing Operations Regulations 1992 (CIS 93-36) require risks to be eliminated as far as reasonably practicable or, where this is not possible, such risks should be reduced to a minimum. This information sheet provides guidance on carrying out a manual handling injury risk assessment and determining the appropriate preventive actions, including the elimination of sacks, full or partial mechanized handling, limiting sack weight and controlling handling frequency. Specific problems related to the loading and unloading of shipping containers are also mentioned.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Nov. 2001. 4p. 6 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/fis31.pdf [in English]

CIS 02-1235 Salinas M.L., Ogura T., Soffchi L.
Irritant contact dermatitis caused by needle-like calcium oxalate crystals, raphides, in Agave tequilana among workers in tequila distilleries and agave plantations
Needle-like calcium oxalate crystals, such as raphides, are found abundantly in all tissues of Agave tequilana plants; thus, 1 droplet (0.03mL) of juice pressed from leaves contains 100-150 crystals, 30-500µm in length, sharpened at both ends. In tequila distilleries, 5/6 of the workers who handle agave stems have experienced the characteristic irritation. In contrast, only one third of workers in agave plantations involved in harvesting agave plants complain of the irritation. This questionnaire study confirms that all the irritation suffered in both distilleries and plantations takes place at bodily locations where the plants come into contact with the workers' skin in the course of their work.
Contact Dermatitis, Feb. 2001, Vol.44, No.2, p.94-96. Illus. 15 ref.

CIS 02-1447
Health and Safety Executive
Preventing falls from height in the food and drink industries
There are approximately 750 accidents involving falls from heights reported each year in the food and drink industry in the United Kingdom. This information sheet provides guidance on preventing falls from heights in these industries. It analyses where the falls occur, why they occur and how they can be prevented. Summaries of 14 actual fall accidents are provided, including the subsequent corrective measures that were undertaken.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, July 2001. 4p. 11 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/fis30.pdf [in English]

CIS 02-1406
Health and Safety Executive
Controlling exposure to disinfectants used in the food and drink industries
Although disinfectants used in the food and drink industries are specially selected so that the potential residues are not harmful to the consumer, many affect the skin, eyes or respiratory system and can be harmful if ingested in sufficient quantity. This information sheet provides guidance to employers in the food and drink industries on selecting and using disinfectants safely for workers without compromising food hygiene. Contents include: legal requirements; assessment required under the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 1999 (COSHH, see CIS 00-620); hazards of disinfectants; controlling exposure; air monitoring; health surveillance; information and training; washing facilities; emergency procedures.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, June 2001. 4p. 8 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/fis29.pdf [in English]

CIS 02-1446
Health and Safety Executive
Packaging machinery: Safeguarding pre-formed rigid container packaging machines
Between 1997 and 2001, there were 45 cases of serious accidents on machines that pack products into preformed rigid containers in the United Kingdom. The main hazards are mechanical, with moving parts giving rise to shearing, puncture, cutting and entanglement injuries. This information sheet provides guidance on safeguarding pre-formed rigid container packaging machines to meet the requirements of the Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 (PUWER, see CIS 99-1429) and of the British and European Standard BS EN 415-2: 2000 - Safety of packaging Machines - Part 2: Pre-formed rigid container packaging machines. Contents include: hazards; new and existing machinery; safeguards for mechanical hazards; safeguards for other hazards (electrical, thermal, noise, radiation, chemicals); machine-specific safeguards.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Sep. 2001. 4p. 15 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/fis28.pdf [in English]

CIS 02-1445
Health and Safety Executive
Packaging machinery: Safeguarding palletisers and depalletisers
Between 1997 and 2002, there were 30 cases of serious accidents on palletizers and depalletizers in the United Kingdom. Most accidents happen when operators or maintenance personnel enter the machine and become trapped between fixed and moving parts. This information sheet provides guidance on safeguarding palletizers and depalletizers to meet the requirements of the Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations (PUWER, see CIS 99-1429), the Supply of Machinery (Safety) Regulations 1992 (SMR) and BS EN 415-4:1998 Safety of packaging Machines - Part 4: Palletisers and Depalletisers. Contents include: hazards; safeguarding methods (electrosensitive protective equipment, interlocked guards, fixed guards); maintenance of machinery safeguards; safeguarding requirements for new and existing machines.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Sep. 2001. 4p. 16 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/fis27.pdf [in English]

CIS 02-1444
Health and Safety Executive
Packaging machinery: Safeguarding thermoform, fill and seal machines
Thermoform, fill and seal machines are used in a wide range of industries. Nearly 50 serious accidents occurred on these machines between 1997 and 2001 in the United Kingdom. One third of these accidents were major injuries involving broken bones or amputations. This information sheet provides guidance on safeguarding both existing and new machinery and is based on European and British Standard BS EN 415-3:2000. Contents include: hazards; safeguarding requirements for new machines and for existing machines; safe methods of work; maintenance and troubleshooting.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Sep. 2001. 4p. 11 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/fis26.pdf [in English]

2000

CIS 02-352 Le Dû M., Ferrand C., Tesson M.
Wine filtration and diatomaceous earths
Filtration des vins et terres à diatomées [in French]
This report on the hazards linked to the exposure to crystalline silica contained in diatomaceous earths used in wine filtration is based on published literature, medical records and regulatory texts. In addition, earth samples were analysed, consumption of diatomaceous earths in wineries were recorded, and workplaces were observed. The conclusions are that the risk is moderate. Several recommendations are made in the areas of exposure evaluation, limitation of exposure an medical supervision.
CRAM des Pays de la Loire, 2 place de Bretagne, BP 93405, 44034 Nantes, France, 2000. 105p. Illus.34 ref.

CIS 01-1106
Health and Safety Executive
An index of health and safety guidance for the food and drink industries
This information sheet gives a list of available HSE guidance publications aimed at the food and drink industries under the following headings: management of safety and health, in general and by sector; training; transport; falls from heights; slips and trips; work equipment; manual handling; dusts and fumes; dermatitis; cold working environments; fire and explosion; miscellaneous.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Nov. 2000. 6p.

CIS 01-54
Health and Safety Executive
Effective purchasing procedures for equipment in the food and drink industries
The food and drink industries have particularly high rates of reported injury and ill health compared with other industries. It is estimated that in 80% of the cases the hazards that led to the injury could have been avoided by the purchase of equipment suitable for intended use, in compliance with current standards, incorporating appropriate safeguards and checked for compliance with specifications on delivery. This booklet is aimed at equipment purchasers in the food and drink industries, as well as at manufacturers and suppliers of such equipment. Contents: effective purchasing procedures; European standards; hygienic design; second-hand or modified equipment; legal requirements in the United Kingdom; documentation; CE marking; check lists for protection against the main hazards and for safeguarding.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, June 2000. 11p. 5 ref.

CIS 00-1360
Health and Safety Executive
Moving food and drink - Manual handling solutions for the food and drink industries
This publication is aimed at employers in the food and drink industries, whose employees have a high risk of developing muscular and articular injuries. It presents 100 case studies grouped under six headings: raw materials handling; production; packing, stacking and moving of containers; handling equipment; off-site delivery. For each case, the task is described, and the problems and injuries it gives rise to are defined. Solutions are presented, and their positive effects are highlighted.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2000. xvi, 106p. Illus. 11 ref. Price: GBP 15.95.

CIS 00-450
Health and Safety Executive
Injuries and ill health caused by handling in the food and drink industries
This information sheet covers acute physical injuries and chronic musculoskeletal disorders caused by manual handling specific to the food and drink industries. Contents: priorities for manual handling set by the industry; importance of controlling handling risks (injuries, work-related upper limb disorders); managing risks from handling; solutions which work in the food and drink industry (risk assessment, reduced weight of unit load, mechanical handling).
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Mar. 2000. 4p. 16 ref.

1999

CIS 00-670 North S.
Health and Safety Executive
A recipe for safety: Health and safety in the food and drink industries
Topics: beverage industry; bulk storage bins; case study; check lists; cost of accidents; dermatitis; enforcement; falls from heights; food industry; frequency rates; legislation; lung diseases; musculoskeletal diseases; occupational accidents; plant safety and health organization; safety devices; statistics; training manuals; training material; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1999. 30p. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 00-865
Health and Safety Executive
Preventing slips in food and drink industries - Technical update on floor specifications
Replaces CIS 97-655. Topics: antislip floors; beverage industry; data sheet; falls on the level; flooring; food industry; friction; occupational safety; slippery floors; spills; surface properties; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, May 1999. 3p. Illus. 2 ref.

CIS 00-864
Health and Safety Executive
Workplace transport safety in food and drink premises
Topics: beverage industry; bulk solids storage; check lists; data sheet; elevating platform trucks; fatalities; food industry; fork-lift trucks; in-plant transport; injuries; legal aspects; noise; occupational safety; overturning; reversing; surface properties; United Kingdom; walkways.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, May 1999. 4p. 17 ref.

CIS 00-758
Health and Safety Executive
Priorities for health and safety in the potable spirits industry
Topics: alcoholic beverage industry; backache; check lists; confined spaces; conveyors; data sheet; explosion hazards; falls from heights; falls on the level; fire hazards; fork-lift trucks; hearing loss; injuries; lung diseases; manual handling; nasal cancer; noise; organic dust; plant safety organization; risk factors; striking against objects; United Kingdom; wood dust.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, May 1999. 4p. 26 ref.

CIS 00-757
Health and Safety Executive
Priorities for health and safety in the soft drinks industry
Topics: backache; check lists; conveyors; data sheet; falls from heights; falls on the level; fork-lift trucks; hearing loss; injuries; manual handling; noise; non-alcoholic beverage industry; plant safety organization; risk factors; striking against objects; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, May 1999. 4p. 32 ref.

CIS 00-756
Health and Safety Executive
Priorities for health and safety in the brewing industry
Topics: backache; breweries; check lists; conveyors; data sheet; falls from heights; falls on the level; fatalities; fork-lift trucks; hearing loss; injuries; lung diseases; manual handling; noise; organic dust; plant safety organization; risk factors; striking against objects; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, May 1999. 4p. 32 ref.

CIS 99-1009 Godnic-Cvar J., Zuskin E., Mustajbegovic J., Schachter E.N., Kanceljak B., Macan J., Ilic Z., Ebling Z.
Respiratory and immunological findings in brewery workers
Occupational exposure of 97 brewery workers to organic dust such as hops, barley, and brewery yeast and their respiratory function and immunological status were studied. There was a significantly higher prevalence of most chronic respiratory symptoms in brewery workers compared to controls, although occupational asthma was recorded in only 2 of the brewery workers. Smoking was the major factor responsible for the high prevalence of chronic respiratory symptoms. A large number of brewery workers complained of acute symptoms that developed during the work shift. Lung function was decreased compared to predicted, suggesting the importance of workplace exposure in explaining lung function abnormalities. Significantly higher prevalence of positive skin prick tests were recorded in 37 brewery workers for moulds, hops, and barley than in controls. The data suggest that both smoking and dust exposure in the brewery industry may be responsible for the development of respiratory impairment and immunological reactions. Topics: allergens; breweries; case-control study; grain dust; immunology; organic dust; respirable dust; respiratory diseases; smoking; ventilatory capacity; yeast.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Jan. 1999, Vol.35, No.1, p.68-75. Illus. 39 ref.

1998

CIS 00-746 Lanoie P., Trottier L.
Costs and benefits of preventing workplace accidents: Going from a mechanical to a manual handling system
This paper provides a cost-benefit analysis of the passage from a mechanical to a manual handling system that took place in the early 1990s at the Société des Alcools du Québec warehouse in Montreal. In particular, this change was aimed at reducing workplace accidents among packers. After evaluating the costs of the programme, a rigorous econometric analysis is presented in order to assess how many accidents have been prevented by the change so as to compute the direct and indirect costs avoided as a result of such accident reduction. It is shown that the demechanization of the handling system has indeed been profitable for the firm.
Journal of Safety Research, Summer 1998, Vol.29, No.2, p.65-75. 17 ref.

CIS 98-1281 Technology and employment in the food and drink industries
La technologie et l'emploi dans les industries des produits alimentaires et des boissons [in French]
Topics: accident absenteeism; beverage industry; conditions of work; food industry; hours of work; ILO; new technologies; occupational accidents; occupational diseases; report; sickness absenteeism.
International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1998, xi, p. 105-108. Bibl.ref. Price: CHF 22.50.

1997

CIS 97-1907 Chaudhry S.I., Harris J.L., Challacombe S.J.
Dental erosion in a wine merchant: an occupational hazard?
A case report of dental erosion apparently caused by professional wine tasting. Dental erosion has been attributed to many factors, including alcoholism, but no documented cases have been found before now linking it with wine tasting.
British Dental Journal, Mar. 1997, Vol.182, No.6, p.226-228. Illus. 11 ref.

CIS 97-967 The safe use of CO2 and CO2/N2 cylinders in the beverage dispense industry
Contents of this guidance note: colour coding of cylinders containing carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrogen (N2) mixtures for the beer dispense trade; colour coding and labelling of cylinders according to the percentage of CO2 and N2; procedures for converting CO2 cylinders to CO2/N2 service; incorrect use of cylinders; prevention of internal corrosion; maximum developed pressure inside a cylinder for different gas mixtures.
British Compressed Gases Association, 14 Tollgate, Eastleigh, Hampshire, SO53 3TG, United Kingdom, 1997. 8p. Illus. Price: GBP 20.00.

1996

CIS 97-559 Zuskin E., Schachter E.N., Mustajbegovic J., Kern J., Bradic V.
Respiratory findings in workers not exposed to air pollutants
In a study of 806 workers not exposed to any known air pollutants, prevalences of chronic respiratory symptoms were similar to those reported in community-based populations, with smokers experiencing more symptoms than nonsmokers. Acute symptoms during the work shift were reported only by smokers. Baseline lung function measurements were similar to those expected in community populations; across-shift increases observed in ventilatory capacity tests probably reflected normal diurnal variation. The finding that unexposed workers had similar respiratory findings to community populations suggests that the high symptom prevalences noted in workers exposed to air pollutants are the result of this exposure and are not confounded by work-related effects.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1996, Vol.38, No.9, p.912-919. 35 ref.

CIS 96-2206 Ferguson M.M., Dunbar R.J., Smith J.A., Wall J.G.
Enamel erosion related to winemaking
A winemaker presented with general discomfort of the teeth when eating anything cold. There was extensive erosion of the teeth consistent with the regular swilling of wines around the mouth. Topical fluoride applications and alkaline mouth washes during the working day are suggested.
Occupational Medicine, Apr. 1996, Vol.46, No.2, p.159-162. Illus. 38 ref.

CIS 96-516 Beverage manufacturing
Fabricación de bebidas [in Spanish]
This videotape is concerned with the most common risks in the beverage manufacturing industry: machinery; cuts, both in the upper and lower limbs, due to the glass containers used in the industry; electrical risks; inhalation of carbon dioxide; exposure to noise; reception and despatch of merchandise. It also deals with preventive measures.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, ediciones y Publicaciones, C/ Torrelaguna, 73-28027 Madrid, Spain. PAL videotape (16min). Price: ESP 3000 + VAT. ###

1995

CIS 97-1190 Tagliaferro I., Collettini M., Sinibaldi L.
Relocation hypothesis of a hazardous industrial plant: The NERI distillery of Faenza
Ipotesi di delocalizzazione di una industria a rischio: la distilleria NERI di Faenza [in Italian]
This study concerns the project of relocation of a high-risk distillery plant, placed inside the town of Faenza in northern Italy. The size and the characteristics of the plant, which handles large quantities of agricultural products and dangerous chemicals, pose serious health and safety problems both to the town population and the surrounding environment. An impact assessment procedure was therefore carried out using qualitative and quantitative parameters in order to identify a limited number of relocation sites. This procedure included the simulation of possible chemical accident scenarios together with their countermeasures. Some locations for a new plant were excluded because of the vicinity of houses or the risk of polluting underground water supplies. A weighed factor evaluation system was developed (factors included visual impact, noise, traffic and contamination), leading to an eventual choice of a new location for this plant.
Prevenzione oggi, Jan.-June 1995, Vol.7, No.1-2, p.3-60. Illus. 24 ref.

CIS 95-1685 Ferriday D.
The use and cost of first aid in the food and drink manufacturing industry
A questionnaire survey of 36 food and drink manufacturing companies in the United Kingdom showed that almost all of the companies complied with current legislation by providing trained first aiders and adequate treatment equipment and facilities. The average cost was GBP 16.00 per worker per year. The majority of the treatment provided (93%) was of a minor nature. A case is made for first-aid training to be reduced in content, but undertaken more frequently, to ensure that first aiders can adequately manage an acute, life-threatening medical emergency.
Occupational Medicine, Aug. 1995, Vol.45, No.4, p.199-204. 11 ref.

1994

CIS 96-1708 Pinheiro S.A., Ruffino Netto A.
Occupational health I: Method of collective interviews applied to the study of the work-weariness process in workers of alcohol distillery plants in the Ribeirão Preto region (Brazil)
Saúde do trabalhador I: O método de entrevistas coletivas aplicado ao estudo do processo trabalho-desgaste operário em destilaria de álcool na região de Ribeirão Preto [in Portuguese]
Article on the use of collective interviews for the diagnosis of work weariness among workers in a Brazilian distillery.
Revista brasileira de saúde ocupacional, July-Sep. 1994, Vol.22, No.83, p.51-61. 24 ref. ###

CIS 94-1889
Health and Safety Executive
Manual handling in drinks delivery
This booklet provides guidance on the responsibilities of employers and others under the Health and Safety at Work ... Act (CIS 74-2099) and the Manual Handling Operations Regulations (CIS 93-36). Contents: advice to employers on risk assessment, reducing the risk, training and protective clothing; advice to those in control of premises concerning the design and maintenance of the premises where goods are delivered; general advice to employees. Appendices include checklists and a table of weights and measures of full and empty containers.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury CO10 6FS, Suffolk, United Kingdom, 1994. v, 25p. Illus. 6 ref. Price: GBP 5.00.

1993

CIS 96-1722 Occupational hazards in the beverage manufacturing industry - Report on the current situation
Riesgos profesionales en fabricación de bebidas - informe de situación [in Spanish]
A survey was conducted of occupational hazards among the approx. 47,000 workers in the Spanish beverage manufacturing industry (1990 data); about 25% work in the beer and cider industry, the rest evenly divided between the manufacturing of wine and non-alcoholic beverages. This report covers: characteristics of the sector (number and distribution of workers, technology, accident statistics); definition and aims of the study (risk maps); methods used (analysis of the manufacturing process, data collection, description of the study sample, data analysis); results (general data; steam generators; electrical installations; machinery for materials movement; fire safety; compressed air; risks connected with work processes); conclusions and proposals for prevention. In annex: food additives; health risks due to the work environment; questionnaires used in the study.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1993. 181p. Illus.

CIS 94-920 Food and related industries
Nærings- og nydelsesmiddelindustri [in Danish]
Volume No.17 of a series of monographs covering occupational safety and health in all sectors of the Danish economy. The major work environmental problems in the food and related industries are primarily accidents, but musculoskeletal problems, skin diseases and noise are also common. The baking industry has special problems with respiratory diseases.
Direktoratet for Arbejdstilsynet, Landskronagade 33-35, 2100 København Ø, Denmark, 1993. 70p. 39 ref. Price: DKK 100.00.

CIS 94-717 Lavoie J.
Microorganisms: Bioaerosols in the food and beverage industry
Microorganismes - Les bioaérosols dans le secteur des aliments et des boissons [in French]
The hazards (allergies, infections) due to bioaerosols in the workplace are surveyed. In the food and beverage industry the principal sources of bioaerosols are meat (leptospirosis, brucellosis), grains and other vegetable matter (endotoxins, moulds), and ventilation systems (bacteria). A table summarizes the information on the main types of bioaerosols that may be present in indoor industrial environments.
Travail et santé, Dec. 1993, Vol.9, No.4, p.45-47. 17 ref.

CIS 93-1667
Health and Safety Executive
Grain dust in maltings (maximum exposure limit)
This guidance note has been prepared to help the malting, brewing and distilling industries to comply with the British Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSSH) Regulations as regards the exposure of employees and others to grain dust. Contents: definition of grain dust; maximum exposure limit (total inhalable dust 10mg/m3 for an 8h time-weighted average); assessment of health hazard; engineering and operational control measures (exhaust ventilation, dust extraction systems); respiratory protective equipment; review of COSSH assessment; health surveillance; notification of reportable disease; information to employees.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1993. 7p. Illus. 6 ref. Price: GBP 2.25.

1992

CIS 92-2090 Cooper C.L., Bramswell R.S.
A comparative analysis of occupational stress in managerial and shopfloor workers in the brewing industry - Mental health, job satisfaction and sickness
This study assessed the mental health, job satisfaction and sickness absence of comparative groups of 236 managers and 377 shopfloor workers in the brewing industry in Scotland and northern England. Results showed significant differences between the groups' scores on type A behaviour, locus of control, job satisfaction, and number of incidents of sickness absence. Multiple regression was used to elucidate similarities and differences between managers and shopfloor workers in the predictors of stress outcomes.
Work and Stress, Apr.-June 1992, Vol.6, No.2, p.127-138. 18 ref.

1991

CIS 92-174 General report - Food and Drinks Industries Committee, Second Session, Geneva, 1991
Rapport général - Commission des industries des produits alimentaires et des boissons, Deuxième session, Genève, 1991 [in French]
General report prepared by the ILO as a working paper for the Second Session of its Food and Drink Industries Committee. As regards occupational safety and health, this report analyses the experience of 45 countries concerning new hazards which have been identified following the introduction of new technologies in the food and drink industries. Other topics covered: major causes of occupational accidents; statistics on the number of occupational diseases and accidents, and legislation on occupational safety and health in the food and drink industries which has been enacted since 1984. Special attention is given to the action taken by the ILO in the framework of the International Programme for the Improvement of Working Conditions and Environment (PIACT).
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1991. iv, 118p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: CHF 20.00.

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