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Safety culture and safety consciousness - 267 entries found

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  • Safety culture and safety consciousness

CIS 11-0004 Safety is the top priority - Safety campaign "Away with risks" for greater safety during driving and transporting
Sicherheit ist Chefsache - Präventionskampagne "Risiko raus!" für mehr Sicherheit beim Fahren und Transportieren [in German]
This leaflet was published as part of the "Risiko raus!" (away with the risks) campaign in Germany, aimed at improving driving, commuting, road transport and in-plant transport safety, using examples of distraction and absent-mindedness.
Deutsche Gesetzliche Unfallversicherung e.V., Mittelstrasse 51, 10117 Berlin-Mitte, Germany, no date. 11p. Illus.
Sicherheit_ist_Chefsache.pdf [in German]

CIS 12-0099 Promoting a positive culture - A guide to health and safety culture
This guide outlines the key issues in developing a positive safety and health culture. Contents: overview; towards a positive health and safety culture; guidance and training proposed by the Institution of Occupational Safety and Health. It includes a case study of a good practice in a public-private partnership in a gas utilities group in the United Kingdom.
Institution of Occupational Safety and Health, The Grange, Highfield Drive, Wigston, Leicestershire, LE18 1NN, United Kingdom, February 2012 (revised). 12p. Illus.
Promoting_a_positive_culture_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]

2011

CIS 12-0350 Cossette R.
Influencing attitudes and behaviours
Pour influencer les attitudes et les comportements [in French]
This article presents the highlights and main findings after 18 months of a programme carried out in a metalworking plant in Quebec, Canada, taking into account human factors and psychology for influencing safety attitudes and behaviours. The programme had a highly successful outcome, one of the notable results being a 92% lower accident frequency rate.
Travail et santé, Dec. 2011, Vol.27, No.4, p.24-27. Illus. 3 ref.
Pour_influencer_les_attitudes_[BUY_THIS_ARTICLE] [in French]

CIS 12-0051 Eeckelaert L.
Evaluating safety culture
Diagnostic de la culture de sécurité [in French]
This article on safety culture addresses more specifically the available evaluation tools and methods.
Prevent Focus, June 2011, p.10-14. Illus.

CIS 12-0050 Eeckelaert L., Gallez B.
Safety culture
Culture de la sécurité [in French]
General article on safety culture, addressing the questions of definition, characteristics, usefulness and means of evaluation.
Prevent Focus, June 2011, p.4-9. Illus.

CIS 11-0783 Kines P., Lappalainen J., Lyngby Mikkelsen K., Olsen E., Pousette A., Tharaldsen J., Tómasson K., Törner M.
Nordic safety climate questionnaire (NOSACQ-50): A new tool for diagnosing occupational safety climate
The Nordic Safety Climate Questionnaire (NOSACQ-50) was developed by a team of Nordic occupational safety researchers based on organizational and safety climate theory, psychological theory, previous empirical research, empirical results acquired through international studies and a continuous development process. Safety climate is defined as workgroup members' shared perceptions of management and workgroup safety related policies, procedures and practices. NOSACQ-50 consists of 50 items across seven dimensions of shared perceptions. Initial versions of the instrument were tested for validity and reliability in four separate Nordic studies using native language versions in each respective Nordic country. NOSACQ-50 was found to be a reliable instrument for measuring safety climate, and valid for predicting safety motivation, perceived safety level and self-rated safety behaviour. The validity of NOSACQ-50 was further confirmed by its ability to distinguish between organizational units through detecting significant differences in safety climate.
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 2011, Vol.41, p.634-646. 78 ref.

CIS 11-0870 McGrath J.M.
The role of equipment warning labels in the industrial workplace
Among the many ways in which workers can access safety information, the role of equipment warning labels has not been well articulated. Presumably, warning labels help prevent accidents, but questions remain about how well these labels can be expected to work. This article describes how contextual analysis can assist our understanding of warning label effectiveness. A contextual approach was conceptualized in terms of underlying communication variables and an exploratory study was conducted in which workers were asked if they noticed and remembered warning labels on an industrial table saw that they used over a 3-month period. Results showed that equipment warning labels had a limited impact on workers. The contextual approach explained the relative effectiveness of multiple sources of information. Implications for safety training and accident liability are discussed.
International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 2011, Vol.17, No.1, p.49-60. Illus. 38 ref.

CIS 11-0869 Marsot J.
Visibility and prevention of mobile plant-pedestrian collisions - A bibliographical analysis
Visibilité et prévention des collisions engins-piétons - Analyse bibliographique [in French]
Preventing collisions between mobile equipment and pedestrians is a problem area that concerns different activity sectors, in particular building and civil engineering, handling, waste collection and transport/logistics. In each of these sectors, the potential problem of a collision arises when there is proximity between man and mobile machinery. After defining what is meant by "visibility", this article firstly demonstrates why this characteristic is an essential factor in preventing such collisions. The regulatory and normative approaches applicable to earthmoving machines, forklift trucks and road haulage vehicles are next discussed in relation to a bibliographical analysis of this subject. It is argued that these approaches do not sufficiently consider driver visual activity in all possible work situations. To overcome these limits, many studies propose assessment methodologies based on measuring equipment that is ever more sophisticated with time, but which little address the performance criterion definition. Other studies are based on developing and evaluating technical solutions designed to ensure the appropriateness of the visibility provided by a mobile machine to its operating context. Although rear view and other mirrors have been long used to ensure visibility, it is observed that camera-monitor systems are playing an ever increasing role. A number of studies reveal the potential advantage of these systems, while others emphasize their limits especially from the cognitive standpoint of drivers' difficulties in dividing their attention between several information sources.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 3rd quarter 2011, No.224, p.9-18. Illus. 48 ref.

CIS 11-0635 Ramli A.A., Watada J., Pedrycz W.
Possibilistic regression analysis of influential factors for occupational health and safety management systems
The code of occupational safety and health (OSH) is an influential regulation to improve the on-the-job safety of employees. A number of factors influence the planning and implementation of OSH management systems (OHSMS). The evaluation of OHSMS practice is the most important component when forming a safety and health environmental policy for employees. The objective of this research was to develop an intelligent data analysis (IDA) in which possibilistic regression is used to support the analysis of essential factors that influence OHSMS. Given such subjective terms, the obtained samples can be conveniently regarded as fuzzy input/output data represented by membership functions. The study offers this vehicle of intelligent data analysis as an alternative to evaluate the influential factors in a successful implementation of OSH policies and in this way decrease an overall computational effort. The obtained results show that several related OHSMS influential factors need to be carefully considered to facilitate a successful implementation of the OHSMS procedure.
Safety Science, 2011, Vol.49, p.1110-1117. Illus. 41 ref.
Possibilistic_regression.pdf [in English]

CIS 11-0634 Reiman T., Pietikäinen E.
Leading indicators of system safety - Monitoring and driving the organizational safety potential
An indicator can be considered any quantitative or qualitative measure that seeks to produce information on an issue of interest. Safety indicators can play a key role in providing information on organizational performance, motivating people to work on safety and increasing organizational potential for safety. This article discusses the challenges of monitoring and driving system safety. It presents a theoretical framework for utilising safety performance indicators in safety-critical organizations that incorporate outcome, monitor and drive indicators. Examples are provided for each type of indicator and the application of the framework in organizational safety management is discussed.
Safety Science, 2011, 8p. Illus. 36 ref.
Leading_indicators.pdf [in English]

CIS 11-0633 Grote G.
Safety management in different high-risk domains - All the same?
The aim of this article is to discuss what different high-risk industries can learn from each other and what limits for generalizing safety management methods within and across industries exist. After presenting core components of safety management, attributes crucial to any organization's functioning are described, which also affect the way safety management systems should be designed, run and assessed. By discussing safety management in the context of these attributes, contingencies are outlined that can help decision-makers in companies tailor safety management to their own situation and support regulators in drawing up and evaluating safety management requirements for different industries while also promoting learning between different high-risk domains. Standards and procedures, safety training, incident reporting and investigation, and safety culture are taken as examples to illustrate why and how different aspects of organizational functioning should be taken into account when designing and evaluating safety management systems or elements thereof.
Safety Science, 2011, 10p. Illus. 60 ref.
Safety_management.pdf [in English]

CIS 11-0632 Andersen S., Mostue B.A.
Risk analysis and risk management approaches applied to the petroleum industry and their applicability to IO concepts
Due to changes introduced by Integrated Operations (IO), it is possible that traditional risk analysis and risk management approaches in the oil and gas industry are also challenged. This article discusses the impact on these approaches of the Norwegian oil and gas industry. An explorative approach was chosen and the empirical findings are based on a survey of risk analysis and risk management in different business sectors in the oil and gas industry, qualitative interviews about the generation of knowledge for decisions that involve risk in an operating company and qualitative interviews of people working with risk analyses in different companies exploring their use of risk analysis methods. It is concluded that due to IO, it is necessary to look for other inputs to risk analyses, establish suitable assessment approaches to human and organizational issues, develop resilience-based approaches for operational risk assessment and, utilize IO to improve the risk management process.
Safety Science, 2011, 10p. Illus. 31 ref.
Risk_analysis.pdf [in English]

CIS 11-0631 Kines P., Lappalainen J., Lyngby Mikkelsen K., Olsen E., Pousette A., Tharaldsen J., Tómasson K., Törner M.
Nordic safety climate questionnaire (NOSACQ-50): A new tool for diagnosing occupational safety climate
There is increasing scientific support for the causal relation between safety climate and safety performance. Safety climate is defined as workgroup members' shared perceptions of manager as well as workgroup safety related policies, procedures and practices. In short, safety climate reflects workers' perception of the true value of safety in an organisation. This 50-item questionnaire (NOSACQ-50) was developed by a Nordic network of occupational safety researchers. It is based on organisational and safety climate theory, psychological theory, previous empirical research, and empirical results acquired through international studies and a continuous development process. This questionnaire was pilot tested in various industries in all the Nordic countries, and the results confirm its reliability and validity.
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 2011, Vol.41, p.634-646. Illus. 78 ref.
NOSACQ-50.pdf [in English]

CIS 11-0702 DeArmond S., Smith A.E., Wilson C.L., Chen P.Y., Cigularov K.P.
Individual safety performance in the construction industry: Development and validation of two short scales
The objective of this study was to develop a short measure of safety performance for use in the construction industry, and to explore the relationships between different components of safety performance and safety outcomes (occupational injuries and work-related pain) within the construction context. It was conducted by means of two field studies. In the first, comprehensive measures of safety compliance and safety participation were shortened and modified to be appropriate for use in construction. Evidence of reliability and validity is provided. Both safety compliance and safety participation were negatively related to occupational injuries, yet these two correlations were not statistically different. In the second study, relationships between these two components of safety performance and work-related pain frequency were investigated. Safety compliance had a stronger negative relationship with pain than safety participation. Implications of these and other findings are discussed.
Accident Analysis and Prevention, May 2011, Vol.43, No.3, p.948-954. 42 ref.

CIS 11-0422 Milosavljevic S., McBride D.I., Bagheri N., Vasiljev R.M., Carman A.B., Rehn B., Moore D.
Factors associated with quad bike loss of control events in agriculture
The objective of this study was to determine personal and workplace factors associated with quad bike loss of control events (LCEs) on New Zealand farms. Rural community databases were used to sample 130 farmers and farm workers. Fieldwork and survey investigated for prevalence of LCEs, farm type, farm terrain, personal measures and vehicle driving exposures. Seventy nine workers (61%) described a total of 200 LCEs. Increased driver height, increased body mass, non-flat farm terrain, increased driving speed and distance and greater whole body vibration exposure were significantly associated with LCEs. Taller and heavier drivers of quad bikes should be particularly vigilant for risk of an LCE. Vehicle speed, distance driven and choice of driving routes over difficult terrain are potentially modifiable factors which have behavioural components and should be considered as management strategies for reducing risk of on-farm quad bike LCEs.
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 2011, Vol.41, p.317-321. Illus. 21 ref.

CIS 10-0778 Lu Y., Li X.
A study on a new hazard detecting and controlling method: The case of coal mining companies in China
This article presents a new hazard detecting and controlling method based on system safety engineering. It enables the identification of hazards at different levels by dividing safety inspection into self-checking, working team checking, regional team checking and specialist team checking. A case study shows that this method is effective in improving safety within the coal mining industry in China.
Safety Science, Feb. 2011, Vol.49, No.2, p.279-285. Illus. 21 ref.

CIS 10-0860 Hopkins A.
Risk management and rule-compliance: Decision-making in hazardous industries
Risk-management and rule-compliance are inter-related strategies for promoting safety in hazardous industries. It is important that risk-management be translated into rule-compliance for end point decision-makers, where possible. This article demonstrates that this is what in fact happens for a wide range of operational decision-making, based on examples from several major accidents in oil refineries.
Safety Science, Feb. 2009, Vol.49, No.2, p.110-120. 26 ref.

2010

CIS 11-0647 Gyekye S.A., Salminen S.
Organizational safety climate and work experience
The study examined the relationships between work experience and several organizational safety climate factors: safety perceptions; job satisfaction; compliance with safety management policies; accident frequency. Participants were 320 Ghanaian industrial workers divided into two cohorts: experienced and inexperienced workers. Workplace safety perceptions were assessed with Hayes' 50-item work safety scale. MANOVA was used to test for differences of statistical significance. Significant differences were found between experienced cohorts and their inexperienced counterparts. Experienced workers indicated the best perceptions on safety, expressed the highest level of job satisfaction, were the most compliant with safety procedures and recorded the lowest accident frequency.
International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 2010, Vol.16, No.4, p.431-443. 64 ref.

CIS 11-0622 Maintenance at Total Belgium, or safety culture
La maintenance chez Total Belgium ou la culture de la sécurité [in French]
This article presents the occupational safety and health efforts undertaken by the maintenance contractor of a large refinery owned by a major oil company in the port of Antwerp, Belgium.
Prevent Focus, Oct. 2010, p.8-10. Illus.

CIS 11-0681 Ta G.C., Mokhtar M.B., Mokhtar A.B, Ismail A.B, Abu Yazid M.F.
Analysis of the comprehensibility of chemical hazard communication tools at the industrial workplace
In order to harmonize various chemical classification systems and ultimately provide consistent chemical hazard communication tools worldwide, the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) was endorsed by the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). Several countries, including Japan, Taiwan, Korea and Malaysia, are now in the process of implementing GHS. It is essential to ascertain the comprehensibility of chemical hazard communication tools that are described in the GHS documents, namely the chemical labels and Safety Data Sheets (SDS). Comprehensibility Testing (CT) was carried out with a mixed group of 150 industrial workers in Malaysia and factors that influence the comprehensibility were analyzed using one-way ANOVA. The ability of the respondents to retrieve information from the SDS was also tested in this study. The findings show that almost all the GHS pictograms meet the ISO comprehension criteria. It is concluded that the core elements that enhance the comprehension of the GHS pictograms and which are also essential in developing competent persons in the use of SDS are training and education.
Industrial Health, Nov. 2010, Vol.48, No.6, p.835-844. Illus. 26 ref.
Analysis_of_the_comprehensibility.pdf [in English]

CIS 11-0425 Carruth A.K., Levin J.L., Gilmore K., Bui T., Gallardo G., Evert W., Sealey L.
Cultural influences on safety and health education among Vietnamese fishermen
Each ethnic group has its own cultural background and history that influences how it views health behaviours. By virtue of their work history, many Vietnamese have pursued the fishing industry when migrating to the United States. Even though the fishing trades are among the most dangerous jobs in the world, there has been little attention in the literature to the significant role that culture plays in the expression and experience of occupational health practices among Vietnamese shrimp fishermen. Three focus group sessions were conducted to identify factors that hinder or facilitate receptivity to available training and to guide culturally appropriate content. Participants were recruited using purposive sampling among various Vietnamese shrimp fishermen communities in Texas. Findings highlight the importance of considering cultural factors in the design of workplace interventions that focus on changes in safety and occupational health behaviours.
Journal of Agromedicine, Oct.-Dec. 2010, Vol.15, No.4, p.375-385. 29 ref.

CIS 11-0215 Lemarié J.
Conservation-renovation: Protecting one's self for better protecting historical works of art
Conservation-restauration: savoir se protéger pour mieux protéger [in French]
This article discusses occupational safety and health among renovators of works of art, ancient artefacts or historical monuments, who are exposed to various hazards: chemicals used in the renovation process; cramped or unsuited work areas, coupled with often awkward postures that involve onsite work; noise; lifting of heavy loads; work at height and risk of falls; stress resulting from urgent orders. The article emphasizes the importance of raising consciousness of the risks involved and informing workers.
Travail et sécurité, Nov. 2010, No.711, p.42-43. Illus.
Conservation-restauration.pdf [in French]

CIS 11-0250 Allen J.A., Baran B.E., Scott C.W.
After-action reviews: A venue for the promotion of safety climate
This study investigated the role of after-action reviews on perceptions of safety climate at the group and organizational levels. Moderated and mediated regression analyses of data from 67 firefighting crews suggest that after-action review frequency positively influenced both levels of safety climate. Safety-oriented group norms fully mediated the relationship between after-action review frequency and group-level safety climate. Fire-station busyness moderated the relationship between after-action review frequency and organizational-level safety climate, such that the relationship was non-existent for highly busy stations. These findings suggest that after-action reviews constitute a specific venue through which managers can promote safety climate in high-risk environments.
Accident Analysis and Prevention, Mar. 2010, Vol.42, No.2, p.750-757. Illus. 60 ref.

CIS 11-0263 Desmarais L., Giraud L., Bélanger J., Trépanier J.
An evaluation of the implementation of safety advice by users: the case of the "user's guide" on conveyor safety - Exploratory phase
Evaluation de l'implantation des conseils de sécurité par les usagers - Le cas du guide de l'utilisateur relatif à la sécurité des convoyeurs - Phase exploratoire [in French]
A user's guide to conveyor belt safety protection from danger zones was published in Quebec in 2003, in order to reduce the number of accidents related to the use of this equipment in various industrial sectors. The guide proposed a series of measures aimed at achieving maximum safety in conveyor use and maintenance. The objective of this study was to evaluate the degree of workplace appropriation and application of the prevention advice stated in the guide, to identify possible obstacles to the use of such instructional material and to orient safety and health professionals in the development of their training programs.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2010. vii, 88p. Illus. 36 ref. Price: CAD 10.50. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
R-669.pdf [in French]

CIS 11-0027 Safe maintenance in practice - Success factors - Summary of an Agency report
Une maintenance sûre dans la pratique - Les clés de la réussite. Résumé d'un rapport de l'Agence [in French]
Mantenimiento seguro llevado a la práctica. Factores de éxito. Resumen de un informe de la Agencia [in Spanish]
This factsheet summarizes the findings of an Agency report on safe maintenance. Buildings and machinery become unsafe if they are not maintained properly. Yet maintenance can be a high-risk activity. Safe procedures for maintenance operations should be part of companies' safety management systems. This is more likely to happen if there is management commitment, employee involvement, effective risk assessment, good communication, safety training and effective use of more than one preventive measure. Many companies consider maintenance operations at the design stage of buildings and equipment to help eliminate risks during future maintenance operations. Examples of good practices implemented by a large chemicals manufacturer in Germany and a Belgian power station are included. The full report (available in English only) can be downloaded from this link.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2010. 2p. Illus. 2 ref.
Facts_96/EN [in English]
Facts_96/FR [in French]
Facts_96/ES [in Spanish]

CIS 11-0003 Safety on construction sites - Minimum standards of Veolia Water Solutions
La sécurité sur un chantier de construction - Standards minimums de VWS [in French]
Collection of 16 safety sheets on precautions to be taken on construction sites, aimed at employees of a large French water distribution enterprise.
Veolia Water Solutions and Technologies, L'Aquarène, 1 place de Montgolfier, 94417 Saint Maurice Cedex, France, no date. 51p. Illus.

CIS 10-0892 Kelloway E.K., Barling J.
Leadership development as an intervention in occupational health psychology
This article reviews studies linking leadership to individual well-being and safety in organizations. These include studies concerning leadership style, abusive supervision and organizational fairness. Intervention studies that suggest that these linkages are causal and that leadership development, usually in the form of training, is an effective intervention in occupational health psychology are highlighted. It is proposed that leadership development should be a main target for research on interventions in occupational health psychology. The characteristics of leadership development interventions and directions for future research are discussed.
Work and Stress, 3rd quarter 2010, Vol.24, No.3, p.260-279. 91 ref.

CIS 10-0634 Workplace health promotion for employees
Promotion de la santé au travail pour les salariés [in French]
Promoción de la salud en el lugar de trabajo para los trabajadores [in Spanish]
Four out of five European residents say that good health is crucial for their quality of life. Chronic disease has a major impact on quality of life. Many chronic diseases - e.g. heart diseases, type 2 diabetes, and cancer - can be largely prevented by a healthy lifestyle. These changes include improving the diet, enhancing physical fitness, and quitting smoking. This fact sheet explains that workplace health promotion means more than simply meeting the legal requirements for health and safety, but includes improving the way work is organized, improving the working environment, encouraging employees to get involved in healthy activities and encouraging personal development. It is also available in several other European languages.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2010. 2p. Illus. 11 ref.
Facts_94/EN.pdf [in English]
Facts_94/FR.pdf [in French]
Facts_94/ES.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 10-0632 Mainstreaming OSH into business management - Summary of an Agency report
Intégration de la SST dans la gestion des entreprises - Synthèse d'un rapport de l'Agence [in French]
Integración de la SST en la gestión de las empresas - Resumen de un informe de la Agencia [in Spanish]
Organizations deal with occupational safety and health (OSH) in different ways. Some have little expertise in OSH and simply react to occupational accidents, work-related diseases and absenteeism as they arise. Others strive to manage OSH more systematically and proactively by mainstreaming OSH into the organization's overall management. This fact sheet summarizes a report aimed at providing information on how OSH can be incorporated into general business management. The report comprises a literature review, an overview of related policies and examples of good practice. This fact sheet is also available in several other European languages.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2010. 2p. Illus. 2 ref.
Facts_92/EN.pdf [in English]
Facts_92/FR.pdf [in French]
Facts_92/ES.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 10-0631 Challenges and opportunities for mainstreaming OSH into university education - Summary of a Report
Défis et opportunités pour intégrer la SST dans l'enseignement universitaire - Résumé d'un rapport [in French]
Desafíos y oportunidades para la integración de la prevención de riesgos laborales en la educación universitaria - Resumen de un informe [in Spanish]
Future engineers, architects, medical professionals and business administrators and managers will all need to take account of occupational safety and health (OSH) aspects in their working lives. This fact sheet summarizes a report which demonstrates that there are more challenges to integrating OSH into university-level education compared with other levels of education. However, the cases presented also show that steps are being taken to mainstream OSH into university education in a variety of disciplines and in a variety of ways. The fact sheet is also available in several other European languages.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2010. 2p. Illus. 1 ref.
Facts_91/EN.pdf [in English]
Facts_91/FR.pdf [in French]
Facts_91/ES.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 10-0716 Montorselli N.B., Lombardini C., Magagnotti N., Marchi E., Neri F., Picchi G., Spinelli R.
Relating safety, productivity and company type for motor-manual logging operations in the Italian Alps
This study compared the performance of four logging crews in an Alpine region of Italy with respect to productivity, organization and safety. Crews from public companies showed a significantly lower frequency of risk-taking behaviour. The best safety performance was offered by the crew that had received formal safety training. Furthermore, the study negated the common prejudice that safety practice is inversely proportional to productivity. Instead, productivity was increased by introducing more efficient working methods and equipment. Implications of these findings ar discussed.
Accident Analysis and Prevention, Nov 2010, Vol.42, No.6, p.2013-2017. Illus. 31 ref.

CIS 10-0468 Kongsvik T., Almklov P., Fenstad J.
Organisational safety indicators: some conceptual considerations and a supplementary qualitative approach
This article discusses the extent to which indicators can represent organizational qualities in relation to safety and how a qualitative approach, the Operational Safety Condition (OSC) method, can be a supplement and help improve safety. In light of the recent Safety Science debate on safety indicators, it is suggested that it is difficult to capture organizational conditions using indicators, although they are indisputably important when identifying the risk of accidents. Safety climate and risk analysis approaches are discussed as methods that can build and assess indicators in relation to organizational safety quality. OSC and similar qualitative approaches can capture the complexity of organizational conditions, aid organizational learning at a double loop level and offer a tool for risk management.
Safety Science, Dec. 2010, Vol.48, No.10, p.1402-1411. Illus. 52 ref.

CIS 10-0330 Tharaldsen J.E., Mearns K.J., Knudsen K.
Perspectives on safety: The impact of group membership, work factors and trust on safety performance in UK and Norwegian drilling company employees
A safety consciousness survey was carried out at a contractor company providing well services for platform drilling on the Norwegian (NCS) and the United Kingdom Continental Shelves (UKCS). The objective was to explore the impact of group level characteristics, safety perceptions, predictability of shift rotations, exposure to accidents, trust and safety behaviour on safety performance, and whether perceptions and performance differed between the two countries. The findings are based on questionnaire data from two samples of personnel distributed across three installations on the UKCS and nine on the NCS. In addition, two focus group interviews were held in each country, with 15 participants in each. The results, challenges and implications for research and safety practitioners are discussed.
Safety Science, Oct. 2010, Vol.48, No.8, p.1062-1072. 66 ref.

CIS 10-0411 Smith D.R., Muto T., Sairenchi T., Ishikawa Y., Sayama S., Yoshida A., Townley-Jones M.
Hospital safety climate, psychosocial risk factors and needlestick injuries in Japan
To investigate the interactions between safety climate, psychosocial issues and needlestick and sharps injuries (NSI), a cross-sectional study was undertaken among nurses at a university teaching hospital in Japan (89% response rate). NSI were correlated with various aspects of hospital safety climate including supporting one another at work, the protection of staff against blood-borne diseases being a high management priority, managers doing their part to protect staff from blood-borne diseases, having unsafe work practices corrected by supervisors, having the opportunity to use safety equipment to protect against blood-borne disease exposures, having an uncluttered work area, and having minimal conflict within their department. This study demonstrated the importance of hospital safety climate in Japanese health care practice, particularly its relationship with NSI.
Industrial Health, Jan. 2010, Vol.48, No.1, p.85-95. Illus. 78 ref.
Hospital_safety_climate.pdf [in English]

CIS 10-0302 Annual report of JISHA - 2009
This report describes the organization and functions of the Japan Industrial Safety and Health Association (JISHA) and reviews activities during the year 2008-2009. These include: development of programmes relating to risk assessment and OSH management systems; ensuring health and promoting comfortable workplace environments; promoting safety and health education; expansion of the zero-accident campaign; provision of safety and health technical services; international cooperation; assistance to small and medium-size enterprises; safety and health publications; research and surveys; events and campaigns; Japan bioassay research centre.
Japan Industrial Safety and Health Association, 5-35-1, Shiba, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-0014, Japan, 2010. 43p. Illus.
Annual_report_of_JISHA_2009.pdf [in English]

CIS 10-0214 Implementing WSH 2018 for the marine sector in Singapore - Towards a progressive and pervasive safety and health culture
This document consists of the sector-specific plan to guide collective effort in achieving significant and sustained improvements in occupational safety and health in the Singapore marine sector, including shipbuilding, ship repair, rig building, offshore engineering, marine surveying services, salvaging of distressed vessels and cargo, as well as work done at anchorages. Contents: key statistics of the marine sector in Singapore, including accident statistics; roles and responsibilities; implementing Workplace Safety and Health (WSH) 2018 strategy for the marine sector in Singapore; action plans.
Workplace Safety and Health Council, 5 Maxwell Road, 20-00 Tower Block, MND Complex, Singapore 069110, 2010. 31p. Illus.
Implementing_WSH_2018_marine.pdf [in English]

CIS 10-0213 Implementing WSH 2018 for the construction sector in Singapore - Towards a progressive and pervasive safety and health culture
This document consists of the sector-specific plan to guide collective effort in achieving significant and sustained improvements in occupational safety and health in the Singapore construction sector. Contents: key statistics of the construction sector in Singapore, including accident statistics; roles and responsibilities; implementing Workplace Safety and Health (WSH) 2018 strategy for the construction sector in Singapore; action plans.
Workplace Safety and Health Council, 5 Maxwell Road, 20-00 Tower Block, MND Complex, Singapore 069110, 2010. 34p. Illus.
Implementing_WSH_2018_construction.pdf [in English]

CIS 10-0206 Pawlowska Z., Eeckelaert L.
Mainstreaming OSH into business management
Organizations deal with OSH in different ways: some have little expertise in OSH and react to problems such as occupational accidents, work-related diseases and absenteeism in an ad hoc way, while others strive to manage OSH more systematically, and even proactively, by implementing OSH into the organization's overall management. This report aims to provide evidence and information on how OSH can be incorporated into general management and business, thereby achieving safer and healthier working environments, and better general organizational performance. The report consists of three main parts, each with a different specific focus: literature review; overview of related policies; report of case studies and good practice.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2010. 189p. Illus. Approx. 140 ref. Price (excluding VAT): EUR 15.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
Mainstreaming_OSH.pdf [in English]

CIS 10-0133 Saulnier H., Jacques M.
Ageing of floorcovering subjected to mechanical solicitation
Evolution des revêtements de sols soumis à des agressions mécaniques [in French]
In most enterprises, the deterioration of floorcovering due to mechanical, chemical or thermal damage affects slip resistance. Procurement and installation of floorcovering is expensive, requiring enterprises to consider the long-term performance of the selected product. This article focuses on the changes in friction coefficient when floorcovering is subjected to the long-term damaging effects inherent to company operations. A test methodology was developed to simulate mechanical damage due to rolling and sliding. These tests allowed comparing the friction coefficients of five floor coverings used in the food industry. Findings are discussed.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, June 2010, No.219, p.57-63. Illus. 6 ref.
http://www.hst.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/ND%202330/$File/ND2330.pdf [in French]

CIS 10-0056 Richez J.P., Larcher C., Ravallec C.
Maintenance - Poorly understood and appreciated jobs
Maintenance - Une fonction méconnue et mal aimée [in French]
Topics addressed in this collection of articles on maintenance work: strenuousness; populations and enterprises involved; hazard evaluation at an automotive components manufacturer; safety training of young workers; safety improvements when erecting scaffolding for maintenance work in a nuclear power station; organization of safety during maintenance work at an automotive components manufacturer.
Travail et sécurité, Feb. 2010, No.703, p.18-33. Illus. 8 ref.
Maintenance.pdf [in French]

CIS 10-0008 Walters D.
The role of worker representation and consultation in managing health and safety in the construction industry
This literature survey discusses worker representation as a core constituent of efforts aimed at improving safety and health management in the construction sector. Findings show that worker representation effectively improves the safety and health outcomes in relation to management practices and safety culture, as well as safety performance in terms of injury rates. Several recommendations are proposed.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2010. iv, 48p. 88 ref.
http://www.bwint.org/pdfs/Paper%20workers%20participation%20OHS.pdf [in English]

2009

CIS 12-0047
BOMEL Limited, Health and Safety Executive
Understanding and influencing farmers' attitudes
This study has examined farmers' attitudes, and the underlying influences, to identify how these might be changed to help improve safety in the sector. An initial literature review showed that people's perceptions of risk are influenced by social, cultural and group processes but no studies look specifically at perceptions of risk and attitudes to safety among farmers. The main study examined the influences on farmers' attitudes based on interviews with 35 farmers either at their farm or at livestock markets in the South West and South East of England. The sample covered farmers on small and large farms. The study found that overall the farmers had positive attitudes and behaviours with respect to safety. However, negative attitudes and behaviours emerged in specific areas. Examples of good practice that emerged from the interviews with the farmers are included.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2009, x, 110p. Illus. 85 ref.
Understanding_and_influencing_farmers'_attitudes_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]

CIS 12-0046
BOMEL Limited, Health and Safety Executive
Engaging arboriculture clients: Safety and Health Awareness Days (SHADs)
This research was aimed at adapting and deploying a cultural barometer to assist the HSE agriculture team in assessing the impact of an arboriculture client Safety and Health Awareness Day (SHAD) event. The study took a measure of SHAD attendee's views prior to their attendance at an arboriculture client SHAD and also took the same pre-intervention measure from a matched control group, who did not attend the event. The study gathered insight into how arboriculture clients contract services, the nature of the contracts, their attitudes to employing competent contractors, the existing measures they have in place for contracting services and their intention to introduce improvement measures. It was recommended that in order to assess the impact of the arboriculture SHAD, a post-intervention measure be taken with both the target and control groups, using the same cultural barometer.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2009, 48p. Illus. 1 ref.
Engaging_arboriculture_clients_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]

CIS 11-0743 Bell J., Holroyd J.
Review of human reliability assessment methods
Human reliability assessment (HRA) involves the use of qualitative and quantitative methods to assess the human contribution to risk. There are many and varied methods available for HRA, with some high hazard industries developing individually-tailored industry focused methods. It was considered that it would be useful for HSE to be up to date with developments in the field of quantitative HRA methods and to have knowledge of the capability of the tools and an understanding of their strengths and weaknesses. Therefore, this project was commissioned to further HSE knowledge and expertise, and to form a view on the acceptability of the various tools for use in risk assessments.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2009. x, 78p. Approx. 100 ref.
RR_679.pdf [in English]

CIS 10-0569 Chinniah Y.
Machine safety: Commonly observed problems in the manufacturing sector in Quebec
This article presents an overview of some the most commonly-observed problems linked to machine safety in the manufacturing sector in the Canadian Province of Quebec. These observations result mainly from industrial visits carried out in more than 50 factories in the manufacturing sector since 2005. To improve machine safety, it is concluded that there is a need for improved risk assessments, machine guarding, integration of safety devices, application of lockout procedures and training. Additional applied research is also required in these areas in order to effectively implement the solutions.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Oct. 2009. Vol.25, No.5, p.405-410. 8 ref.

CIS 10-0191 Qun T.F., Kawakami T., eds.
ASEAN-OSHNET - Good occupational safety and health practices 2008/2009
This publication is a compilation of the many good OSH practices in terms of national OSH frameworks, enforcement, outreach, training and research developed in recent years in ASEAN (the Association of Southeast Asian Nations) member countries. These examples were first presented during the ASEAN-OSHNET Workshop on Good OSH Practices in Singapore in February 2009. The ASEAN-OSHNET functions to help member countries achieve better OSH performance. Under the ASEAN-OSHNET Plan of Action, adopted in 2007, all member countries aim to develop a national OSH profile and implement national OSH strategies or programmes by 2012.
ASEAN Occupational Safety and Health Network (ASEAN-OSHNET), Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare, P.O.Box 347, Pangkham Road, Vientiane Capital, Lao PRD, 2009. 78p. Illus. 16 ref.
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/---sro-bangkok/documents/publication/wcms_120410.pdf [in English]

CIS 10-0238 Kawakami T., Khai T.T., Kogi K.
Developing the WIND training programme in Asia
This report documents and analyses the course of the development of the WIND training programme in Vietnam and also the efforts of other countries in Asia. It pays particular attention to the usefulness of participatory training methodologies and how much the WIND programme has respected and supported the self-help initiative of local farmers. It will give an insight into participatory approaches for those who plan to apply the WIND programme and also for those who are interested in achieving local developments in a participatory manner. Contents: what is the WIND training programme; learning from the real working lives of local farmers and sugarcane processing workers in the Mekong Delta in Vietnam; birth of the WIND programme; developing the WIND farmer volunteer system; national policy support for the WIND training programme; WIND training programme in Cambodia, Mongolia and Thailand; factors in the success of the WIND training in Vietnam; recommendations for future developments of the WIND programme.
ILO Subregional Office for East Asia, United Nations Building, Rajdamnern Nok Avenue, P.O. Box 2-349, Bangkok 10200, Thailand, 2009. 117p. Illus. 32 ref.
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/---sro-bangkok/documents/publication/wcms_120488.pdf [in English]

CIS 10-0166 Prevention Yearbook 2008-2009 - Acting together - in shaping prevention
Jahrbuch Prävention 2008-2009 - Gemeinsam handeln - Prävention gestalten [in German]
Yearbook of the German regulatory accident insurance institution (DGUV) for 2008-2009. It gives an overview of occupational safety and health activities during these two years, with examples of programmes and campaigns in kindergartens, schools, universities and enterprises, and provides information on the German joint OSH strategy, research projects and international projects.
Deutsche Gesetzliche Unfallversicherung e.V. (DGUV), Mittelstrasse 51, 10117 Berlin, Germany, 2009, 100p. Illus.

CIS 09-1275 Høivik D., Tharaldsen J.E., Baste V., Moen B.E.
What is most important for safety climate: The company belonging or the local working environment? A study from the Norwegian offshore industry
The aim of this study was to examine the relative influence of offshore local installation safety climate and employer safety policies on employees' opinions concerning occupational safety and health. Data from a safety climate survey answered by 4479 Norwegian offshore petroleum employees in 2005 were analyzed. The specific offshore installation was considered more important than the employer. Other findings are discussed.
Safety Science, Dec. 2009, Vol.47, No.10, p.1324-1331. 36 ref.

CIS 09-1385 DeArmond S., Chen P.Y.
Occupational safety: The role of workplace sleepiness
This study explored safety behaviour as a mediator of the relationship between workplace sleepiness and occupational injuries. A survey was conducted among certified nursing assistants working in long-term care facilities. Data were obtained through focus groups and interviewer-administered questionnaires. A negative relationship was found between workplace sleepiness and safety behaviour, together with positive relationships between workplace sleepiness and occupational injuries, and pain frequency and severity.
Accident Analysis and Prevention, Sep. 2009, Vol.41, No.5, p.976-984. 99 ref.

CIS 09-1293 Drais E.
Occupational safety and health programmes faced with the challenge of uncertainty. Example of the precautionary principle applied to nanoparticles
La prévention à l'épreuve de l'incertitude. L'exemple de la précaution à l'égard des nanoparticules [in French]
Using the example of nanoparticles, this article discusses various decision-making and reasoning theories relating to the hazards, allowing societal concerns to be taken into account when designing occupational safety and health programmes.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 3rd Quarter 2009, No.216, p.53-58. Illus. 16 ref.
http://www.hst.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_catalog_date1_view_view/8C7A1423147B25AEC1257642003986CD/$FILE/pr40.pdf [in French]

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