Safety supervision - 543 entries found
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Guide to inspecting workplace
This guide consists of a series of checklists for workplace inspections involving the following activities and exposures: chemicals and harmful substances; electricity; manual tasks; slips and trips; working at heights; forklifts; new and young workers; machinery and plant; machinery guarding; noise; emergency procedures; violence and aggression; working alone.
Commission for occupational safety and health, 1260 Hay Street, PO Box 294, West Perth, WA 6872, Australia, no date. PDF document, 21p.
http://www.commerce.wa.gov.au/WorkSafe/PDF/Hazard_identification/priority_area_checklist.pdf [in English]
The international legal framework for nuclear security
This publication brings together the primary legally binding international instruments and the internationally accepted non-binding instruments that constitute the international legal framework for nuclear security. It sets out the legislative bases for the mandate of the International Atomic Energy Agency in the area of nuclear security, in order to increase awareness of the Agency's role in facilitating national, regional and international efforts to enhance nuclear security, including measures to protect against nuclear terrorism. It is intended that the overview of the salient provisions of the relevant binding and non-binding instruments will increase the understanding of the existing legal framework governing nuclear security and counter-terrorism and thereby assist States, intergovernmental organizations and other stakeholders in the implementation of those provisions at the national, regional and international level.
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Wagramerstrasse 5, P.O. Box 100, 1400 Wien, Austria, 2011. 23p. Price: EUR 26.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
IAEA_International_Law_Series_No. 4.pdf [in English]
Baril-Gingras G., Bellemare M., Poulin P., Ross J.
Conditions and process of change during outside OHS interventions: Development of tools for practitioners
Conditions et processus de changement lors d'interventions externes en SST - Elaboration d'outils pour les praticiens [in French]
A model explaining preventive OHS interventions, developed during a previous study, identified various aspects that help to explain the adoption of changes in the workplace, following external prevention interventions. Several of these aspects are social and organizational, rather than technical. Practitioners develop practical knowledge that is still not widely integrated into the training of OHS professionals, and hence the interest in providing external practitioners with the tools for analyzing these aspects of the interventions. Four tools were created in collaboration with a group of practitioners from joint sector-based associations and occupational health teams from the public network: a log book, a tool for analyzing the intervention context, a roadmap and an intervention assessment tool. These tools support prevention organizations and external OHS practitioners in decisions to improve the effectiveness of the interventions. They can also be used to fulfil the need for knowledge transfer between experienced practitioners and their colleagues. Six appendices published separately accompany the report: presentation of the tools; logbook guide; context analysis guide; roadmap guide; assessment guide tool; repository.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2010. xi, 123p. 82 ref. Price: CAD 11.55. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
R-647.pdf [in French]
Annexe_A1.pdf [in French]
Annexe_A2.pdf [in French]
Annexe_A3.pdf [in French]
Annexe_A4.pdf [in French]
Annexe_A5.pdf [in French]
Annexe_A6.pdf [in French]
Integrating equipment safety checks and preventive maintenance
Integración de la revisión de seguridad de los equipos y el mantenimiento preventivo [in Spanish]
This practical information sheet defines the main elements of the planned integration of equipment safety and maintenance, the checks being carried out according to schedules designed for each equipment. It also presents examples of an integrated inspection and maintenance checklist and a list of safety-critical elements of a machine or equipment.
Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, Dec. 2010, No.60, p.42-43. 1 ref.
Integración_de_la_revisión_de_seguridad.pdf [in Spanish]
Health and Safety Executive
Report of qualitative research amongst "hard to reach" small construction site operators
In recent years, there has been a significant reduction in fatal accidents and other injuries in the United Kingdom construction sector. This reduction has been attributed in part to the focus of the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) on influencing large firms. In order to encourage the continuation of this downward trend, the HSE's Small Sites Project was established to bring about the adoption of sensible risk management strategies to improve standards of safety and health on small sites, with a specific focus on sites with the presence of five or fewer employees. The objective of this project was to reveal more about how the small sites operate and the intermediaries and the factors which influence those who control small sites in order to inform a programme of positively influencing behaviour on small sites. Data were collected by means of face-to-face interviews with over 30 site managers. Findings are discussed.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2009, vi, 42p. Illus.
Report_of_qualitative_research_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Bestratén Belloví M., Iranzo García Y.
Hazard identification and assessment in SMEs: A new INHST computer-based tool
Identificación y evaluación de riesgos en PYMES - Nueva aplicación informática del INSHT [in Spanish]
This article presents a new tool for occupational hazard assessment in SMEs developed by the Spanish National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. This tool in the form of questionnaires allows to highlight deficiencies in the enterprises' safety issues and suggests preventive measures to fill these gaps.
Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, Oct. 2009, No.54, p.6-11. Illus.
Burlet-Vienney D., Jocelyn S., Chinniah Y., Daigle R., Massé S.
Analysing the contents of a lockout programme
Vérification du contenu d'un programme de cadenassage [in French]
Despite the high frequency of accidents attributable to maintenance, repair and unjamming work on industrial machines, lockout is still not well known and not extensively used. However, it is a means provided for in Quebec regulations for reducing the risks to workers who use these machines. This document presents the main elements which have to be analyzed when developing the lockout programme of an enterprise.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2009. 19p. Illus. 7 ref.
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RF-617.pdf [in French]
Chinniah Y., Boukas E.K., Pizzaro-Chong A., El Aboudi M., Burlet-Vienney D., Sirard C., Daigle R.
Development of an observation and follow-up tool for lockout procedures on an injection press - Feasibility study
Développement d'un outil d'observation et de suivi des procédures de cadenassage sur une presse à injection - Etude de faisabilité [in French]
Although the Regulation respecting occupational health and safety requires that a machine be locked out before any maintenance, repair or unjamming work is done, a recent study by the IRSST showed that this raises major difficulties for companies. To ensure the application of the lockout procedures, companies should have means of verifying this. This report evaluated the feasibility of designing an observation and follow-up tool for lockout procedures and defined the requirements for its development. By using a plastic injection press located in the IRSST's laboratory, a preliminary version of an intelligent tool consisting of three electronic wireless communication cards was developed. The limitations and difficulties involved in the development and application of this tool in an industrial environment are discussed.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2009. viii, 79p. Illus. 43 ref. Price: CAD 12.60. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-615.pdf [in French]
Chinniah Y., Burlet-Vienney D., Daigle R.
Comparative analysis of lockout regulations, standards and programs from Quebec enterprises
Etude comparative des règlements, normes et programmes d'entreprises québécoises sur le cadenassage [in French]
Based on Quebec's health and safety regulations, lockout procedures must be applied to reduce risks associated with hazardous situations during maintenance, repair and unjamming activities. Lockout is defined in the Canadian Standard CSA Z460-05 as the replacement of a lock or tag on an energy-isolating device in accordance with an established procedure, indicating that the energy-isolating device is not to be operated until the removal of the lock or tag in accordance with accepted procedure. However, several questions still exist on the concept of lockout and associated regulatory requirements. A review of the literature in this area and a survey of Quebec enterprises retrieved 28 Canadian and international regulations, 5 standards and 31 company lockout programmes. Comparative analysis of these documents revealed that the concept of lockout means different things, legal requirements on lockout vary between countries and between Canadian provinces, content of lockout programmes vary and lockout programmes obtained from the 31 enterprises in Quebec do not fully comply with Quebec regulations and have several elements which are missing compared to the CSA Z460-05 Standard, notably programme review, application review and alternative methods.
Travail et santé, Dec. 2009, Vol.25, No.4, p.23-27. Illus. 36 ref.
Torp S., Grøgaard J.B.
The influence of individual and contextual work factors on workers' compliance with health and safety routines
This study investigated the relationships between workers' compliance with occupational safety and health (OSH) rules adopted within the enterprise and psychological demands, decision authority, social support, management support, unionization and the OSH management system. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was performed among 1051 workers and the managers of 102 small- and medium-sized motor vehicle repair shops in Norway. Multilevel modeling was performed to account for the hierarchical structure of the data. At the worker level, high compliance with OSH rules correlated significantly with both social support and OSH-related management support. At the garage level, management support and a well-developed OSH management system correlated significantly with high workers' compliance. Other findings are discussed.
Applied Ergonomics, Mar.2009, Vol.40, No.2, p.185-193. Illus. 53 ref.
Avoiding an accident excuse pile-up
One person is killed every 3.5 days by forklifts in the United States, with 20,000 additional workers seriously injured each year. Many of these accidents are caused by unsafe driving behaviour. OSHA has identified forklifts as the sixth-leading cause of safety violations. There are more than one million forklifts currently in operation across the United States. This article discusses the use of monitoring devices as an effective means of promoting safe forklift driving behaviour.
Occupational Hazards, Sep. 2008, Vol.70, No.8, p.88, 90-92. Illus.
Phan Chan Thé E.
Addictive behaviour and safety-critical jobs
Conduites addictives et postes de sécurité [in French]
This article discusses the management of addictive behaviour in occupational settings, with an emphasis on screening for the abuse of drugs and alcohol among persons assigned to safety-critical jobs. Two examples of safety-critical jobs are presented: truck drivers and dock handlers. The article also presents various statistics that help understand the importance and the severity of the problem of substance addiction in France.
Préventique-Sécurité, Jan.-Feb. 2008, No.97, p.76-81. Illus.
Construction site cranes - Optimizing preparation before commissioning
Grue de chantier - Optimiser la préparation avant la mise en service [in French]
This article addresses regulatory checks that need to be made prior to signing-off the operation of cranes on construction sites. They include in particular checks during erection and verifications that the equipment is suited to its expected use. In cases where the crane encroaches on public land, the enterprise must obtain local authority permission. In all cases, it is essential to consult the manufacturer's documentation and to comply with its requirements. Topics: overhead power cables; taking the effect of wind into account; electronic safety systems; cabins; training and information of crane operators by construction site managers.
Prévention BTP, Apr. 2008, No.106, p.34-35. Illus.
Superintendencia de Riesgos del Trabajo
Resolution 1629/2007. Approval of the Regulation concerning the recognition of the implementation of occupational safety and health management systems [Argentina]
Resolución 1629/2007. Apruébase el "Reglamento para el reconocimiento de implementación de los sistemas de gestión de la seguridad y la salud en el trabajo" [Argentina] [in Spanish]
This regulation specifies the requirements and procedures for the recognition of the implementation of occupational safety and health management systems by the Argentinian public OSH institution (Superintendencia de riesgos del trabajo, SRT), and presents a model of the enterprise management system validation document.
Boletín Oficial de la República Argentina, 26 October 2007, No.31.268, p.50-51. Illus.
Superintendencia de Riesgos del Trabajo
Resolution 523/2007. Decree 249/2007. Approval of the national directives on occupational safety and health management systems [Argentina]
Resolución 523/2007. Apruébanse las "Directrices nacionales para los sistemas de gestión de la seguridad y la salud en el trabajo" [Argentina] [in Spanish]
This resolution approves the national directives on occupational safety and health management systems based on ILO OSH 2001. It defines enterprise policy concerning OSH, organization and responsibilities within the enterprise, system planning and implementation, system evaluation, corrective actions and continuous improvement of the system.
Boletín Oficial de la República Argentina, 17 April 2007, No.31.136, p.17-31. Illus.
Regulation of the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy of 2 March 2007 amending the regulation on general provisions of occupational safety and health [Poland]
Rozporządzenie Ministra Pracy i Polityki Społecznej z dnia 2 marca 2007 r. zmieniające rozporządzenie w sprawie ogólnych przepisów bezpieczeństwa i higieny pracy [in Polish]
This regulation transposes into Polish legislation the provisions of occupational safety and health Directives of the EU, namely Council Directives 89/391/EEC of 12 June 1989 on the introduction of measures to encourage improvements in the safety and health of workers at work (see CIS 89-1401) and 89/654/EEC of 30 November 1989 concerning the minimum safety and health requirements for the workplace (see CIS 90-356). The regulation is effective of 20 June 2007.
Dziennik Ustaw, 20 Mar. 2007, No.49, p.3120-3123.
http://infor.pl/skany/spis.php?rodzaj=dzu&rok=2007&num=49&poz=330&str=0001 [in Polish]
Seguridad basada en la conducta [in Spanish]
This article presents the process of behaviour-based safety, a method based on observation and feedback. Workers observe how various tasks are carried out by their colleagues, and positive or negative remarks are discussed with the objective of improving safety within the enterprise. The behaviour-based safety method includes four key elements: workers' participation and management involvement; systematic approach; observation walks within the enterprise aimed at improving working methods; positive feedback.
Prevención, Oct.-Dec. 2007, No.182, p.20-26. Illus.
http://documentacion.apa.es/pdfs/revista/P182_2.pdf [in Spanish]
Health and Safety Executive
Gas appliances: Get them checked - Keep them safe
This leaflet aimed at users of gas appliances explains the risk of carbon monoxide poisoning when using defective equipment. It describes the symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning, gives guidance on what should never be done and on the frequency of safety checks. It also recalls that gas appliances are covered by the Gas and Safety (Installation and Use) Regulations 1998 (see CIS 00-924).
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Oct. 2002, reprinted 2007. 8p. Illus. 2 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg238.pdf [in English]
Scaffolding - Points that need to be checked
Echafaudages - Points de vérification [in French]
To allow scaffolding to be used safely, prior checks need to be made on four specific items, namely collective protection, access, fastening and stability. These requirements are specified in article R.233-13-35 section 2 of the French Labour Code.
Prévention BTP, Feb. 2007, No.93, p.30-31. Illus.
Ban on asbestos diaphragms in the chlorine-related chemical industry and efforts toward a worldwide ban
The EU Directive 1999/77/EC (see CIS 99-1767), prohibiting new applications of chrysotile, exempted diaphragms used in electrolysis to produce chlorine and caustic soda in existing chlor-alkali plants until they reach the end of their service life, or until suitable asbestos-free substitutes become available, whichever is sooner. There is no technical justification for extending this exemption after January 2008, when it is scheduled for review. Economic interests should not take precedence over the social and environmental costs imposed by the asbestos production required for this industry. The EU Scientific Committee on Toxicity, Ecotoxicity and the Environment should not further delay the necessary decision on a total and immediate worldwide ban of the mining, manufacturing, and all uses of asbestos.
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, Jan.-Mar. 2007, Vol.13, No.1, p.80-84. Illus. 12 ref.
http://www.ijoeh.com/pfds/IJOEH_1301_Giannasi.pdf [in English]
Shahriari M., Shee A., Örtengren R.
Evaluation of the alarm system in an oil refinery - An improvement approach
The objective of this study was to evaluate and improve the alarm system in the control room of an oil refinery in Northern Europe. It involved on-site observations during several weeks, together with a review of historical incidents having caused alarms. Although the system was found to be generally safe, some improvements are proposed.
Ergonomia, Jan-Mar. 2006, Vol. 28, No.1. p.53-68. Illus. 16 ref.
Global code of integrity for labour inspection
Code global d'intégrité pour l'inspection du travail [in French]
Labour inspectorates are in a position to influence the development of safe, healthy, fair and productive workplaces. IALI recognizes that ethical practices and high professional standards are central to the ability of any labour inspectorate to provide the best possible services to the social partners and the wider community. The code of integrity represents a commitment to ensure that persons who work in labour inspectorates will at all times act with professionalism, respect, neutrality and integrity when performing their duties. The code is designed to assist persons employed in labour inspectorates to understand their obligations as public officials and to ensure that the standards of conduct expected of them by their organization and the community are met. The code also establishes the commitment of the labour inspectorate organization to facilitate a work environment that allows individuals to work to the values described in the code. Also published in Portuguese, Chinese, Russian and Polish.
International Association of Labour Inspection, Secretariat, Inspection du Travail et des Mines, P. O. Box 27, 2006 Luxembourg, 2006. 16p. Illus.
http://www.iali-aiit.org/iali/download/directions/Code_of_Integrity.pdf [in English]
http://www.iali-aiit.org/iali/download/directions/Code_d_Integrite.pdf [in French]
http://www.iali-aiit.org/iali/download/directions/Code_of_Integrity_ES.pdf [in Spanish]
http://www.iali-aiit.org/iali/download/directions/Code_of_integrity_POLAND.pdf [in Polish]
http://www.iali-aiit.org/iali/download/directions/Code_of_Integrity_PT.pdf [in Portuguese]
http://www.iali-aiit.org/iali/download/directions/Code_of_integrity_RUSSIA.pdf [in Russian]
http://www.iali-aiit.org/iali/download/directions/AIIT_ch_18pp.pdf [in Chinese]
In favour of banning the "dirty dozen". Saying no to the most harmful pesticides
Por la prohibición de la "docena sucia": No a los plaguicidas más nocivos [in Spanish]
This document consists of a plea for banning the "dirty dozen" organic compounds which are very difficult to eliminate (POP) and which are also highly-toxic pesticides. In this perspective, a survey was carried out among the Bolivian, Columbian, Ecuadorian and Peruvian sections of the Andean Consultative Council on Labour Issues (CCLA) on their perceptions with respect to impairments to health and the environment from these products in the respective countries. Findings are presented and discussed.
Instituto laboral andino (ILA), Av. Paseo de la Republica 3832, Oficina 502, San Isidro, Lima 27, Peru, 2006. 40p. Illus.
http://www.ila.org.pe/publicaciones/docs/doc_05.pdf [in Spanish]
For the banning of asbestos in the Andean sub-region
Por la prohibición del amianto o asbesto en la Subregión Andina [in Spanish]
This document analyses the situation with respect to the use of asbestos in the countries of the sub-Andean region, based on a survey carried out in Bolivia, Columbia, Peru, Ecuador and Venezuela. It examines in particular the volume of imports and the production and uses of asbestos, as well as the management of the hazards and the level of information on the risks in the various countries. Bolivia and Columbia are in favour of controlling the uses of the product, while Peru and Venezuela are in favour of an outright ban.
Instituto laboral andino (ILA), Av. Paseo de la Republica 3832, Oficina 502, San Isidro, Lima 27, Peru, 2006. 28p. Illus. 7 ref.
http://hesa.etui-rehs.org/uk/newsevents/files/doc_asbesto.pdf [in Spanish]
Hagemeyer O., Otten H., Kraus T.
Asbestos consumption, asbestos exposure and asbestos-related occupational diseases in Germany
As in most industrial countries, asbestos is a leading cause of occupational diseases, especially malignant diseases, in Germany. Following the increased consumption of asbestos after World War I, the recognition of asbestos related diseases developed. At the end of the 1930s, Germany was the first country to accept lung cancer in combination with asbestosis as an occupational disease and to initiate the endeavour for reduction of asbestos dust exposure. Nevertheless, after World War II asbestos use increased dramatically in the country. The ban on asbestos came into force in 1993. Until then, several hundreds of thousands of workers had inhaled asbestos and the number of asbestos-related diseases increased. In this review, the history and current status on asbestos consumption, asbestos exposure and asbestos related occupational diseases in Germany is presented.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Sep. 2006, Vol.79, No.8, p.613-620. Illus. 48 ref.
Asbestos is not banned in North America
Around the world, local asbestos industries oppose asbestos bans by pointing out that asbestos is not banned in the USA. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ban rule was overturned in a court challenge in 1991, and legislation to ban asbestos in the USA has been proposed but not yet been enacted. U.S. asbestos use has continued to plummet by over 90 % in the years since the ban was overturned, driven by public concerns, liability considerations and government regulations. The USA continues to import asbestos products that have not been manufactured in the USA for many years. Canada exports almost all of the asbestos from its mines, most of it to developing countries. Only 40 countries have ratified the International Labour Organization Asbestos Convention providing for minimal basic safeguards in asbestos use (see CIS 88-714). Public health workers seeking to widen the number of national asbestos bans consider Canada and the USA to be high priorities, despite the minimal market for asbestos products in these countries.
European Journal of Oncology, June 2006, Vol.11, No.2, p.85-88. 9 ref.
Liotard K., et al
Chrysotile asbestos: Hazardous to humans, deadly to the Rotterdam Convention
One of the aims of the Rotterdam Convention is to protect vulnerable populations in developing countries from hazardous substances by banning certain substances and making exporting countries share the risk with importing countries. This booklet contains a series of articles appealing for a ban on chrysotile asbestos, which is the only remaining form of asbestos not covered by the Convention. Authors include representatives of trade unions and non-governmental organizations.
Building and Wood Workers' International, 54 route des Acacias, Genève 1227, Switzerland, 2006. Internet document (pdf format). 30p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://www.lkaz.demon.co.uk/chrys_hazard_rott_conv_06.pdf [in English]
Rubio Romero J.C., Moreno Ortiz F.M.
Changes to the occupational safety and health regulations on safety audits introduced by Royal Decree 604/2006
Modificaciones introducidas por el Real Decreto 604/2006 en el reglamento de los servicios de prevención, en lo que respecta a las auditorias reglamentarias [in Spanish]
This article reviews and comments on the changes to the occupational safety and health regulations on safety audits introduced by Spanish Royal Decree 604/2006. These changes concern in particular the frequency of these audits, the content and methodology applied and the action plan needed to address the gaps identified.
Prevención, Apr.-June 2006, No.176, p.42-50. Illus. 4 ref.
Charlot E., Nadeau S., Kenné J.P.
Impact of the safety locking of machines on the risk of accidents and production costs
Impact du contrôle du cadenassage sur les risques d'accidents et les coûts de la production [in French]
Contents of this article on the safety locking of machines: accident risks faced by maintenance workers in the absence of machine locking; disconnection methods; protection against the inadvertent start of machines; summary of the findings of a study on the cost implications of safety locking that takes into account both accident risks and productivity losses due to machine down time.
Travail et santé, Sep. 2006, Vol.22, No.3, p.48-52.Illus. 8 ref.
International Social Security Association (ISSA)
Asbestos: Towards a worldwide ban
Al-asbistūs: Bitjāh farḍ ḥaṯir (ālamī (alaihi [in Arabic]
Asbest: Auf dem Weg zu einem weltweiten Verbot [in German]
Shimian: zhengzai mianlin quanqiu jinyong [in Chinese]
L'amiante: vers une interdiction mondiale [in French]
Amianto: Rumo ao banimento global [in Portuguese]
El Amianto: hacia una prohibición mundial [in Spanish]
This brochure by ISSA's Special Commission on Prevention highlights the need for an immediate ban on the production and use of asbestos. It seeks to alert decision-makers and all the social partners of the devastating consequences, both human and economic, which any short-term policy would bring in the decades ahead. Contents: origin, production and use of asbestos; health effects; cost of asbestos-related diseases; management of risks due to asbestos already in place; and main alternatives to traditional uses of asbestos.
ISSA Publications, Case postale 1, 1211 Geneva 22, Switzerland, 2006. 36p. Illus.
http://www.issa.int/pdf/prevention/amiante-portuguais.pdf [in Portuguese]
http://www.issa.int/pdf/prevention/7amiante-arabe-Web.pdf [in Arabic]
http://www.issa.int/pdf/prevention/4amianteWeb.pdf [in German]
http://www.issa.int/pdf/prevention/2amiantelWeb.pdf [in English]
http://www.issa.int/pdf/prevention/3amianteWeb.pdf [in Spanish]
http://www.issa.int/pdf/prevention/1amianteWeb.pdf [in French]
http://www.issa.int/pdf/prevention/6amiante-chin-Web.pdf [in Chinese]
Planning and checking maintenance - Groundwork for efficient and safe work
Planifier et surveiller la maintenance - Bases pour un travail efficace et en toute sécurité [in French]
Instandhaltung planen und überwachen - Voraussetzung für effizientes und sicheres Arbeiten [in German]
Pianificare e controllare la manutenzione - La premessa per lavorare con efficienza e in piena sicurezza [in Italian]
To work safety and efficiently, machinery and equipment need to be in perfect working order. This can only be achieved through systematic maintenance. This booklet explains how to plan, record, and control and document maintenance activities aimed at preventing occupational accidents and diseases and reducing the costs associated with lost working hours.
Suva, Gesundheitsschutz, Postfach, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 2006. 11p. 6 ref.
http://wwwitsp1.suva.ch/sap/its/mimes/waswo/99/pdf/66121-f.pdf [in French]
http://wwwitsp1.suva.ch/sap/its/mimes/waswo/99/pdf/66121-d.pdf [in German]
http://wwwitsp1.suva.ch/sap/its/mimes/waswo/99/pdf/66121-i.pdf [in Italian]
Pérez Capitán L.
The job of the accredited technician - The new system for controlling occupational safety and health regulations
La figura del técnico habilitado - El nuevo sistema de fiscalización de la normativa preventiva [in Spanish]
This article reviews Royal Decree 689/2005, focusing on the activities of accredited technicians responsible for verifying compliance with occupational safety and health regulations within enterprises. Contents: legal status of accredited technicians with respect to inspection (required qualifications for the job, loss of accreditation); activities of accredited technicians; control procedures and procedures for initiating penalties.
Prevención, Jan.-Mar. 2006, No.175, p.22-47. Illus.
http://www.cfnavarra.es/insl/doc/legislacion/Perez_175b.pdf [in Spanish]
Asbestos codes of practice and guidance - An introduction
This document explains the provisions of all Australian Safety and Compensation Council publications relating to asbestos. These include: the national exposure standard for asbestos; national asbestos prohibition instruments; codes of practice for the safe removal of asbestos and for the management and control of asbestos in workplaces; and the guidance note on the membrane filter method for estimating airborne asbestos fibres.
Australian Safety and Compensation Council, email@example.com, 2006. 11p.
http://www.ascc.gov.au/NR/rdonlyres/DF325C8E-609F-43F0-9F27-26DE775E300E/0/ASCC_IntroductionAsbestos_cop.pdf [in English]
Portable fire extinguishers: Verification and maintenance according to NF S 61-919
Extincteurs portatifs: vérification et maintenance selon la NF S 61-919 [in French]
Contents of this technical information sheet on the verification and maintenance of portable fire extinguishers: definition of a portable fire extinguisher; control operations; inspections; maintenance; minimum maintenance intervals and expected useful life; maintenance label; maintenance procedure details; refilling tolerances; regulatory requirements with respect to fire extinguisher maintenance.
Face au risque, May 2006, No.423, p.39-44. Illus.
Douté M., Bohy M.
Fire protection equipment: What maintenance operations?
Matériel incendie: quelles opérations de maintenance? [in French]
This article describes the maintenance operations required under French regulations aimed at ensuring the good working condition of fire prevention equipment and systems. Topics addressed: types of maintenance (protective, corrective); checks and controls; role of inspection services; tables summarizing relevant regulations and standards.
Face au risque, May 2006, No.423, p.19-21. Illus.
Freixa Blanxart A., de Monserrat Vallvè J, Colomer Cotta J.
Asbestos surveying in buildings (I): Situation in Spain and activities related to diagnosis in France
Diagnóstico de amianto en edificios (I):situación en España y actividades vinculadas a diagnóstico en Francia [in Spanish]
This information note describes the situation concerning asbestos in Spain since the prohibition of its manufacture and sale in 2001 and identifies current sources of exposure. Relevant legislation is summarized and limits of exposure are listed. Legal requirements in France for the evaluation of asbestos in buildings and for the protection of workers at risk are presented. See NTP 708 (CIS 06-1182) for methods used in France for the identification of asbestos products in buildings.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2006. 8p. Illus. 20 ref.
http://www.mtas.es//insht/ntp/ntp_707.htm [in Spanish]
The safe isolation of plant and equipment
This guidance describes procedures for the safe isolation of process plant and equipment in the onshore and offshore oil and gas industry, in chemical manufacturing and in pipelines associated with these industries. The procedures are designed to reduce the risk of releasing hazardous substances during intrusive activity such as maintenance and sampling operations. Contents: management of isolations; safe systems of work for isolation activities; key stages of process isolation; isolation conditions requiring specific considerations.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 2006. iv, 57p. Illus. 33 ref. Price: GBP 12.95.
Health and Safety Executive
An evaluation of current legislative requirements for verification of elements critical to the safety of offshore installations
This report presents and discusses research undertaken to evaluate the effects of the amendment made in 1996 to the Offshore Installations (Safety Case) Regulations (1992) which introduced a requirement for the verification of the safety-critical elements of an offshore installation by an independent and competent person. Prior to the introduction of verification, offshore installations were required to have a Certificate of Fitness. The present work attempted to determine the difference in cost-benefit terms between the two regimes. However, there were insufficient cost data available to allow a meaningful quantitative comparison. Therefore, a revised methodology was implemented and qualitative data were collected by means of interviews and analysed to allow a subjective comparison of the two regimes. Recommendations for improvement of the verification process are proposed.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2005. xvi, 26p. Illus. 3 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr397.pdf [in English]
Adapt the company to labour law provisions: Commentary on the occupational safety and health checklist for a building site
Dostosuj zakład do przepisów prawa pracy: Komentarz do listy kontrolnej bhp na budowie [in Polish]
A procedure and checklist for ensuring safe working conditions on a building site are presented with explanations and information relating to individual checklist items.
Państwowa Inspekcja Pracy, ul. Krucza 38/42, 00-926 Warszawa, Poland, 2005. 64p. 37 ref.
http://www.pip.gov.pl/html/pl/doc/07040054_a.pdf [in Polish]
http://www.pip.gov.pl/html/pl/doc/07040054_b.pdf [in Polish]
http://www.pip.gov.pl/html/pl/doc/07040054_d.pdf [in Polish]
http://www.pip.gov.pl/html/pl/doc/07040054_c.pdf [in Polish]
Inspection and reports
This data sheet sets out mandatory requirements for inspection and reporting on construction sites. It covers the inspection of: excavations, cofferdams and caissons, existing places of work, work platforms, collective fall arrest systems, personal fall protection systems, ladders and stepladders.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, rev. ed. 2005. 4p.
Budworth N., Cox S.
This article explains how safety audits can contribute towards the development of a safety culture within an enterprise. It discusses the attitudes of company senior management to audits, the use of computerized audit systems, the various audit standards such as HSG65 and OHSAS 18000, the selection of an audit tool that is adapted to the conditions of the enterprise and the importance of the resulting action plan.
Safety and Health Practitioner, July 2005, Vol.23, No.7, p.46-48. Illus. 3 ref.
Forbidden work for adolescents - new regulations
Prace wzbronione młodocianym - nowe przepisy [in Polish]
A new decree of the Council of Ministers of August 24, 2004 provides a list of the occupational activities which adolescents are forbidden to undertake and describes the conditions that have to be met when employing young people to perform dangerous work. The most important resolutions of the Council Directive 94/33/EC (CIS 94-1810)included in the regulations are pointed out and important changes to the previous regulations in force are listed.
Służba Pracownicza, 2005, No.2, p.35-37.
Safety rules and regulations on mine sites - The problem and a solution
A survey of safety attitudes was conducted at 33 mine sites in Australia and other countries, involving almost 500 mineworkers. The questionnaire survey investigated the opinions of the mining workforce on safety rules and regulations generally and in relation to their specific jobs on the mine site. The insights provided by the mineworkers enabled a set of principles to be developed to guide mine management and regulators in the development of more effective rules and regulations. In particular, it was noted that management should not continue to produce more and more rules and regulations to cover every aspect of mining, since detailed prescriptive regulations, safe work procedures, and voluminous safety management plans will not "connect" with a miner.
Journal of Safety Research, 2005, Vol.36, No.1, p.39-50. Illus. 14 ref.
Port safety and health audit manual
The aim of this manual is to help appointed independent and trained auditors in the following areas: to identify strengths, weaknesses and gaps in national and port regulations and policies with regard to safety and health, enforcement, monitoring and reporting, facilities and services, and human resource training and development; to complete a comprehensive audit report, detailing any non-conformities detected; and to prepare a proposed action plan for the management to rectify detected nonconformities. An audit checklist is provided for each of three ILO instruments: the Occupational Safety and Health (Dock Work) Convention, 1979, the Occupational Safety and Health (Dock Work) Recommendation, 1979 and the ILO Code of Practice on Safety and Health in Ports (2005).
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2005. 232p. Illus. 18 ref.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/sector/papers/maritime/ports-safety-health-manual.pdf [in English]
Health and Safety Executive
Guidance on permit-to-work systems - A guide for the petroleum, chemical and allied industries
This document describes good practice in the use of permit-to-work systems, and as such may be useful to operators using permit-to-work systems as part of a demonstration that risks have been reduced to as low as reasonably practicable (ALARP). The guidance is applicable to the onshore and offshore petroleum industry, onshore chemical and allied industries and other industries where permit-to-work systems are used. Topics addressed: definition of a permit-to-work system; when permit-to-work systems are required; harmonizing roles within permit-to-work systems; responsibilities; training and competence; layout of a permit-to-work; work planning and risk assessment; monitoring, audit and review of permit-to-work systems. Appendices include relevant legal requirements and assessment and monitoring checklists. Replaces the previous edition (CIS 97-1210).
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2005. vi, 29p. Illus. 26 ref. Price: GBP 8.95.
Schneider S., Dababneh A., Lowe B., Krieg E., Kong Y.K., Waters T.
A checklist for the ergonomic evaluation of nonpowered hand tools
A simple 16-item checklist developed to evaluate nonpowered hand tools for basic features related to good ergonomic tool design is presented. The reliability of the checklist questions was assessed in a study in which 14 ergonomists and 126 carpenters evaluated 18 typical hand tools. Agreement among the carpenters and ergonomists was high for most of the checklist items. However, a few questions resulted in relatively low agreement, indicating that the criterion was not explicit or that users had difficulty identifying whether the tool satisfied the particular criterion. The majority of the 18 hand tools evaluated were considered to be lacking in several highly important ergonomic design features. Additional studies are being conducted to make appropriate revisions to the checklist criteria based on quantitative measures of musculoskeletal loading.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, Dec. 2004, Vol.1, No.12, p.D135-D145. Illus. 9 ref.
Heeg F.J., Sperga M., Morgenroth U.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin
Safety supervision in small and micro enterprises
Sicherheitstechnische Betreuung in Klein- und Kleinstbetrieben [in German]
Within the framework of the harmonization of European legislation on occupational safety and health and under the aegis of the German Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, various models for the monitoring of occupational safety in small enterprises were developed and tested over a period of several years. This study reports on the current situation, evaluates the models tested and highlights the qualifications and experience required for undertaking these activities.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 2004. 180p. Illus. 67 ref. Price: EUR 16.00.
Nadeau D., Perrault G.
Medical evaluation of users of respirators
Evaluation médicale des utilisateurs d'appareils de protection respiratoire [in French]
The Occupational Safety and Health Institute of the Canadian Province of Quebec (Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail - IRSST) set up a working group of experts to develop guidelines on the medical evaluation of users of respirators and to identify the approach that would be the most practical and efficient in the context of Quebec. The objective was to facilitate the selection of respirators that is most suited to the workers. Three aspects of this issue are presented in this report: defining the principles of the medical evaluation of workers' capacity to use respirators; defining the decision algorithm based on these principles; description of a functional test that supports the application of the algorithm.
Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2004. iii, 52p. Illus. 20 ref. Price: CAD 6.42. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-360.pdf [in French]
Systems and programmes - Achieving better safety and health in construction - Information report
The purpose of this report was to obtain examples of good safety and health practice from across Europe and make them available to interested parties. It describes 16 very different cases of good practice in the construction sector. Some of the case studies are project specific or risk specific. Others describe systems that can be used to improve the management of safety and health throughout the industry. All demonstrate what can be achieved with key players taking appropriate action. The 16 cases have been grouped together in three categories: the design stage, the construction phase and the maintenance phase.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2004. 144p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: EUR 25.00.
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/reports/314/en/314_construction.pdf [in English]
Cavallé Oller N., Bernal Domínguez F.
Routine checking of local exhaust systems using static pressure measurements
Medición de la presión estática para la comprobación rutinaria de sistemas de extracción localizada [in Spanish]
This information note describes the method for measuring static pressure at the intake of local exhaust ventilation systems for the purpose of estimating the flow of circulating air. Contents: advantages, disadvantages and scope of application of the various types of flow measurements for local exhaust systems; experimental measurements of static pressure; calculation of the air flow based on the hood intake static pressure; evaluation of the exhaust system; practical example of interpretation of the results of static pressure measurements of a system.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2004. 5p. Illus. 5 ref.
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/ntp/ntp_615.htm [in Spanish]
Safer Ports Initiative: Guide to health and safety audits
This guidance note provides advice on the process of auditing as part of the health and safety management system in ports. The use of an audit to measure the effectiveness of an employer's policies and procedures is described and the features of an effective audit are outlined along with the selection of competent auditors.
Port Skills and Safety Ltd., Africa House, 64-78 Kingsway, London, WC2B 6AH, United Kingdom, 2003. 4p. 1 ref.
http://www.saferports.org.uk/assets/PSS_Safer_Ports_Audits_PDF.pdf [in English]
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