Unemployment - 37 entries found
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Jansen P.W., Tiemeier H., Verhulst F.C., Burdorf A., Jaddoe V.W.V., Hofman A., Moll H.A., Verburg B.O., Steegers E.A., Mackenbach J.P., Raat H.
Employment status and the risk of pregnancy complications: The Generation R Study
This study explored the relationships of employment status, type of unemployment and weekly working hours with a wide range of pregnancy outcomes. Information on employment characteristics and pregnancy outcomes was available for 6111 pregnant women enrolled in a population-based cohort study in the Netherlands. After adjustment for confounders, there were no statistically significant differences in risks of pregnancy complications between employed and unemployed women. Overall, there were no indications that paid employment during pregnancy affects the health of the mother and child. However, among unemployed and employed women, women receiving disability benefit, students and women with long working hours during pregnancy were at risk for some adverse pregnancy outcomes.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, June 2010, Vol.67, No.6, p.387-394. 33 ref.
Layte R., Maître B., Whelan C.T.
Living conditions, social exclusion and mental well-being
Over the past two decades, the concept of social exclusion has increasingly replaced the concept of poverty within the EU policy discussion on social vulnerability and disadvantage. It has been shown that unequal access to the labour market and poor living conditions negatively affect social participation and social contact, which in turn impact on the quality of life of Europe's citizens and lead to a sense of social exclusion. The second European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS), conducted by the European Foundation in 2007, offers a wide-ranging view of the diverse social realities in Europe today. This report looks at the relationships between living conditions, social exclusion and mental well-being.
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Wyattville Road, Loughlinstown, Dublin 18, Ireland, 2010. viii, 70p. Illus. 81 ref.
Living_conditions.pdf [in English]
Employment and social protection in the new demographic context
This report discusses the social and employment policy implications of the increase in life expectancy coupled with declining fertility, in both developing and developed countries. Topics addressed: overview of demographic and labour force trends; economic and social implications of the new demographic context; policy responses in the form of an integrated life cycle and intergenerational perspective; proposed integrated decent work framework to the demographic challenge.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2010. x, 175p. Illus.
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_emp/---emp_policy/documents/publication/wcms_125308.pdf [in English]
Kriegbaum M., Christensen U., Lund R., Osler M.
Job losses and accumulated number of broken partnerships increase risk of premature mortality in Danish men born in 1953
To investigate how accumulation of job losses and broken partnerships affect the risk of premature mortality, a cohort of 9789 Danish men born in 1953 were followed-up between the ages of 40 and 51. The adjusted hazard rates for premature mortality was 1.44 for individuals with one job loss, 1.55 for individuals with one broken partnership, and 2.15 for individuals with two or more broken partnerships. These findings are discussed.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, June 2009, Vol.51, No.6, p.708-713. Illus. 35 ref.
Bulletin of labour statistics 2008-2
Bulletin des statistiques du travail 2008-2 [in French]
Boletín de estadísticas del trabajo 2008-2 [in Spanish]
The ILO bulletin of labour statistics is published twice a year bringing together in systematic form a mass of data from a vast network of authoritative sources of information in some 190 countries. Data are published, wherever possible, according to the latest versions of the international standard classifications. Time series are provided from 2005 to 2008 for the following items: employment; unemployment; hours of work; wages; consumer prices.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2008, vi, 224p.
Alavinia S.M., Burdorf A.
Unemployment and retirement and ill-health: A cross-sectional analysis across European countries
The objective of this study was to determine the associations between various measures of state of health and employment status across ten European countries. Study subjects were 11,462 participants of the Survey on Health and Ageing in Europe (SHARE) who were 50-64 years old. Logistic regression was used to calculate the associations between the state of health and other determinants and being employed, retired, unemployed or a homemaker. A large variation across European countries was observed for the proportion of persons 50-65 years with paid employment, varying among men from 42% in Austria to 75% in Sweden and among women from 22% in Italy to 69% in Sweden. Among employed workers 18% reported a poor health, whereas this proportion was 37% in retirees, 39% in unemployed persons, and 35% in homemakers. Implications of these findings are discussed.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Oct. 2008, Vol.82, No.1, p.39-45. 27 ref.
Dimich-Ward H., Taliadouros V., Teschke K., Chow Y., Abboud R., Chan-Yeung M.
Quality of life and employment status of workers with western red cedar asthma
The impact of current employment status and other factors on quality of life was evaluated for workers diagnosed with western red cedar asthma in British Columbia, Canada. Data were collected by means of structured telephone interviews. Among the 213 participants, employment status was the most consistent predictor of quality-of-life domains, with highest scores for employed subjects, particularly those who were no longer exposed to red cedar. Subjects who had quit work because of their asthma had worse scores, particularly for vitality and general health perceptions. Other factors independently associated with specific aspects of poor quality of life were having asthma-like symptoms, taking medication, and not being married.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 2007, Vol.49, No.9, p.1040-1045. 29 ref.
Bensefa L., Sandret N., De Clavière C., Descatha A., Pairon J.C.
Bullying and employment outcomes among 126 patients of an occupational health examination
Harcèlement moral et pronostic professionnel chez 126 patients d'une consultation de pathologie professionnelle [in French]
The purpose of this study was to analyse the experience of patients referred to an occupational health department for suspected bullying, and to highlight the factors influencing occupational outcomes. All patients referred to the occupational health department for mental disorders between January 2000 and June 2002 were included in the study. Medical files were screened to analyse sociodemographic characteristics and to differentiate among bullying, conflict at work and work overload. A self-administered questionnaire was addressed to each patient in December 2002 in order to collect information on socioprofessional outcome. 126 patients were included in the study (108 cases exposed to bullying and 18 cases involving personal conflict or work overload). Some sectors were over-represented: not-for-profit associations (21 cases), health care (18 cases) and retail commerce (14 cases). 85 subjects answered the questionnaire, including 72 probable victims of bullying. Factors significantly associated with keeping the job were age, company size and being employed by a public institution. Among the 40 probable victims of bullying who left their work, 90% were revoked and 42.5% had true difficulties finding new employment. Patients with diagnosis of probable bullying who evolved favourably were those with the shortest period of exposure. Therefore, early recognition of these situations should be a priority for occupational physicians.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Sep. 2004, Vol.65, No.5, p.387-395. Illus. 22 ref.
Gallo W.T., Bradley E.H., Falba T.A., Dubin J.A., Cramer L.D., Bogardus T., Kasl S.V.
Involuntary job loss as a risk factor for subsequent myocardial infarction and stroke: Findings from the health and retirement survey
The objective of this study was to estimate the risk of myocardial infarction and stroke associated with involuntary job loss among workers nearing retirement in the United States. Multivariable analysis was applied to data from the first four waves of the national Health and Retirement Survey (HRS). The sample included 457 workers who had experienced job loss and a comparison group of 3,763 employed individuals. The findings suggest that involuntary job loss should be considered as a plausible risk factor for subsequent cardiovascular and cerebrovascular illness among older workers.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, May 2004, Vol.45, No.5, p.408-416. 45 ref.
Mancuso C.A., Rincon M., Charlson M.E.
Adverse work outcomes and events attributed to asthma
The objectives of this study were to assess the impact of asthma on work aptitude, workplace events, and career. 196 patients in an urban health care centre completed a questionnaire on life events and rated whether adverse work events were caused by asthma. 36% of these patients had either changed jobs, work hours, or work duties, and 65% had taken days off because of asthma. In multivariate analyses, less education, not wanting to work, more comorbidity, prior use of oral corticosteroids and current use of oral beta agonists and methylxanthines were associated with these outcomes. Also, currently-working patients were more likely to be using inhaled corticosteroids. 39% believed asthma had adversely affected their career by causing them to not pursue a desired career; not get promoted due to absenteeism, change to a worse job and be perceived as incapable of more responsible assignments. 7% had a negative work event in the preceding year that they attributed to asthma, including job loss and unfavourable interactions with co-workers.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Sep. 2003, Vol.44, No.3, p.236-245. Illus. 31 ref.
Pepper L., Messinger M., Weinberg J., Campbell R.
Downsizing and health at the United States Department of Energy
Downsizing and reorganization not only affect workers who lose their jobs, but even workers who retain their jobs are affected in negative ways. The present study measured how downsizing was accomplished at five Department of Energy facilities by evaluating communication with workers, perceived fairness of the process and job characteristics, and how each of these was associated with worker health and well-being. The researchers collected quantitative data using structured surveys and captured qualitative data using interviews, focus groups, and open-ended survey responses. Employees who felt that the downsizing process was fair and that communication was open and honest reported fewer symptoms, lower survivor syndrome and more job security than their counterparts. Also, employees who were less immediately impacted by downsizing reported fewer symptoms than those who were more directly involved.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Nov. 2003, Vol.44, No.5, p.481-491. 21 ref.
Psychological mechanisms of coping with job loss
A classification of various ways of coping with job loss is presented. The classification is based on the psychological model of coping behaviour regulation. Data obtained from a group of 400 unemployed persons who responded to a questionnaire allowed to identify four types of coping programs. These types differ firstly in terms of choices made by the unemployed persons during consecutive stages of the coping process and secondly, relative to the choices, in the amount of psychological costs involved in the process.
Polish Psychological Bulletin, 2003, Vol.34, No.2, p.73-83. Illus. 27 ref.
Mohren D.C.L., Swaen G.M.H., van Amelsvoort L.G.P.M., Borm P.J.A., Galama J.M.D.
Job insecurity as a risk factor for common infections and health complaints
The aim of this study was to investigate the cross-sectional and longitudinal impact of job insecurity on common infections and health complaints. Self-administered questionnaire data were used from the Maastricht Cohort Study comprised of 12,140 subjects. Generalized Estimating Equations analyses were applied to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals. A cross-sectional relationship between job insecurity and common infections or health complaints was found. For the longitudinal relationship, the largest effect was found for flu-like illness (OR 1.39) and health complaints (OR 1.51). Corrections were additionally made for health behaviour, the presence of a long-standing illness, and work-related demands, resulting in lower ORs. Increases in common infections or health complaints have a substantial impact on employee well-being and may result in economic consequences for the company.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 2003, Vol.45, No.2, p.123-129. 30 ref.
Wendelen E., Léonard L.
Age, health and work: Aging at work and because of work
Age, santé et travail: vieillissement au travail et par le travail [in French]
The aging of the working-age population is discussed from the point of view of psychology, demography and sociology. Legal measures and recommendations in Belgium are listed with the aim of increasing the proportion of persons who keep on working after the age of 50, in particular by limiting early-retirement schemes and favouring the re-integration of elderly unemployed persons. It describes the various active and preventive measures favoured in Belgium for the encouragement of employment during the final years of employed life.
Médecine du travail & Ergonomie / Arbeidsgezondheitszorg & Ergonomie, 2002, Vol.XXXIX, No.3, p.115-120. 9 ref.
Nylén L., Voss M., Floderus B.
Mortality among women and men relative to unemployment, part time work, overtime work, and extra work: A study based on data from the Swedish twin registry
A subcohort of the Swedish twin registry born between 1926-58 was studied. Data were based on a postal questionnaire of 1973 and on information from the Swedish Causes of Death Registry. All subjects reporting a main occupation were selected, 9500 women and 11,132 men, and mortality from all causes during 1973-96 was analysed. Unemployment in 1973 among both women and men showed an association with increased mortality. The adjusted relative risk (RR) was 1.98 for women and 1.43 for men. For the first 5 years of follow up, a threefold increase in risk was found for men (RR 3.29). The RR declined by time, but remained increased throughout the 24 year study period. In women, overtime work of more than 5 hours a week was followed by an increased mortality rate (RR 1.92). A protective effect of moderate overtime work of a maximum 5 hours a week was shown for men (RR 0.58), whereas an increased mortality was indicated for part time work (RR 1.58) and extra work (work outside employment) of more than 5 hours a week (RR 1.29).
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Jan. 2001, Vol.58, No.1, p.52-57. Illus. 27 ref.
Koufane N., Négroni P., Vion M.
Health of staff at the counter - Effects of new work organization
La santé des agents d'accueil - Les effets de la nouvelle organisation du travail [in French]
In 1997, a study was carried out in Paris on the effects of changes in work organization on the health of staff at employment agencies. The study allowed on one hand to highlight the dominant nature of psychic disorders over more physical ailments and, on the other, to identify several strategies developed by agents to cope with "emotionally difficult" persons among those entitled to unemployment benefits. The ergonomic actions derived from the conclusions of the study relate to staff training and to the creation of a unit aimed at improving their health and conditions of work.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 2nd Quarter 2000, No.179, p.75-81. Illus. 22 ref.
Niesborala M., Helardot V.
Age, job insecurity and heath - First results of the VISAT study
Age, précarité et santé - Premiers résultats de l'étude VISAT [in French]
VISAT (see also CIS 01-597) is a survey conducted by industrial physicians and researchers specialised in ageing, ergonomics and occupational health. A total of 3,237 employees were randomly selected from persons aged 32, 42, 52 and 62 in 1996, when the first data were collected. After a 10-year follow-up, the study will cover 40 years of adult life (from 32 to 72). The objective is a better understanding of how present and past working conditions have a favourable or unfavourable influence on the quality on ageing and on health. Preliminary results indicate a very strong relationship between health problems and periods of unemployment.
Médecine et travail, June 1999, No.2 (180), p.33-36. 6 ref.
Job insecurity and health
Précarisation au travail et santé [in French]
This article gives an overview of current knowledge of the relationship between health and job insecurity. Unemployment, restructuring of production activities and subcontracting have contributed to the casualization process which may lead to a series of symptoms that can be described as a "malaise" or, in a significant proportion of cases, as a depressive disorder. A sociological research study aimed at studying these relationships involved has been initiated.
Médecine et travail, June 1999, No.2 (180), p.26-29. 20 ref.
Ungváry G., Morvai V., Nagy I.
Health risk of unemployment
As a result of the political and economic changes of the last decade, unemployment in Hungary has grown from practically zero to around half a million, or close to 10% of the workforce. The impact of unemployment on health is examined, mostly on the basis of published literature from other developed counties. Despite the limited availability of published statistics, it is concluded that the pattern of health damage caused by unemployment in Hungary is largely similar to that observed in developed industrialized counties, with a few specific differences such as mycosal skin diseases related to poor hygienic conditions.
Central European Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 1999, Vol.5, No.2, p.91-112. Illus. 81 ref.
Hanse J.J., Engström T.
Sense of coherence and ill health among the unemployed and re-employed after closure of an assembly plant
Sense of coherence (SOC) is a dispositional orientation of perceiving and controlling the environment for meaningful and appropriate action. Subjects of this cross-sectional study were 344 former employees of an assembly plant closed down two years earlier, of whom 92 were still unemployed at the time of the study. Ill-health symptoms and poor SOC were significantly more frequent among those still unemployed, but in the presence of a strong SOC being unemployed had a rather low impact on health symptoms. SOC appeared to have a greater impact on psychological symptoms among unemployed as compared to re-employed workers. A high education level and white-collar work were related to strong SOC. Re-employed workers reported a significantly stronger SOC.
Work and Stress, July-Sep. 1999, Vol.13, No.3, p.204-222. Illus. 56 ref.
Weber A., Schaller K.H.
Unemployment and health
Despite numerous attempts, no cause and effect relationship between unemployment and somatic diseases has been found. People may become ill because they are unemployed (causality hypothesis), or they may become unemployed because they are ill or have other predispositions (selection hypothesis). This issue contains the papers presented at the meeting of the International Commission of Occupational Health working group on unemployment and health held in Paris, France, 25-26 September 1998. Topics: conference; ICOH; industrial physicians; mental health; risk factors; social aspects; state of health; suicide; unemployment.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1999, Vol.72, (Supplement), p.S1-S48. Bibl.ref.
Lewis G., Sloggett A.
Suicide, deprivation, and unemployment: Record linkage study
Topics: social aspects; suicide; survey; unemployment; United Kingdom.
British Medical Journal, 7 Nov. 1998, Vol.317, No.7168. p.1283-1286. 19 ref.
Friis L., Carter N., Edling C.
Self-reported health problems among Swedish miners one year after unemployment
Topics: backache; grip strength; health impairment; iron ore mining; neuropsychic effects; questionnaire survey; Raynaud's phenomenon; respiratory impairment; subjective assessment; Sweden; unemployment; upper extremity disorders.
Occupational Medicine, July 1998, Vol.48, No.5, p.297-301. 20 ref.
Precarious forms of employment and health: Epidemiological evidence
Formes précaires d'emploi et santé: les évidences épidémiologiques [in French]
Topics: epidemiologic study; literature survey; mental health; mortality; non-permanent workers; state of health; unemployment.
Revue de médecine du travail, Jan.-Feb. 1998, Vol.25, No.1, p.3-11. 26 ref.
Roberts H., et al.
Unemployment and health: The quality of social support among residents in the Trent region of England
In a lifestyle survey of 6,987 economically active individuals, of whom 9.9% were unemployed, the unemployed reported poorer quality of social support than employed persons on the three key elements examined: practical support, help with solving problems, and emotional support. Unemployment and lack of social support had independent and deleterious effects on perceptions of general health and mental health. This relationship between unemployment and poorer quality of social support may help to explain some of the increased morbidity and mortality experienced by this group, especially in relation to mental health.
Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, Feb. 1997, Vol.51, No.1, p.41-45. 35 ref.
Ameille J., et al.
Consequences of occupational asthma on employment and financial status: A follow-up study
A review of the employment status of 209 patients with occupational asthma showed that 3.1 years after diagnosis, 44% had left their previous job and 25% were unemployed. 32% remained exposed to the offending agents in the same job. 46% had suffered a reduction of income. Claims for compensation, size of the company, level of education, and age at the time of diagnosis were significantly associated with a risk for becoming unemployed or having a new employer after the diagnosis of occupational asthma. It is recommend that the French compensation system for occupational asthma should be revised.
European Respiratory Journal, 1997, Vol.10, p.55-58. 19 ref.
Human factors - Ergonomics
These six chapters in a major new survey of OSH examine aspects of human factors and ergonomics in the workplace: individual capacities, ageing and adaptation to the work environment (brain function, effects of ageing, neuropsychological characteristics of ageing); cognitive ergonomics and the reliability of man-machine interaction (interface design); psychosocial factors in the work environment (models of the individual and the work environment, basic psychological stress concepts); unemployment and health; violence; uses of ergonomics (ergonomic design of workplaces and tools, standardization, evaluation of workload).
In: The Workplace (by Brune D. et al., eds), Scandinavian Science Publisher as, Bakkehaugveien 16, 0873 Oslo, Norway, 1997, Vol.1, p.115-220. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Proudfoot J., et al.
Effect of cognitive-behavioural training on job-finding among long-term unemployed people
Two groups of long-term (>12 months) unemployed professional people were assigned to one of two occupational training programmes: one based on cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT), and a control programme based on social support. Questionnaires completed before and after training assessed mental health, job-seeking activities and success in job-finding. Improvements in several measures of mental health were greater in the CBT group than in the control group. Compared with the control group, almost three times as many CBT participants successfully found full-time employment. Results suggest that group CBT training can improve mental health and produce tangible benefits in job-finding among the long-term unemployed.
Lancet, 12 July 1997, Vol.350, No.9071, p.96-100. 32 ref.
Martikainen P.T., Valkonen T.
Excess mortality of unemployed men and women during a period of rapidly increasing unemployment
In this prospective investigation, mortality in both men and women during a period of rapidly increasing unemployment in Finland was studied. Baseline socio-demographic data were obtained for the Finnish population aged 25-59 years (2.5 million people) in 1990, whereas the employment status from 1987-92 was extracted from statistics of Finland's labour force data files. Mortality follow-up was established by record linkage to death certificates from 1991 to 1993. Subjects who experienced unemployment between 1987 and 1992 had greater mortality than those in employment after control for age, education, occupational class and marital status. The mortality ratios for men and women unemployed for the first time in 1990, at a time of low national unemployment, were 2.11 and 1.61, respectively. These values were lower (men 1.35, women 1.30) for those who were unemployed for the first time in 1992 when the national unemployment rate was very high. Jobless individuals who were reemployed had higher mortality than those who were continuously employed, but not as high as those who remained unemployed.
Lancet, Oct. 1996, Vol.348, No.9032, p.909-912. 15 ref.
23rd French National Congress of Occupational Medicine (1994) - Theme 2: Job insecurity and health
XXIIIes Journées nationales de Médecine du Travail, Besançon, France, 7-10 juin 1994: Thème n°2 - Santé, précarisation et précarité du travail [in French]
Subjects of reports presented as part of Theme 2 (job insecurity and health) at the 23rd National Congress of Occupational Medicine (held at Besançon, France, 7-10 June 1994): survey of job insecurity as an occupational medicine issue; multiple instability resulting from job precariousness; evolution of labour law and the trends towards job instability in the European Union; epidemiology of health problems connected with job precariousness; job precariousness, work organization and health; occupational medicine and job precariousness; how should occupational medicine deal with occupational precariousness. Twenty-two papers presented on the topic are also reproduced, including such topics as the health problems of temporary workers, workers employed by subcontractors, the unemployed and people undergoing reconversion. The special problems of exposure monitoring (noise, ionizing radiation) and workmen's compensation, as they apply to precarious work, are among the issued dealt with in the papers.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, 1995, Vol.56, No.3, p.171-202. Illus. Bibl.ref.
A conceptual framework for the study of work and mental health
The key features which influence mental health both in jobs and in unemployment are discussed and are incorporated into a general framework for the study of work, unemployment and mental health. Three principal axes of affective well-being are identified, and it is suggested that nine environmental features are of primary importance. The impact of these features on mental health is viewed as analogous to the influence of vitamins on physical health. This 'vitamin model' is extended to permit examination of individual variables, and some empirical evidence is presented. The model provides a broad conceptual framework to guide more specific thinking.
Work and Stress, Apr.-June 1994, Vol.8, No.2, p.84-97. Illus. 45 ref.
Morris J.K., Cook D.G., Shaper A.G.
Loss of employment and mortality
A prospective cohort study was conducted to assess the effect of unemployment and early retirement on mortality. The subjects were 6191 British men aged 40-59. The results showed that men who experienced unemployment in the five years after initial screening were twice as likely to die during the following five and a half years as men who remained continuously employed (relative risk (RR) 2.13, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.71-2.65). After adjustment for socioeconomic variables, health-related behaviour, and health indicators that had been assessed at initial screening the relative risk was slightly reduced, to 1.95 (CI 1.57-2.43). Even men who retired early for reasons other than illness and who appeared to be relatively advantaged and healthy had a significantly increased risk of mortality compared to men who remained continuously employed (RR 1.87, CI 1.35-2.60). The increased risk of mortality from cancer was similar to that of mortality from cardiovascular disease.
British Medical Journal, Apr. 1994, Vol.308, No.6937, p.1135-1139. 30 ref.
Fanello S., Ripault B., Le Levier F., Queru M., Penneau-Fontbonne D.
Alcohol, employment and unemployment
Alcool, travail et non travail [in French]
Unemployment is a worrying problem in France. How does it affect a population who benefited from a course of treatment for alcoholism in an appropriate medical service? Is it a factor of bad prognosis? An aggravating factor? Did abstinence allow a better reintegretation into workforce? These questions motivated a study of the occupational status of 544 patients one year after treatment for alcoholism.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, 1991, Vol.52, No.5, p.345-348. 17 ref.
Starrin B., Svensson P.G., Wintersberger H.
European Centre for Social Welfare Training and Research
Unemployment, poverty and quality of working life - Some European experiences
This book is divided into 3 main sections: Part 1 - Unemployment, poverty and ill-health (individual and community adaptation to unemployment; social support, psychological well-being and psychosomatic symptoms; vulnerabilities of the very long-term unemployed; stress reactions); Part 2 - Unemployment and working life (health effects of work and exclusion from work; work, unemployment, poverty and stress; unemployment, overtime and work intensity; adaptational responses to economic stressors); Part 3 - Interventions and mobilisations (improvement of the psychosocial situation of the unemployed; psychological intervention for the prevention of health hazards due to unemployment and poverty; innovative interventions to counteract damaging health effects).
Edition Sigma, Rainer Bohn Verlag, Heimstrasse 14, 1000 Berlin 61, Germany, 1989. 366p. Illus. Bibl. Price: DEM 39.00.
Sjögren B., Hörte L.G.
Chronic interstitial pneumonia as a cause of death in certain occupational categories
Kronisk interstitiell lunginflammation som dödsorsak i olika yrkeskategorier [in Swedish]
The number of deaths from chronic interstitial pneumonia has increased in the past decade. This study combines statistics from the National Census of 1970 and the Causes of Death Register 1971-1980, and covered only men from 20-64yrs of age in 1970. Mortality due to this disorder was higher in unemployed than employed men, except in the case of bakers, where mortality was also higher. This group of workers should be studied further to determine whether exposure to flour and other organic dusts is causally related to the development of chronic respiratory disease.
Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen, Publikationsservice, 171 84 Solna, Sweden, 1986. 11p. 11 ref.
Kobayashi F., Watanabe T.
Study of the health and living conditions of day labourers - analysis of 5 years of health examination records
Hiyatoi rōdōsha no seikatsu to kenkō ni tsuite - 5-nenkan no kenshin kiroku no bunseki [in Japanese]
Every winter, especially before and after the New Year, more than 100 day-labourers are compelled to sleep outdoors around Nagoya station owing to the scarcity of jobs. Their age distribution peaks in their forties, and the percentage of men above sixty is very low. As job opportunities decrease, their living conditions become worse. Almost none of them have joined a health insurance programme. The following are considered to be their most important health problems: (1) trauma and other musculoskeletal diseases caused by heavy muscular work; (2) diseases such as tuberculosis, exaggerated by malnutrition or bad living conditions; (3) alcoholic liver disease or other alcohol-related diseases. These results suggest the necessity of more comprehensive and more effective policies.
Japanese Journal of Public Health, Dec. 1986, Vol.33, No.12, p.761-768. 10 ref.
Del Llano Señarís J.
Effects of unemployment on health
Los efectos de la situación de desempleo en el estado de salud [in Spanish]
Literature survey of the psychological effects of unemployment, with the particular problems of Spain emphasised. Among the many effects of unemployment, the studies reveal an increased number of murders and suicides and higher than expected rates of heart diseases, depression, asthma, headache and cognitive difficulties.
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, Oct.-Dec. 1984, Vol.31, No.124, p.3-14. 126 ref.