Child labour - 185 entries found
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Annual report of activities 2010
Annual report of activities of the Centre for the Improvement of Working Conditions and Environment of the Industrial Relations Institute of the Province of Punjab, Pakistan, for the year 2010. Topics addressed include: awards received; case studies of accidents; certifications received; construction of new facilities; information dissemination for the prevention of child labour and bonded labour; installation of new testing facilities and equipment; organization and functions of the centre; overview of 2010 accident statistics; publications; risk assessment surveys in industry; seminars and exhibitions; training courses; training materials.
Centre for the Improvement of Working Conditions and Environment (CIWCE), Civic Centre Township (near Chandni Chowk), Lahore, Pakistan, 2010. 82p. Illus.
Annual_report_of_activities_2010.pdf [in English]
Carothers R., Breslin F.C., Denomy J., Foad M.
Promoting occupational safety and health for working children through microfinance programming
Microfinance programmes are recognized as a way of improving incomes and creating employment for large numbers of low-income families, but there are concerns that working conditions within these informal microenterprises are far from ideal. For example, when families receive loans to expand a microenterprise, children may make up the labour shortfall until the family can afford to hire adult workers. Through the Promoting and Protecting the Interests of Children who Work (PPIC-Work) project being carried out in Egypt, a set of interventions that can not only improve working conditions, but can also be integrated into standard microfinance programs has been developed. By working with and through self-financing microfinance programs, the PPIC-Work approach provides a way of improving occupational safety and health not only for children working in microenterprises but also for large numbers of children and adults working in the informal sector more generally.
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 2010, Vol.16, p.180-190. Illus. 28 ref.
Promoting.pdf [in English]
Miller M.E, eds.
Child labor and protecting young workers around the world - An introduction to this issue
According to the International Labour Organization, more than 218 million children in the world today are involved in child labour, often doing work that is damaging to their mental, physical and emotional development. At least 126 million children are performing hazardous work. For many decades, children have been recognized as a vulnerable population in need of and deserving special protections, as reflected in international conventions and national laws. This special issue of the International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health presents research on child and adolescent labour around the world, focusing on studies that evaluate health effects from exposures at work, programmatic interventions to reduce work exposures or limit hazardous work activities, and policy mechanisms to reduce the negative health impacts from working too many hours, night hours, or in settings that are too dangerous and inappropriate for youth under age 18. The issue also includes a resource list and photographs of children at work.
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 2010, Vol.16, p.103-112. 39 ref.
Child_labor.pdf [in English]
Swuste P., van Gulijk C., Zwaard W.
Safety metaphors and theories, a review of the occupational safety literature of the US, UK and The Netherlands, till the first part of the 20th century
This review of the occupational safety literature of the United States, United Kingdom and The Netherlands until the first part of the 20th century examines the safety theories and metaphors which were developed and the context in which they had been developed, together with the consequences of these theories for the professional field of occupational safety in The Netherlands.
Safety Science, Oct. 2010, Vol.48, No.8, p.1000-1018. Illus. 190 ref.
Accelerating action against child labour
In its third quadrennial Global Report on child labour, the ILO said that the global number of child labourers had declined from 222 million to 215 million, or three per cent, over the period 2004 to 2008, representing a slowing down of the global pace of reduction. The report also expressed concern that the global economic crisis could dampen progress toward the goal of eliminating the worst forms of child labour by 2016. Contents of the report: dynamic global picture; important achievements on the road to 2016; turning challenges into opportunities; accelerating progress towards 2016.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2010. xix, 81p. Illus. Price: CHF 35.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---dcomm/documents/publication/wcms_126752.pdf [in English]
The ILO conventions on occupational safety and health: An opportunity to improve working conditions and work environments
Los convenios de la OIT sobre seguridad y salud en el trabajo: una oportunidad para mejorar las condiciones y el medio ambiente de trabajo [in Spanish]
The purpose of this publication is to explain and promote ILO international labour standards for occupational safety and health in Latin America. It examines various ILO conventions on different subjects of interest. The history of each convention is reviewed, its contents discussed, and the situation concerning its application in various Latin American countries is examined. A CD-ROM which contains the publication in PDF format, as well as the texts of the conventions and of all the documents cited, is included.
Publications of the International Training Centre of the ILO, Viale Maestri del Lavoro, 10, 10127 Torino, Italy, 2009. 337p. + CD-ROM .
Los_convenios_de_la_OIT.pdf [in Spanish]
Chapman L.J., Taveira A.D., Karsh B.T., Josefsson K.G., Newenhouse A.C., Meyer R.H.
Work exposures, injuries, and musculoskeletal discomfort among children and adolescents in dairy farming
The objective of this study was to investigate work performed by children and adolescents on dairy farm operations. Mail questionnaires were addressed to a community-based, age- and operation size-stratified sample of 240 individuals aged six to eighteen who worked on dairy operations in Wisconsin. Data were collected in 1999. The 197 children and adolescents reported averaging 567 hours of dairy farm work in the last year (10.9 hours/week) and completed over 1/3 of all calf feeding, 1/5 of the milking, 1/5 of cow feeding and 1/10 of tractor operation hours on their farm during the weeks they worked. Some of these young workers reported accomplishing duties also judged by some experts as hazardous work, including nearly half of the 9- to 11-year-olds driving tractors. Six nonfatal injuries were reported that required stopping work (14.6 per 100 full time equivalents per year), including those that required medical attention. Musculoskeletal discomfort and disability reports were unremarkable compared to existing studies of general and working populations. Wisconsin dairy farm youth appeared to be working no more hours per week than their peers in other studies of agricultural populations. However the exposures of very young workers to hazardous tractor driving and tower silo tasks suggest that there is an urgent need for improved and validated interventions to reduce these exposures.
Journal of Agromedicine, 1st quarter 2009, Vol.14, No.1, p.9-21. 51 ref.
Annual report of activities 2009
Annual report of activities of the Centre for the Improvement of Working Conditions and Environment of the Industrial Relations Institute of the Province of Punjab, Pakistan, for the year 2009. Topics addressed include: awards received; case studies of accidents; certifications received; construction of new facilities; information dissemination for the prevention of child labour and bonded labour; installation of new analytical equipment; organization and functions of the centre; overview of 2009 accident statistics; publications; risk assessment surveys in industry; seminars and exhibitions; training courses; training materials.
Centre for the Improvement of Working Conditions and Environment (CIWCE), Civic Centre Township (near Chandni Chowk), Lahore, Pakistan, 2009. 52p. Illus.
Vainio H., Sng J., Koh D., Lee S.M., Chia S.E., Kawakami T., Fedotov I., Tao L., Ikeda T., Joshi S.K., Sharma S.C., Shrestha S., Pääkkönen T., Lehtinen S.
New emerging risks
Collection of articles on emerging occupational safety and health hazards of relevance to countries in the Asia-Pacific region. Contents: nanotechnology; applying participatory approaches and good practices to emerging risks; health hazards related to precarious work; participatory approach for stress management in small enterprises in Japan; child labour in Nepal and associated hazards; brief account of a conference on occupational health of nanotechnology which took place in 2009 in Finland; brief account of a meeting of WHO collaborating centres which took place in Geneva in 2009.
Asian-Pacific Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Dec. 2009, Vol.16, No.3, p.51-71 (whole issue). Illus. Bib.ref.
http://www.ttl.fi/en/publications/electronic_journals/asian_pacific_newsletter/archives/Documents/asian_pacific_nl3_2009.pdf [in English]
Gender equality at the heart of decent work
L'égalité entre hommes et femmes au cœur du travail décent [in French]
La igualdad de género como eje del trabajo decente [in Spanish]
Securing decent work is crucial for women and men, making it possible for them to build more promising futures for themselves, their families and their communities. This report prepared for the 98th session of the International Labour Conference in 2009 has three aims: reviewing the ILO's progress in assisting constituents to achieve gender equality in the world of work; highlighting its current efforts to implement International Labour Conference resolutions and Governing Body decisions on promoting gender equality and mainstreaming it in the Decent Work Agenda; and providing background for constituents to chart a strategic course for future work. The report makes the case for scaling up measures to eliminate sex discrimination in the world of work and highlights ILO interventions in all regions.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2009. xiii, 245p. Illus. Price: CHF 15.00.
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_norm/---relconf/documents/meetingdocument/wcms_106175.pdf [in Spanish]
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_norm/---relconf/documents/meetingdocument/wcms_105119.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_norm/---relconf/documents/meetingdocument/wcms_106240.pdf [in French]
Chapouthier A., Ganem Y., Grusenmeyer C., Laborde L., Larcher C., Zana J.P.
Occupational safety and health in the entertainment sector
Prévention dans les arts du spectacle [in French]
Live and recorded entertainment is an unusual sector of activity in terms of skills and organization. However, as in all other sectors, workers are exposed to various occupational hazards and employers are required to apply protective measures against these hazards. Safety and health need to be taken into account as early as possible, during the planning and preparation phases of the event. Main topics covered by this article on occupational safety and health in the entertainment sector: various professions of this sector; key statistics; occupational hazards; implementing an occupational safety and health plan; other parties involved; legal framework; online sources of information.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, June 2009, No.215, p.35-46. Illus. 21 ref.
http://www.hst.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/HST_PR%2039/$File/PR39.pdf [in French]
Occupational safety and health in the Republic of Uzbekistan - National profile
Охрана труда в Республике Узбекистан. - Национальный обзор. [in Russian]
This report reviews the current situation regarding occupational safety and health (OSH) in the Republic of Uzbekistan. Contents: legal framework of the OSH system; mechanisms of national policy revision; coordination and cooperation; practical means and instruments for implementing OSH policies; statistics of occupational accidents and diseases; employer and employee policy and programme; routine and current OSH activities; general information on the country; other relevant information; elements to be included in the analysis of the situation.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2008. 48p. Illus. (en); 53p. Illus. (ru).
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/region/eurpro/moscow/areas/safety/docs/uz_ohsprof2_en.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/region/eurpro/moscow/areas/safety/docs/uz_ohsprof2_en.pdf [in Russian]
Occupational safety and health in the Republic of Tajikistan - National profile
Охрана труда в Республике Таджикистан. - Национальный обзор. [in Russian]
This report reviews the current situation regarding occupational safety and health (OSH) in the Republic of Tajikistan. Contents: legal framework of the OSH system; technical documentation; mechanisms of the formation of the national OSH policy; social partnership and coordination mechanisms; organization of the OSH system; statistics on occupational accidents and diseases; regular measures and routine work in the field of OSH; elements to be included in the analysis of the national OSH management system; general information on the country.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2008. 47p. (en); 52p. (ru).
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/region/eurpro/moscow/areas/safety/docs/tj_oshprof.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/russian/region/eurpro/moscow/areas/safety/docs/tj_oshprof_ru.pdf [in Russian]
Occupational safety and health in the Kyrgyz Republic - National profile
Охрана труда в Кыргызской Республике. - Национальный обзор [in Russian]
This report reviews the current situation regarding occupational safety and health (OSH) in the Kyrgyz Republic. Contents: legal framework of the OSH system; technical documentation; mechanisms of the formation of the national OSH policy; social partnership and coordination mechanisms; organization of the OSH system; statistics of occupational accidents and diseases; regular measures and routine work in the field of occupational safety; strength and weaknesses of the national OSH management system; general conclusions from the national profile; information resources (regulations, agreements, Internet, journals and other resources); methods for assessing statistical indicators; general information on the country.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2008. 60p. (en); 67p. (ru).
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/region/eurpro/moscow/areas/safety/docs/kg_ohsprof2_en.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/russian/region/eurpro/moscow/areas/safety/docs/kg_oshprof2_ru.pdf [in Russian]
Occupational safety and health in the Republic of Kazakhstan - National profile
Охрана труда в Республике Казахстан. Национальный обзор. [in Russian]
This report reviews the current situation regarding occupational safety and health (OSH) in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Contents: legal framework of the OSH system; technical documentation; mechanisms of shaping the national OSH policy; social partnership and coordination mechanisms; organization of the OSH system; state and dynamics of occupational accidents and diseases; regular measures and routine work in the field of OSH; strength and weaknesses of the national OSH management system; general conclusions from the national profile; legal framework and information resources (regulations, agreements, Internet, journals and other resources); methods for assessing statistical indicators; general information on the country.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2008. 137p. Illus. (en); 161p. Illus. (ru).
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/region/eurpro/moscow/areas/safety/docs/kz_ohsprof2_en.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/russian/region/eurpro/moscow/areas/safety/docs/kz_oshprof2_ru.pdf [in Russian]
Annual report of activities 2008 - Centre for the Improvement of Working Conditions and Environment Lahore
Annual report of activities of the Centre for the Improvement of Working Conditions and Environment (CIWCE), the Industrial Relations Institute, in Lahore, Pakistan, for 2008. Contents includes: introduction to the organization and functions of the Centre; work-related accidents during 2007-2008; activities; ISO 9000:2000 certification; new facilities for exposure assessments; publications and posters; training courses; case studies of two industrial accidents; activities of the Child Labour Resource Centre and of the Industrial Relations Institute.
Centre for the Improvement of Working Conditions and Environment (CIWCE), Civic Centre Township (near Chandni Chowk), Lahore, Pakistan, 2008. 68p. Illus.
Rauscher K.J., Runyan C.W., Schulman M.D., Bowling J.M.
US child labor violations in the retail and service industries: Findings from a national survey of working adolescents
In order to investigate child labour violations among adolescents working in the retail and service industries, interview data from a nationally representative sample of working adolescents were used, together with reports of specific violations (hours of work, restricted equipment and work permits). Hazardous occupation violations (prohibited jobs or use of equipment) were reported by 37% of respondents and 40% reported a work permit violation. Other findings are discussed. Significant numbers of adolescents are employed in violation of the child labor laws and as a result are exposed to safety risks. Closer attention to enforcement policy and practice is needed.
American Journal of Public Health, Sep. 2008, Vol. 98, No.9, p.1693-1699. 43 ref.
Training and advisory visit (TAV) trainer's manual
This manual is a guide aimed at regional implementers and trainers in South-East Asian and Pacific countries responsible for delivering the core messages of the Labour Standards Enforcement Framework (LSEF) to small and microenterprises. It is organized around four modules: training and advisory visit (TAV) orientation course overview; providing just compensation and benefits; establishing a safe and healthy workplace; promoting a child labour free workplace.
International Labour Organization, Sub-Regional Office for South-East Asia and the Pacific, 19th Floor, Yuchengco Tower, RCBC Plaza, 6819 Ayala Avenue, Makati City, Philippines, [2008?]. 89p. Illus.
Nova Melle P.
Child labour: Occupational hazards in legally-prohibited situations and their consequences on safety and health
Trabajo infantil: los riesgos laborales en situaciones legalmente prohibidas y sus consecuencias para la salud y seguridad [in Spanish]
This article reviews the current worldwide situation with respect to child labour. Although child labour is prohibited by all laws, there are millions of children who work around the world. While working conditions of adults are often detrimental from the standpoint of safety and health, children suffer doubly, having to carry out work often rejected by adults and due to their physical frailty. Having to work prevents many children from attending school. Finally, their working conditions have little possibility of improvement and perpetuate the cycle of poverty.
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, 4th quarter 2008, Vol.54, No.213, p.9-21. 35 ref.
http://scielo.isciii.es/pdf/mesetra/v54n213/especial.pdf [in Spanish]
Gunn S., Semboja H., Ndelu L., Rosati F.C., Guarcello L., Lyon S., Comlan P., Ezinah F., Mouanga A., Nyalendo J., Nambo Wezet G., Ossoubita B.O., Lehtinen S., Ghebreyohannes T., Mäkelä J.
Youth and work
Collection of articles on youth at work of relevance to African countries. Contents: youth employment in East African countries; South African legislation on child labour; child labour and youth unemployment in Ethiopia; child trafficking and labour in Gabon. Other topics: basic occupational health services in India; role of labour inspection; European campaign aimed at improving the safety of young workers.
African Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Apr. 2008, Vol.18, No.1, p.1-19 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://www.ttl.fi/NR/rdonlyres/0C4E7E69-0983-44EF-B0C8-33C9B2BA0F80/0/AfricanNews12008.pdf [in English]
Step by step - Examples showing how countries identify the dangerous forms of child labour - Volume I: Costa Rica, The Netherlands, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
Paso a paso - Ejemplos de cómo los países determinan trabajo infantil peligroso - Volumen I: Costa Rica, Holanda, Pakistán, Sri Lanka [in Spanish]
This booklet summarizes the six steps for identifying the forms of work that are dangerous for children: create a structure; collect existing and new data; draw up a list of hazardous occupations; formalise the list; promote and use the list; periodically update the list. For each of the steps, it then presents the actions that were undertaken in this respect in Costa Rica, Netherlands, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, no date. 19p. Illus.
http://white.oit.org.pe/ipec/documentos/ejemplos_tip_tbps.pdf [in Spanish]
This training manual on the ILO WIND (Work improvement in Neighbourhood Development) aimed at agrarian communities in the Philippines contains a variety of information, education and communication materials, including flipcharts, comic strips, posters, booklets and presentations. Originally aimed at rice farmers, the programme has been extended to include other crops (banana, coconut and sugarcane).
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2007. Binder containing a collection of documents. Approx. 140 p. Illus.
International Organisation for Employers
Eliminating child labour - Guides for employers
This set of three practical guides provide ideas, advice and examples for the prevention of child labour, the withdrawal of children from work and the protection of young workers from hazardous conditions. The guides focus on developing countries and provide examples of enterprises and employers' organizations that have taken concrete action, either by themselves or in cooperation with the International Labour Organization, donors and other local, national and international organizations. The first guide provides definitions, an explanation of the causes and the consequences of child labour, and the rationale for why enterprises should not employ children. Guide Two is addressed at enterprises and explains their options and possible strategies for eliminating child labour. Guide Three is about the collective role that employers' organizations and other business associations can play in helping their members on this important topic.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2007. 33p. Illus. 25 ref. (guide one); 56p. Illus. 10 ref. (guide two); 43p. Illus. (guide three).
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/actemp/downloads/projects/child_guide1_en.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/actemp/downloads/projects/child_guide2_en.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/actemp/downloads/projects/child_guide3_en.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/actemp/downloads/projects/child_guide1_sp.pdf [in Spanish]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/actemp/downloads/projects/child_guide1_fr.pdf [in French]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/actemp/downloads/projects/child_guide2_fr.pdf [in French]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/actemp/downloads/projects/child_guide3_fr.pdf [in French]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/actemp/downloads/projects/child_guide3_sp.pdf [in Spanish]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/actemp/downloads/projects/child_guide2_sp.pdf [in Spanish]
Annual report of activities 2007 - Centre for the Improvement of Working Conditions and Environment Lahore, Industrial Relations Institute Lahore
Annual report of activities of the Centre for the Improvement of Working Conditions and Environment of the Industrial Relations Institute of the Province of Punjab, Pakistan, for the year 2007. Contents include: organization and functions of the centre; seminars and exhibitions; awards received; construction of new premises; training courses; certifications received; publications; training materials; risk assessment surveys in industry; activities of the Child Labour Resource Centre; activities of the legal aid service for bonded labour; press coverage.
Centre for the Improvement of Working Conditions and Environment (CIWCE), Civic Centre Township (near Chandni Chowk), Lahore, Pakistan, 2007. iii, 91p. Illus.
Rooting out child labour from cocoa farms - Paper No.2 - Safety and health hazards
The ILO estimates that about 70 per cent of the world's 218 million child labourers (from 5-17 years old) are working in agriculture, on small family farms or large plantations, missing out on school and exposed to serious hazards and exploitation. This report is part of a series of four reports synthesizing the knowledge and experiences acquired from the project of the ILO International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour entitled "West African Cocoa and Commercial Agriculture Project to Combat Hazardous and Exploitive Child Labour" (WACAP), which was implemented in Cameroon, Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea and Nigeria from 2002 to 2006. This report summarizes the findings of studies carried out in the countries covered by the project.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2007. 28p. Illus.
http://www.ilo.org/ipecinfo/product/download.do?type=document&id=6445 [in English]
Social security and workers in rural regions
La seguridad social y los trabajadores rurales [in Spanish]
This report presents an analysis of work characteristics in rural Argentina, together with the social security coverage available for workers in these regions. Contents: characteristics of work and life in rural regions; specific aspects of work in rural regions (undeclared work, work presenting high risks); finding answers to the problems described; social security system and proposals for improved benefits. In annex: list of occupational diseases recognized in the agricultural sector in Argentina.
Estudios de la Seguridad Social, 2007, No.100, p.15-43. 6 ref.
WHO Collaborating Centres in Occupational Health - Compendium of final products
The primary focus of the Network of WHO Collaborating Centres in Occupational Health is the transfer of knowledge to countries in economic transition and to developing countries. This catalogue lists the information resources made available by the Collaborating Centres in the following areas: technical guidance in occupational health; intensive partnership in Africa; child labour and adolescent workers; elimination of silicosis; health care workers; health promotion activities; psychosocial factors at work; promotion of OSH in small enterprises and the informal sector; prevention of musculoskeletal disorders; preventive technology; training of occupational safety and health personnel; Internet resources and networks; national and local profiles and indicators; economic evaluation of interventions; global burden of disease.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service,1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 2007. 118p. Illus.
http://www.who.int/entity/occupational_health/network/compendiumfinalprod190307.pdf [in English]
Marlenga B., Berg R.L., Linneman J.G., Brison R.J., Pickett W.
Changing child labour laws for agriculture: Impact on injury
Child labour laws are intended to protect young workers from the most dangerous jobs. However, children who work on their parents' farms are exempt from these laws. This study evaluated the potential for preventing the occurrence of farm injuries among children by extending the United States Child Labor Laws to include agriculture as a hazardous occupation. A retrospective series of 1193 farm injuries among children from the United States and Canada was analysed and Hazardous Occupations Orders were systematically applied to each case. A total of 286 (24%) cases of injury involved farmers' children engaged in farm work. Among these children, 33% of those aged younger than 16 years and 36% of those aged 16 or 17 years were performing work prohibited under the Hazardous Occupations Orders. Removing the family farm exemption and raising the age restriction for performing hazardous agricultural work from 16 to 18 years would be efficacious in preventing the most serious injuries experienced by young family farm workers.
American Journal of Public Health, Mar. 2007, Vol.97, No.2, p.276-282. Illus. 30 ref.
Ministerio de trabajo, empleo y seguridad social
Accidents among informal sector workers and illegal migrant workers
Accidentes de trabajadores informales y migrantes sin papeles [in Spanish]
This report presents the findings of a survey on occupational accidents and diseases among migrant workers and illegal immigrant workers in the informal sector in two large cities in Argentina, Buenos Aires and Rosario. It analyses the situation of five groups of vulnerable workers, namely building industry workers, agricultural labour, rag collectors, child labour and migrant labour.
Superintendencia de Riesgos del Trabajo (SRT), Bartolomé Mitre 751, C1036AAM Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2007. 254p. Illus. 134 ref.
http://www.srt.gov.ar/nvaweb/publicaciones/Semana2007/512_02.pdf [in Spanish]
Good practices and lessons learnt in combating hazardous work in child labour
This report describes the achievements of projects funded by the ILO International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC) in combating exploitative and hazardous child labour in salt production, rubber plantations, and fishing and shrimp processing in Cambodia. The projects employed the following strategies: policy definition, programme planning, research and documentation, capacity building, targeted social protection and community empowerment, and community-based child labour monitoring. The report focuses on the identification and description of best practices and lessons learned.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, no date. vi, 72p. Illus. 12 ref.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/region/asro/bangkok/library/download/pub05-12.pdf [in English]
Annual report of activities 2006 - Centre for the Improvement of Working Conditions and Environment Lahore (CIWCE)
Annual report of activities of the Centre for the Improvement of Working Conditions and Environment, the Industrial Relations Institute, 2006. Main topics addressed: introduction to the organization and functions of the Centre; publications received; training kit on OSH in carpet weaving communities; outline of other specialized training courses; activities of the Child Labour Resource Centre and of the Industrial Relations Institute.
Centre for the Improvement of Working Conditions and Environment (CIWCE), Civic Centre Township (near Chandni Chowk), Lahore, Pakistan, 2006. 71p. Illus.
Promoting decent work in the Americas - Hemispheric agenda 2006-2015
This booklet consists of a summary of a report by the ILO Director General on decent work in the Western hemisphere (CIS 06-792). Its purpose is to ensure that the aims of the programme get disseminated among stakeholders in the region's countries. Contents: principal challenges in generating decent work in the region; the hemispheric agenda for the generation of decent work; general policies for promoting development with decent work; national plans for generating decent work and decent work country programmes.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2006. 67p. Illus.
Sistema de Información Regional sobre Trabajo Infantil (SIRTI)
Everything you need to know about child labour
Todo lo que necesita saber sobre trabajo infantil [in Spanish]
This CD-ROM includes information on child labour and other forms of exploitation in Latin America and the Caribbean, grouped under the following main headings: the issue of child labour; child labour statistics; types of work for which children are employed; other forms of child exploitation (slave trade, prostitution, forced enrolment into militia); actions undertaken for eradicating child labour. Each section includes a large number of references on child labour in PDF format (booklets, manuals, reports, posters).
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2006. CD-ROM.
Vogel L., Grégoire D., Gauthy R., Paone G.
Young workers: Health at risk
Jeunes travailleurs: danger santé [in French]
Collection of articles on the health hazards faced by young workers, covering the following aspects: high levels of temporary work and casual labour among young workers, and its occupational health implications; conditions of work of young persons in the fast food sector; occupational safety and health training initiatives aimed at young persons in a French automobile production region; work-related risks and ergonomics; child labour in industrialized countries.
Oct. 2006, No.30-31, p.13-38. Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://hesa.etui-rehs.org/uk/newsletter/files/Newsletter30-EN.pdf [in English]
http://hesa.etui-rehs.org/fr/newsletter/files/NWSL30-FR.pdf [in French]
IPEC action against child labour - Highlights 2006
L'action de l'IPEC contre le travail des enfants - Faits marquants 2006 [in French]
La acción del IPC contra el trabajo infantil - Hechos sobresalientes 2006 [in Spanish]
This report of the ILO's International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC) for the biennium 2006-07 reviews the current state of knowledge on child labour and summarizes IPEC's response to the problem and its strategies to assist ILO member States for its prevention and elimination. It also highlights the Programme's many partnerships and assesses the progress being made towards meeting the ILO's Programme and budget target for child labour. Finally, it reviews trends in IPEC's technical cooperation, advisory services and programme management.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2006. xii, 88p. Illus.
http://www.ilo.int/iloroot/docstore/ipec/prod/eng/20070228_Implementationreport_en_Web.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.int/iloroot/docstore/ipec/prod/fre/20070228_Implementationreport_fr_Web.pdf [in French]
http://www.ilo.int/iloroot/docstore/ipec/prod/spa/20070228_Implementationreport_sp_Web.pdf [in Spanish]
Mourell M., Allan C.
Regulating the health and safety of young workers in Australia
In Australia, the employment of young persons is increasing. In response to this situation, a number of state governments have reviewed labour laws in recent years. This article examines the regulatory regime relating to the safety and health of young persons and adolescents in Australia. It is argued that this regime is somewhat piecemeal and in need of reform, and that a far better approach would be to either enact separate legislation to cover all aspects of the employment of young people (as in the state of Victoria) or to enact a code of practice that deals with the safety and health of young workers.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Apr. 2006, Vol.22, No.2, p.115-125. 56 ref.
Decent work in the Americas - Agenda for the Hemisphere, 2006-2015
Trabajo decente en las Américas - La agenda hemisférica, 2006-2015 [in Spanish]
This booklet consists of an abridged and simplified version of the report analyzed under CIS 06-792. It describes the main challenges facing the promotion of decent work in the Americas together with the policies to be implemented, and specifies the agenda for the western hemisphere for the period 2006 to 2015. It is aimed at a wide readership among all parties involved in social affairs in that part of the world.
Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean, Las Flores 275, San Isidro, Lima 27, Peru, 2006. 67p. Illus.
Making a world of difference: Global unions at work
This book examines the work of the Global Union Federations and their campaigns for the promotion of fairness, decent work and social justice. Programmes for confronting the challenges of poverty, education and child labour, gender equality, migration and health, safety and the environment are described. These include activities concerning mine safety in China, ship breaking in India, safety of media staff in conflict zones and the eradication of child labour. Includes a brief survey of the history of international trade unionism and a listing of the Global Union Federations.
International Press Centre, Résidence Palace, Block C, 155 rue de la Loi, Bruxelles, Belgium, 2006. vi, 216p. Illus. 15 ref.
Débute en sécurité! [in French]
This special issue describes initiatives in Europe and elsewhere aimed at the protection of young people at work. Articles include: mainstreaming OSH into education; statistics on occupational accidents; European network for education and training in OSH; integrating OSH into vocational training; hazardous child labour; trade union involvement in pre-work education; new approaches to engaging young people in OSH; causes of job insecurity and job stress in Spanish young people.
Magazine - European Agency for Safety and Health at Work / Agence européenne pour la sécurité et la santé au travail, 2006, No.9, p.1-57 (full issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://osha.europa.eu/publications/magazine/9/full_publication_en.pdf [in English]
http://osha.europa.eu/publications/magazine/9/full_publication_fr.pdf [in French]
Tackling hazardous child labour in agriculture - Guidance on policy and practice
This training package comprises a user guide and five guidebooks on a CD-ROM. It is aimed at policy makers to help them plan, formulate and implement programmes to tackle hazardous child labour in agriculture. Contents: background policy information; overview of child labour in agriculture; eliminating hazardous forms of child labour in agriculture; initiatives to tackle hazardous child labour in agriculture; training resources for the guidebooks.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2006. 291p. Illus. + CD-ROM.
http://www.ilo.org/ipecinfo/product/viewProduct.do?productId=2799 [in English]
International Institute for Labour Studies (IILS)
Civil society, participatory governance and decent work objectives: The case of South Africa
This study presents the findings of a research project designed to better understand how civil society organizations, working within participatory governance structures, may contribute to the goals of the ILO Decent Work agenda. The South African experience is examined. The study focuses on three areas relevant to the Decent Work agenda: employment creation and poverty alleviation; health care and HIV/AIDS; and child labour. It investigates participatory processes set up at the national level to formulate and implement policies in these areas.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2006. xii, 128p. 245 ref. Price: CHF 20.00.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/bureau/inst/download/112.pdf [in English]
Decent work in Asia: Reporting on results 2001-2005
Al-(amal al-lā'iq fi āsīā. Taqrīr (an al-natā'ij li al-fatra 2001-2005. [in Arabic]
Timian laodong zai Yazhou: Youguan jieguo de baogao 2001-2005 [in Chinese]
This report of the Director-General was prepared for the 14th Asian Regional Meeting held in Busan, Republic of Korea, 29 Aug.-1 Sep. 2006. It describes how countries have adopted different ways of promoting decent work and reports on the key results achieved in implementing the conclusions of the 13th Asian Regional Meeting. These include: promotion of standards and fundamental principles at work; eliminating child labour and forced labour; tackling work-related safety and health hazards; and combating HIV/AIDS in the world of work.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2006. x, 104p. Illus. Bibl. ref. Price: CHF 15.00.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/relm/rgmeet/14asrm/dgresults01-05.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/arabic/standards/relm/rgmeet/14asrm/dgresults01-05.pdf [in Arabic]
http://www.ilo.org/public/chinese/standards/relm/rgmeet/14asrm/dgresults01-05.pdf [in Chinese]
von Richthofen W.
Labour inspection - A guide to the profession
Inspecção do trabalho - Um guia da profissão [in Portuguese]
Portuguese translation of the manual indexed under CIS 02-1626. This manual on labour inspection is aimed at labour inspectors, labour inspection services, employers' and workers' organizations and their representatives in enterprises. It discusses current approaches to labour inspection, and identifies and analyses some of the best practices in labour inspection systems in ILO member states. Contents: background, evolution and context; inspections systems policy; inspection systems organization and management; sectoral aspects of labour inspection (child labour, small enterprises, agriculture, non-commercial services sector, construction, major hazards prevention, psychosocial hazards). An appendix includes the major international standards on labour inspection.
Inspecção-Geral do Trabalho, Praça de Alvalade 1, 1449-073 Lisboa, Portugal. 2006. 471p. 182 ref.
Decent work in the Americas: An agenda for the Hemisphere, 2006-2015
Travail décent dans les Amériques: l'agenda de l'hémisphère 2006-2015 [in French]
Trabajo decente en las Américas: una agenda hemisférica, 2006-2015 [in Spanish]
This report of the Director General was presented at Sixteenth American regional Meeting in Brasilia, May 2006. It describes the main challenges to decent work in the region and sets out a decent work agenda that includes the objective of making occupational safety and health a priority for social partners in the region. Appropriate policies for achieving two main targets are discussed: a 20% reduction in the incidence of occupational accidents and diseases and the extension of OSH protection to sectors that have not traditionally been covered. See CIS 06-793 for an annex to the report.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2006. viii, 85p. Illus. Bibl. ref.
http://www.ilo.org/public/spanish/standards/relm/rgmeet/16amr/dwork.pdf [in Spanish]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/relm/rgmeet/16amr/dwork.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/french/standards/relm/rgmeet/16amr/dwork.pdf [in French]
The end of child labour: Within reach
Das Ende der Kinderarbeit - zumgreifen nah [in German]
Tonggong laodong de zhongjie: Kewang keji [in Chinese]
La fin du travail des enfants: un objectif à notre portée [in French]
Prekraščenie detskogo truda: cel' blizka [in Russian]
La eliminación del trabajo infantil: un objetivo a nuestro alcance [in Spanish]
This is the second Global Report on child labour under the follow-up to the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work. It examines new estimates and trends of child labour by region and globally, provides examples of national action in combating child labour, highlighting the central role of employers' and workers' organisations, and explores strategic frameworks and policy initiatives that are contributing to the elimination of child labour. The report also reviews ILO action on child labour since 2002, discusses global challenges and sets out a proposed action plan.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2006. xiii, 90p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: 35 CHF.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/ipec/about/globalreport/2006/download/2006_globalreport_en.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/french/standards/ipec/about/globalreport/2006/download/2006_globalreport_fr.pdf [in French]
http://www.ilo.org/public/spanish/standards/ipec/about/globalreport/2006/download/2006_globalreport_es.pdf [in Spanish]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/ipec/about/globalreport/2006/download/2006_globalreport_ar.pdf [in Arabic]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/ipec/about/globalreport/2006/download/2006_globalreport_ch.pdf [in Chinese]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/ipec/about/globalreport/2006/download/2006_globalreport_ru.pdf [in Russian]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/ipec/about/globalreport/2006/download/2006_globalreport_de.pdf [in German]
Study on occupations and working conditions that constitute a hazard to the health and development of minor workers in Columbia
Estudio sobre ocupaciones y condiciones de trabajo riesgosas para la salud y el desarrollo de los menores trabajadores en Colombia [in Spanish]
This publication presents the findings of a study conducted in 2004 to identify occupations and working conditions that constitute a hazard to the health and development of children and adolescents working in Columbia. A list of occupations and working conditions that are hazardous for minors was drawn up on the basis of the legislation of several countries as well as ILO recommendations. Appendices include: conditions of work that present physical, biological, chemical, psychosocial, safety-related or physical workload-related hazards for minors; classification of the dangerousness of occupations and sectors of activity that constitute hazards for minors; full text of Resolution No. 004448 of 2 December 2005 listing activities that are prohibited for children and adolescents below the age of 18.
Ministerio de la Protección social, Dirección General de Riesgos Profesionale, Cra 13 No 32-76 p. 15, Bogotá, Colombia, 2005. 65p. Illus. 25 ref.
Video institucional [in Spanish]
CD-ROM containing several video clips on the activities of the Argentine union of dockers and rural workers (UATRE) and of its training and employment institute (ICE). Topics addressed: ICE programmes (literacy in rural areas, occupational safety and hygiene, training in politics and union matters); child labour (video clip and PowerPoint presentation); review of the highlights of the 14 years of existence of UATRE.
Unión Argentina de Trabajadores Rurales y Estibadores (UATRE), Reconquista 630, C1003ABN Buenos Aires, Argentina, ca 2005. CD-ROM.
Windau J., Meyer S.
Occupational injuries among young workers
Despite regulations, young workers are exposed to some of the same hazards as older workers, resulting in injuries and deaths. Transportation accidents cause the most fatal occupational injuries. This article presents the salient occupational injury statistics for young workers in the USA, comparing two time periods: 1993-1997 and 1998-2002. Key safety issues concerning this population are discussed. Contents: data sources; youth employment; laws restricting child labour; occupational fatalities to youth; fatalities by event and activity; fatal injuries by industry; demographic characteristics; nonfatal injuries for 2003; data summary.
Monthly Labor Review, Oct. 2005, Vol.128, No.10, p.11-23. Illus. 17 ref.
http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2005/10/art2full.pdf [in English]
International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC)
Training resource pack on the elimination of hazardous child labour in agriculture
This training resource pack aims to help farmer trainers to plan and run training activities with farmers, to raise awareness among farmers and their communities about the problem of child labour, to provide information on the elimination of the worst forms of child labour, to help farmers improve occupational safety and health on their farms and to promote the implementation of relevant ILO Conventions and Recommendations. It comprises three books: a trainer's guide; training course activities for farmers; and additional resources for trainers (tackling OSH by strengthening risk management, risk assessment, specific hazards and risks to child labourers in agriculture).
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2005. 3 booklets: x, 74p., 20p., iv, 54p. Illus.
http://www.ilo.org/iloroot/public/english/standards/ipec/doc-view.cfm?id=1759 [in English]
The OHS "double whammy": Adolescent workers who are precariously employed
This article examines the occupational safety and health (OSH) risks of adolescents with precarious employment contracts (casual, part-time, short-term, etc.). It is argued that there is an exponential increase in the probability of a negative OSH outcome when workers are both precariously employed and very young. Evidence is presented from three earlier studies among precariously employed workers where adolescents were placed at risk and prevention strategies at the international level and in Australia are outlined.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Apr. 2005, Vol.21, No.2, p.131-140. 53 ref.
Larsson T.J., Forsblom M.
Towards an international limit value for occupational trauma risk: Industrial exposures associated with occupational trauma, permanent impairment and fatalities in a five-year national claims material
Data from the Swedish insurance information system on work-related injuries associated with permanent impairment and fatalities were analysed for all occupations over the five-year period 1997-2001. Occupational groups with a higher than average rate of trauma injury associated with permanent impairment and fatality were identified and information on typical accident mechanisms, equipment and processes resulting in trauma was retrieved. It is suggested that the resulting lists of occupational exposures associated with high injury risks can be used to indicate the nature of restrictions necessary for children under the age of 18 in relation to harmful industrial exposures.
Safety Science, Jan. 2005, Vol.43, No.1, p.61-71. 10 ref.
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