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Workers' participation - 722 entries found

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  • Workers' participation

2011

CIS 12-0119 Driessen M.T., Proper K.I., Anema J.R., Knol D.L., Bongers P.M., van der Beek A.J.
Participatory ergonomics to reduce exposure to psychosocial and physical risk factors for low back pain: Results of a cluster randomised control trial
This study investigated the effectiveness of a participatory ergonomics programme to reduce workers' exposure to psychosocial and physical risk factors. 3047 workers from 37 departments of four Dutch companies participated in this cluster randomised controlled trial; 19 departments (1472 workers) were randomised to an intervention group (participatory ergonomics) and 18 departments (1575 workers) to a control group (no participatory ergonomics). During a 6h meeting guided by an ergonomist, working groups devised ergonomic measures to reduce psychosocial and physical workload and implemented them within three months in their departments. Data on psychosocial and physical risk factors for low back pain and neck pain were collected at baseline and after six months. Psychosocial risk factors were measured using the Job Content Questionnaire and physical risk factors using the Dutch Musculoskeletal Questionnaire. Intervention effects were studied using multilevel analysis. Intervention group workers significantly increased on decision latitude and decision authority compared to control workers. However, exposure to awkward trunk working postures significantly increased in the intervention group compared to the control group. No significant differences between the intervention and control group were found for the remaining risk factors. Participatory ergonomics was not effective in reducing exposure to psychosocial and physical risk factors for low back pain and neck pain among a large group of workers.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 2011, Vol.68, No.9, p.674-681. Illus. 40 ref.
Participatory_ergonomics_to_reduce_exposure_[BUY_THIS_ARTICLE] [in English]

CIS 11-0759 Vogel L.
Work and health: How some are more equal than others
Travail et santé: pourquoi certains sont plus égaux que d'autres [in French]
This article discusses the differences in state of health, life expectancy and the number of years of disability-free expectancy between blue and white-collar workers, as well as according to workers' social level.
Hesamag, 1st half 2011, No.3, p.12-16. Illus. 10 ref.
Travail_et_santé.pdf [in French]

CIS 11-0757 Vogel L.
Union action can make the difference
L'action syndicale peut faire la différence [in French]
This article argues in favour of trade union action in support of workers' participation in the organization of their work.
Hesamag, 1st half 2011, No.3, p.6-9.
L'action_syndicale.pdf [in French]

CIS 10-0881 Raab Glina D.M., Cardoso A.S., Isosaki M., Rocha L.E.
Participatory ergonomics: Understanding the contributions of reflection groups in a hospital food service
The objective of this study was to identify how the methodology of Reflection Groups (RG) can contribute to approach social-psychological problems, so often observed as obstacles in participatory ergonomics efforts. The objective was also to verify the contributions from RG to the implementation of ergonomics recommendations. The methodology was applied to a concrete case, with the management and employees from the department of nutrition and dietetics of a cardiologic hospital in São Paulo, Brazil. Findings are discussed.
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 2011, Vol.41, p.96-105. 33 ref.

2010

CIS 12-0073 Sirola-Karvinen P., Jurvansuu H., Rautio M., Husman P.
Cocreating a health-promoting workplace
Managing well-being at work has so far been quite fragmented, without a well-defined holistic method for promoting health and well-being at work. This article presents a comprehensive tool for this purpose, entitled TEDI, based on the salutogenic approach to health promotion, positive organizational scholarship and a solution-based way of acting. It is founded on participation, commitment, and empowerment. Examples of TEDI pilot implementation in several organizations are provided.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dec. 2010, Vol.52, No.12, p.1269-1272. Illus. 25 ref.
Cocreating_a_health-promoting_workplace_[BUY_THIS_ARTICLE] [in English]

CIS 11-0027 Safe maintenance in practice - Success factors - Summary of an Agency report
Une maintenance sûre dans la pratique - Les clés de la réussite. Résumé d'un rapport de l'Agence [in French]
Mantenimiento seguro llevado a la práctica. Factores de éxito. Resumen de un informe de la Agencia [in Spanish]
This factsheet summarizes the findings of an Agency report on safe maintenance. Buildings and machinery become unsafe if they are not maintained properly. Yet maintenance can be a high-risk activity. Safe procedures for maintenance operations should be part of companies' safety management systems. This is more likely to happen if there is management commitment, employee involvement, effective risk assessment, good communication, safety training and effective use of more than one preventive measure. Many companies consider maintenance operations at the design stage of buildings and equipment to help eliminate risks during future maintenance operations. Examples of good practices implemented by a large chemicals manufacturer in Germany and a Belgian power station are included. The full report (available in English only) can be downloaded from this link.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2010. 2p. Illus. 2 ref.
Facts_96/EN [in English]
Facts_96/FR [in French]
Facts_96/ES [in Spanish]

CIS 10-0652 Bestratén Belloví M., Agulló Teixidor X.
Newly-formed enterprises and working conditions (III). Implementation of the OSH plan
Empresas de nueva creación y condiciones de trabajo (III). Implantación del plan de prevención [in Spanish]
When starting a business, it is not enough to be an entrepreneur with good ideas, it is also essential to address issues such as workers' participation, team-building, safety and health and conditions of work. This technical note is part of a series of three (see also CIS 10-0650 and CIS-0651) that focus on the relationship between the business plan which is essential for all new businesses and the occupational safety and health plan, which is mandatory in Spain. It addresses more specifically the issues of regulations and good practices in the implementation of the occupational safety and health plan.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 6p. Illus. 2 ref.
NTP_850.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 10-0651 Bestratén Belloví M., Agulló Teixidor X.
Newly-formed enterprises and working conditions (II). Business plan and OSH plan
Empresas de nueva creación y condiciones de trabajo (II). Plan de empresa y plan de PRL [in Spanish]
When starting a business, it is not enough to be an entrepreneur with good ideas, it is also essential to address issues such as workers' participation, team-building, safety and health, and conditions of work. This technical note is part of a series of three (see also CIS 10-0650 and CIS 10-0652) that focus on the relationship between the business plan which is essential for all new businesses and the occupational safety and health plan, which is mandatory in Spain. It addresses more specifically the issues of team building, human relations, work organization and finance.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 8p. 6 ref.
NTP_849.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 10-0650 Bestratén Belloví M., Agulló Teixidor X.
Newly-formed enterprises and working conditions (I)
Empresas de nueva creación y condiciones de trabajo (I) [in Spanish]
When starting a business, it is not enough to be an entrepreneur with good ideas, it is also essential to address issues such as workers' participation, team-building, safety and health, and conditions of work. This technical note is part of a series of three (see also CIS 10-0651 and ISN 111190) that focus on the relationship between the business plan which is essential for all new businesses and the occupational safety and heath plan, which is mandatory in Spain.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 6p. Illus. 6 ref.
NTP_848.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 10-0310 Health and safety at work in SMEs: Strategies for employee information and consultation
The study on information dissemination and employee consultation in SMEs in the field of occupational safety and health was compiled on the basis of individual national reports in response to a questionnaire. SMEs employ over 66% of Europe's working population but account for 82% of all occupational injuries and about 90% of fatal accidents. The main reason for these unfavourable statistics is that SMEs lack the knowledge and resources to manage their working environment properly and to call in external expertise when needed. SMEs face a number of difficulties in complying with occupational safety and health (OSH) regulations owing to less awareness of the costs of non-compliance in terms of higher risks. Employee OSH representatives are frequently lacking, especially in smaller companies, making it more difficult to implement the participatory approach envisaged by the 1989 EU Framework Directive on health and safety. Consultation on changes to organization and working conditions, workplace learning opportunities and job security all contribute positively to improving employee information on OSH risks at work. One approach that appears promising when dealing with this gap is free counselling combined with discounts on insurance premium for those achieving substantive reductions in their accident rates, and territorial employee representatives.
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Wyattville Road, Loughlinstown, Dublin 18, Ireland, 2010. 67p. Illus. 14 ref.
Health_and_safety_at_work.pdf [in English]

CIS 10-0309 Telework in the European Union
This report examines the phenomenon of telework in the EU, particularly in the context of the European Framework Agreement on Telework. It first assesses the incidence of telework across the 27 EU Members States and Norway, highlighting the overall increase in telework usage. It goes on to examine the regulatory framework for telework, with a particular focus on the European Framework Agreement's implementation in the context of national industrial relations systems and given the unique nature of this autonomous agreement. The report also looks at issues concerning the employment and working conditions of teleworkers, such as safety and health, data protection, access to training and the voluntary nature of telework. It concludes with an overview of the social partners' position on telework.
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Wyattville Road, Loughlinstown, Dublin 18, Ireland, 2010. 28p. Illus. 55 ref.
Telework_in_the_European_Union.pdf [in English]

CIS 10-0303 Geldart S., Smith C.A., Shannon H.S., Lohfeld L.
Organizational practices and workplace health and safety: A cross-sectional study in manufacturing companies
The results of a mail questionnaire addressed to 312 manufacturing firms in the province of Ontario (Canada) are presented. A cross-sectional analysis of workplace level health and safety policies, practices and attitudes was conducted, based upon lost-time frequency rate (LTFR) data. Lower LTFRs were associated with paternalistic initiatives, recording of occupational health and safety (OHS) measures, greater involvement of workers in decision-making and better managerial attitudes concerning the importance of OHS. Other findings are discussed.
Safety Science, June 2010, Vol.48, No.5, p.562-569. Illus. 27 ref.

CIS 10-0443 Crawford J. O., George P., Graveling R.A., Cowie H., Dixon K.
Good work - Good health. Research report
Gute Arbeit - Gute Gesundheit. Forschungsbericht [in German]
Good work - Good health. Rapport de recherche [in French]
Buen trabajo - Buena salud. Informe de investigación [in Spanish]
The aim of the "Good Work, Good Health" was to examine mental wellbeing in the telecommunications industry in Europe. This was done through a systematic literature review of workplace factors that impact on mental wellbeing, together with interviews of telecommunications companies to identify good practice occurring. This report presents the findings of this research. It is also available in French, Spanish and German. See also ISN 110741.
Institute of Occupational Medicine (IOM), Research Avenue North, Riccarton, Edinburgh, EH14 4AP, United Kingdom, 2010. xii; 97p. 43 ref. (PDF-Document).
Research_report.pdf [in English]
Rapport_de_recherche.pdf [in French]
Informe_de_investigación.pdf [in Spanish]
Research_report.pdf [in German]

CIS 10-0442 Good Work - Good Health - Good Practice Guidelines
Dobrá Práce - Dobré Zdraví - Pruvodce dobrou praxí [in Czech]
Gute Arbeit - Gute Gesundheit - Good Practice Richtlinien [in German]
Καλή Εργασία - Καλή Υγεία - ΟΔΗΓΟΣ ΚΑΛΗΣ ΠΡΑΚΤΙΚΗΣ [in Greek]
Buen Trabajo - Buena Salud - Guía de buenas prácticas [in Spanish]
Bra Arbete - God Hälsa - Riktlinjer För God Praxis [in Swedish]
Good Work - Good Health - Guide des bonnes pratiques [in French]
Buon lavoro - Buona salute - Norme di buona prassi [in Italian]
Dobre Praca - Dobre Zdrowie - Wytyczne Dobrej Praktyki [in Polish]
Bom Trabalho - Boa Saúde - Guia de boas Práticas [in Portuguese]
Good Work - Good Health - Ghid de bune practici [in Romanian]
Hea töo - Hea tervis - Hea tava juhised [in Estonian]
The "Good Work, Good Health" project was aimed at defining good practices on how to improve mental wellbeing of workers. A working group examined the scientific literature on mental health at work as well as policies and practices of a panel of representative European organizations in the telecommunication industry. These good practice guidelines are based on the results of the project. The guidelines are also available in French, Spanish, Czech, German, Estonian, Greek, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian and Swedish. See also 110742.
European Telecommunications Network Operators' Association (ETNO), 54 avenue Louise, 1050 Brussels, Belgium, 2010. 20p. Illus. (PDF-Document).
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [in English]
Guide_des_bonnes_pratiques.pdf [in French]
Guía_de_Buenas_Prácticas.pdf [in Spanish]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [in German]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [in Estonian]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [in Greek]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [in Italian]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [in Polish]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [in Portuguese]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [in Romanian]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [in Swedish]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [in Czech]

CIS 10-0301 Eyraud F., Chouwdhury Repon A.R., Rantanen J., Leman A.M., Othma F., Omar A.R., Surjono B., Wang Y., Lindfor T., Lehtinen S.
Occupational health and safety training
Collection of articles on occupational safety and health training of relevance to countries in the Asia-Pacific region. Contents: improving OSH through a participatory training approach in Bangladesh; the challenge of occupational diseases; occupational safety and health training in Malaysia; role of workers' unions in occupational health and safety at industry level; OSH training in the food industry in China. Other topics: Presentation of the ILO training centre in Turin, Italy; review of a conference on occupational cardiovascular diseases held in March 2010 in Espoo, Finland; presentation of the objectives and activities of the International Commission for Occupational Health (ICOH).
Asian-Pacific Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, May 2010, Vol.17, No.1, p.3-23 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
OSH_training.pdf [in English]

CIS 10-0202 European survey of enterprises on new and emerging risks - Summary
Enquête européenne des entreprises sur les risques nouveaux et émergents - Résumé [in French]
Encuesta europea de empresas sobre riesgos nuevos y emergentes - Resumen [in Spanish]
The European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (ESENER) asks managers and workers' safety and health representatives about how health and safety risks are managed at their workplace, with a particular focus on the newer psychosocial risks, such as work-related stress, violence and harassment. This summary of the report analyzed under ISN 110712 highlights a selection of the main results from a first analysis of the data, which is drawn from 36,000 interviews carried out in 31 countries. Contents: background; key findings; OSH management; psychosocial risks and their management; drivers and barriers; employee participation; survey methodology.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2010. 16p. Illus.
European_survey.pdf [in English]
Enquête_européenne.pdf [in French]
Encuesta_europea.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 10-0201 Rial González E., Irastorza X., Cockburn W.
European survey of enterprises on new and emerging risks - Managing safety and health at work
The European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks asks managers and workers' safety and health representatives about how safety and health risks are managed at their workplace, with a particular focus on the psychosocial risks such as work-related stress, violence and harassment. This report highlights a selection of the main results from a first analysis of the data, which is drawn from 36,000 interviews carried out in 31 countries. EU-OSHA's Europe-wide establishment survey aims to assist workplaces to deal more effectively with safety and health and to promote the health and well-being of employees. It provides policy makers with cross-nationally comparable information relevant for the design and implementation of new policies in this field. A summary of the report is published as a separate document and is analyzed under ISN 110713.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2010. 156p. Illus. 57 ref. Price (excluding VAT): EUR 15.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
European_survey.pdf [in English]

CIS 10-0157 Kawakami T., Khai T.T.
WARM - Work adjustment for recycling and managing waste
Safe and efficient waste collection systems are the foundation for recycling and managing waste and protecting our environment. Waste collectors contribute to cleaning our environment through their collection work day-by-day. However, waste collectors often face many risks associated with their collection work such as handling heavy and dangerous waste, traffic accidents, or hot working environment. This training manual aims to improve the safety, health and efficiency of waste collection work. It uses many illustrations of good examples that waste collectors and managers can put to immediate use, based on the ILO's participatory training approaches. It promotes practical collaborative actions between waste collectors and the community for establishing safety and efficient waste collection systems.
ILO Subregional Office for East Asia, United Nations Building, Rajdamnern Nok Avenue, P.O. Box 2-349, Bangkok 10200, Thailand, 2009. v, 77p. Illus. 32 ref.
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/---sro-bangkok/documents/publication/wcms_126981.pdf [in English]

CIS 10-0047 Bestratén Belloví M., Real Arias P.
New enterprise culture and working conditions (II): factors for a successful change
Nueva cultura de empresa y condiciones de trabajo (II): factores de éxito del cambio [in Spanish]
This information note describes the key factors for a successful change of organisational occupational safety and health culture and their interrelations.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 8p. Illus. 6 ref.
Nueva_cultura_de_empresa_y_condiciones_de_trabajo.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 09-1365 Borges Cambraia F., Abreu Saurin T., Torres Formoso C.
Identification, analysis and dissemination of information on near misses: A case study in the construction industry
This article proposes guidelines for identifying, analysing and disseminating information on near misses in construction sites. The guidelines were devised and tested within the scope of an occupational safety and health project for construction sites in Brazil. The monitoring of near misses was part of a safety performance measurement system. Among the main results, a dramatic increase in both the number and quality of reports stands out after the workforce was systematically encouraged to report.
Safety Science, Jan. 2010, Vol.48, No.1, p.91-99. Illus. 41 ref.

2009

CIS 12-0272 Yeomans L.
Health and Safety Executive
Feedback on the noise and hand arm vibration worker involvement pilot project
The Worker Involvement Activity forms part of the Noise and HAV programme. The aim of this activity was to reduce occupational ill health related to noise and HAV exposure by introducing worker participation projects. Twenty eight companies were recruited by HSE to set up worker involvement projects in July 2006. Four of these pilot projects were selected for this feedback study which aimed to: gain views of worker involvement in the decision making process; gain feedback on the usefulness of the support materials; identify processes and difficulties involved in setting up the project; identify the noise and HAV exposure reduction outcomes from the project; and identify lessons that could be learnt for setting up worker involvement projects. This study found that the worker involvement projects were considered to have been effective, beneficial and reasonably successful in identifying and solving noise and HAV problems, raising risk awareness, improving working relationships between workers and managers, and improving risk assessments.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2009. viii, 51p. 5 ref.
Feedback_on_the_noise_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]

CIS 11-0646 Mekos K.Z.
Complaints regarding occupational health and safety in the area of Thessaloniki (Greece)
This paper deals with the complaints regarding occupational safety and health in a region of Greece. It seeks to examine who are the complainers, to which companies or activities they belong, to what extent complaints are relevant to occupational safety and health, and whether the complaints result in penalties. Complaints irrelevant to occupational safety and health are twice as frequent as those that are relevant. In three quarters of the cases, the complaints do not result to any kind of sanction. In one fifth of the cases, the complaints are not followed by any action taken by the office in charge. Implications of these and other findings are discussed.
Safety Science, 2009, Vol.47, p.647-651. 10 ref.

CIS 10-0460 Rodríguez C.A.
The ILO conventions on occupational safety and health: An opportunity to improve working conditions and work environments
Los convenios de la OIT sobre seguridad y salud en el trabajo: una oportunidad para mejorar las condiciones y el medio ambiente de trabajo [in Spanish]
The purpose of this publication is to explain and promote ILO international labour standards for occupational safety and health in Latin America. It examines various ILO conventions on different subjects of interest. The history of each convention is reviewed, its contents discussed, and the situation concerning its application in various Latin American countries is examined. A CD-ROM which contains the publication in PDF format, as well as the texts of the conventions and of all the documents cited, is included.
Publications of the International Training Centre of the ILO, Viale Maestri del Lavoro, 10, 10127 Torino, Italy, 2009. 337p. + CD-ROM .
Los_convenios_de_la_OIT.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 10-0238 Kawakami T., Khai T.T., Kogi K.
Developing the WIND training programme in Asia
This report documents and analyses the course of the development of the WIND training programme in Vietnam and also the efforts of other countries in Asia. It pays particular attention to the usefulness of participatory training methodologies and how much the WIND programme has respected and supported the self-help initiative of local farmers. It will give an insight into participatory approaches for those who plan to apply the WIND programme and also for those who are interested in achieving local developments in a participatory manner. Contents: what is the WIND training programme; learning from the real working lives of local farmers and sugarcane processing workers in the Mekong Delta in Vietnam; birth of the WIND programme; developing the WIND farmer volunteer system; national policy support for the WIND training programme; WIND training programme in Cambodia, Mongolia and Thailand; factors in the success of the WIND training in Vietnam; recommendations for future developments of the WIND programme.
ILO Subregional Office for East Asia, United Nations Building, Rajdamnern Nok Avenue, P.O. Box 2-349, Bangkok 10200, Thailand, 2009. 117p. Illus. 32 ref.
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/---sro-bangkok/documents/publication/wcms_120488.pdf [in English]

CIS 09-1202 Vainio H., Sng J., Koh D., Lee S.M., Chia S.E., Kawakami T., Fedotov I., Tao L., Ikeda T., Joshi S.K., Sharma S.C., Shrestha S., Pääkkönen T., Lehtinen S.
New emerging risks
Collection of articles on emerging occupational safety and health hazards of relevance to countries in the Asia-Pacific region. Contents: nanotechnology; applying participatory approaches and good practices to emerging risks; health hazards related to precarious work; participatory approach for stress management in small enterprises in Japan; child labour in Nepal and associated hazards; brief account of a conference on occupational health of nanotechnology which took place in 2009 in Finland; brief account of a meeting of WHO collaborating centres which took place in Geneva in 2009.
Asian-Pacific Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Dec. 2009, Vol.16, No.3, p.51-71 (whole issue). Illus. Bib.ref.
http://www.ttl.fi/en/publications/electronic_journals/asian_pacific_newsletter/archives/Documents/asian_pacific_nl3_2009.pdf [in English]

CIS 09-1260 Rantanen J., Siriruttanapruk S., Joshi S.K., Dahal P., Nguyen T.H.T., Luong M.A., Onlasy K., Lee M.S., Siang L.H., Kawakami T., Lehtinen S.
Occupational health services
Collection of articles on occupational health services of relevance to countries in the Asian-Pacific region. Contents: situation of occupational health services in Thailand, Nepal, Vietnam and Laos; occupational health services in the informal sector; participatory programme on occupational health aimed at small enterprises in Korea; various conference and book reviews.
Asian-Pacific Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Sep. 2009, Vol.16, No.2, p.27-47 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://www.ttl.fi/en/publications/electronic_journals/asian_pacific_newsletter/archives/Documents/asian_pacific_nl2_2009.pdf [in English]

CIS 09-1199 Saarela K.I.
The Kauris method - Evaluation and management of the risks of violence at the place of work
El método Kauris - Evaluación y gestión del riesgo de violencia en el trabajo [in Spanish]
In Finland, 5% of workers have been exposed to a violent incident. This article presents the Kauris method developed in 2001 by the Finnish Institute of Occupational Safety and Health for the retail sector, where the risks of violent incidents are above average. The objective is to help individual businesses to evaluate and manage violence at the place of work. The method, which involves a participatory approach, was pilot tested in 12 stores of a large Finnish retail chain. Results of the study are discussed.
Protección y seguridad, Sep.-Oct. 2009, Vol.55, No.327, p.68,70. 7 ref.

CIS 09-1191 Tsutsumi A., Nagami M., Yoshikawa T., Kogi K., Kawakami N.
Participatory intervention for workplace improvements on mental health and job performance among blue-collar workers: A cluster randomized controlled trial
To explore the effect of participatory intervention for workplace improvement on mental health and job performance, 11 assembly lines were randomly allocated to six intervention and five control lines (47 and 50 workers, respectively). Participants were surveyed by means of questionnaires at baseline and at the end of the intervention. General Health Questionnaire scores significantly deteriorated in the control group, whereas the score remained at the same level in the intervention group. Health and Work Performance Questionnaire scores increased in the intervention group, but decreased in the control group. Participatory intervention for workplace improvement appears effective against deterioration in mental health and for improving job performance.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, May 2009, Vol.51, No.5, p.554-563. Illus. 46 ref.

CIS 09-1164 Seasonal influenza prevention in health care workers
This article describes the comprehensive influenza prevention programme recommended by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Physicians for health care workers. It involves vaccination, information dissemination, employee participation, infection control practices and employer commitment.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Mar. 2009, Vol.51, No.3, p.386-389. 26 ref.

CIS 09-956 Szlapetis I.
Profiting from participatory ergonomics
Participatory ergonomics (PE) is a process for workplace improvement that involves workers in problem solving. This article explains the six key steps to implementing a successful PE programme: creating PE teams with appropriate members; involving the right people in the PE process; providing ergonomic training for the team; choosing a team leader; defining the participants' responsibilities; make decisions through group consultation.
Accident Prevention, May-June 2009, Vol.56, No.2, p.28-32. Illus.

CIS 09-856 Ott M.G., Oberlinner C., Lang S., Hoffmann G., Nasterlack M., Pluto R.P., Trauth B., Messerer P., Zober A.
Health and safety protection for chemical industry employees in a rotating shift system: Program design and acute injury and illness experience at work
This article describes a comprehensive health protection programme for rotating shift employees adopted by a large German chemical enterprise, and evaluates its effectiveness in injury and illness prevention. For 14,128 shift and 17,218 day workers, occupational medical records were linked to job assignment records and studied over an 11-year period. Between 1995 and 2005, initiatives aimed at shift workers contributed to their greater participation in medical examinations and health seminar days by 59% and 100%, respectively, compared to day workers. Injury rates declined over time and with increasing employee age and were not elevated among shift workers compared to day workers. Clinic visit rates for acute illnesses were generally higher for day workers. Other findings are discussed.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 2009, Vol.51, No.2, p.221-231. Illus. 15 ref.

CIS 09-599 Bryson N.
Rock-steady strategy
Quarrying is one of the most dangerous industries in which to work. An initiative launched in 2000 in the United Kingdom has succeeded in greatly reducing the number of accidents in this sector. This article highlights some of the key points of the initiative based on cooperation, workers' involvement and training, and discusses how they could be possibly applied to other sectors.
Safety and Health Practitioner, Mar. 2009, Vol.27, No.3, p.46-48. Illus. 3 ref.

CIS 09-210 Pehkonen I., Takala E.P., Ketola R., Viikari-Juntura E., Leino-Arjas P., Hopsu L., Virtanen T., Haukka E., Holtari-Leino M., Nykyri E., Riihimäki H.
Evaluation of a participatory ergonomic intervention process in kitchen work
This study evaluated a participatory ergonomic intervention process applied in 59 kitchens of schools, nursing homes and care centres in Finland. Workers participated in workshops, and generated and evaluated solutions to optimize musculoskeletal load in their work. An ergonomist initiated and supported the process. By the end of the programme, 402 improvements were implemented.
Applied Ergonomics, Jan. 2009, Vol.40, No.1, p.115-123. Illus. 38 ref.

2008

CIS 11-0568 Lunt L., Bates S., Bennett V., Hopkinson J.
Health and Safety Executive
Behaviour change and worker engagement practices within the construction sector
Behaviour change and worker engagement (BCWE) practices were qualitatively investigated in a sample of United Kingdom construction contractors and consultants. These were compared with the contemporary scientific evidence for BCWE. Practices demonstrated an overall shift towards an integrated approach to behaviour change, tackling the physical, social work environment and individual determinants of risk taking behaviour. Where safety culture is least mature, emphasis is upon installing effective safety management systems, before targeting safety leadership and culture and finally operatives' behaviour on more mature projects. By tackling root causes of accidents in this way, programmes should be able to overcome a tendency that traditional behavioural safety programs have in being too symptomatic. Strategies for managing the workforce transience that characterizes the industry included managing BCWE project by project, "influencing the influencer" and including sub-contractors in BCWE training.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2008. xiii, 271p. Illus. 114 ref.
RR_660.pdf [in English]

CIS 11-0160 Trbojevic V.M.
Health and Safety Executive
Optimising hazard management by workforce engagement and supervision
Managers in the offshore oil and gas industry have recognized that a lack of skilled workforce, change to shorter working hours and increase in activity can lead to an erosion of safety and health unless balanced by significant increase in level of training and supervision. This report explores some of the means of responding to this need, based on improving comprehension of major hazards by the workforce and optimizing the management processes such as balancing workforce competence and level of supervision. By improving comprehension of major hazards, the workforce itself can play a central role in safety case preparation by being involved in identifying real improvements in safety that are reasonable and based on the day-to-day grass-roots operational experience of various disciplines.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2008. x, 80p. Illus. 35 ref.
RR637.pdf [in English]

CIS 11-0051 Gasparri F., Bottazzi M., Capocelatro F., Alhaique D., Chulvi B., Clavel A., Tremel G., Tramontano T.
Occupational diseases - Hundred and ten more "voices" to listen to
Malattie professionali - Centodieci "voce" in più cui dare ascolto [in Italian]
This issue of the journal is primarily devoted to emerging risks and occupational diseases. Topics addressed: newly-recognized occupational diseases in Italy; presentation of the Euro Worksafe portal for the monitoring occupational cancers; historical review of social protection of occupational diseases; actions undertaken by a Spanish trade union against the lack of protection from chemical hazards; most common hazards and occupational diseases in the hotel sector in Spain.
2087, Casa editrice Edit Coop, Via dei Frentani 4/A, 00185 Rome, Italy, Nov. 2008, Vol. X, No.8, p.1-31 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 10-0759
International Labour Office
My life, my work, my safe work - Managing risk in the work environment
A minha vida, o meu trabalho, o meu trabalho em segurança: gestaõ dos riscos no ambiente de trabalho [in Portuguese]
Portuguese version of the booklet entitled "My life, my work, my safe work - Managing risk in the work environment". Contents: occupational hazards; four steps to reduce risks; management of workplace risks. English original, please see CIS 08-807.
Escritorio da OIT, Rua do Viriato n°7, 7° e 8° andar, 1050-233 Lisbon, Portugal, 2008. 11p. Illus.
A_minha_vida.pdf [in Portuguese]

CIS 09-1015 Taitel M.S., Haufle V., Heck D., Loeppke R., Fetterolf D.
Incentives and other factors associated with employee participation in health risk assessments
The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to investigate factors associated with employee participation rates in health risk assessments. Data from 124 employers with 882,275 employees who completed 344,825 health and productivity assessments were evaluated using multiple regression analyses. Key predictors of participation included incentive values, communications, organizational commitment and company size.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Aug 2008, Vol.50, No.8, p.863-872. Illus. 36 ref.

CIS 09-1173 Haukka E., Leino-Arjas P., Viikari-Juntura E., Takala E.P., Malmivaara A., Hopsu L., Mutanen P., Ketola R., Virtanen T., Pehkonen I., Holtari-Leino M., Nykänen J., Stenholm S., Nykyri E., Riihimäki H.
A randomized controlled trial on whether a participatory ergonomics intervention could prevent musculoskeletal disorders
The objective of this study was to examine the efficiency of a participatory ergonomics intervention in preventing musculoskeletal disorders among kitchen workers. It involved 504 workers of 119 kitchens in Finland. Kitchens were randomized to intervention and control groups. The 11 to 14-month intervention guided the workers to identify strenuous work tasks and seek solutions for decreasing physical and mental workload. Altogether 402 ergonomic changes were implemented. Individual data on musculoskeletal pain, fatigue and sick leave were collected by means of questionnaires at baseline, every three months during the intervention and during a follow-up after one year. No systematic differences in any outcome variable were found between the intervention and control groups.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dec. 2008, Vol.65, No.12, p.849-856. Illus. 42 ref.

CIS 09-1004 Widerszal-Bazyl M., Warszewska-Makuch M.
Employee direct participation in organizational decisions and workplace safety
Managers from 192 Polish enterprises filled out a questionnaire measuring employees' direct participation in organizational decisions. Workplace safety was expressed by the number of accidents, the number of employees working in hazardous conditions, accident absenteeism and sickness absence. Results showed that the two latter indicators were significantly related to some parameters of direct participation. Companies that used face-to-face individual consultation had lower accident absenteeism than ones that did not. Similar effects were observed for group consultation and group delegation. Implications of these findings are discussed.
International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 2008, Vol.14, No.4, p.367-378. 20 ref.

CIS 09-607 Brasseur G., Martin S.
Hotel industry - Upheaval on all floors
Hôtellerie - Remue-ménage dans les étages [in French]
There are 210,000 persons employed in the hotel industry in France. This collection of articles addresses the issue of the prevention of occupational hazards in this sector. Contents: standardization trends; measures adopted by a hotel in Paris; linen room work; efforts undertaken by a hotel in Corsica for the well-being of its employees; occupational health awareness programme for young workers of a hotel in the greater Paris area.
Travail et sécurité, Nov. 2008, No.689, p.16-27. Illus. 2 ref.

CIS 09-608 Vaudoux D.
Toy industry - Safety is not child's play
Industrie du jouet - La sécurité n'est pas un jeu d'enfant [in French]
This article presents the various safety measures adopted at the French production site of a mechanical assembly toy manufacturer. One of the main occupational health problems faced by the workers was musculoskeletal diseases, for which the incidence has been sharply reduced thanks to concerted efforts by plant management and industrial physicians, with the active involvement of workers.
Travail et sécurité, Dec. 2008, No.690, p.2-9. Illus.
http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ArchivesTS/archivests.nsf/(allDocParRef)/TS690page2_1/$File/TS690page2.pdf?OpenElement [in French]

CIS 09-695 Féron L.
Maintenance: Required thinking before starting work
Maintenance: une réflexion nécessaire avant les travaux [in French]
The taking into account of future maintenance interventions during the design phase of a construction project enhances the safety of the personnel involved, provided that the design is based on the consultation of all parties. This feature presents the document on future maintenance operations which is required by law in France, together with several practical cases and lessons learned, as reported by several enterprises and safety experts.
Prévention BTP, Dec. 2008, No.113, p.38-47. Illus.

CIS 09-733 Macciocu L., Nardella C., Rossi I., Stella M., Brizio L.
Workers' active participation in the prevention of psychosocial hazards in the credit sector: A key priority for becoming a socially responsible business
La partecipazione attiva del lavoratore nella prevenzione dei rischi psicosociali nel settore del credito: elemento prioritario per l'attuazione di un'impresa socialmente responsabile [in Italian]
The aim of this study was to examine the level of employee participation in safety and health in the banking sector in Italy, focusing primarily on issues related to well-being, work organization and the worker-organization interface. Data were collected from 2100 banking sector employees across Italy, by means of a self-administered questionnaire. Analysis revealed a working environment that does not facilitate worker participation. Three out of four workers clearly affirmed that they were not in a position to actively contribute to the promotion of safety and well-being in their workplace. Other findings are discussed.
Prevenzione oggi, 2nd quarter 2008, Vol.4, No.2, p.17-40. Illus. 33 ref.
http://prevenzioneoggi.ispesl.it/pdf%5Cric2008_02_1_it.pdf [in Italian]
http://prevenzioneoggi.ispesl.it/pdf%5Cric2008_02_1_en.pdf [in English]

CIS 09-597 Kawakami T., Van V.N., Theu N.V., Khai T.T., Kogi K.
Participatory support to farmers in improving safety and health at work: Building WIND farmer volunteer networks in Viet Nam.
This article describes the implementation of the WIND (Work Improvement in Neighbourhood Development) in the farming sector in Vietnam. From 2004 to 2007, 480 WIND volunteers trained 7922 farmers. The trained farmers implemented 28,508 improvements in materials handling, work posture, machine and electrical safety, working environments, control of hazardous chemicals and welfare facilities.
Industrial Health, Sep. 2008, Vol.46, No.5, p.455-462. Illus. 18 ref.
http://www.jniosh.go.jp/en/indu_hel/pdf/IH_46_5_455.pdf [in English]

CIS 09-609 Del Prado-Lu J.L.
Organizational work factors among workers and supervisors in export processing zones which support global markets
The objective of this study was to investigate the interaction between organizational and management factors at work for both front-line workers and supervisors in the Philippines' manufacturing sector. A survey was carried out in a sample of 23 establishments, 630 workers, and 47 supervisors, while ten focus group discussions for workers and five for supervisors were also held. Workers and supervisors alike reported illnesses and job dissatisfaction. The most prevalent issues among workers were insufficient skills, being pressured in doing work, fast paced work, repetitive work, and that work is both physically and mentally tiring. On the other hand, supervisors described their work as challenging, needing regular upgrading of skills and needing literacy on information technology. Other findings are discussed.
Industrial Health, Sep. 2008, Vol.46, No.5, p.435-442. 23 ref.
http://www.jniosh.go.jp/en/indu_hel/pdf/IH_46_5_435.pdf [in English]

CIS 09-494 Model behaviour
When introducing change in the workplace, it is essential to focus on the motivation and engagement of workers, and not just on systems and processes. This article describes three models that occupational safety and health managers can use to gain commitment of staff: the management of complex change model, the DREC (denial, resistance, exploration and commitment) model, and force field analysis.
Safety and Health Practitioner, Dec. 2008, Vol.26, No.12, p.39-40. Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 09-357 da Conceição da Costa D., Menegon N.L.
Three case studies on health and safety actions in small and medium size enterprises
Condução de ações em Saúde e Segurança do Trabalho em pequenas e médias empresas: análise de três casos [in Portuguese]
Building actions related to health and safety in small and medium size enterprises (SME) is not an easy task, since these companies need to face lack of information, short availability of resources and methodologies developed for the characteristics of a big company. The present study investigates the way health and safety interventions - including ergonomics - are carried on in three industrial sector SMEs in Brazil, but also the reasons for their being conducted that way and the difficulties encountered.
Revista brasileira de saúde ocupacional, Jan.-June 2008, Vol.33, No.117, p.60-71. 41 ref.
http://www.fundacentro.gov.br/rbso/BancoAnexos/RBSO%20117%20Condu%C3%A7%C3%A3o%20de%20a%C3%A7%C3%B5es%20...%20PME.pdf [in Portuguese]

CIS 09-369 Garages
Garages [in French]
Garages [in Dutch]
This folder consists of the guide for the participative identification of hazards (Dépistage participatif des risques, Déparis) adapted to garages. It contains the following documents: booklet presenting the SOBANE (screening, observation, analysis and expertise) strategy; leaflet inviting participants to attend a Déparis meeting; Déparis participative guide applied to garages containing 18 tables addressing various aspects of the job.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot 1, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2008. Folder containing several booklets and leaflets. Illus.
http://www.emploi.belgique.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19732 [in French]
http://www.werk.belgie.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19462 [in Dutch]

CIS 09-381 Cleaning sector
Secteur du nettoyage [in French]
Schoonmaaksector [in Dutch]
This folder consists of the guide for the participative identification of hazards (Dépistage participatif des risques, Déparis) adapted to the cleaning sector. It contains the following documents: booklet presenting the SOBANE (screening, observation, analysis and expertise) strategy; leaflet inviting participants to attend a Déparis meeting; Déparis participative guide applied to the cleaning sector containing 17 tables addressing various aspects of the job.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot 1, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2008. Folder containing several booklets and leaflets. Illus.
http://www.emploi.belgique.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19766 [in French]
http://www.werk.belgie.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19474 [in Dutch]

CIS 09-380 Teaching
Enseignement [in French]
Onderwijs [in Dutch]
This folder consists of the guide for the participative identification of hazards (Dépistage participatif des risques, Déparis) adapted to teaching. It contains the following documents: booklet presenting the SOBANE (screening, observation, analysis and expertise) strategy; leaflets inviting participants of different classes of employees to attend Déparis meetings and the corresponding Déparis participative guides applied to teaching; four Déparis participative guides applied to teaching; four companion checklists to the Déparis participative guides, aimed at apprentices in the woodworking, construction, health care and all other sectors; leaflet on the prevention of occupational hazards in teaching.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot 1, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2008. Folder containing several booklets and leaflets. Illus.
http://www.emploi.belgique.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=20178 [in French]
http://www.werk.belgie.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=20178 [in Dutch]

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