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Economic aspects - 615 entries found

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CIS 10-0236 Who foots the bill? Decent work for homeworkers in the leather footwear industry
Homeworkers in the leather footwear industry experience extremely poor working conditions. As companies engage in a "race to the bottom" to reduce costs, homeworkers face health problems, have no access to social security and not enough money to support their families. This booklet highlights the situation and problems of homeworkers in this industry and gives information for people who want to work in solidarity with them to defend their rights.
Homeworkers Worldwide (hww), 30-38 Dock Street, Leeds LS10 1JF, United Kingdom, no date. 23p. Illus. 11 ref.

CIS 12-0113 Elsler D., Heyer A., Kuhl K., Eeckelaert L., eds.
How to create economic incentives in occupational safety and health: A practical guide
This guide on economic incentives schemes is intended to serve as a practical and user-friendly guide to help incentive providers to create or optimize their own programmes. Incentives schemes should not only reward past results of good OSH management (such as low accident numbers), but should also reward specific prevention efforts that aim to reduce future accidents and ill-health. Therefore the expert group suggested the development of compilations of innovative and evidence-based preventive solutions, starting with the three sectors construction, health care and restaurants/catering.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, Dec. 2011. 32p. Illus. 12 ref.
How_to_create_economic_incentives_in_OSH_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]

CIS 12-0215 Collective labour agreement on the improvement of working conditions
Convenção coletiva de melhorla des condições de trabalho [in Portuguese]
Collective labour agreement on the improvement of working conditions in sectors using presses and similar equipment, plastic injection molding machines and electroplating equipment in the State of Sao Paulo, Brazil
Sindicato dos trabalhadores metalúrgicos de São Paulo e Mogi das Cruzes, Palácio do Trabalhador, rua Galvão Bueno 782, CEP 01506-000, Bairro da Liberdade, São Paulo, Brazil, 2011, 62p. Illus. 7 ref.
Convenção_coletiva_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in Portuguese]

CIS 12-0068 Bilodeau P.P.
What is the true return of your investments in occupational safety and health?
Quel est le réel rendement de vos investissements en prévention? [in French]
This article presents a summary of the International Social Security Association (ISSA) on the return of investments in occupational safety and health (OSH) (see ISN 112459). Spending on OSH (personal protective equipment, training, medical supervision) brings about twice the amount in benefits in the form of lower absenteeism and added value (motivation, enterprise image, product quality, innovation).
Travail et santé, Dec. 2011, Vol.27, No.4, p.6-7. Illus. 3 ref.
Quel_est_le_réel_rendement_[BUY_THIS_ARTICLE].pdf [in French]

CIS 12-0066 Bräunig D., Kohstall T.
The return on prevention: Calculating the costs and benefits of investments in occupational safety and health in companies
Rendement de la prévention: Calcul du ratio coût-bénéfices de l'investissement dans la sécurité et la santé en entreprise [in French]
In 2010, the International Social Security Association (ISSA), the German Social Accident Insurance (DGUV), and the German Social Accident Insurance Institution for the Energy, Textile, Electrical and Media Products Sectors (BG ETEM) initiated an international study on "Calculating the international return on prevention for companies: Costs and benefits of investments in occupational safety and health". The study looked at the question of how occupational safety and health is beneficial to companies. Answering this core question required that conceptual consideration was given to the idea of prevention accounting. It also required the collection of qualitative and quantitative data regarding the success of prevention. This report summarizes the initial results of the study.
International Social Security Association, 4 route des Morillons, Case postale 1, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2011. 7p. Illus.
The_return_on_prevention_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Rendement_de_la_prévention_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in French]

CIS 12-0058 Stewart W.F., Bruce C., Manack A., Buse D.C., Varon S.F., Lipton R.B.
A case study for calculating employer costs for lost productive time in episodic migraine and chronic migraine - Results of the American migraine prevalence and prevention study
The objective of this study was to model workplace lost productive time (LPT) from episodic migraine (EM) and chronic migraine (CM). Published estimates of migraine epidemiology and related LPT were used to model the impact of migraine on two typical United States workforce populations that differ by gender and age. In a simulated service sector workforce of 10,000 individuals, the migraine-related LPT was USD 2.9 million annually compared with USD 2.1 million for a manufacturing workforce. Individuals with moderate frequency EM accounted for 42% of the cost. Individuals with high frequency EM and CM comprised 10% of all migraine sufferers and accounted for 22% of the LPT. Lost productive time impact of migraine and other health problems depends on workforce demographics and the cost of labour. Employers can often estimate LPT costs to reveal priorities for optimizing use of health care.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Oct. 2011, Vol.53, No.10, p.1161-1171. 41 ref.
A_case_study_for_calculating_[BUY_THIS_ARTICLE] [in English]

CIS 11-0814 Linaker C., Harris E.C., Cooper C., Coggon D., Palmer K.T.
The burden of sickness absence from musculoskeletal causes in Great Britain
The objective of this literature survey was to evaluate the information provided by United Kingdom surveillance schemes and publicly-available datasets on sickness absence due to musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). It is concluded that national statistics on MSD-related sickness absence are piecemeal and incomplete. This limits capacity to plan and monitor national policies in an important area of public health. Simple low-cost additions to the Labour Force Survey would improve the situation.
Occupational Medicine, 2011, Vol.61, p.458-464. Illus. 20 ref.

CIS 11-0763 Guyonvarch M.
In Romania, work still bad for health
En Roumanie, le travail ce n'est pas encore la santé [in French]
This article comments statistical trends showing important improvements in the rates of occupational accidents and fatalities in Romania. It argues that while the improvements are partly due to better labour inspection and prevention measures, they are also explained by the closure of many unsafe mines and dangerous workplaces.
Hesamag, 1st half 2011, No.3, p.29-31. Illus
En_Roumanie.pdf [in French]

CIS 11-0677 Meijster T., van Duuren-Stuurman B., Heederik D., Houba R., Koningsveld E., Warren N., Tielemans E.
Cost-benefit analysis in occupational health: A comparison of intervention scenarios for occupational asthma and rhinitis among bakery workers
Use of cost-benefit analysis in occupational health increases insight into the intervention strategy that maximizes the cost-benefit ratio. This study presents a methodological framework identifying the most important elements of a cost-benefit analysis for occupational health settings. The methodology was applied to two intervention strategies focused on reducing respiratory diseases. A cost-benefit framework was developed and used to set up a calculation spreadsheet containing the inputs and algorithms required to calculate the costs and benefits for all cost elements. Inputs from a large variety of sources were used to calculate total costs, total benefits, net costs and the benefit-to-costs ratio for both intervention scenarios. Implementation of a covenant intervention program resulted in a net benefit of 16,848,546 Euros over 20 years for a population of 10,000 workers. Implementation was cost-effective for all stakeholders. For a health surveillance scenario, total benefits resulting from a decreased disease burden were estimated to be 44,659,352 Euros. The study highlights the importance of considering different perspectives (employers, employees and other constituents among members of society) in assessing and sharing the costs and benefits of interventions.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Oct. 2011, Vol.68, No.10, p.739-745. Illus. 39 ref.

CIS 11-0671 Uegaki K., de Bruijne M.C., van der Beek A.J., van Mechelen W., van Tulder M.W.
Economic evaluations of occupational health interventions from a company's perspective: A systematic review of methods to estimate the cost of health-related productivity loss
The objective of this literature survey was to investigate the methods used to estimate the indirect costs of health-related productivity in economic evaluations from a company's perspective. A total of 34 studies were included. Costs of health-related productivity were estimated using data related to sick leave, compensated sick leave, light or modified duty or work presenteeism. Valuation varied in terms of reported time units, composition and source of the corresponding price weights, and whether additional elements, such as replacement costs, were included. Methods for measuring and valuing health-related productivity were found to vary widely, hindering comparability of results and decision-making. Suggestions for improvement are proposed.
Occupational Rehabilitation, 2011, Vol.21, p.90-99. Illus. 55 ref.
Economic_evaluations.pdf [in English]

CIS 11-0372 Alamgir H., Ngan K., Drebit S., Guiyun Li H., Keen D.
Predictors and economic burden of serious workplace falls in health care
The objective of this study was to examine the demographic and workplace risk factors of serious falls and associated economic burden in Canadian health care workers. Fall Injury data during 2005-2008 from a workplace safety and health surveillance system were linked with workers' compensation claims and payroll records. The costs for treatment and wage loss and days lost for accepted time-loss claims were calculated. Demographic and work-related factors were identified to distinguish the risk for more serious falls from less serious falls. A total of 938 fall injury claims were captured among 48,519 full-time equivalent workers. Workers aged over 60 years, part time or employed in the long-term care sector sustained a higher proportion of serious falls. Over 75% of falls were serious for care aides, facility support service workers and community health workers. In the multivariate analysis, the risk of serious falls remained higher for workers in the long-term care sector (odds ratio (OR) 1.71) compared with those in acute care and for care aides (OR 1.72), facility support service workers (OR 2.58) and community health workers (OR 3.61) compared with registered nurses (RNs). The median number of days lost was higher for women, long-term care workers, licensed practical nurses and care aides. Females, long-term care workers, RNs, licensed practical nurses, care aides and maintenance workers had the most costly falls. Implications of these findings are discussed.
Occupational Medicine, 2011, Vol.61, p.234-240. 21 ref.

CIS 11-0288 Ravallec C., Ginibrière G.
Health and restructuring: A need for openness
Santé et restructurations. Un besoin de transparence [in French]
This collection of articles addresses the issue of risks to employees' health as a result of enterprise restructuring, together with approaches to ensure that these restructurings are carried out without endangering their health. Contents: overview of the current situation; recommendations of a European report; case of health care workers; case of the merger of two French administrations; case of the French national telecommunications enterprise; case of the buyout of a small enterprise following its bankruptcy; case of a merger of dairy cooperatives.
Travail et sécurité, Jan. 2011, No.713, p.20-35. Illus. 7 ref.
Santé_et_restructurations.pdf [in French]

CIS 10-0768 The economic burden of occupational fatal injuries to civilian workers in the United States based on the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries, 1992-2002
This report provides an economic dimension to existing research efforts addressing the incidence and prevalence measures of loss associated with fatal occupational injury. It presents economic costs using revised methods and fatal occupational injury counts identified through the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) programme.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2001, USA, Feb. 2011. Internet document, PDF format, viii, 167p. 30 ref.
DHHS_(NIOSH)_Publication_No.2011-130.pdf [in English]


CIS 12-0102 Good practice in health and safety makes sound business sense
This leaflet highlights the monetary benefits of occupational safety and health (OSH) to the national economy of the United Kingdom. Monetary benefits of OSH at two large enterprises are cited as examples.
Institution of Occupational Safety and Health, The Grange, Highfield Drive, Wigston, Leicestershire, LE18 1NN, United Kingdom, June 2010. 1p. 1 ref.
Good_practice_in_health_and_safety_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]

CIS 12-0090 Chisholm D., Stanciole A.E., Torres Edejer T.T., Evans D.B.
Economic impact of disease and injury: Counting what matters
This article consists of a critical review of published studies on the economic consequences of ill health and suggests how future studies may be improved.
British Medical Journal, Mar. 2010, Vol.340, No.3, p.583-586. 20 ref.
Economic_impact_[BUY_THIS_ARTICLE] [in English]

CIS 12-0052 Occupational disease compensation fund - 2010 Annual Report
Fonds des maladies professionnelles - Rapport annuel 2010 [in French]
Fonds voor de beroepsziekten - Jaarverslag 2010 [in Dutch]
Contents of this annual report: administrative structure of the Belgian occupational disease insurance fund; occupational disease compensation claims (by diagnosis, disease code, nationality, area of residence, gender, age, industrial sector and occupation); compensation of occupational diseases (in private and public sectors); prevention of occupational diseases; legal claims; compensation for permanent invalidity; the asbestos fund; financial data. In appendices: schedule of occupational diseases and occupation disease codes.
Fonds des maladies professionnelles, Avenue de l'Astronomie 1, 1210 Brussels, Belgium, 2010, 213p.
Jaarverslag_2010_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in Dutch]
Rapport_annuel_2010_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in French]

CIS 11-0617
Ministerio de trabajo, empleo y seguridad social
Occupational accident and occupational hazard coverage statistics in the province of Buenos Aires
Estadísticas de accidentabilidad laboral y cobertura en riesgos del trabajo de la provincia de Buenos Aires [in Spanish]
This document analyzes the occupational accident statistics in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, for the year 2009, together with the financing by enterprises of occupational hazard insurance coverage. The contributions paid by employers as a percentage of payroll costs vary according to the size of the enterprise. A significant correlation is observed between the contribution rate and informality, with small enterprises employing 1-5 workers paying more than 7% and having a 69-85% rate of informality.
Superintendencia de Riesgos del Trabajo (SRT), Bartolomé Mitre 751, C1036AAM Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2010. 14p. Illus. pdf document.

CIS 11-0501 Dunning K.K., Davis K.G., Cook C., Kotowski S.E., Hamrick C., Jewell G., Lockey J.
Costs by industry and diagnosis among musculoskeletal claims in a State workers compensation system: 1999-2004
Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) represent an important burden on industry in the United States. However, there is limited understanding of the unique issues relating to specific industry sectors, specifically the frequency and costs of different MSDs. In this study, claim data from 1999 to 2004 from the Ohio Bureau of Workers' Compensation were analyzed as a function of industry sector and anatomical region. Almost 50% of the claims were lumbar spine (26.9%) or hand/wrist (21.7%). The majority of claims were from manufacturing (25.1%) and service (32.8%) industries. The industries with the highest average costs per claim were transportation, warehouse, and utilities and construction. Across industries, the highest costs per claim were consistently for the lumbar spine, shoulder and cervical spine body regions.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 2010, Vol.53, p.276-284. 37 ref.

CIS 11-0384 Carothers R., Breslin F.C., Denomy J., Foad M.
Promoting occupational safety and health for working children through microfinance programming
Microfinance programmes are recognized as a way of improving incomes and creating employment for large numbers of low-income families, but there are concerns that working conditions within these informal microenterprises are far from ideal. For example, when families receive loans to expand a microenterprise, children may make up the labour shortfall until the family can afford to hire adult workers. Through the Promoting and Protecting the Interests of Children who Work (PPIC-Work) project being carried out in Egypt, a set of interventions that can not only improve working conditions, but can also be integrated into standard microfinance programs has been developed. By working with and through self-financing microfinance programs, the PPIC-Work approach provides a way of improving occupational safety and health not only for children working in microenterprises but also for large numbers of children and adults working in the informal sector more generally.
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 2010, Vol.16, p.180-190. Illus. 28 ref.
Promoting.pdf [in English]

CIS 11-0311 Bestratén Belloví M.
Newly created enterprises and conditions of work (IV). Analysis of success factors
Empresas de nueva creación y condiciones de trabajo (IV). Análisis de factores de éxito [in Spanish]
This information note complements the previous three devoted to the business plan and the plan for the prevention of occupational hazards. It presents a simplified framework for the analysis and evaluation of the future perspectives of an enterprise creation project.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 6p. 4 ref.
NTP_851.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 11-0149 Durão Á.
Workers' health and the crisis
A saúde dos trabalhadores e a crise [in Portuguese]
This article comments the possible effects of the economic crisis on Portuguese workers' health.
Segurança, Mar.-Apr. 2010, Vol XLV, No.195, p. 18-20. Illus.

CIS 11-0018 Fujão C.
Analyzing the costs and benefits of safety and health at work
Analisar custos e benefícios em saúde e segurança no trabalho [in Portuguese]
This article presents several methods for calculating the cost of accidents. As an example, it then applies one of the methods to an accident having occurred in a chemical plant in Portugal, requiring the shutdown of production for an hour and the hospitalization of a worker for three weeks.
Segurança, Sep.-Oct. 2010, Vol.XLV, No.198, p.14-18. Illus. 6 ref.

CIS 10-0774 Lehtinen S., Rõa K., Merisalu E., Hussi T., Ahonen G., Rudakov M., Ridlewska-Liszkowska I., Sakowski P., Luikonen P., Skandfer M., Øvrum A., Rintamäki H.
Economic analysis in OHS
Экономический анализ охраны и гигины труда [in Russian]
Collection of articles in English and Russian on the economic aspects of safety and health of relevance to Baltic and Nordic countries. Topics covered: economic aspects of safety and health; economic analysis of occupational safety and health in Estonian enterprises; International forum on occupational safety and health; economics of occupational safety and health; economic effectiveness of occupational safety and health activities at a company level ; economic analysis of investment in occupational health; personnel monitoring and personnel reports; report on the 2nd Barents workshop on occupational health and on the 16th annual meeting of the Baltic sea network on occupational health and safety.
Barents - Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, 2010, Vol.13, No.3, p. 87-123 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
Economic_analysis_in_OHS.pdf [in English]
Economic_analysis_in_OHS.pdf [in Russian]

CIS 10-0646 Statistical snapshot OD-OC. Italy - 2008 data
Point statistique AT-MP. Italie - Données 2008 [in French]
Occupational disease and occupational accident statistics for the year 2008 in Italy. Contents: main aspects of the Italian system of occupational accident and disease insurance; sources of statistics; basic data; occupational and commuting accident statistics; occupational disease statistics; financial data.
Eurogip, 55, rue de la Fédération, 75015 Paris, France. 2010, 18p. Illus.
Point_statistique_AT-MP.pdf [in English]

CIS 10-0518 Finkelstein E.A., DiBonaventura M.C., Burgess S.M., Hale B.C.
The costs of obesity in the workplace
The objective of this study was to quantify per capita and aggregate medical expenditures and the value of lost productivity, including absenteeism and presenteeism, because of overweight and grade I, II, and III obesity among employees in the United States. A cross-sectional analysis of two surveys was made to estimate medical expenditures, absenteeism and presenteeism of overweight and grade I, II, and III obese workers. Among men, estimates range from − USD 322 for overweight to USD 26087 for grade III obese men. For women, estimates range from USD 2797 for overweight to USD 6694 for grade III. In aggregate, the annual cost attributable to obesity among full-time employees is USD 73.1 billion. Individuals with a body mass index >35 represent 37% of the obese population but are responsible for 61% of excess costs. It is concluded that successful efforts to reduce the prevalence of obesity, especially among those with a body mass index >35, could result in significant savings to employers.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Oct. 2010, Vol.52, No.10, p. 971-976. Illus. 15 ref.

CIS 10-0516 Leffer M., Grizzell T.
Implementation of a physician-organized wellness regime (POWR) enforcing the 2007 NFPA standard 1582: Injury rate reduction and associated cost savings
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of a physician-organized wellness regime (POWR) on a cohort of firefighters, while applying the 2007 National Fire Protection Association Standard 1582. A prospective evaluation of the POWR was carried out by comparing baseline with postintervention injury rate data among 252 Maryland firefighters, with an analysis of return on investment. After implementation of POWR, the fire department showed a 40% reduction in recordable injuries during year 1, which increased to 60% during year 2. Return on investment was shown to be 4.6:1 by the second year. Moreover, the subpopulation of overweight firefighters showed statistically significant weight loss during the intervention period. It is concluded that a specific type of wellness initiative as POWR can lead to substantial cost savings from an injury-sparing perspective alone and has potential to decrease cardiac risk factors among a high-risk population of firefighters.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Mar. 2010, Vol.52, No.3, p.336-339. 28 ref.

CIS 10-0513 Kotlarz H., Gunnarsson C.L., Fang H., Rizzo J.A.
Osteoarthritis and absenteeism costs: Evidence from US national survey data
This study analyzes the relationships between osteoarthritis and annual cost to employers that is associated with absenteeism. The cost is measured as the probability of absenteeism, days missed from work and their dollar values, all indirect costs. Osteoarthritis leads to a significantly higher probability of absenteeism and more days missed from work compared with other major chronic diseases. It increases annual per capita absenteeism costs by USD 469 for female workers and by USD 520 for male workers. This is equivalent to approximately three lost workdays. Aggregate annual absenteeism costs are USD 10.3 billion (women USD 5.5 billion; men USD 4.8 billion).
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Mar. 2010, Vol.52, No.3, p.263-268. 37 ref.

CIS 10-0502 Van Houtven G., Reed W.R., Biddle E.A., Volkwein J.C., Clayton L., Finkelstein E.
Rates and costs of respiratory illness in coal mining: A cross-industry comparative analysis
The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and costs of respiratory illness for workers in coal mining, compared with other industries in the United States. Using 5 years of insurance claims data for an annual average of 96,240 adult males, the probability and costs of respiratory illness was modelled as a function of workers' industry and other factors. Controlling for non-industry factors, workers in coal mining had significantly higher rates of respiratory illness claims (by 2.1% to 3.3% points) compared with other mining, agriculture, construction and manufacturing. For coal mining workers with respiratory illness, annual medical care costs for these claims were also significantly higher (by USD 111 to 289). These findings underscore the continued importance and potential cost effectiveness of measures to protect miners from harmful occupational exposures, particularly to coal dust.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, June 2010, Vol.52, No.6, p.610-617. 12 ref.

CIS 10-0356 Goetzel R.Z., Gibson T.B., Short M.E., Chu B.C., Waddell J., Bowen J., Lemon S.C., Fernandez I.D., Ozminkowski R.J., Wilson M.G., DeJoy D.M.
A multi-worksite analysis of the relationships among body mass index, medical utilization, and worker productivity
The objective of this study was to quantify the direct medical and indirect (absence and productivity) cost burden of overweight and obesity in workers. A cross-sectional study of 10,026 employees in multiple professions and worksites across the United States was conducted. The main outcomes were five self-reported measures of workers' annual health care use and productivity: doctor visits, emergency department visits, hospitalizations, absenteeism and presenteeism. Data were analyzed using multivariate count and continuous data models. Obese employees were found to have 20% higher doctor visits than normal weight employees and 26% higher emergency department visits. Rates of doctor and emergency department visits for overweight employees were no different than those of normal weight employees. Compared to normal weight employees, presenteeism rates were 10% and 12% higher for overweight and obese employees, respectively. Taken together, compared to normal weight employees, obese and overweight workers were estimated to cost employers USD 644 and USD 201 more per employee per year, respectively.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Jan. 2010, Vol.52, No.1S, p.S52-S58. Illus. 38 ref.

CIS 10-0355 Meenan R.T., Vogt T.M., Williams A.E., Stevens V.J., Albright C.L., Nigg C.R.
Economic evaluation of a worksite obesity prevention and intervention trial among hotel workers in Hawaii
The objective of this study was to evaluate a work, weight and wellness (3W) programme, a two-year randomized trial of a weight loss program delivered through Hawaii hotel worksites. Data on medical costs, absenteeism and productivity were obtained from the participating hotels. Findings are discussed. 3W's positive clinical outcomes did not translate into immediate economic benefit for participating hotels, although modest cost savings were observed in the trial's second year.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Jan. 2010, Vol.52, No.1S, p.S8-S13. 24 ref.

CIS 10-0331 Njå O., Fjelltun S.H.
Managers' attitudes towards safety measures in the commercial road transport sector
Safety measures and related costs and benefits have been widely discussed and analyzed in academic circles and by the authorities and industrial sectors. This study addresses these aspects from a cognitive-based perspective. Risk management is about dealing with the conflict between production and safety. Enterprises which spend too much on safety will meet bankruptcy, and those not concerned with safety measures will meet with severe accidents and related damage. 106 managers of commercial transport enterprises were asked about their attitudes towards safety management, the factors that contributed and their beliefs as to whether further effort and investments in health, environment and safety (HES) measures would pay off. Half of the managers perceived HES work as too expensive and approximately one quarter assessed mandatory HES work as compromising their competitiveness. One third of the managers did not find safety measures other than those already implemented as being necessary or remunerative. Other findings are discussed.
Safety Science, Oct. 2010, Vol.48, No.8, p.1073-1080. 56 ref.

CIS 10-0320 Papadopoulos G., Georgiadou P., Papazoglou C., Michaliou K.
Occupational and public health and safety in a changing work environment: An integrated approach for risk assessment and prevention
During recent years the work environment has undergone significant changes regarding working time, years of employment, work organization, type of employment contracts and working conditions. This article examines the consequences of these changes on occupational and public safety and health, which include the disruption of human biological rhythms, the increase of workers fatigue due to changes in patterns of working hours and years of employment, job insecurity and occupational stress, which have a serious impact on workers' health and may result in an increase in occupational accidents. The difficulties arising in conducting effective occupational risk assessments and implementing OSH measures are also discussed. Finally, some concluding remarks are made.
Safety Science, Oct. 2010, Vol.48, No.8, p.943-949. 112 ref.

CIS 10-0319 Koukoulaki T.
New trends in work environment - New effects on safety
Europe has been subject to tremendous changes in terms of flexibility of work and labour in response to macro trends such as globalization and the resulting fierce market competition. Such changes in the world of work can give rise to new safety risks. Although the effects of the changing work environment are fairly documented in terms of their psychosocial and ergonomic risks, the subsequent effects on occupational safety are less investigated. This article sets a general framework on the changing work environment, presenting prominent descriptions by various institutes. It reviews existing evidence on the effects of the changing work environment on safety and occupational accidents. It further suggests an underlying mechanism explaining these effects, based on organizational factors. Finally it discusses safety prevention challenges to policy makers. In conclusion, a sustainable work system is suggested as an alternative to intensive systems.
Safety Science, Oct. 2010, Vol.48, No.8, p.936-942. 57 ref.

CIS 10-0316 Smith D.R., Attia J., McEvoy M.
Exploring new frontiers in occupational epidemiology: The Hunter Community Study (HCS) from Australia
This article describes a pioneering longitudinal investigation known as the Hunter Community Study (HCS), which investigates retired and near-retired persons randomly selected in a regional area on the heavily- populated east coast of Australia. Data collected include clinical and biological measures, as well as the full lifetime occupational history linked to job exposures. Longitudinal cohort studies with exposure assessment, such as the HCS offer epidemiologists a clear opportunity for examining and evaluating the long-term risks of employment across a variety of workplace settings.
Industrial Health, Mar. 2010, Vol.48, No.2, p.244-248. 47 ref.
Exploring_new_frontiers.pdf [in English]

CIS 10-0406 Zepf K.I., Voelter-Mahlknecht S., Wriede U., Husemann B., Escobar Pinzón L.C.
Commuting accidents in the German chemical industry
Due to accident severity and the extent of claim payments, commuting accidents are a significant expense factor in German industry. The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors for commuting accidents. A retrospective analysis of commuting accidents recorded between 1990 and 2003 was conducted in a major chemical company in Germany. A logistic regression-model was calculated in order to determine factors influencing the duration of work inability as a result of commuting accidents. The analysed data included 5,484 employees with commuting accidents. Findings are discussed. The study identifies specific groups at risk for commuting accidents and underlines the need for developing group-specific prevention strategies.
Industrial Health, Mar. 2010, Vol.48, No.2, p.164-170. 14 ref.
Commuting_accidents_in_the_German_chemical_industry.pdf [in English]

CIS 10-0420 Bidassie B., McGlothlin J.D., Goh A., Feyen R.G., Barany J.W.
Limited economic evaluation to assess the effectiveness of a university-wide office ergonomics program
The objective of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness of an office ergonomics programme at a major university in the United States. The relationship between office-related recordable injuries, reported lost time, severity of these injuries, and the workers' compensation paid was analyzed and the corresponding incident cost was calculated from 1995 to 2007. Since the beginning of the office ergonomics programme, the number of office cumulative trauma disorder (CTD) cases decreased by 53%. Since the official start (in 1999) of a 50-50 cost share agreement for office equipment purchases between the university's Safety and Health Department (SHD) and the university departments evaluated, it was observed that the incident rate decreased by 63%, lost time decreased by 71% and office-related carpal tunnel syndrome decreased by almost 50%. Other findings are discussed.
Applied Ergonomics, May 2010, Vol.41, No.4, p.417-427. Illus. 29 ref.

CIS 10-0205 Schneider E., Irastorza X., Copsey S.
OSH in figures: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders in the EU - Facts and figures
Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) remain the most common occupational disease in the European Union and workers in all sectors and occupations can be affected. Recent figures, for example from Austria, Germany or France, also demonstrate an increasing impact of musculoskeletal disorders on costs. This latest report, following on from the Agency's previous research, aims to give an updated overview of the current European situation as regards musculoskeletal disorders, the trends over the years since the first campaign in 2000, and a detailed insight into the causes and circumstances behind MSDs. The report highlights the main issues and aims to provide a well-founded evidence base, helping policy makers, actors at enterprise and sector level, as well as researchers and those who record, prevent and compensate occupational diseases in the European Union to set the agenda for the next years.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2010. 179p. Illus. Price (excluding VAT): EUR 15.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
Work-related_musculoskeletal_disorders.pdf [in English]

CIS 10-0203 Elsler D., Taylor T.N., eds.
Economic incentives to improve occupational safety and health: A review from the European perspective
The European Union strategy 2007-12 on occupational safety and health (OSH) recognises that there is a need to use economic incentives to motivate enterprises to apply good practice in their prevention work. The European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) contributes to meeting this need by providing information on the types of economic incentives that are most likely to succeed. This report presents the findings of research showing that external economic incentives can motivate further investments in prevention in all organisations and thus lead to lower accident rates. The primary target audience are organisations that can provide economic incentives to improve OSH, such as insurance companies, social partners or governmental institutions. These organisations are regarded as important intermediaries to stimulate further efforts in OSH in their cooperating enterprises, e.g. as clients of insurances. Therefore a network of such organisations has been established in form of an expert group, which supports the project with advice and helps to promote the results.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2010. 207p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price (excluding VAT): EUR 15.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
Economic_incentives.pdf [in English]

CIS 10-0196 Occupational disease compensation fund - 2009 Annual Report
Fonds des maladies professionnelles - Rapport annuel 2009 [in French]
Fonds voor de beroepsziekten - Jaarverslag 2009 [in Dutch]
Contents of this annual report: administrative structure of the Belgian occupational disease insurance fund; occupational disease compensation claims (by diagnosis, disease code, nationality, area of residence, gender, age, industrial sector and occupation); compensation of occupational diseases (in private and public sectors); prevention of occupational diseases; legal claims; compensation for permanent invalidity; the asbestos fund; financial data. In appendices: schedule of occupational diseases and occupation disease codes.
Fonds des maladies professionnelles, Avenue de l'Astronomie 1, 1210 Brussels, Belgium, 2010. CD-ROM. [in French] [in Dutch]

CIS 10-0195
State Administration of Work Safety (SAWS), International Labour Organization (ILO), International Social Security Association (ISSA), International Association of Labour Inspection (IALI)
The 5th China International Forum on Work Safety - Speakers and abstracts
List of authors and abstracts of papers presented at a conference on occupational safety held in Beijing, China, from 31 August to 2 September 2010 (see ISN 110689).
National Center for International Cooperation on Work Safety, Room 409 Hepingli Beijie, Dongcheng District, Beijing, P.R. China, 2010. 216p. Illus.

CIS 10-0194
State Administration of Work Safety (SAWS), International Labour Organization (ILO), International Social Security Association (ISSA), International Association of Labour Inspection (IALI)
The 5th China International Forum on Work Safety - Proceedings
Transliterate Chinese title please [in Chinese]
Proceedings of a conference on occupational safety held in Beijing, China, from 31 August to 2 September 2010. Papers are grouped under the following headings: new practices and development of OSH; economic policies and investment in work safety; identification of potential risks in metallic and non-metallic underground mines; work safety promotion plans and promotion of new technologies in work safety; gas control in coal mines; disaster prevention, reduction and emergency rescue; risk assessment in mining companies; perfection of laws, regulation and standards in work safety; construction safety; safety evaluation and certification; on-site testing technologies of occupational hazards; corporate safety culture; OSH management in SMEs; new approaches of labor inspection; improvement of research and development capabilities and policies in work safety; technology development and application of personal protection equipments; training and education in work safety; monitoring of major hazards and treatment of hidden hazards.
National Center for International Cooperation on Work Safety, Room 409 Hepingli Beijie, Dongcheng District, Beijing, P.R. China, 2010. 691p. Illus.

CIS 10-0220 Martimo K.P
Musculoskeletal disorders, disability and work
The aim of this thesis was to examine the role of work in the disability caused by MSD from various perspectives: primary prevention using lifting devices, perception of work-relatedness, measurement of productivity loss, and secondary/tertiary prevention through ergonomic intervention or part-time sick leave. The results support the early use of a bio-psychosocial model for effective management of disability.
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, 00250 Helsinki, Finland, 2010. 168p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: EUR 23.00. Downloadable version free of charge. [in English]

CIS 10-0242 Binkert L.
Refresher training on asbestos and occupational
Fortbildung Asbest Arbeitsmedizin [in German]
Formation continue sur le thème de l'amiante et de la médecine du travail [in French]
Review of the communications presented at a refresher training seminar on asbestos and occupational medicine. Main topics addressed: occupational diseases due to asbestos; statistical trends of mesothelioma over the past 20 years in Switzerland and forecasts; cost of occupational diseases due to asbestos; types of asbestos and their hazards; early screening; histological, immunohistochemical and radiological diagnosis; awareness and preventive measures; addressing the issue of asbestos in vocational training.
IZA - Sicherheit und Gesundheit, 2010, No.4, p.6-8. Illus.

CIS 10-0289 Nishina M.
Applications of teleworking based on a study of disabled workers
This article discusses the merits of teleworking from home for disabled workers, based on several case studies highlighting the advantages from the standpoints of safety, economics and environmental protection.
Industrial Health, May 2010, Vol.48, No.3, p.292-295. Illus. 5 ref.

CIS 10-0161 Arphorn S., Chaonasuan P., Pruktharathikul V., Singhakajen V., Chaikittiporn C.
A program for Thai rubber tappers to improve the cost of occupational health and safety
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an occupational safety and health programme among rubber tappers involving training on self-care in order to reduce and prevent work-related accidents, injuries and illnesses. Data on costs for healthcare, prevention and treatment of work-related accidents, injuries and illnesses were collected among 49 rubber tappers by means of interviewer-administered questionnaires. It was found that after the implementation of the programme, there were significant reductions in the proportion of the injured subjects, the level of pain and treatment costs. The programme significantly raised health awareness among the tappers and in the community.
Industrial Health, May 2010, Vol.48, No.3, p.275-282. 9 ref.

CIS 10-0159 Kirsten W.
Making the link between health and productivity at the workplace - A global perspective
This article discusses the relationship between health and productivity at the workplace by reviewing the current status of the fields of workplace health promotion and health management. The prevailing chronic disease trends coupled with economic pressures have proven to be significant challenges for employers and employees alike. While an overall progress in workplace health promotion can be observed, the number of companies which take a proactive and integrated approach to workplace health remains small. Workplace health promotion programmes in the United States typically focus on the individual health risks of employees while their European counterparts target physical and, more recently, psychosocial hazards. A number of specific tools and programmes for integrated health management are described, including self-report instruments to measure presenteeism.
Industrial Health, May 2010, Vol.48, No.3, p.251-255. Illus. 23 ref.

CIS 10-0015 Elsler D., Eeckelaert L.
Factors influencing the transferability of occupational safety and health economic incentive schemes between different countries
This article discusses the factors that influence the transferability of different types of occupational safety and health (OSH) economic incentives from one country to another, based on data collected by the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) by means of a survey among EU member states and a literature review of relevant reports, articles and databases. Despite the wide differences in Europe's social security systems, a high degree of similarity was observed between the countries regarding the basic system design criteria. When it comes to insurance incentive schemes, the fundamental difference between countries is whether the workers' compensation scheme is based on a competitive market between private insurance companies or a monopoly structure adopted by 19 of the 27 EU member states. Subsidy systems, tax incentives, and insurance-based incentives are theoretically possible in all EU countries. Implications are discusseed.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 2010, Vol.36, No.4, p.325-331. 26 ref.

CIS 10-0014 Kankaanpää E.
Economic incentives as a policy tool to promote safety and health at work
This review article discusses various types of incentives for promoting occupational safety and health (OSH) in light of economic theory and evidence from research. Governments can subsidize employers' investments in OSH with subsidies and tax structures. These incentives are successful only if the demand for OSH responds to the change in the price of OSH investments and if the suppliers of OSH are able to increase their production smoothly, failing which the subsidy will only lead to higher prices for OSH goods. Both public and private insurance companies can differentiate insurance premiums according to past claims. There is evidence that this can effectively lower the frequency of claims, but not the severity of cases. Policy implications of these and other findings are discussed.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 2010, Vol.36, No.4, p.319-324 Illus. 19 ref.

CIS 10-0013 Tompa E., Verbeek J., van Tulder M., de Boer A.
Developing guidelines for good practice in the economic evaluation of occupational safety and health interventions
One of the objectives of a workshop held in 2009 in Amsterdam, the Netherlands was to discuss methods for the economic evaluation of occupational safety and health interventions at the corporate and societal level. This article reviews the contributions made at the workshop and proposes framework principles and a set of recommendations to serve as the foundations for developing guidelines for good practices in this area.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 2010, Vol.36, No.4, p.313-318. 24 ref.

CIS 10-0012 Verbeek J., Pulliainen M., Kankaanpää E., Taimela S.
Transferring results of occupational safety and health cost-effectiveness from one country to another - A case study
There are a limited number of studies on the cost-effectiveness of occupational health and safety (OSH) interventions. Applying the results of a cost-effectiveness study from one country to another is hampered by institutional differences in national health care and social security systems. In order to find out how these problems can be overcome, this study transferred the results of a Dutch occupational cost-effectiveness study to the Finnish situation and vice-versa. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICER) were calculated for the target country, allocating costs to employers, employees and taxpayers. It is concluded that results of cost-effectiveness studies can be transferred from one country to another, but many adjustments are needed. An extensive description of the intervention, a detailed list of resource use, allocation of costs to various parties and detailed knowledge of the health care systems in the original studies are necessary to enable calculations.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 2010, Vol.36, No.4, p.305-312. 17 ref.

CIS 10-0062 Evanoff B., Kymes S.
Modeling the cost-benefit of nerve conduction studies in pre-employment screening for carpal tunnel syndrome
The aim of this study was to evaluate the costs associated with pre-employment nerve conduction testing as a screening tool for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in the workplace. A Markov decision analysis model was used to compare the costs associated with a strategy of screening all prospective employees for CTS and not hiring those with abnormal nerve conduction, versus a strategy of not screening for CTS. The variables in the model included employee turnover rate, the incidence of CTS, the prevalence of median nerve conduction abnormalities, the relative risk of developing CTS conferred by abnormal nerve conduction screening, the costs of pre-employment screening and the worker's compensation costs to the employer for each case of CTS. It was found that the overall cost to employers was higher when screening was used, USD 503 for the screening strategy versus USD 200 for a no-screening strategy. Implications of these findings are discussed.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 2010, Vol.36, No.4, p.299-304. Illus. 31 ref.

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