Women - 27 entries found
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Betenia N., Costello S., Eisen E.A.
Risk of cervical cancer among female autoworkers exposed to metalworking fluids
Cervical cancer is caused by human papilloma virus (HPV). However, only a small proportion of women infected with HPV, progress to cervical cancer. Other co-factors must therefore be necessary to cause cervical cancer. This study examined cervical cancer in relation to occupational exposure to metalworking fluids (MWF), which are complex mixtures containing several known carcinogens. A cohort of 4374 female autoworkers was followed from 1985-2004 for cancer diagnosis, with a focus on cervical cancer. Pooled logistic regression was used to model the relationship between exposure to three different types of MWF, selected constituents, and incidence of cervical cancer. Based on 40 cases, SIRs were statistically significantly elevated for both race-specific subgroups: 3.30 and 2.43, respectively for Caucasian and African-American women. The standard mortality ratio (SMR) was also statistically significantly elevated for Caucasian women (3.44) based on seven observed deaths. However there was no association with oil-based straight fluid. Relative risks for soluble and synthetic MWF and nitrosamines were modestly elevated but not statistically significant.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Jan. 2012, Vol.38, No.1, p.78-83. 33 ref.
Risk_of_cervical_cancer_[BUY_THIS_ARTICLE] [in English]
Schneider E., eds.
Risks and trends in the safety and health of women at work
This report summarizes the findings of a research project on safety and health of women at work. It provides a statistical overview of the trends in employment and working conditions, hazard exposure and work-related accidents and health problems for women at work. It explores selected issues including combined exposures, occupational cancer, access to rehabilitation, women and informal work, home care and domestic work. The research highlights the type of work carried out by women, issues faced by younger and older women, the growth of the service sector, violence and harassment, and the increasingly-diversified working time patterns as major risk factors.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, Sep. 2011. 44p. Illus.
Risks_and_trends_in_the_safety_and_health_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Artazcoz L., Cortčs I., Borrell C.
Work and family: "Double workload" overburdens women's health
Travail et famille: une trop lourde "double charge" pour la santé des femmes [in French]
This article discusses the gender aspects of occupational health, with emphasis on the consequences for women often burdened with the dual role of homemaker and breadwinner.
Hesamag, 1st half 2011, No.3, p.21-25. Illus. 14 ref.
Travail_et_famille.pdf [in French]
Öztürk N., Esin M.N.
Investigation of musculoskeletal symptoms and ergonomic risk factors among female sewing machine operators in Turkey
This cross-sectional study aimed to identify the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms and ergonomic risks in female sewing machine operators at a textile company. The sample included 283 sewing machine operators, of mean age 30.2 years. Data were collected by means of an adapted Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire and by direct observations via the rapid upper limb assessment (RULA) to determine ergonomic risks. Women have both a high level of musculoskeletal disorders and high ergonomic risks. "Feeling pressured because of work" was the strongest predictor. Other findings are discussed.
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 2011, Vol.41, p.585-591. 38 ref.
Investigation_of_musculoskeletal_symptoms.pdf [in English]
Bojar I., Humeniuk E., Owoc A., Wierzba W., Wojtyła A.
Exposing women to workplace stress factors as a risk factor for developing arterial hypertension
The purpose of this study was to evaluate women's exposure to stress-inducing factors at work, to define the extent of the problem and to assess the impact of occupational activity on arterial pressure. The research was conducted on four professional groups of women: working in agriculture, in clerical jobs, as seamstresses and as medical representatives in a region of Poland. A total number of 416 women were examined, aged 30-40 years, who had not been previously treated due to arterial hypertension. The women under examination had their arterial blood pressure measured twice on a working day and responded to a questionnaire on work and stress. High levels of subjective stress were observed for all groups. Strong correlations were found between subjective stress levels and arterial pressure among medical representatives and office workers. No significant dependencies were found between stress and socio-demographic variables. Implications of these findings are discussed.
AAEM - Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine, 2011, Vol.18, p.175-182. 44 ref.
Exposing_women.pdf [in English]
Special feature: spouses of skilled tradesman - Safety ambassadors
Dossier: Femmes d'artisans - Les ambassadrices de la sécurité [in French]
Topics addressed in this collection of articles on the role of spouses of skilled tradesmen in the construction sector in France with respect to occupational safety and health: managing the procurement and use of personal protective equipment; Internet portal dedicated to wives of tradesmen; percentage of spouses working alongside the owner/manager of small enterprises in the construction sector (32%); legal aspects; interview of the President of the national commission of tradesmens' spouses.
Prévention BTP, June 2011, No.142, p.12-17. Illus.
Who ensures the safety of domestic help services workers?
Qui assure la sécurité des prestataires de titres-services? [in French]
This article explains the responsibilities of enterprises that supply domestic help workers in Belgium. It presents the policy adopted by a social services supplier and includes a table summarizing the main hazards faced by these workers, mostly women.
Prevent Focus, Apr. 2011, p.14-17. Illus.
Natvik S., Bjorvatn B., Moen B.E., Magerřy N., Sivertsen B., Pallesen S.
Personality factors related to shift work tolerance in two- and three-shift workers
This study aimed to investigate whether personality variables were associated with shift work tolerance, and whether these potential associations were moderated by various types of shift work. The sample comprised 1505 nurses who worked either two or three rotating shifts. Personality traits were measured in terms of morningness, flexibility, languidity and hardiness. Morningness reflects the tendency to be alert relatively early in the morning and sleepy relatively early in the evening. Flexibility denotes the ability to both work and sleep at odd times of the day, while languidity concerns the tendency to become tired/sleepy when cutting down on sleep. Hardiness relates to resilience to stressful life events. The dependent variables in this study comprised of measures of insomnia, sleepiness, depression and anxiety. Hierarchical regression analyses, which controlled for demographic variables and work load, revealed that morningness was significantly and negatively related to insomnia. The morningness by shift type interaction was overall significant for depressive symptoms. Morningness was associated with lower levels of depressive symptoms in three-shift workers, but unrelated to depressive symptoms in two-shift workers. Flexibility was associated with higher levels of depressive symptoms. Flexibility by shift type interaction was significant for insomnia, indicating that flexibility was negatively associated with insomnia for three-shift workers and unrelated with insomnia for two-shift workers. Languidity was associated with higher levels of sleepiness, depressive and anxiety symptoms. Hardiness was associated with lower levels of all four dependent variables.
Applied Ergonomics, July 2011, Vol.42, No.5, p.719-724. 53 ref.
Wu S.Y., Li H.Y., Tian J., Zhu W., Li J., Wang X.R.
Health-related quality of life and its main related factors among nurses in China
The present study is to evaluate the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and analyze the effect of occupational stress, job burnout and coping resource on the HRQOL among nurses in China. A total of 1,012 nurses were recruited from eight hospitals of two provinces in 2008. Data on HRQOL, burnout, occupational stressors, personal strain and coping resources were obtained by means of questionnaires. HRQOL in the nurses was lower than that in the general population. Occupational stressors, personal strain and job burnout correlated negatively with the HRQOL while coping resources was positively related to the HRQOL. Among the predictive factors for HRQOL, occupational stressors (indicated by role insufficiency and physical environment), personal strain (indicated by physical strain and psychological strain), job burnout (indicated by emotional exhaustion and professional efficacy), length of work hours (≥10h per day), diet irregularity and age were the main risk factors for HRQOL, while recreation and self-care were the main protective factors for HRQOL. Implications of these findings are discussed.
Industrial Health, Mar. 2011, Vol.49, No.2, p.158-165. 45 ref.
Health-related_quality.pdf [in English]
Guide for the establishment of the programme on occupational safety and health for working women in French speaking West Africa
Guide d'orientation pour la mise en place du programme de formation en sécurité et santé au travail des femmes travailleuses [in French]
This guide for the establishment of a programme on on occupational safety and health for working women in French speaking West Africa, aimed at trainers, includes a description of the available courses, methods for their implementation, practice exercises for the training of trainers and a self-assessment guide for the training sessions.
ILO Subregional Office for the Sahel Region, Immeuble EPI, B.P.404, Dakar, Senegal, Dec. 2010. 27p.
Dayton S.B., Sandler D.P., Blair A., Alavanja M., Beane Freeman L.E., Hoppin J.A.
Pesticide use and myocardial infarction incidence among farm women in the Agricultural Health Study
The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between pesticide use and myocardial infarction (MI) among farm women. Logistic regression was used to evaluate pesticide use and self-reported incident nonfatal MI among women in the Agricultural Health Study. Of those MI-free at enrollment (n = 22,425), 168 reported an MI after enrollment. No association was seen with pesticide use overall. Six of 27 individual pesticides evaluated were significantly associated with nonfatal MI, with odds ratios >1.7. These chemicals were used by <10% of the cases, and their use was often correlated, making it difficult to attribute the risk elevation to a specific pesticide. Implications of these findings are discussed.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, July 2010, Vol.52, No.7, p.693-697. 23 ref.
Pesticide_use_and_myocardial_infarction_incidence_[BUY_THIS_ARTICLE] [in English]
Kubota K., Shimazu A., Kawakami N., Takahashi M., Nakata A., Schaufeli W.B.
Association between workaholism and sleep problems among hospital nurses
The present study examined the association between workaholism, the tendency to work excessively hard in a compulsive fashion, and sleep problems among Japanese nurses. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 600 nurses from two university hospitals in Japan using a self-reported questionnaire on workaholism, sleep, job-related variables (job demands, job control and worksite support), and demographic variables. A total of 394 nurses returned the questionnaire (response rate 65.7%) and complete data from 312 female nurses were used for analyses (final coverage rate 52.0%). Workaholics, as measured using the Japanese version of the Dutch Workaholism Scale, were defined as those having high scores on both the "work excessively" and "work compulsively" subscales. Logistic regression analyses revealed that workaholics had higher risks for sleep problems in terms of subjective sleep insufficiency, excessive daytime sleepiness at work, difficulty awakening in the morning and feeling tired when waking up in the morning (odds ratios (OR) of 4.40, 3.18, 3.48 and 4.61, respectively). These remained significant even after adjusting for demographic and job-related variables (OR 3.41, 5.36, 2.56 and 2.77, respectively). However, no significant associations were found between workaholism and insomnia symptoms. These results suggest that workaholic nurses had higher risks for impaired awakening, insufficient sleep and workplace sleepiness.
Industrial Health, Nov. 2010, Vol.48, No.6, p.864-871. 39 ref.
Association.pdf [in English]
Tanaka K., Otsubo T., Tanaka M., Kaku A., Nishinoue N., Takanao T., Kamata N., Miyaoka H.
Similarity in predictors between near miss and adverse event among Japanese nurses working at teaching hospitals
Near miss-based analysis has been recently suggested to be more important in the medical field than focusing on adverse events, as in the industrial field. To validate the utility of near miss-based analysis in the medical fields, this study investigated whether or not predictors of near misses and adverse events were similar among nurses at teaching hospitals. Of the 1,860 nurses approached, 1,737 (93.4%) were included in the final analysis. Potential predictors provided for analysis included gender, age, years of nursing experience, frequency of alcohol consumption, work place, ward rotation, frequency of night shifts, sleepiness during work, frequency of feeling unskilled, nurses' job stressors, working conditions, and depression. Ordinal logistic analysis showed that predictors of near misses and adverse events were markedly similar. Parameters that were significantly related to both near misses and adverse events were years of experience, frequency of night shifts, internal ward, and time pressure.
Industrial Health, Nov. 2010, Vol.48, No.6, p.775-782. 36 ref.
Similarity_in_predictors.pdf [in English]
Wong E.Y., Ray R., Gao D.L., Wernli K.J., Li W., Fitzgibbons E.D., Camp J.E., Heagerty P.J., De Roos A.J., Holt V.L., Thomas D.B., Checkoway H.
Physical activity, physical exertion, and miscarriage risk in women textile workers in Shanghai, China
Strenuous occupational physical activity and physical demands may be risk factors for adverse reproductive outcomes. This retrospective study in the Shanghai, China, textile industry collected women's self-reported reproductive history. Occupational physical activity was assessed from an industry-specific job-exposure matrix. Data were subjected to multivariate logistic regression analyses. Compared with women employed in sedentary jobs, a reduced risk of miscarriage was found for women working in jobs with either light (odds ratio (OR) 0.18) or medium (OR 0.24) physical activity during the first pregnancy and over all pregnancies (light OR 0.32; medium OR 0.43). However frequent crouching was associated with elevated risks (OR 1.82).
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 2010, Vol.53, p.497-505. 31 ref.
Cort J.A., Potvin J.R.
Maximum isometric finger pull forces
This study determined the maximal voluntary isometric forces for a variety of finger pulling tasks. Twenty healthy women, with no history of upper extremity injuries, were asked to use the fingers from their dominant hands and apply their maximal voluntary pull forces for seven conditions that varied in the number of fingers, force application location and interface characteristics. All conditions were tested with and without the use of a glove. However, there was no significant effect of wearing a glove. As expected, the maximum force increased with the number of fingers used and decreased when forces were applied on the fingertip instead of the first distal inter-phalangeal joint. Maximum forces ranged from 59.5 ± 21.4 N when using the index finger tip on a thin ring, to 268.7 ± 77.2 N when using all four fingers on a straight bar.
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 2010, Vol.41, p.91-95. Illus. 22 ref.
International Labour Organization (ILO), International Union of Food, Farm and Hotel Workers
Guidance document for the implementation of an occupational safety and health training programme for working women
Guide d'orientation pour la mise en place d'un programme de formation en sécurité et santé au travail des femmes travailleuses [in French]
This guidance document for the implementation of an occupational safety and health training programme for women working in the agricultural sector in Sahel and West-African countries is aimed at trainers. Contents: focal themes; implementation; programme and educational exercises; self-appraisal guide.
Bureau Sous-régional de l'OIT pour le Sahel, rue Amadou Assan Ndoye, Dakar, Sénégal, Dec. 2010, 26p.
Denoncin R., De Parscau L., Djaouti C., Léandre E., Rougeron D., Rol V., Sutra C., Titon N.
The INRS MSD questionnaire: Use in perfumery packaging enterprises
Questionnaire TMS de l'INRS: utilisation dans les entreprises de conditionnement du secteur de la parfumerie [in French]
In the perfumery and cosmetics industry, packaging involves a high risk of musculoskeletal diseases (MSDs). The INRS questionnaire was administered to 426 workers of four enterprises in this sector. The study population consisted mostly of women, of average age 43.4 years. Two-thirds of the complaints concerned the spinal column, particularly neck disorders and low back pain. One third of the workers declared having taken leave from work due to MSDs in the 12 previous months. Less than half of the employees felt that their work was valued and 40% feared that their tasks would be automated. One third regularly practiced a sport. Other findings are discussed.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 3rd Quarter 2010, No.123, p.287-295. Illus. 10 ref.
TF_187.pdf [in French]
Rui F., Bovenzi M., Prodi A., Belloni Fortina A., Romano I., Peserico A.,, Corradin M.T., Carrabba E., Larese Filon F.
Nickel, cobalt and chromate sensitization and occupation
Exposure to nickel, cobalt and chromate are important causes of occupational contact dermatitis. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of nickel, cobalt and chromate allergy in a population of consecutive patients of an occupational health clinic in Italy, and to investigate the possible association with individual and occupational risk factors. A total of 14,464 patients (67.6% women and 32.4% men) with suspected allergic dermatitis underwent patch tests. The associations between patch test results and occupations were studied by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Positive reactions to nickel sulfate were observed in 24.6% of the patients, while 10.2% reacted positively to cobalt chloride and 8.7% to potassium dichromate. Nickel sensitization was higher in women aged 26-35 years in comparison with the youngest group (15-25 years) and the older group (> 45 years). In women, the prevalence of positive reactions to nickel was positively associated with metal and mechanical work. Chromate sensitization was more prevalent in building trade workers for both women and men. Cobalt sensitization was associated with textile and leather work in women.
Contact Dermatitis, Apr. 2010, Vol.62, No.4, p.225-231. 39 ref.
Riipinen A., Sallmén M., Taskinen H., Koskinen A., Lindbohm M.L.
Pregnancy outcomes among daycare employees in Finland
The aim of this study was to investigate whether working as a daycare employee increases the risk of perinatal death, pre-term birth, low birth weight, smallness for gestational age, or congenital malformations. A register-based cohort study was conducted among daycare employees and women from various occupations of healthcare (reference group). Study subjects were identified from the files of Finnish trade unions and the National Authority for Medico-legal Affairs. Pregnancy outcomes, antenatal occupation and working status were obtained by linkage to national registers. The final data consisted of 13,299 and 12,182 singleton births in the study and reference groups, respectively. Pregnancy outcome data were analyzed using generalized estimating equations and linear regression. Daycare employees were not, in general, at an increased risk of an adverse pregnancy outcome. However, efforts should nevertheless be made to prevent their exposure to harmful viruses and heavy physical load during pregnancy.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, May 2010, Vol.36, No.3, p.222-230. Illus. 43 ref.
Härenstam A., Kauppinen K., Solonin Y.G., Bojko E.R., Tevlina V., Syurin S., Tarnovskays Y., Sallinen M., Petruk Y., Butenko T., Milutka E., Lindbohm M.L., Helaskoski E., Retnev V.M., Grebnkov S.V., Lehtinen S.
Women and work
Collection of articles on women and work of relevance to Baltic and Nordic countries. Contents: progress and challenges of research on women and work; gender sensitivity with respect to women, work and health; women's work in the Komi Republic of the Russian Federation; specialists needed in the social institutions of the Archangelsk region; special features of respiratory pathology in female nickel electrolysis production workers; women and shift work; health status and working conditions of tram drivers in Saint Petersburg; role of occupational health services in the protection of pregnant workers; women's work from the occupational medicine viewpoint; revitalizing Finnish-Karelian collaboration in occupational health.
Barents - Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Apr. 2004, Vol.13, No.1, p.1-43 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
Women_and_work.pdf [in English]
Zhenshchiny_i_trud.pdf [in Russian]
Lin Y.H., Chen C.Y., Hong W.H., Lin Y.C.
Perceived job stress and health complaints at a bank call center: Comparison between inbound and outbound services
This study investigated how perceived job stress and health status differ, as well as the relationships to inbound (incoming calls) versus outbound (outgoing calls) calling activities, for call center workers in a bank in Taiwan. The bank employed 289 call center workers aged from 19 to 54 years. Data were obtained on individual factors, health complaints, perceived level of job stress and major job stressors by means of questionnaires. Overall, 33.5% of outbound operators and 27.1% of inbound operators reported frequently or always experiencing high stress at work, however, the differences between inbound and outbound operators were insignificant. "Having to deal with difficult customers" was the most frequent job stressor for all workers. Musculoskeletal discomfort, eye strain, and hoarse or sore throat were the most prevalent complaints. Workers who perceived higher levels of job stress had significantly increased risks of multiple health problems, including eye strain, tinnitus, hoarse or sore throat, chronic cough with phlegm, chest tightness, irritable stomach or peptic ulcers, and musculoskeletal discomfort (with odds ratios ranging from 2.13 to 8.24).
Industrial Health, May 2010, Vol.48, No.3, p.349-356. 20 ref.
Tei-Tominaga M., Miki A.
A longitudinal study of factors associated with intentions to leave among newly graduated nurses in eight advanced treatment hospitals in Japan
This study examined the factors associated with intentions to leave among newly graduated nurses (NGNs). Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to 567 NGNs in eight advanced treatment hospitals in Japan on two separate occasions approximately 6 months apart. The questionnaire items addressed individual attributes, employment and organizational characteristics and subjective health, and also included the 22-item Job Content Questionnaire, a scale of intentions to leave and a novel 21-item job readiness scale. Data from 301 NGNs who had participated in both questionnaire instances were used and subjected to hierarchical multiple regression analyses. Findings showed that while psychological distress was a more important predictor of intentions to leave during the first survey, cumulative fatigue was a more important predictor during the second survey. Other findings are discussed.
Industrial Health, May 2010, Vol.48, No.3, p.305-316. 46 ref.
Gender equality at the heart of decent work
L'égalité entre hommes et femmes au cœur du travail décent [in French]
This report was compiled for the delegates attending the 98th International Labour Conference held in Geneva, Switzerland, from 3 to 19 June 2009. The campaign entitled "Gender equality at the heart of decent work" is built around 12 topics related to decent work, some having a direct bearing on occupational safety and health: working during pregnancy; child labour; young workers; social protection of women; older workers.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genčve 22, Switzerland, 2009. xii, 262p. Illus.
Rapport VI/FR.pdf [in French]
Rapport VI/EN.pdf [in English]
Nielsen K., Albertsen K., Brenner S.O., Smith-Hansen L.
Comparing working conditions and physical and psychological health complaints in four occupational groups working in female-dominated workplaces
This article examines the associations between psychosocial factors and physical and psychological health complaints while at the same time taking into account differences between occupational groups in female-dominated professions. Four female-dominated occupational groups were included: nurses, health care assistants, cleaners and dairy industry workers. The relationships between influence, emotional and quantitative demands, social support, back pain, and behavioural stress were examined using structural equation modelling. The study confirmed the importance of differentiating between female-dominated occupations rather than talking about women's working conditions as such. The study also emphasized the importance of considering psychosocial risk factors when examining physical health, in this case back pain.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Nov. 2009, Vol.92, No.10, p.1229-1239. Illus. 51 ref.
Equality of treatment and occupational health
Igualdad de trato y salud laboral [in Spanish]
Proceedings of one-day international conference on the topic of equality of treatment and occupational health, organized by the government of the province of Santa Fe, Argentina, held on 2 May 2008. Topics addressed: discrimination and health; inequalities in occupational health; immigration, work and health; work of women and health; work of women and invisible hazards related to toxic substances; developing a gender-specific perspective in trade union occupational health strategies.
Ministerio de Trabajo y Seguridad Social de la Provincia de Santa Fe,
Rivadavia 3049/51 Ciudad de Santa Fe, S3000FWI, Argentina, 2008. 84p. Illus.
Eriksen W., Bjorvatn B., Bruusgaard D., Knardahl S.
Work factors as predictors of poor sleep in nurses' aides
The aim was to identify work factors that predict poor sleep in assistant nurses. The study was based on questionnaire responses of a randomly selected sample of over 5000 Norwegian assistant nurses, as well as responses to a second questionnaire three months later. A wide spectrum of work factors was assessed at baseline by questions from the General Nordic Questionnaire for Psychological and Social factors at Work. Subjective sleep quality during the previous three months was measured at baseline and follow-up by a question from the Basic Nordic Sleep Questionnaire. Medium and high demands, a high demand-control ratio, frequent exposure to role conflicts, and frequent exposure to threats and violence at work were associated with increased odds of poor sleep during the successive three months, after adjustments for sleep quality during the three months before baseline, other work factors and background factors. High support from immediate superior, frequent rewards for well-done work and a high level of control were associated with reduced odds of poor sleep.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Jan. 2008, Vol.81, No.3, p.301-310. 42 ref.
Occupational health - Eight priority action areas for Community policy
Zdravje pri delu - Osem prednostnih področij za politiko Skupnosti [in Slovenian]
Arodveselība - Kopienas políticas astoņas proritārās darbības jomas [in Latvian]
Arbejdsmiljř - Otte proriterede indsatsomrĺder i EU [in Danish]
Zdravoslovni usloviya na trud - Osem prioritetni oblasti na deĭstvie za opredelyane na politikata na Evropeĭskata Obshtnost [in Bulgarian]
Iş sağliği - Topluluk politikasi için Sekiz öncelikli eylem alani [in Turkish]
Ochrana zdraví pří práci - Osm prioritních oblastí pro politiku Společenství [in Czech]
Salute sul lavoro - Otto aree prioritarie per la politica comunitaria [in Italian]
Spanish, Italian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Lettish, Slovenian and Turkish translations of the document abstracted under CIS 04-529. The booklet reviews and discusses the main occupational health issues in the European Union, and proposes that they be given priority in EU actions in this area, from a trade union perspective. Contents: occupational health, a key area for reducing social inequalities in health; Community strategy for the period 2002-2006; prevention systems for a coherent strategy; important factors in work organization; chemical risks, a major cause of occupational health-related mortality; job insecurity; improving knowledge and prevention in reproductive health and maternity; recognition of occupational diseases.
European Trade Union Institute, Health and Safety Department, 5 Bd du Roi Albert II, B-1210 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2004. 32p. Illus. Price: EUR 10.00. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
Occupational_health.pdf [in English]
Santé_au_travail.pdf [in French]
Salud_laboral.pdf [in Spanish]
Zdravoslovni_usloviya_na_trud.pdf [in Bulgarian]
Ochrana_zdraví_při_práci.pdf [in Czech]
Arbejdsmiljř.pdf [in Danish]
Salute_sul_lavoro.pdf [in Italian]
Arodveselība.pdf [in Latvian]
Zdravje_pri_delu.pdf [in Slovenian]
Iş_sağliği.pdf [in Turkish]