ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Français | Espańol
view in a printer-friendly format »

Influenza - 75 entries found

Your search criteria are

  • Influenza

2010

CIS 10-0223 Dahl S.Å., Hansen H.T., Olsen K.M.
Sickness absence among immigrants in Norway 1992-2003
This study of long-term sickness absence among immigrants and ethnic Norwegians for the years 1992-2003 used register panel data containing detailed information on socio-economic background, labour market participation and social insurance benefits for all individuals aged between 16 and 67 years residing in Norway. The main findings are that there is no difference in sickness absence between ethnic Norwegians and immigrants from the other Nordic countries, Western and Eastern Europe after controlling for demographic, socio-economic and labour market factors. However, sickness absence rates are higher among individuals from Asia (men and women) and Africa (men), and lower among men from North America and Oceania compared with ethnic Norwegians. Second-generation immigrants share the same level of sickness absence as ethnic Norwegians. Implications of these and other findings are discussed.
Acta sociologica, Mar. 2010, Vol.53, No.1, p.35-52. Illus. 34 ref.

CIS 10-0280 Quarcoo D., de Roux A., Wicker S., Rabenau H.F., Groneberg D.A., Gottschalk R.
Occupationally-acquired infections among health care workers: Respiratory diseases
Arbeitsbedingte Infektionen bei Mitarbeitern des Gesundheitswesens - eine Serie - respiratorische Erkrankungen [in German]
Due to the contact with infectious patients, health care workers are at risk of work-related infectious diseases. This article on respiratory diseases is the first of a series of four on occupationally acquired infections among health care workers. It reviews literature data on viral and bacterial infections (SARS, influenza, para-influenza and respiratory syncytial viruses, adenoviruses, tuberculosis, pertussi and other infectious agents) and describes the preventive measures to be taken by health care workers (wearing a mask, personal hygiene, infection control). Health care workers dealing with patients infected with highly pathogenic agents (SARS, avian flu) should be specially trained. See also ISN 110617, ISN 110619 and ISN 110620.
Zentralblatt für Arbeitsmedizin, Arbeitsschutz und Ergonomie, Mar. 2009, Vol.59, No.3, p.81-91. Illus. 41 ref.

2009

CIS 10-0409 Kawakami T., Ratananakorn L.
Protecting your health and business from animal influenza: Action manual for farmers and workers
Protéger votre santé et votre entreprise de la grippe animale: manuel d'actions pour éleveurs et travailleurs [in French]
Cómo proteger su salud y su negocio de la gripe animal: manual de acción para granjeros y trabajadores [in Spanish]
Outbreaks of avian influenza in the recent past, and the current spread of Influenza A (H1N1) stemming from swine, have prompted worldwide concern. This training manual has been developed to promote safe practices in farms raising animals, particularly poultry and pigs. The manual is user-friendly and practical, providing an action checklist of various prevention measures, including explanations and descriptions. Also published in Thai.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genčve 22, Switzerland, 2009. 24p. Illus.
Protecting_your_health.pdf [in English]
Protéger_votre_santé.pdf [in French]
Cómo_proteger_su_salud.pdf [in Spanish]
Protecting_your_health.pdf [in Thai]

CIS 10-0408 Kawakami T.
Protecting your employees and business from pandemic human influenza: Action manual for small and medium-sized enterprises
Como proteger a sus empleados y a sus negocios contra la Pandemia de Gripe Humana - Manual de acción para pequeńas y medianas empresas [in Spanish]
Protéger vos employés et votre entreprise de la pandémie de grippe humaine - Manuel d'action pour les petites et moyennes entreprises [in French]
The outbreak of avian influenza and the ongoing incidences of infected cases have prompted worldwide concern. This training manual is developed to promote safe practices in small and medium-sized enterprises. The manual is user-friendly and practical, providing an Action Checklist on various prevention measures including explanations and descriptions. The unique participatory training methods of the ILO, Work Improvement in Small Enterprises (WISE) and Work Improvements in Neighbourhood Development (WIND), were used to promote understanding and encourage improvement in the actions of employers and workers in small and medium-sized enterprises. Also published in several Asian languages (Khmer, Vietnamese, Lao, Japanese, Malay and Thai).
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genčve 22, Switzerland, 2009. 24p. Illus.
Protecting_your_employees.pdf [in English]
Protéger_vos_employés.pdf [in French]
Como_proteger_a_sus_empleados.pdf [in Spanish]
Protecting_your_employees.pdf [in Malay]
Protecting_your_employees.pdf [in Khmer]
Protecting_your_employees.pdf [in Chinese]
Protecting_your_employees.pdf [in Lao]
Protecting_your_employees.pdf [in Vietnamese]
Protecting_your_employees.pdf [in Thai]

CIS 10-0282 Groneberg D.A., van Mark A., Wicker S., Fischer A., Quarcoo D.
The new influenza (porcine influenza/swine flu): A synopsis of current information on influenza A/H1N1
Die neue Grippe (porzine Influenza/Schweinegrippe): Eine Zusammenfassung aktueller Informationen zu Influenza A/H1N1 [in German]
This article presents recent information on influenza A/H1N1 relevant for occupational health (clinical picture, diagnosis, compulsory declaration, protective measures, personal protective equipment, transport of patients, handling of corpses). A flow chart of the procedures to be followed in case of suspected porcine influenza in humans is also presented.
Zentralblatt für Arbeitsmedizin, Arbeitsschutz und Ergonomie, May 2009, Vol.59, No.5, p.152-156. Illus. 3 ref.

CIS 10-0005 Kawakami T.
Protecting your employees and business from Pandemic Human Influenza - Action manual for small and medium-sized enterprises
Protéger vos employés et votre entreprise de la pandémie de grippe humaine: Manuel d'actions pour les petites et moyennes entreprises [in French]
Cómo proteger a sus empleados y a sus negocios contra la Pandemia de Gripe Humana: Manual de acción para pequeńas y medianas empresas [in Spanish]
The outbreak of avian influenza and the ongoing incidences of infected cases have prompted worldwide concern. This training manual was developed to promote safe practices in small and medium-sized enterprises. The manual is user-friendly and practical, providing an action checklist on various prevention measures including explanations and descriptions. The unique participatory training methods of the ILO, Work Improvement in Small Enterprises (WISE) and Work Improvements in Neighbourhood Development (WIND), were used to promote understanding and encourage improvement in the actions of employers and workers in small and medium-sized enterprises. Also available in Malay, Lao, Thai, Khmer, Vietnamese and Japanese.
ILO Subregional Office for East Asia, United Nations Building, 10th Floor, Radjamnern Nok Avenue, Bangkok 10200, Thailand, 2009. 24p. Illus.
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/documents/publication/wcms_101422.pdf [in English]
/ http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/documents/publication/wcms_114291.pdf [in French]
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/documents/publication/wcms_114288.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 09-1294 Vainio H., O'Hara L., Cheveers E., Yassi A., Fedotov I., Geyer N., Sigler N., Savolainen K., Takala J., Hämäläinen P., Pääkkönen T., Lehtinen S.
New emerging risks
Contents of this collection of articles on new chemical and biological hazards of relevance to African countries: H1N1 and occupational health for health workers in Africa; excerpts from WHO materials on H1N1; North-South partnership to strengthen trade union action against HIV/AIDS; engineered nanomaterials; globalization of risks; brief account of a conference on occupational health of nanotechnology which took place in 2009 in Finland; brief account of a meeting of WHO collaborating centres which took place in Geneva in 2009.
African Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Dec. 2009, Vol.19, No.3, p.55-75 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://www.ttl.fi/en/publications/electronic_journals/african_newsletter/Documents/african_newsletter3_2009.pdf [in English]

CIS 09-1378 Sng J., Koh D., Koh G
Influenza A (H1N1) infections among healthcare workers: A cause for cautious optimism
This editorial argues that the relatively low number of confirmed cases of influenza A (H1N1) among healthcare workers is largely due to improved precautions and preparedness introduced since the avian influenza pandemic threat several years earlier, particularly in countries of South-East Asia.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 2009, Vol.66, No.9, p.569-570. 13 ref.

CIS 09-1164 Seasonal influenza prevention in health care workers
This article describes the comprehensive influenza prevention programme recommended by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Physicians for health care workers. It involves vaccination, information dissemination, employee participation, infection control practices and employer commitment.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Mar. 2009, Vol.51, No.3, p.386-389. 26 ref.

CIS 09-946 Anikeeva O., Braunack-Mayer A., Rogers W.
Requiring influenza vaccination for health care workers
Annual influenza vaccination for health care workers has the potential to benefit health care professionals, their patients and their families by reducing the transmission of influenza in health care settings. Furthermore, staff vaccination programmes are cost-effective for health care institutions because of reduced staff illness and absenteeism. However, rates of vaccination remain low. This study analysed the ethical implications of a variety of efforts to increase vaccination rates, including mandatory influenza vaccination. It is concluded that a programme of incentives and sanctions may increase health care worker compliance with fewer ethical impediments than mandatory vaccination.
American Journal of Public Health, Jan. 2009, Vol. 99, No.1, p.24-29. 32 ref.

CIS 09-709 "Mexican" influenza and risk of pandemic
Grippe "mexicaine" et risque de pandémie [in French]
The new strain of influenza virus A/H1N1 is currently responsible for cases of influenza concentrated in Mexico and the United States. Its transmission among humans is now confirmed. Cases imported into other countries are being declared. The World Health Organization (WHO) has raised the phase of this influenza pandemic alert to level 5. This Internet document presents the current situation and stresses the importance of preparedness for this pandemic, including at the place of work. Contents: definitions; what workers and enterprises need to know now; how to track the trends online; answers to frequently asked questions by enterprises.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, May 2009. Internet document. Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 09-503 Kawakami T.
Protecting your employees and business from pandemic human influenza: Action manual for small and medium-sized enterprises
The outbreak of avian influenza and the ongoing incidences of infected cases have prompted worldwide concern. This training manual was developed to promote safe practices in small and medium-sized enterprises. It is user-friendly and practical, providing an action checklist on various prevention measures, including explanations and descriptions. The unique participatory training methods of the ILO of the Work Improvement in Small Enterprises (WISE) and Work Improvements in Neighbourhood Development (WIND) programmes were used to promote understanding and encourage improvement in the practices of employers and workers in small and medium-sized enterprises.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genčve 22, Switzerland, 2009. 24p. Illus.
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/documents/publication/wcms_101422.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/documents/publication/wcms_101423.pdf [in Thai]

CIS 09-263 Kawakami T., Ratananakorn L.
Protecting your health and business from avian influenza: Action manual for farmers and poultry workers
The outbreak of avian influenza and the ongoing incidences of infected cases have prompted worldwide concern. This training manual is developed to promote safe practices. The manual is user-friendly and practical, providing an action checklist on various prevention measures including explanations and descriptions. The participatory training methods of the ILO, Work Improvement in Neighbourhood Development (WIND) and Work Improvement in Small Enterprises (WISE), were used to promote understanding and encourage improvements in the actions of farmers and poultry workers.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genčve 22, Switzerland, 2009. 24p. Illus. 7ref.
http://bravo.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/documents/publication/wcms_101421.pdf [in Thai]
http://bravo.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/documents/publication/wcms_101420.pdf [in English]

CIS 08-1218 OSHA Fact Sheet: What employers can do to protect workers from pandemic influenza
Hoja de datos de OSHA: Lo que pueden hacer los patronos para proteger a los trabajadores contra la gripe pandémica [in Spanish]
Fact Sheet outlining the recommended actions employers can do in order to reduce the risk of exposure of workers to an influenza virus during a pandemic. The measures include: engineering controls; administrative controls; work practices; personal protective equipment.
U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), 200 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20210, USA, 2009. 2p.
http://www.osha.gov/Publications/employers-protect-workers-flu-factsheet.pdf [in English]
http://www.osha.gov/Publications/employers-protect-workers-flu-factsheet-spanish.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 08-1217 What to do in the case of a suspected case of infection by the emergent A(H1N1) virus
Conduite ŕ suivre en cas d'infection suspecté au virus émergent H1N1 (A/H1N1/California/04/2009) [in French]
Contents of this information note: definition of cases; recommendations for action (how to deal with patients, people who have been in contact with them, protection of health care and or other personnel exposed to the patients). In annex: contact information of concerned hospitals and laboratories in France; recommended antiviral drug régime.
Ministčre de la santé et des sports, 14, avenue Duquesne, 75350 Paris 07 SP, France, 2009. 7p.
http://www.sante-sports.gouv.fr/IMG//pdf/cat_suspicion_h1n1_280409.pdf [in French]

CIS 08-1216 Interim guidance for infection control for care of patients with confirmed or suspected swine influenza A(H1N1) virus infection in a healthcare setting
Influenza H1N1 (gripe porcina) [in Spanish]
This document provides interim guidance for healthcare facilities (e.g., hospitals, long-term care and outpatient facilities and other settings where healthcare is provided). Contents: background, implementation of respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette, implementation of facility contingency plans, interim infection control recommendations, infection control of ill persons in a healthcare setting, surveillance management of healthcare personnel, management of ill healthcare personnel, environmental infection control, administration of the current 2008-2009 seasonal influenza vaccine.
Internet document, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, USA, 2009.
http://www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/guidelines_infection_control.htm [in English]
http://www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/espanol/ [in Spanish]

CIS 08-1215 Occupational health issues associated with H1N1 influenza virus (Swine Flu)
Internet portal page with links to essential up-to-date information on the influenza A(H1N1) pandemic, including its workplace health implications.
Internet document, NIOSH, 2009.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/h1n1flu/ [in English]

CIS 08-1214 Guidance on preparing workplaces for an influenza pandemic
Guía sobre la preparación de los lugares de trabajo para una pandemia del gripe [in Spanish]
This guidance to allow employers to prepare their enterprise for a possible influenza pandemic applies to all types of workplaces. It describes the differences between seasonal, avian and pandemic influenza, and presents information on the nature of a potential pandemic, how the virus is likely to spread and how exposure is likely to occur.
Publications U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue, Washington, D.C. 20210, USA, Feb. 2009. 43p. Illus. 5 ref.
http://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3364pandemic.pdf [in Spanish]
http://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3327pandemic.pdf [in English]

2008

CIS 09-1157 Hudson T.W., Fortuna J.
Overview of selected infectious disease risks for the corporate traveler
International business travel to developing countries has increased considerably over the past two decades. Many of these destinations are endemic to a variety of infectious diseases, some of which are associated with considerable morbidity, mortality, or both. Non-immune travellers are at risk. Comprehensive pre-travel consultation is essential to prevent travel-related illness. This review addresses some of the infectious diseases that can be acquired during international travel, including endemic regions, assessment of risk and available means of prevention.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Aug 2008, Vol.50, No.8, p.924-934. Illus. 77 ref.

CIS 09-460 Breton-Kueny L., Segovia-Kueny S.
When faced with the risk of a pandemic - Vital relevance of a plan for ensuring the continuity of operations
Face ŕ une crise de type pandémie - L'intéręt vital d'un plan de continuité des activités [in French]
This article explains plans for ensuring the continuity of operations (PCOs) in the event of a pandemic, together with their usefulness and implementation. Topics: influenza pandemic; Decree on the safety of vital activities in France; what needs to be included in a PCO in the event of avian influenza. The proposed approach could also be relevant in other situations, for example in the case of bioterrorism.
Préventique-Sécurité, Sep.-Oct. 2008, No.101, p.57-61. Illus.

CIS 08-1462 Jolly H.
Biological hazards: Real nature of the problem in the construction sector
Risque biologique: quelle réalité dans le BTP? [in French]
Through many of the diverse activities of the construction sector, workers may be faced with biological hazards. This article reviews the biological agents that can be encountered in the sector (hepatitis A, influenza and poliomyelitis viruses, legionella, leptospira and tetanus bacilli, Candida alibicans and Entamoeba hystolica), diseases they cause, modes of contamination and preventive measures (disinfection of premises, ventilation, personal protective equipment, vaccination).
Prévention BTP, June 2008, No.108, p.48-50. Illus.

CIS 08-712 Bennett B.
The lingering threat of avian flu
Although headlines warning of a pandemic of avian flu have started to wane, the threat is far from over. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a global outbreak of easily transmissible influenza such as the H5N1 virus avian flu is likely within a few years. Workers at risk include poultry farmers, health care and laboratory workers, veterinarians, waste disposal workers, persons in contact with animals and food, and persons working outdoors. Individuals can protect themselves in a number of ways, such as frequently washing their hands with soap and water. OSHA recommends that employers provide at-risk workers with the appropriate PPE, including gloves, apparel (aprons and sleeves), goggles and boots or protective shoe covers that can be disposed of or disinfected.
Occupational Hazards, Jan. 2008, p.50-54. Illus.

2007

CIS 08-1468 Expert forecast on emerging biological risks related to occupational safety and health
Ekspertna prognoza za văznikvaštite biologični riskove, svărzani s bezopasnostta i zdraveto pri rabota (BZP) [in Bulgarian]
Expertprognos om nya mikrobiologiska arbetsmiljörisker [in Swedish]
Ekspertvarsling om biologiske risici i fremvćkst i tilknytning til arbejdsmiljř [in Danish]
Expertenbefragung zu neu auftretenden biologischen Risiken für Sicherheit und Gesundheitsschutz bei der Arbeit (OSH) [in German]
Ékthesē próblepsēs empeirognōmónōn shetiká me tous anaduómenous biologikoús kindúnous pou shetízontai me tēn epaggelmatikḗ asfáleia kai ugeía (EAU) [in Greek]
Previsiones de los expertos sobre riesgos biológicos emergentes relacionados con la salud y la seguridad en el trabajo (SST) [in Spanish]
Ekspertprognoos tekkivate tööohutuse ja töötervishoiu bioloogiliste riskide kohta [in Estonian]
Asiantuntijat ennakoivat työterveyteen ja työturvallisuuteen liittyviä uusia biologisia riskejä [in Finnish]
Prévisions des experts sur les risques biologiques émergents liés ŕ la sécurité et ŕ la santé au travail [in French]
Szakértői előrejelzés a munkahelyi biztonság és egészségvédelem vonatkozásában kialakuló biológiai kockázatokról [in Hungarian]
Le previsioni degli esperti sui rischi biologici emergenti per la salute e la sicurezza sul lavoro [in Italian]
Ekspertų prognozė dėl naujos biologinės rizikos, kylančios darbuotojų saugai ir sveikatai (DSS) [in Lithuanian]
Ekspertu prognozes par potenciāliem bioloģiskiem riska faktoriem saistībā ar darba drošību un veselības aizsardzību (DDVA) [in Latvian]
Tbassir espert dwar riskji bijoloġiċi emerġenti relatati massaħħa u s-sigurta fuq il-post tax-xogħol (OHS) [in Maltese]
Prognose van deskundigen over in opkomst zijnde biologische risico's in het kader van veiligheid en gezondheid op het werk [in Dutch]
Prognoza ekspercka dotycząca nowo powstających biologicznych czynników ryzyka zawodowego (BHP) [in Polish]
Previsőes de peritos sobre os riscos biológicos emergentes relacionados com a segurança e a saúde no trabalho (SST) [in Portuguese]
Previziunea experţilor privind riscurile biologice emergente legate de securitatea şi sănătatea în muncă (SSM) [in Romanian]
Prognóza expertov o vznikajúcich biologických rizikách súvisiacich s bezpečnost'ou a ochranou zdravia na pracovisku (BOZP) [in Slovak]
Predvidevanje strokovnjakov o nastajajočih bioloških tveganjih, ki so povezana z varnostjo in zdravjem pri delu [in Slovenian]
Odborná prognóza vznikajících biologických rizik souvisejících s bezpečností a ochranou zdraví při práci (BOZP) [in Czech]
About 320,000 workers worldwide die every year of communicable diseases, some 5,000 in the European Union. In the last decade, media coverage has raised public awareness of biological hazards, such as anthrax at work due to bioterrorist activities, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and the threat of avian flu. But biological agents are ubiquitous and, in many workplaces, workers face considerably harmful biological risks. The Community strategy 2002-06 called on the European Agency for Occupational Safety and Health to set up a risk observatory to anticipate new and emerging occupational safety and health risks. The expert forecast on emerging occupational safety and health biological risks was formulated from the results of three consecutive questionnaire-based surveys using the Delphi method. The full report has been analysed under CIS 08-214. This information note summarizes the contents and the findings of this forecast. It is also available in several other European languages.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, http://osha.eu.int, 2007. 2p. Illus. 5 ref.
http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/factsheets/68/view [in Multilingual]

CIS 08-1460 Koh D., Ong B.L., Li A., Kasai T., Amin F., Lugah V, Wilburn S., Eijkemans G., Mukhopadhyay P., Nguyen T.H.T., Nguyen V.B., Tran T.D., Vu N.L., Bennoor K.S., Hassan M.R., Rahman M.F., Mahmud A.M., Hossain M.A., Haque M.E., Kabir M.H., Kalamuddin A.F.M., Ali T., Huq A.K.M.S., Shin B.M.
Infectious diseases
Collection of articles on infectious diseases of relevance to countries in the Asian-Pacific region. Contents: WHO strategy for emerging diseases in East Asia; HIV/AIDS prevention in Malaysia; protecting health workers from occupational exposure to HIV, hepatitis and other bloodborne pathogens; problem of occupational heat stress in India; evaluating the experience of Vietnam in controlling human influenza A (H5N1); incidence of tuberculosis among garment workers in Bangladesh; occupational exposure to hepatitis B among Korean health care workers.
Asian-Pacific Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, May 2007, Vol.14, No.1, p.2-23 (whole issue). Illus. 63 ref.
http://www.ttl.fi/NR/rdonlyres/CC3D2788-535F-4445-8A74-CE56311AE501/0/AsianPacificNewsletter12007.pdf [in English]

CIS 08-1220 Pandemic influenza: Guidance for infection control in hospitals and primary care settings
Guidance document on how to protect health care workers against the hazard of infection by pandemic influenza. Contents: terminology; overview of pandemic influenza and infection control; preparedness planning for pandemic infection control; occupational health and deployment of staff; infection control precautions; environmental infection control; supplementary guidance for hospitals; supplementary guidance for primary care settings. In the appendix: the epidemiology of pandemic influenza; infection control precautions.
TSO Publications Centre, P.O. Box 29, Norwich NR3 1GN, United Kingdom, 2007. 81p. Illus. 87 ref.
http://www.dh.gov.uk/en/publicationsandstatistics/Publications/PublicationsPolicyAndGuidance/DH_080771?IdcService=GET_FILE&dID=154677&Rendition=Web [in English]

CIS 08-469 Guidance on preparing workplaces for an influenza pandemic
A worldwide influenza pandemic could have a major effect on the global economy, including travel, trade, tourism, food, consumption, investment and financial markets. Planning for pandemic influenza by business and industry is essential to minimize a pandemic's impact. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) therefore developed this pandemic influenza planning guidance based upon traditional infection control and industrial hygiene practices. Topics addressed: how a severe pandemic influenza could affect workplaces; how influenza can spread between people, classifying employee exposure to pandemic influenza at work, how to maintain operations during a pandemic, how organizations can protect their employees; steps every employer can take to reduce the risk of exposure to pandemic influenza in their workplace; what employees living abroad or who travel internationally for work should know.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20210, USA, 2007. 43p. Illus.
http://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3327pandemic.pdf [in English]

CIS 08-218 Vaccination in occupational settings
Vacunación en el ámbito laboral [in Spanish]
Vaccination is the most effective means of primary prevention for persons exposed to the risk of certain infectious diseases related to their work. The work environment also presents suitable settings for detecting diseases, even when they are not directly related to occupational activities. This article discusses general considerations concerning vaccination at the place of work, the groups of workers that are exposed and that should be subject to preventive vaccination, the steps involved in immunization plans, the diseases for which vaccination at the place of work is recommended, contraindications to vaccination and Spanish legislation on the subject.
ERGA Noticias, 2007, No.98, p.4. Illus. 3 ref.
http://www.insht.es/InshtWeb/Contenidos/Documentacion/TextosOnline/ErgaNoticias/Ficheros/2007/ErNOT98_07.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 08-209 Vaxelaire S., Houssin D., Le Bâcle C., Abadia G., Bacarisse J.P., Kiniger-Passigli D.
Influenza pandemic and the activities of enterprises
Pandémie grippale et vie des entreprises [in French]
This full issue is devoted to the potential impact of an influenza pandemic on enterprises in France and the means for preparing to respond. It includes interviews, opinions and advice of various specialists and responsible persons including a senior public health official, an expert on biological hazards at the INRS, an occupational health physician, the safety and health officer of a multinational enterprise and the head of the ILO task force, who explains the role of the organization with respect to the risk of a bird pandemic (protecting the means of subsistence, ensure the compliance with international health agreements, reinforce synergies between national and international bodies, supply relevant information).
Réalité Prévention, Mar. 2007, No.14, p.1-12 (whole issue). Illus.

CIS 08-79 Whysall Z.
Present and infect
When individuals come to work while feeling unwell, there are hidden costs for both employees and their employers. Presenteeism is defined as lost productivity that occurs when employees come to work but perform below due to any kind of illness. Common causes of presenteeism include migraines, allergies, depression, musculoskeletal problems, gastrointestinal problems and eczema. In the case of contagious diseases such as influenza, affected individuals who come to work may transmit the disease to fellow employees. This article explains how investigating the problem of presenteeism can potentially reduce sickness absence.
Safety and Health Practitioner, Aug. 2007, Vol.25, No.8, p.54-56. Illus. 10 ref.

CIS 08-214 Brun E., Van Herpe S., Laamanen I., Klug K., Linsel G., Schöneich R., Flaspöler E., Reinert D., Galwas M., Mirón Hernández M.A., García-Matarredona Cepeda D.
Expert forecast on emerging biological risks related to occupational safety and health
About 320,000 workers worldwide die every year of communicable diseases, and some 5,000 in the European Union. In the last decade, media coverage has increased awareness among the public for biological hazards, such as anthrax due to bioterrorist activities, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and avian flu. But biological agents are ubiquitous and, in many workplaces, workers face considerably harmful biological risks. The Community strategy 2002-2006 called on the Agency to set up a risk observatory to anticipate new and emerging risks. This report sets out to present the results of the forecast on emerging OSH biological risks.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2007. 145p. Illus. 361 ref. Price: EUR 15.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://osha.europa.eu/publications/reports/7606488/risk_observatory_en.pdf/at_download/file [in English]

CIS 07-1478 Cartier B.
Avian influenza/Risk of pandemic - Protection of health care personnel
Vogelgrippe/Pandemie: Schutz des Arbeitnehmenden im Gesundheitswesen [in German]
Grippe aviaire/Risque de pandémie - Protection des personnes travaillant dans le secteur de la santé [in French]
In the event where avian influenza would become pandemic, health care personnel would be the most exposed. Swiss law requires that employers implement the necessary preventive measures to ensure the protection of workers. These measures include: information of personnel; use of personal protective equipment; proper application of hygiene measures; early screening of infected persons; separation from other patients and unprotected staff.
Informations médicales - Medizinische Mitteilungen, 2007, No.78, p.71-73. 8 ref.
https://wwwsapp1.suva.ch/sap/public/bc/its/mimes/zwaswo/99/pdf/02869_78_f.pdf ((part)) [in French]
https://wwwsapp1.suva.ch/sap/public/bc/its/mimes/zwaswo/99/pdf/02869_78_d.pdf ((part)) [in German]

2006

CIS 08-467 OSHA Fact Sheet - Avian flu
Fact sheet on avian flu, covering: symptoms in humans; ways of infection; employees at potential risk of exposure; treatment; general precautions and specific control measures; training.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20210, USA, 2006. 2p.
http://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_AvianFlu/avian_flu_factsheet.pdf [in English]
http://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_AvianFlu/avian_flu_factsheet_sp.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 07-1480 OSHA guidance update on protecting employees from avian flu (avian influenza) viruses
Orientación actualizada de OSHA acerca de cómo proteger a los empleados contra los virus de la gripe aviar (influenza aviar) [in Spanish]
This health protection guide is aimed at employers whose employees may be exposed to avian influenza (AI) viruses. It contains guidance for poultry employees, animal handlers other than poultry employees, laboratory employees, healthcare workers who treat patients with known or suspected AI, food handlers, airport personnel exposed to passengers suspected of being AI-infected, travelers on temporary work assignment abroad, United States employees stationed abroad and other employee groups that may be at risk. It discusses modes of infection, infection control measures, use of personal protective equipment, vaccination, antiviral drugs and medical supervision of exposed personnel. Appendices provide technical information about AI viruses and, in particular, about H5N1, an AI virus currently circulating in Asia, Europe and Africa that rarely causes disease in humans but when it does, the case fatality rate is high.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20210, USA, 2006. 71p. 55 ref.
http://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_AvianFlu/avian_flu_guidance_spanish.pdf [in Spanish]
http://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_AvianFlu/avian_flu_guidance_english.pdf [in English]

CIS 07-957 Ferreira M.
Vaccination in the workplace
Les vaccinations en milieu de travail [in French]
The prevention of biological hazards in the workplace is required by French labour laws. Depending on the hazards identified, preventive measures may include personal and collective protection (hygiene measures, technical measures, personal protective equipment), as well as vaccination. This article summarizes French regulations concerning vaccination in the workplace. Vaccination against hepatitis B, tetanus, influenza and polio are mandatory for persons working in health care, while immunization against typhoid is required for persons working in medical laboratories.
Travail et sécurité, Dec. 2006, No.668, p.47-49. Illus. 2 ref.
http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/archivests/archivests.nsf/(alldocparref)/TS668page47_1/$file/TS668page47.pdf?openelement [in French]

CIS 07-717 Champagne D.
Avian flu - Concerns for enterprises and their employees
Grippe aviaire - Préoccupations pour les entreprises et leur personnel [in French]
This article reviews the actions that need to be undertaken within the enterprise to ensure a state of preparedness against avian flu. Contents: definition of avian flu; possible consequences of a pandemic; measures to be undertaken within the enterprise in the event of a pandemic of avian influenza.
Travail et santé, Sep. 2006, Vol.22, No.3, p.32-34. 6 ref.

CIS 07-315 Le Bâcle C., Ducovel-Pame N., Durand E.
Avian influenza, avian flu and threat of pandemic: A new occupational health challenge
Influenza aviaire, grippe aviaire et menace de pandémie: un nouvel enjeu en santé du travail [in French]
This medical and technical review article presents the current situation with respect to influenza viruses, avian influenza, seasonal influenza, avian flu in humans and the risk of a flu pandemic. It also discusses the issue of the risk of avian flu among exposed health care professionals. Preventive measures to be implemented in specific situations are presented. An appendix summarizes the main recommendations for hospitals issued by the French ministry of health.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 2nd Quarter 2006, No.106, p.139-168. Illus. 56 ref.
http://www.dmt-prevention.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/TC%20107/$File/TC107.pdf [in French]

CIS 07-313 Biardeau B.
Avian flu - What needs to be known today, what to tell patients, what needs to be done without further delay
Grippe aviaire - Que savoir aujourd'hui, que dire aux patients, que faire dčs maintenant? [in French]
Review of a colloquium on avian flu held in Paris, France, on 16 March 2006. Among the topics presented: preparing for a pandemic; French prevention plan (stocks and distribution of masks, antiviral drugs and vaccines); management of the various phases (before and during a pandemic); informing the general population; role of general practitioners. An appendix includes extracts from the French governmental plan.
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 2006, Vol.46, No.2, p.193-203.

CIS 07-340 The ABC of occupational safety and health
Abécédaire de la prévention [in French]
This whole issue contains summaries of 66 occupational safety and health topics applicable to the construction industry, arranged in alphabetical order. Topics include harmful substances (asbestos, lead, wood dust), equipment (elevating trucks, scaffolds, ladders, hand tools), diseases (occupational cancers, musculoskeletal diseases, avian flu) as well as a variety of topics relating to hazards, prevention, regulations and work organization.
Prévention BTP, July - Aug. 2006, No.87, p.3-66 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 07-216 Avian influenza, including influenza A (H5N1), in humans: WHO interim infection control guideline for health care facilities
This publication provides guidance on the prevention of infections among health care personnel in contact with patients who are suspected or confirmed bearers of the avian flu virus. It is aimed at health specialists and all persons in governments and administrations faced with the avian flu problem. It consists of three parts. The first part summarizes WHO recommendations with respect to infection prevention and personal protective equipment and the second part details the precautions to be taken to prevent infections. Appendices include general information on avian flu, its routes of transmission, respiratory protection, confinement units, the use of disinfectants and prophylaxis.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service,1211 Genčve 27, Switzerland, updated Apr. 2006. PDF document. iii, 54p. Illus. 67 ref.
http://www.wpro.who.int/NR/rdonlyres/EA6D9DF3-688D-4316-91DF-5553E7B1DBCD/0/InfectionControlAIinhumansWHOInterimGuidelinesfor2b_0628.pdf [in English]

CIS 06-1475 Avian influenza information for bird owners
This Internet document provides guidance for poultry producers and bird keepers on measures for the prevention of an outbreak of avian influenza.
Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Australia, 2006. Internet document, 2p. 7 ref.
http://www.affa.gov.au/content/output.cfm?ObjectID=C110DB62-D73C-438F-85792D84E945F031 [in English]

CIS 06-1474
Department of Health and Ageing
The Australian health management plan for pandemic influenza
The Australian Health Management Plan for Pandemic Influenza is divided into four parts: background information on the nature of influenza and pandemics; what the Commonwealth Government is doing to prepare for a possible pandemic from a health perspective; how a pandemic might play out and the actions that would be needed to respond to it; and practical information about what groups and individuals can do to prepare for a pandemic, to manage during it, and to recover from it.
National Mailing and Marketing, P.O.Box 7077, Canberra Mailing Centre, ACT 2610, Australia, 2006. 64p.
http://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/Content/ohp-pandemic-ahmppi-toc.htm [in English]

CIS 06-1472 Brasseur G.
Flu - Preparing for a pandemic
Grippe - Préparer l'épreuve d'une pandémie [in French]
Since the emergence of the highly-infectious H5N1 bird flu virus at the end of 2003, 150 million poultry and other birds died or were intentionally eliminated in Asia. Hundreds of thousands or possibly millions of humans were infected, among whom approximately a hundred died. Fortunately, the transmission to humans is rare, but a pandemic remains possible. Contents of this special feature on the precautions to be taken against a possible pandemic: description of the bird flu pandemic threat; types of flu viruses; collective and personal protective measures following suspected contamination on a farm; medical prevention; setting-up an emergency plan; precautions to be taken when handling dead birds.
Travail et sécurité, Apr. 2006, No.661, p.23-32. Illus. 4 ref.
http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/archivests/archivests.nsf/(alldocparref)/ts661page23_1/$file/ts661page23.pdf?openelement [in French]

2005

CIS 06-445 Smit L.A.M., Spaan S., Heederik D.
Endotoxin exposure and symptoms in wastewater treatment workers
This study investigated endotoxin exposure and work-related symptoms in wastewater treatment workers. Questionnaire on data on symptoms was obtained from 468 employees in 67 sewage treatment plants and personal endotoxin exposure was measured in a sample of workers in three different periods during one year. Endotoxin exposure ranged from 0.6 to 2093 endotoxin units (EU)/m3, the geometric mean exposure being low (27EU/m3). Factor analysis yielded three clusters of correlated symptoms: lower respiratory and skin symptoms, flu-like and systemic symptoms, and upper respiratory symptoms. Symptoms appeared to be more prevalent in workers exposed to endotoxin levels higher than 50EU/m3. A significant dose-response relationship was found for lower respiratory and skin symptoms and for flu-like and systemic symptoms.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, July 2005, Vol.48, No.1, p.30-39. 38 ref.

CIS 05-728 Advice on working with influenza viruses
Information sheet on safe working practices in laboratories where exposure to influenza viruses is a realistic possibility. Contents: current classification; recommendations for laboratories knowingly handling influenza viruses; diagnostic work; use of microbiological safety cabinets; planning for pandemics. In annex: guidance on the application of the Specified Animal Pathogens Order 1998.
Health and Safety Executive (http://www.hse.gov.uk/), United Kingdom, 2005. Internet document (6p.)
http://www.hse.gov.uk/biosafety/diseases/acdpflu.pdf [in English]

CIS 05-579 The seafarers' medical service
Le service de santé des gens de mer [in French]
Information sheet on the organization of the French national medical service for sailors and other people in maritime occupations. The service is involved in: aptitude tests; medical inspection of ships registered in France; health-related training in French maritime colleges; participation on on-board OSH committees. A special supplement concerns advice on how to avoid infection with avian influenza. Also covered are: history of the service; organization, mission and activities of the service; statistics on maritime accidents.
Direction des affaires maritimes et des gens de mer (DAM), Paris, France, [c2005]. Internet document, several pages.
http://www.mer.gouv.fr/hommes/05_medical/01_ssgm/liste_pages.htm [in French]

CIS 05-727 Working with highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Information sheet on avian influenza (also known as bird flu), aimed at people who may be exposed to infected animals. There are two associated data sheets with more specific information: Avoiding The Risk Of Infection When Working With Poultry That Is Suspected Of Having Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) and Avoiding The Risk Of Zoonotic Infections When Working With Poultry That Is Not Suspected Of Having Avian Influenza.
Health and Safety Executive (http://www.hse.gov.uk/), United Kingdom, 2005. Internet document (2+2+1p.)
http://www.hse.gov.uk/biosafety/diseases/avianflu.htm [in English]

CIS 05-726 Avian influenza: Frequently asked questions
Grippe aviaire: questions fréquemment posées [in French]
Data sheet on the dangers of this new infectious disease, also known as bird flu. Implications for human health, including the possibilities of infection in an occupational setting (by workers in contact with infected birds), are discussed.
World Health Organization (WHO), ave. Appia 20, 1211 Genčve 27, Switzerland, 2005. Internet publication (6 pages)
http://www.who.int/csr/disease/avian_influenza/avian_faqs/en/index.html [in English]
http://www.who.int/csr/disease/avian_influenza/avian_faqs/fr/index.html [in French]

CIS 05-725 Avian influenza: Hazards in the workplace and preparations for a possible pandemic
Grippe aviaire: risques en milieu professsionnel et perspectives en cas de pandémie [in French]
Information sheet on avian influenza. Contents: overview (viral disease, modification of type-A influenza, spread by birds, origin in the Far East); potential of very high mortality; incubation period (1-2 days in birds, a bit longer in humans); transmission; means of protection; groups at particular risk of being infected; recommendations to people who may have to visit infected areas for professional reasons; advice to people returning from infected areas (if they develop suspicious symptoms); relationship between avian and human influenza; preparations for a possible pandemic.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité (INRS), 30 rue Olivier Noyer, 75680 Paris, Cedex 14, France, updated edition, 2005. Internet document (7p.) Illus. 10 ref.
http://www.inrs.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_search_view_view/18ED664BAC0BD9CAC125705000570B29/$FILE/visu.html?OpenElement [in French]

2004

CIS 06-1113 Khalfallah T., Derouiche S., Abdallah B., Chaari N., Hanchi M.A., Akrout M.
Sick building syndrome in the banking sector in Tunis
Syndrome des bâtiments malsains dans le secteur bancaire de Tunis [in French]
This cross-sectional study investigated the prevalence of sick building syndrome among 286 persons (182 men and 104 women) employed in 20 branches of one of Tunisia's leading banks. Data on personal characteristics and perceived symptoms were collected by means of self-administered questionnaires. The main symptoms reported were headache (34.6% of subjects), chest tightness (23.4%), flu-like syndrome (16.4%) and eye irritation (15.0%). Other findings are discussed. The study establishes a link between these symptoms and sick building syndrome based on findings reported in other countries.
Bossons futé, 17 avenue Miss Cavell, 94100 Saint-Maur, France, 2004. Internet document (PDF format). 24p. Illus. 58 ref.
http://www.bossons-fute.com/Enquetes/sickbbuildingsyndrome.pdf [in French]

CIS 05-729 Avian influenza - Protecting poultry workers at risk
Contents of this information sheet: general information on avian influenza; measures for protecting poultry workers (follow biosecurity practices, recognize infection in poultry, take antiviral medication and get vaccination, know the signs and symptoms of human infection, wear personal protective equipment); respiratory protection; eye protection; protective clothing and hand-hygiene practices. In annex: table showing the advantages, disadvantages and price of different kinds of air-purifying respirators for protecting poultry workers.
Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA), 200 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20210, USA, 2004. 8p.
http://www.osha.gov/dts/shib/shib121304.pdf [in English]

CIS 04-332 Azaroff L.S., Levenstein C., Wegman D.H.
The occupational health of Southeast Asians in Lowell: A descriptive study
To assess the occupational health of a group of vulnerable immigrant workers, 160 residents of Cambodian or Lao origin in Lowell in the U.S. State of Massachusetts were interviewed regarding working conditions, health problems and use of medical services. Over 40% reported working in electronics and computer assembly. A fourth of those currently employed held temporary jobs. Workplace hazards included soldering fumes, inadequate ventilation, prolonged sitting or standing, awkward postures, unguarded machinery, shift work, long hours and pressure to produce quickly. Common work-related health problems included sprains and strains, headache, dizziness and flu-like symptoms. Less than a third of the respondents were aware of workers' compensation.
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, Jan.-Mar. 2004, Vol.10, No.1, p.47-54. 40 ref.
http://www.ijoeh.com/pfds/1001_Azaroff.pdf [in English]

1, 2 | next >