Storage and warehousing - 293 entries found
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Fernández Rougeot F., Piqué Ardanuy T.
Storage on metallic pallet racks
Almacenamiento en estanterías metálicas [in Spanish]
This information note addresses safety during the storage of palletized loads on metallic racks. It describes the risks associated with such shelves and the appropriate preventive measures.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 10p. Illus. 11 ref.
NTP_852.pdf [in Spanish]
Sassi M., Soltani C., Soltani F., Kahouach L.
Mechanical handling: Hazards and occupational safety
La manutention mécanique: risques et prévention [in French]
Contents of special feature on the prevention of occupational hazards during mechanical handling: legislative and regulatory context in Tunisia; experience feedback; slinging of loads; lifting accessories; operator-driven powered industrial trucks used for handling; mobile cranes with raisable booms; tower cranes; crane election.
SST - Santé et Sécurité au Travail, Jan. 2010, No. 52 p. 2-19. Illus.
Beitia J.I., Virto J., Cortés J.
Classification of equipment used for lifting loads, with lifting machinery
Clasificación de equipos utilizados para la elevación de cargas, con maquinaria de elevación [in Spanish]
This information note aims at classifying the various lifting equipments as defined in the Machine Directives 98/27/EC and 2006/42/EC (lifting equipment and separate lifting equipment) for a uniform application of these directives. It also describes lifting accessories used for the lifting of loads with lifting equipment (nets, bags, containers and pallets).
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 5p. Illus. 4 ref.
Clasificación_de_equipos.pdf [in Spanish]
dos Santos Rebelo F., Filgueiras E.V.
Safe and healthy plant: The warehouse - Ergoshow2
Fábrica segura e saudável: o armazém - Ergoshow2 [in Portuguese]
Booklet and CD-ROM of a multimedia game that takes place within a virtual factory, designed to increase awareness and train young workers to ergonomics and safety and health at work. The context chosen for this version of Ergoshow is that of a warehouse, in which the players are faced with different situations.
Autoridade para as Condições do Trabalho (ACT), Av. Casal Ribeiro 18A
1000-092 Lisbon, Portugal, 2009. 31p. Illus. + CD-ROM. Price: EUR 7.50.
Safety and environmental standards for fuel storage sites
The objective of this report is to specify the minimum standards of control which should be in place at all establishments storing large volumes of gasoline. It also considers other substances capable of giving rise to a large flammable vapour cloud in the event of a loss of primary containment. The report provides guidance on good practices in relation to secondary and tertiary containment for facilities. Contents: introduction; scope and application; systematic assessment of safety integrity level requirements; protecting against loss of primary containment using high integrity systems; engineering against loss of secondary and tertiary containment; operating with high reliability organizations; delivering high performance through culture and leadership.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2009. 269p. Illus. 131 ref. Price: GBP 11.95. Downloadable version free of charge.
Safety_and_environmental_standards.pdf [in English]
Health and Safety Executive
Chemical warehousing - The storage of packaged dangerous substances
This guide describes control measures aimed at eliminating or reducing risks to persons from the storage of packaged dangerous goods. It applies to transit or distribution warehouses, open-air storage compounds and facilities associated chemical products. It is aimed at all persons holding responsibility for the storage of dangerous substances, regardless of the size of storage facility. Contents: introduction; legal requirements; hazard identification and risk assessment; elimination or reduction of risks; hazardous area classification; emergency arrangements; information, instruction and training; audit and review. It consists of a revised edition of the booklet analysed under CIS 04-171, with references to current legislation.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 4th ed., June 2009. iv, 56p. Illus. 109 ref. Price: GBP 9.50. Downloadable version free of charge
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/priced/hsg71.pdf [in English]
Kidd S., Griffiths S., Hardy P., Allen J., Brinson A.
Collection of articles on sprinklers. Topics addressed: sprinklers to protect modern single-storey warehouses; promoting consciousness of the importance of sprinkler systems among local authority administrations in the United Kingdom; involving fire and rescue services in the cost-effective design of sprinkler systems; appropriate fire protection in cold storage warehouses; possible impact of the European Construction Products Regulations on the sprinkler industry.
Fire Engineers Journal, July 2009, p.50-63. Illus.
Order preparation in logistics - Technological changes and changes in occupational hazards
La préparation de commandes en logistique - Mutations technologiques et évolution des risques professionnels [in French]
In recent years, the activities of all parties involved with logistical hubs have undergone organizational and technological changes. Order processing staff, the most common employees at a hub, has been particularly impacted by these changes. Certain changes may improve truck handling and driving conditions for order processing workers, but also increase noise exposure with the use of vocal guidance or cause greater physical fatigue from wearing a digital control terminal. This study compares different types of hub organisations, as well as several processing operator guidance methods (labels, digital terminals and vocal guidance systems). It has enabled evaluating the effects of the various guidance techniques on the safety and health of processing operators, leading to proposed prevention measures based on each specific situation.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 1st Quarter 2009, No.214, p.3-14. Illus. 11 ref.
http://www.hst.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/HST_ND%202302/$File/nd2302.pdf [in French]
Health and Safety Executive (HSE)
Thorough examination of lifting equipment - A simple guide for employers
Employers or self-employed persons providing lifting equipment for use at work, or those who have control of the use of lifting equipment, must make sure the lifting equipment is safe. The main requirements for duty holders are in the Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 (PUWER, see CIS 99-1429) and the Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998 (LOLER, see CIS 99-1428). This booklet provides advice on the options under LOLER relating to the requirement for thorough examination and inspection of lifting equipment and includes the benefits of having an "examination scheme".
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, June 2008. 10p. Illus. 12 ref.
HSE_Booklet_INDG_422.pdf [in English]
Stellman J.M., Osinsky D.
Using, storing and transporting chemicals
Arabic translation of the chapter on using, storing and transporting chemicals of the ILO Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety (CIS 99-1860). Contents: classification and labelling systems for the safe handling and usage of chemicals; safe handling and storage of chemicals; handling, storage and transport of compressed gases; laboratory hygiene; methods for localized control of air contaminants; case study on the GESTIS chemical information system (see CIS 95-2212).
Arab Institute for Occupational Health and Safety, P.O. Box 5770,
Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic, 2008. 88p. Illus. 12 ref.
Storage of dangerous chemicals and wastes
Almacenamiento de sustancias químicas y residuos peligrosos [in Spanish]
This article describes the mandatory and recommended measures aimed at ensuring the safe storage of dangerous chemicals and wastes in Colombia, together with the legal responsibilities of warehouse operators. Topics addressed: warehouse location; layout of the premises; fire-resisting walls; fire doors; emergency exits; floors; systems for collecting polluted water; confinement; roofs; ventilation; electrical equipment; lighting; heating; lightning protection; open air storage; signaling.
Protección y seguridad, Jan.-Feb. 2008, Vol.54, No.317, p.72-81. Illus. 34 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Warehousing and storage - A guide to health and safety
This guide has been prepared in collaboration with trade associations, trade unions and employer organisations. It is aimed at all persons who have management, supervisory or other safety and health interests in warehouses. It will also be of value to employees and their health and safety representatives. It is intended as an aid to safety and health management, to reduce the numbers of occupational accidents and diseases in the warehousing and storage sector in the United Kingdom. Contents: introduction; general health, safety and welfare; materials handling (manual handling, mechanical handling, vehicles, work at height); storage (storage systems, automated storage and retrieval systems, temperature-controlled storage, storage of packaged dangerous substances).
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., Nov. 2007. iii, 124p. Illus. 57 ref. Index. Price: GBP 14.50.
Richez J.P., Ravallec C.
Focus - Logistics warehouses
Focus - Entrepôts logistiques [in French]
Collection of two sets of articles on logistics warehouses. The first set discusses the economic and social aspects of this sector by means of reports that highlight model installations and experiences gained; the second is more particularly focussed on the occupational safety and health measures implemented in logistics warehouses in the Ile-de-France region, in order to manage the risks related to manual handling.
Travail et sécurité, Oct. 2007, No.677, p.32-38. Illus. 2 ref; Nov. 2007, No.678, p.30-35. Illus.
http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ArchivesTS/archivests.nsf/(allDocParRef)/TS677page32_1/$File/TS677page32.pdf?OpenElement [in French]
http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ArchivesTS/archivests.nsf/(allDocParRef)/TS678page30_1/$File/TS678page30.pdf?OpenElement [in French]
Health and Safety Executive
A study of the characteristics of cementitious surface toppings and applied concrete
Slips and trips are the most common cause of major injuries at work and they occur in almost all workplaces; 95% of major slips result in broken or fractured bones. Slips and trips account for around 33% of all reported major injuries and 20% of accidental injuries involving more than three days of absenteeism. The construction sector has a higher rate of slips and trips than any other sector. The potential for slips depend on the footwear worn, the nature of the floor surface and the possible presence of contamination. Cementitious floors are present in many work places, particularly in warehouses. The aim of this study was to assess the slip resistance of various types of cement floors and to determine whether the application of surface hardeners and dust inhibitors affects the risk of slips.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. 38p. Illus. 10 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr547.pdf [in English]
Giraud L., Koutchouk M., Dubé P.A, Gratton L.
Safety on loading docks
La sécurité aux quais de transbordement [in French]
This safety information leaflet contains a check-list of 30 simple questions to determine whether the handling operations on loading docks are safe. It also explains the three main hazards associated with trailers at loading docks (unexpected moving, slipping, overturning), and proposes measures for the safe anchoring of trailers to prevent each of these hazards.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2007. 8p. Illus. 15 réf.
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RF-502.pdf [in French]
St-Vincent M., Denis D., Gonella M., Trudeau R.
Prevention guide - Handling work and customer service in warehouse superstores
Guide de prévention - Le travail de manutention et le service à la clientèle dans les magasins-entrepôts [in French]
Two ergonomic studies carried out in two major chain warehouse superstores characterized the physical and psychosocial risks to which workers are exposed. The aim of the first study was to better understand the handlers' activities, while the aim of the second was to obtain a more general picture of the work in these companies by analyzing the sales clerks' tasks. These studies showed that handlers have to deal with musculoskeletal constraints well as risks of falls and loss of balance, while the characteristics of customer service produce significant stress in sales clerks. These findings enabled the compiling of this practical guide on the prevention of work-related hazards in these environments.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2007. Folder containing a guide (41p. Illus) and eight leaflets. Price: CAD 15.00. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RG-484.pdf [in French]
Risks of dust explosions during the storage and processing of food commodities
Zagrożenie wybuchem pyłu podczas składowania i przetwarzania surowców spożywczych [in Polish]
Commodity foodstuffs used as raw materials in the food industry which present explosion hazards are listed. The EU and Polish regulations relating to the assessment of dust explosion risks and the methods of limitation of explosion consequences are presented. The inflammable and explosive properties of various food dusts are described, and their potential sources of ignition are indicated.
Ochrona Przeciwpożarowa, June 2007, Vol.20, No.2, p.8-10. 9 ref.
Fatal strike against a formwork element
Choc mortel sur une banche [in French]
This information sheet describes a fatal accident on a construction site involving the fall of a worker holding on to an unstable prefabricated formwork element. Measures that would have avoided this accident include: ensuring the stability of the formwork using framed palettes; prohibiting access to unaccompanied persons; providing first aid training; displaying the emergency call procedure next to the telephone.
Prévention BTP, Nov. 2006, No.90, p.37-38. Illus.
Denis D., St-Vincent M., Imbeau D., Trudeau R.
Stock management influence on manual materials handling in two warehouse superstores
The objective of this ergonomic study was to better understand the impact of stock management practices on manual materials handling activities of warehouse superstore employees. It was carried out in two warehouse superstores of a leading company in the retail sector that specializes in office supplies. Close attention was paid to the interaction between stock volume, its movements on the sales floor and the available storage space. Results indicate that an imbalance between the amount of stock and the available storage space results in the risk of musculoskeletal disorders, increased risks of accidents and lower productivity and quality of service due to time wasted, stock losses and customer dissatisfaction. Various recommendations are made to address these issues.
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Mar. 2006, Vol.36, No.3, p.191-201. Illus. 26 ref.
Storage of explosives: On-site technical measures
Stockage des produits explosifs: les dispositifs techniques sur site [in French]
This information sheet summarizes the main technical measures required by French regulations concerning the security and surveillance of premises used for the storage of explosive substances. Contents: fixed installations to which the regulations apply; the three levels of protection (detection at the outer perimeter, detection and protection at the inner perimeter, detection inside the premises); types of provisions that apply to all types of storage areas; special safety provisions as a function of the type of storage area; summary of the required certifications; example of technologies used in an installation for storing explosives.
Face au risque, Mar. 2006, No.421, p.49-52. Illus.
Dangerous substances: What you need to know
Les substances dangereuses: ce qu'il faut savoir [in French]
Gefährliche Stoffe und was man darüber wissen muss [in German]
Sostanze pericolose - Tutto quello che è necessario sapere [in Italian]
Contents of this practical safety guide on the use of dangerous substances at the workplace: labelling; danger symbols and their meanings; purchase, use and storage; measures to be taken in the event of poisonings or of burns by caustic substances.
Suva, Gesundheitsschutz, Postfach, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 2006. 12p. Illus.
http://wwwitsp1.suva.ch/sap/its/mimes/waswo/99/pdf/11030-d.pdf [in German]
http://wwwitsp1.suva.ch/sap/its/mimes/waswo/99/pdf/11030-i.pdf [in Italian]
http://wwwitsp1.suva.ch/sap/its/mimes/waswo/99/pdf/11030-f.pdf [in French]
Duplantier S., Fournier L.
Evaluation of the consequences of warehouse fires
Evaluation des conséquences d'un incendie d'entrepôt [in French]
Understanding of the phenomena that control large industrial fires, such as warehouse fires requires research. The French national occupational safety and health institute (INRS) has committed itself to developing a reference method for determining the consequences of warehouse fires. The method involves five steps. This article describes the initial phase of the research aimed at developing an understanding of the combustion process by means of small-scale tests and modelling.
Préventique-Sécurité, July-Aug. 2005, No.82, p.34-36. Illus.
St-Vincent M., Denis D., Trudeau R., Imbeau D.
Retail business - Phase II: Ergonomic analysis of materials handling and customer service activities in warehouse superstores
Commerce de détail - Phase II : Analyse ergonomique des activités de manutention et de service à la clientèle dans des magasins-entrepôts de grande surface [in French]
Studies indicate that workers in warehouse superstores are at risk of back pain related to materials handling activities. This study follows an earlier project carried out in a large warehouse store (see CIS 04-730), which produced a diagnostic model describing the main physical and psychosocial risk factors. The aim of the current project was to enhance this model in order to identify aspects specific to each type of store and those that can be generalized to businesses in this category. It was carried out in the form of job studies at six branches of a large chain of warehouse stores in Quebec. Findings are discussed, and several recommendations aimed at improving ergonomics and working conditions are proposed.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2005. viii, 109p. Illus. 26 ref. Price: CAD 10.70. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-441.pdf [in French]
Marlair G., Kordek M. A.
Safety and security issues relating to low capacity storage of AN-based fertilizers
This article discusses safety issues associated with the storage of fertilizer grades of ammonium nitrate (AN), with a focus on low storage capacity premises. The information is based on a literature review on hazardous properties of AN and AN-based fertilizers, a review of accidents involving relatively small quantities of AN-based fertilizers, an examination of both the relevant regulatory framework and the level of hazard control achieved, and finally on an analysis of the economical, technical and organizational factors that could lead to an underestimation of the risk compared to large scale storage facilities.
Journal of Hazardous Materials, Aug. 2005, Vol. 123, No. 1-3, p. 13-28. Illus. 54 ref.
Trudeau R., St-Vincent M., Denis D., Imbeau D.
Serving clients in the retail industry - A source of stress
Servir les clients dans le commerce de détail: une source de stress [in French]
Warehouse stores constitute an important segment of the retail sector in North America, including Canada. Warehouse store workers responsible for selling are required both to serve customers and to carry out manual handling tasks. This article summarizes the findings of a survey on working conditions and stress factors among workers of a large chain of warehouse stores in Quebec. Data were collected by means of questionnaires, video recordings and interviews. Findings are discussed and various improvements are proposed.
Travail et santé, Sep. 2005, Vol.21, No.3, p.26-31. 8 ref.
Cold storage warehouses: Doing everything to prevent fire
Entrepôts frigorifiques: tout pour éviter l'incendie [in French]
Cold storage warehouses are vulnerable to fire since they contain large quantities of insulating material such as synthetic foams, packaging materials such as corrugated cardboard and expanded polystyrene, and stored goods that are often themselves flammable. Fires are often due to electrical short-circuits caused by icing. This article identifies the main causes of fires in cold storage warehouses, together with the means of prevention or damage control (detection systems, sprinklers, use of non-flammable insulating materials such as foamed glass).
Face au risque, Oct. 2005, No.416, p.23-26. Illus.
Health and Safety Executive
Manufacture and storage of explosives - Manufacture and Storage of Explosives Regulations 2005 - Approved code of practice and guidance
This approved code of practice gives guidance on how to comply to the Manufacture and Storage of Explosives Regulations 2005. Topics covered: introduction to the Regulations; safety requirements; licensing and registration requirements; prohibitions concerning certain explosives and miscellaneous provisions.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, May 2005. vi, 218p. Illus. 50 ref. Price: GBP 20.95.
Kubota T., Miyata A.
Acute inhalational exposure to chlorodifluromethane (Freon 22): A report of 43 cases
43 cases of chlorodifluoromethane (Freon-22) intoxication occurred when a freezer in a seafood factory exploded. In this accident, 80 workers were exposed to Freon-22 gas and 43 workers developed symptoms and were hospitalized. Neurological symptoms including dizziness, headache, and nausea were the most frequently observed (40 of 43 patients). One patient was comatose but recovered within one hour with oxygen inhalation. Airway and respiratory symptoms including dysesthesia of the tongue, pharyngitis, and shortness of breath were also frequently observed (26 of 43 patients). These symptoms disappeared within a few days in all patients. There were no fatalities. Although Freon-22 has been considered to be a chlorofluorocarbon of relatively low toxicity, this incident suggests that potentially significant toxic effects may occur following large exposures.
Journal of Toxicology - Clinical Toxicology, 2005, Vol.43, No.4. p.305-308. Illus. 13 ref.
Dulanto Zabala M., Benéitez Ballesta A.
Guide to managing occupational hazards resulting from the storage and stacking of materials
Guía para la prevención de riesgos laborales en el almacenamiento y apilado de materiales [in Spanish]
This article presents guidelines for managing occupational hazards linked to the storage and stacking of loads. The main aspects covered include: concept of stacking as part of enterprise management; legislation, standards, technical notes, instructions and safe working methods with respect to storage and stacking; objective and structure of the guide; various types of stacks; palettes; hazards resulting from applying uniform solutions to different storage and stacking situations; periodical checks of palettes and containers.
Mapfre seguridad, 1st Quarter 2005, Vol.25, No.97, p.3-13. Illus. 9 ref.
http://www.mapfre.com/fundaciones/es/FundacionMapfre/publicaciones/pdf/GUIA_MapfreSeguridad_n97_art1.pdf.PDF [in Spanish]
Storage of waste: Avoiding and managing accidents
Stockage des déchets: éviter et gérer les accidents [in French]
This article summarizes the findings of a study on accidents having occurred in landfills, household waste storage facilities and similar settings. It describes the various types of accident (fire, explosion, atmospheric release of toxic gases, landslides and floods, and radioactive emissions), together with the means of avoiding or controlling these accidents. Tables summarize the statistics of such accidents having occurred in France by type of event, consequence and cause. Descriptions of several accidents having occurred in France or other countries are also included.
Face au risque, Nov. 2004, No.407, p.9-12. Illus.
St-Vincent M., Laberge M., Denis D., Richard M.C., Imbeau D., Delisle A., Dufour B.
Main determinants of manual handling work in a warehouse superstore
Les principaux déterminants de l'activité de manutention dans un magasin-entrepôt de grande surface [in French]
Within the retail sector, warehouse stores present a high risk of back pain for their workers. This report describes the ergonomic analysis of materials handling work in a warehouse store, with a focus on the job of stocker which involves numerous handling activities. It also describes the characteristics of the warehouse superstore based on the products stored, the physical layout and work organization. The study shows that the stocker's work has a large planning component related to stock and arrival management. Together with the employer, the study team proposed a number of practical solutions for the specific ergonomic problems that were identified.
Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2004. viii, 67p. Illus. 38 ref. Price: CAD 7.49.
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-365.pdf [in French]
Herr C.E.W., zur Nieden A., Stilianakis N.I., Gieler U., Eikmann T.F.
Health effects associated with indoor storage of organic waste
This cross-sectional study examines health effects associated with the storage of organic waste at home for more than two days. 384 subjects completed a medical questionnaire on prevalence of airway, skin and general health complaints during the past year and home hygiene (storage of garbage, pet contact, indoor mould growth). With logistic regression analysis, odds ratios (OR) adjusted for sex, age, education level and frequent contact with pets were determined for indoor storage of waste for more than two days. Long indoor storage of organic waste was associated with skin rash (OR 2.05), itching skin rash for more than 2 month in the past 12 month (OR 3.58) or ever (OR 2.77) as well as lifetime diagnoses of skin diseases by a doctor (OR 3.16) or allergies other than hay fever (OR 2.74). Atopic subjects were higher at risk. These skin-related complaints and diseases probably result from microbial contamination, e.g. endotoxins due to waste.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Feb. 2004, Vol.77, No.2, p.90-96. 22 ref.
Fernández Rougeot G., Rodríguez Planas D.
Adjustable pallet racks
Almacenamiento en estanterías metálicas [in Spanish]
This information note describes the characteristics of metal shelf storage systems for palletized products, as well as the hazards that are inherent to these systems. Contents: types of metal shelf storage systems; hazards resulting from specifications, design, production and assembly; hazards to workers using the storage system; preventive measures to be implemented when using the system. Various sketches and tables describe the dimensions of these systems, acceptable tolerances and maximum admissible deformations.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2004. 11p. Illus. 4 ref.
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/ntp/ntp_618.htm [in Spanish]
Occupations in retail goods warehouses (excluding transport). Hazards and strenuousness
Les métiers de la logistique (hors transport). Risques et pénibilité [in French]
This study was undertaken to understand the strenuousness of the work in retail goods warehouses, to identify the hazards to which workers are exposed and to provide occupational physicians with tools for evaluating constraints in various sections of the warehouse. The study was carried out in two warehouses in the Ile-de-France region. The project involved job observations, often in conjunction with dynamic rate heart measurements, together with data collection by means of questionnaires. Several proposals are made with respect to the layout of stored goods, the weight of packaging and work planning.
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 2003, Vol.43, No.2, p.141-151. Illus.
Health and Safety Executive
Chemical warehousing - The storage of packaged dangerous substances
This booklet provides guidance on the hazards associated with the storage of packaged dangerous substances and is aimed at persons directly responsible for the safe storage. Contents: objectives; introduction; hazards; safety precautions; fire precautions and emergency procedures; legal requirements. It consists of a revised edition of the booklet analysed under CIS 98-1434, with references to current legislation.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 3rd ed., Jan. 2003. v, 62p. Illus. 112 ref. Price: GBP 9.50.
Houlding R.C., Pew P.J.
Health and Safety Executive
Assessment of benefits of fire compartmentation in chemical warehouses
This report concerns the fire protection measures that can be applied in non-pesticide chemical warehouses. Specific advice for the design of such warehousing is lacking, particularly with regard to the minimization of off-site hazards by taking into account the effects of dispersion of smoke. The report discusses the benefit of various compartment wall options in mitigating fire hazards, and describes the development of a model for comparing the risk reduction resulting from the installation of different fire protection measures within a chemical warehouse site. The model considers the relative benefit of fire protection measures in limiting fire spread. The report also discusses potential areas for model improvement.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. ii, 55p. Illus. 43 ref. Price: GBP 15.00.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr152.pdf [in English]
Health and Safety Executive
Storage of dangerous substances - Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2002 - Approved code of practice and guidance
The Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2002 (DSEAR) (see CIS 03-1035) are concerned with the protection of workers against fires, explosions and similar events related to the presence of dangerous substances in the workplace. This approved code of practice on the storage of dangerous substances is part of a series intended to help enterprises in the implementation of DSEAR. Contents: assessment of risks; elimination or reduction of risks from dangerous substances (control measures, disposal of waste materials).
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Oct. 2003. vi, 17p. 31 ref. Price: GBP 9.50.
Health and Safety Executive
Guidance on storing pesticides for farmers and other professional users
This information note provides guidance on estimating the size requirements of a pesticide store, the selection of a suitable location, the design and the construction of structures resistant to fire and leakage, the organization of the store, the provision of warning signs, and the use of mobile storage. Additional precautions are given for moisture-activated gassing compounds and oxidizing agents. Reprinted with updated references (replaces CIS 96-1438).
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Apr. 2003. 4p. Illus. 5 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/ais16.pdf [in English]
Niemelä R., Rautio S., Hannula M., Reijula K.
Work environment effects on labor productivity: An intervention study in a storage building
The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between productivity and the work environment before and after the renovation of a storage facility. The thermal environment, concentrations of dust and chemicals (organic solvents, volatile organic compounds, nitrogen oxides), noise levels, lighting and labour productivity were determined before and after the renovation. As a result of the renovation, thermal conditions, air quality and lighting conditions improved notably. In addition, the employees' subjective evaluations showed a significant decrease in dissatisfaction ratings. Direct measures of labour productivity increased by about 9%. It is concluded that increased productivity is most likely related to the combined effect of the improved work environment, namely better thermal climate, reduced contaminant concentrations and better lighting conditions.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Oct. 2002, Vol.42, No.4, p.328-335. Illus. 16 ref.
Roebuck B., Norton G.
Health and Safety Executive
Safety of roll containers
Roll containers are half-pallet sized platforms, with four running castor wheels and a metallic cage used to contain goods during transport. They may be used to transport goods between a warehouse and a retail store, or within a supermarket to transport goods from the storeroom to the sales floor. Contents of this report on the safety of roll containers: causes of roll container accidents; advice on wheel and handle design to improve stability and to reduce the risk of accidents during handling; advice on loading limits for roll containers, including loading distribution; information on manual forces needed to move roll containers and how the loading affects these forces; recommendations on the use of tail lifts for use with roll containers. As part of this project, a video has also been produced as a training aid for both enforcement officers and industry, illustrating the factors involved in roll cage accidents and how these can be avoided.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2002. viii, 59p. Illus. 8 ref. Price: GBP 15.00.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr009.pdf [in English]
Health and Safety Executive
Controlling risks around explosives stores: Review of the requirements on separation distances
Storage of more than 30kg of explosives in the United Kingdom requires a licence and the respect of minimum distances between the point of storage and neighbouring buildings. Recent trials carried out by the Ministry of Defence suggest that the quantity of debris generated by an explosion and the distance to which they would be projected could be considerably higher than what was previously thought. This report makes recommendations with respect to revised minimum distances that take the latest experimental data into account. Contents: risk models; estimating the number of fatalities; case studies; approach used for developing recommendations for new requirements on separation distances; other risk reduction measures; tables providing proposed distances as a function of the quantity of explosives stored and the density of the surrounding population.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2002. 75p. Illus. 14 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/content/misc/qdwgrep.pdf [in English]
Pesticide warehouse safety at Bayer
The safety policy and safety management system adopted by a large pesticide producer in India to ensure the minimization of hazards during warehousing are summarized. Aspects referred to include the safety training of warehouse managers, regular warehouse inspections, safety equipment in warehouses, safety information and safety audits. Check lists to be followed during safety inspections and safety audits are included.
Industrial Safety Chronicle, Oct.-Dec. 2001, Vol.XXXII, No.3, p.35-40.
Jardinier P., Mauboussin J., Mora V., Szyjka A.
Magasinier [in French]
Contents of this occupational information sheet on warehouse keepers: definition; characteristics of the occupation; description of activities (workplaces, tools and equipment, products and materials, movements and postures, clothing and personal protective equipment); risks and stresses of the job (due to the physical workload, the equipment, products handled, the environment, the working hours and the mental workload); occupational diseases and accidents; prevention of hazards (collective, personal, OSH measures, first-aid measures); regulations applicable in France; aptitude testing (condition of the musculoskeletal, cardiovascular and neuro-sensorial systems).
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 2001, Vol.41, No.1. 2p. Insert. 6 ref.
Jardinier P., Mauboussin J., Mora V., Szyjka A.
Warehouse keeping: One job or different jobs?
Magasinier: un métier ou des métiers? [in French]
Four occupational physicians jointly developed a framework for on-site analysis of the warehouse-keeping job, taking into account the wide variety of working conditions, ranging from large industrial warehouses to small enterprise store rooms. In addition to basic questions, the survey covered ergonomic aspects of the job (lighting, noise, thermal environment, workload, work rhythm) as well as the personal experience of the worker.
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 2001, Vol.41, No.1, p.5-12. Illus. 8 ref.
Kowerski A., Augustyńska D., Drygała M., Pośniak M.
Occupational safety and health in small business - Occupational safety and health in wholesale and building materials warehouses - OSH check list; Employers' guide
Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w małych przedsiębiorstwach - Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w hurtowniach i składach materiałów budowlanych - Lista kontrolna bhp; Poradnik pracodawcy [in Polish]
The check list for the evaluation of occupational safety and health in wholesale and building materials warehouses is designed for use in conjunction with the corresponding employer's guide. It lists the potential hazards that may be found in these workplaces and provides suggestions for their control or elimination. It also contains a list of relevant Polish legislation and technical standards.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2000. 29+41p. 66+52 ref.
Duchet M., Jannin B., Charvolin M., Hughes J., Terrier C.
Designing or modifying supply-chain warehouses
Créer ou réaménager une plate-forme logistique [in French]
This practical safety data sheet brings together the main elements to be taken into consideration when designing supply-chain warehouses so as to minimize the risks of accidents from vehicles and traffic, power trucks and storage systems, and during manual handling. Recommendations are made for each module of the warehouse, namely: common areas and offices; co-manufacturing and packing area; packaging area; transit, grouping and splitting area; storage area; technical utilities building and out-door surrounding areas.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, no date. 6p. Illus. 20 ref.
Backache and back belts
Lombalgie et ceinture lombaire [in French]
The frequency with which low back pain occurs and the recognition of its more severe forms such as acute crural pain or sciatica among warehousemen or drivers may result in the adoption of personal protection methods based on back belts. In occupational settings however, the effectiveness of back belts is not proven. Nonetheless, requests for using back belts as a means of prevention or their spontaneous use by workers are frequent. The objective of this literature review was to address questions on the use of back belts and to provide practical guidance. Contents include: effects of back belts; back belts as a means of low back pain prevention; use of back belts; role of occupational physicians.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 4th Quarter 2000, No.84, p.349-362. Illus. 107 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Safe stacking of sawn timber and board materials
Nearly 20% of fatal injuries and 13% of major injuries in woodworking are caused by strikes by falling objects, in particular timber falling from stacks. This information sheet contains practical guidance on the safe stacking and storage of sawn timber and board materials. Contents include: what can be done to prevent stacking accidents; stack stability factors; safe working practices; protecting the public; storage area management and layout; personal protection.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Dec. 2000. 4p. Illus. 6 ref.
Warehouse workers safety guide
This guide on safety and health in warehouses is an update of an earlier edition analysed under CIS 99-770. It is aimed at persons working in warehouses as well as at supervisors, managers, safety representatives and occupational safety and health professionals. It provides guidance on recognizing workplace hazards, preventing accidents and injury, following safe working methods, selecting and using proper personal protective equipment and understanding responsibilities under occupational safety and health legislation. Contents: maintaining high standards of safety; common hazards and safety tips; emergency preparedness; warehouses and terminals; manual handling; powered vehicles; materials storage; work environment; occupational safety and health legislation; sources of additional information. Document also available in French at CCOHS.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, 2nd ed., 1999. 140p. Illus. Price: CAD 10.00 (Canada); USD 10.00 (elsewhere).
Riege F.G., Wenzel E., Eversmann F.
Presence of moulds in Thuringian archives, depositories and warehouses
Schimmelpilzbefall in Thüringer Archiven, Depots und Magazinen [in German]
Health hazards due to biological agents in archives, depositories and warehouses (ADW) were investigated throughout Thuringia, Germany. The project involved data collection on workplaces, the determination of concentrations of airborne moulds, implementing sanitation measures in mould-affected ADWs and applying measures for preventing subsequent contamination. Most of the archives investigated were highly contaminated with moulds, mainly with Aspergillus. The main causes of contamination were the humid conditions in the buildings (moisture in the walls, indoor climatic conditions), which promote fungus development. The study demonstrates that direct handling of contaminated files and other activities in archives are hazardous to workers' health.
Gefahrstoffe Reinhaltung der Luft, Apr. 1999, Vol.59, No.4, p.123-131. Illus. 28 ref.
Baudach K., Kretschmer U., Pätzold U.
Safe storage of natural stone slabs
Natursteinplatten sicher lagern [in German]
A support is described permitting the safe storage of large-size natural stone slabs used by stone cutters. It combines A-frames with stanchions. In addition, two safe gripping and lifting devices for large stone slabs are described which are attached to fork-lift trucks. They do not require workers to move in front of the slabs for locking and unlocking the load. The support and the lifting devices introduce safety features lacking in the past as documented by severe accidents described in the article.
Die Industrie der Steine und Erden, May-June 1999, Vol.109, No.3, p.22-29. Illus.
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