Transport industry (in general) - 53 entries found
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- Transport industry (in general)
This review summarizes the available evidence on travel-related illness and injury for overseas travellers and, where available, evaluates the literature on occupational travellers. The studies evaluated include those published in international scientific literature since 1980 and were identified through a search of relevant databases using selected keywords. A high proportion of travellers experience health problems. While the majority of problems are minor, they can cause disruption to travel plans, and a small proportion can result in hospital admission or death. Data on occupational travellers are limited but reveal similar findings, although higher rates of illness and injury are often reported and psychological factors appear to be more prominent. This is particularly the case for expatriates. While data on general travellers can be used to make valid inferences about the travel-related illness or injury in occupational travellers, there are some important differences between the two groups, which need to be considered when making comparisons. Further research in this area is required to evaluate the additional risks to those who travel overseas for work.
Occupational Medicine, 2011, Vol.61, p.6-18. 68 ref.
OSH in figures: Occupational safety and health in the transport sector - An overview
The transport sector is one of the growing sectors in the European economy and highly affected by change: a growing proportion of women, migrant and part-time workers, rapid ageing of the workforce and many technological innovations. Transport workers are exposed to multiple physical risks, suffer violence, and many have unusual working times and repetitive and monotonous work. The consequences are high accident rates, musculoskeletal disorders, stress and fatigue. This report reviews the OSH risks of a wide variety of transport occupations, by analysing statistics and studies, and through selected case examples of prevention. The report has a broad scope: it covers all transport subsectors (rail, water, air and road) and is intended for both those working in the sector and policymakers.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2011. 256p. Illus. Price: EUR 15.00 Downloadable version free of charge.
OSH_in_figures.pdf [in English]
Safety in the supply chain in relation to packing of containers
La sécurité dans la chaîne d'approvisionnement concernant le remplissage des conteneurs [in French]
La seguridad en la cadena de suministro en relación con el embalaje de los contenedores [in Spanish]
To ensure that a greater proportion of containers reach their destination without an incident being caused or damage inflicted by the cargo, it is essential that the container packing community should be educated about the means available and the ways to use them. All those involved in the process must be kept up to date, which requires identifying a better way of disseminating the necessary information. This report explores training concepts and means to direct packers to suitable sources of information. It also sets out to recommend the way in which the current guidelines and practices may be integrated to form "best practices", and how these should be adopted by international organizations such as the ILO and the International Maritime Organization (IMO).
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2011, xii, 96p. Illus.
GDFPC/2011/EN.pdf [in English]
GDFPC/2011/FR.pdf [in French]
GDFPC/2011/ES.pdf [in Spanish]
Valladeau A.S., Zana J.P., Mauguen G., Nuyts R., Palka T., L'Herrou T., Vigué Y., Fassenot T.
Things are moving in the removals sector - Occupational safety and health in a true occupation
Ça déménage chez les déménageurs - Prévention pour un vrai métier [in French]
The planning and organization of each removal are necessary steps for evaluating risks. When carried out as early as possible and with the active participation of workers, they enable the identification of constraints inherent to the activity, thereby making it possible to improve working conditions and the quality of service. Contents of this guide on occupational safety and health in the removals sector: hazards; main activities of removals workers; leads for solutions; musculoskeletal diseases.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Mar. 2011. 11p. Illus. 5 ref.
Ça_déménage.pdf [in French]
Marucci-Wellman H., Leamon T.B., Binh T.T., Diep N.B., Willetts J.L., Wegman D.H., Kriebel D.
The work-related burden of injury in a rapidly industrialising commune in Viet Nam
In this community-based injury surveillance study, workplaces in a Vietnamese region were identified and ranked by the magnitude of injuries (or highest injury count), the risk (highest incidence rates) and the burden (the effect of injuries on the livelihoods of workers). A total of 591 injuries occurring in the month prior to survey administration were analyzed. 482 were attributed to work activities (82%), yielding an annualised incidence rate of 1001/1000 full time employee equivalents (FTE). The highest number of injuries (299) occurred in the manufacturing sector, followed by agriculture (70). The highest rate of injury was in the transport, storage and communications sector (annualised IR 1583/1000 FTE), followed by manufacturing (1235/1000 FTE) and agriculture (844/1000 FTE). Implications of these findings are discussed.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Apr. 2010, Vol.67, No.4. p.244-250. 14 ref.
Asaoka S., Namba K., Tsuiki S., Komada Y., Inoue Y.
Excessive daytime sleepiness among Japanese public transportation drivers engaged in shiftwork
The objective of this study was to explore the actual condition of sleep disorders underlying subjective excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) among 3109 train and bus drivers engaged in shiftwork. Clinical diagnoses were carried out on the 147 drivers who claimed to have subjective EDS and 285 drivers who were judged to have obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS), based on the screening process. Among these subjects, the prevalence of OSAS was 3.7% and that of shiftwork disorder (SWD) was 1.5%. SWD was common among drivers who had EDS (32.7% of drivers with EDS), and their EDS severity was higher than that of OSAS drivers. The drivers with SWD were mostly young and neither obese nor hypertensive. Encouraging awareness of SWD and OSAS could be necessary to prevent sleepiness-related accidents.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Aug. 2010, Vol.52, No.8, p.813-818. Illus. 52 ref.
Securing the loads - more important today than ever
Ladungssicherung - heute wichtiger denn je [in German]
In the past years more and more attention has been given to securing of loads. Although there a numerous regulations and directives, basic errors often result in insecure loads. This article aimed at improving the knowledge on securing of loads recalls the main legal requirements and directives as well as the factors involved (compensation of the forces involved during the transport, friction strength, securing strength, appropriate transport vehicles). It also provides examples of secure loading in three situations: the transport of palettes of stones, concrete prefabricated elements and construction equipment.
Die Industrie der Steine und Erden, Mar.-Apr. 2009, Vol.119, No.2, p.50-52. Illus.
Health and safety Executive
Reducing ill-health and accidents in motor vehicle repair
This revised booklet outlines the main causes of occupational accidents and diseases in motor vehicle repair, namely manual handling, plant and equipment and fire and explosion. It contains a checklist reminding workers of the measures that need to be taken to reduce ill health and accidents. It has been updated to take account of changes in industry practice since the first version was published. Contents; slips and trips; plant and equipment; manual handling; falls; transport; fire and explosion; electrical safety; skin diseases.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Dec. 2009. 15p. Illus. 12 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/PUBNS/indg356.pdf [in English]
Beaugrand S., Marcotte P., Larue C., Boutin J., Bellemare M.
Development of a prototype of a subway operator's seat in a context of very limited space
Développement d'un prototype de siège pour opérateur de métro dans un contexte où l'espace est très restreint [in French]
Dating back from the 1970s, Montréal subway cabs have rudimentary seats that do not attenuate vibration. Two earlier studies documented the health problems of subway operators, described their work and characterized the whole-body vibrations to which they are exposed. The studies have also led to the development of design criteria for improving their cabs and seats by taking constraints into account, mainly limited space. The objective of this third project was to select and test a new seat meeting these criteria. At the end of this study, the Montréal transit company now has a seat prototype together with an overall assessment of the contributions and limits of the proposed modifications relating to the operators' health, safety and task performance.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2009. x, 157p. Illus. 27 ref. Price: CAD 17.59. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-631.pdf [in French]
Scientific study - ETAC - European truck accident causation
Only limited statistics are available regarding accidents involving trucks and even less is known about the cause of these accidents. This study was commissioned to fill in this lack of knowledge. Knowing that there are many factors which contribute to an accident and knowing that those factors are interlinked, the aim of the study was to identify the main causes of accidents involving trucks. The study shows that human error is the main cause of 85.2% of the studied cases. However, out of those 85.2%, 75% are caused by other road users and only 25% by the truck driver. In-depth analysis shows that when the human being caused the accident, non-adapted speed, failure to observe intersection rules and improper maneuvering when changing lanes were the main causes. Truck load and fatigue play only a minor role. One of the concluding recommendations is that improving driver training and upgrade driving school programs are key to improve road safety.
International Road Transport Union, 3, rue de Varembé, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 2007. xxi, 110p. Illus.
Scientific_study-ETAC.pdf [in English]
Hazards of confined spaces for shipping and transportation industries
Contents of this booklet on the prevention of hazards during work in confined spaces, with a focus on the shipping and transportation industries: definition of confined space; hazardous atmospheres (toxic gases, explosive gases, oxygen-rich and oxygen-poor atmospheres); mechanical, physical and electrical hazards; confined space entry programme. It includes short descriptions of accidents specific to the shipping and transportation industries.
Workers' Compensation Board of British Columbia, Richmond, British Columbia, Canada, 2nd ed., 2006. ii, 20p. Illus.
http://www.worksafebc.com/publications/health_and_safety/by_topic/assets/pdf/confined_space_bk81.pdf [in English]
Violence and stress at work in the transport sector
Violence and stress at work are a source of occupational risk in the transport sector that has attracted increasing attention over recent years. This working paper focuses mainly on public transport (railways and rural and urban transport systems), road freight transport and the taxi industry as well as civil aviation. Contents: violence and stress in the services sectors; character and causes of violence and stress at work in the transport sector; scope of violence and stress in the sector; information collection and reporting on violence and stress; prevention, reduction, management and coping strategies.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2003. v, 46p. Illus. 81 ref.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/sector/papers/transport/wp205.pdf [in English]
Health and Safety Commission
Rider-operated lift trucks: Operator training - Approved Code of Practice and Guidance
Replaces CIS 89-1697. Topics: directive; fork-lift trucks; hand lift trucks; legislation; qualifications; safety training in industry; transport industry; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O.Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 1999. vi, 20p. lllus. 19 ref. Price: GBP 5.00.
Serwałski Z., Wieczorek Z., Augustyńska D., Drygała M., Gierasimiuk J., Konarska M., Pośniak M.
Occupational safety and health in small business - Occupational safety and health in the transport industry - OSH check list; Employers' guide
Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w małych przedsiębiorstwach - Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w przedsiębiorstwach transportowych - Lista kontrolna bhp; Poradnik pracodawcy [in Polish]
The check list for the evaluation of occupational safety and health in the transport industry is designed for use in conjunction with the corresponding employer's guide. It lists the potential hazards that may be found in these workplaces and provides suggestions for their control or elimination. It also contains a list of relevant Polish legislation and technical standards.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 1998. 32+45p. 62 ref.
Managing fatigue in transportation
Topics: alcohol consumption and accidents; circadian rhythm; cognitive performance; conference; drivers; fatigue; legislation; perceptual-motor performance; road transport; safety rules; sea transport; shift work; sleep; taxis; transport industry; work time schedules.
Elsevier Science Limited, The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, United Kingdom, 1998. xv, 458p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: NLG 227.00, USD 130.50.
The cost of transport accidents and the cost of safety
Coût des accidents de transport et prix de la sécurité [in French]
The annual social and economic cost of transport accidents is estimated at over 166 billion ECU. This report by the European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) provides estimates for the road, rail, air and marine modes of transport on the basis of accident data and costs registered in 1995. Approximately 97% of the total cost is attributable to road accidents, the scale of road transport being greater and its level of risk being higher than for other modes of transport. The ETSC makes several recommendations based on the findings of the report.
Janus, 1997, No.25, p.3-5. Illus.
Boels D., Pauk W., Steinoff A.
Behörde für Arbeit, Gesundheit und Soziales der Freien und Hansestadt Hamburg
Safety in intermodal transport and traffic - The harbour interface
Sicherheit beim intermodalen Transport und Verkehr - Schnittstelle Hafen [in German]
Proceedings of a symposium held in Hamburg, Germany (27-29 Nov. 1995) on safety in intermodal transport and traffic in harbours covers: safe routing of traffic in harbours; pavements, traffic signs, lighting of service roads in harbours; safe loading and unloading of containers; design of container terminals; safe operation of industrial trucks in harbour buildings. In addition to contributions from Germany, there were presentations by experts from the Netherlands, Denmark and Latvia.
Edition Temmen, Hohenlohestr. 21, 28209 Bremen, Germany, 1996. 164p. Illus.
Cabrero E., Osuna E., Luna J.D., Jimenez M.C., Marin J., Luna A.
Alcoholism, absenteeism and industrial accident rate in a Spanish public transport company
Alcoolisme, absentéisme et accidents du travail dans une entreprise de transport espagnole [in French]
Between 1988 and 1992 a careful examination was accomplished by a transport company in Spain in order to determine absenteeism and industrial accident rate on 43 possible excessive alcohol drinkers. Their age was 46 (average) and they had 23 years of service. A comparative study of the results obtained from check-ups on the 478 employees that belonged to the staff was carried out. The possible excessive alcohol consumers were tested by means of anamnesis, a drink questionnaire, physical exploration and blood test results. By analyzing the results of the study, a higher level of absenteeism and industrial accidents in possible heavy drinkers is perceived.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Sep. 1996, Vol.57, No.5, p.353-355. 28 ref.
Transportområdet [in Danish]
A systematic summary of publications and documentation regarding working environment factors and the state of workers' health in the Danish transport industry. The industry is characterized by all kinds of transport, work in storage areas and warehouses and some types of administrative work. The problems of drivers in other industries is also dealt with. The main working environment problems in the transport industry, and for drivers in all industries are: accidents, strain injuries and noise. The incidence of reported accidents in the transport industry is 25 accidents per 1000 employees, which is higher than the average for all industries. Drivers, but not the transport industry, report more serious accidents than the average for all industries. Lifting heavy things and strained work postures are common in the transport industry and for all drivers. The incidence of reported strain injuries in the transport industry is higher than the average of all industries. The incidence of hearing damage is also higher than the average. Noise is common in drivers' work, in loading and unloading, on railways and especially at airports. Other problems are whole-body vibration and psychological effects. There are more reports in the transport industry than the average of all industries of low influence on work and little possibility of cooperation and social support. Both tendencies are even more common among drivers in all industries.
Arbejdstilsynet, At-Salg, Landskronagade 33, 2100 København Ø, Denmark, 1995. 88p. Price: DKK 100.00 + tax.
IMO/ILO guidelines for packing cargo in freight containers of vehicles for use in practice and training
Normas IMO/OIT para acondicionamento de carga em contentores de carga ou veículos para uso na prática e na instrução [in Portuguese]
This publication, translation of guidelines jointly produced by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and the ILO, is aimed at all those potentially affected through their work by the transportation of dangerous goods (whether the transportation is by road, rail, ship, and including those working in harbours and those involved in loading and unloading operations). Contents: general safety recommendations; visual inspection before loading; safe configuration of the storage area; additional information on storage areas, loading of cargo and the safe handling of dangerous goods; information at the receiving of containers or vehicles transporting cargo. In annex: problems with condensation and other changes produced by temperature variation; labels, warning signs and sign for marine pollution; measures aimed at reducing excessive loads in containers.
Direcção-Geral de Portos, Navegação e Transportes Marítimos, Inspecção de Navios e Segurança Marítima, Lisboa, Portugal, 1995. 32p. Illus.
Highway heroes in trouble
Highway-Helden in Not [in German]
Subjects covered in this publication of a doctoral thesis are: conditions of work including safety and health risks of long-distance truckers; stress factors and social aspects of the work of long-distance truckers.
Edition Sigma, Heimstrasse 14, 10965 Berlin, Germany, 1994. 344p. 386 ref. Price: DEM 35.00.
Zuskin E., Mustajbegovic J., Schachter E.N.
Respiratory symptoms and lung function in bus drivers and mechanics
Acute and chronic respiratory symptoms as well as ventilatory capacity were studied in 116 bus drivers and 119 mechanics. A control group of 174 male workers, not exposed to dust or fumes, with similar age and smoking habits was identified. Drivers and mechanics had a higher prevalence of most chronic respiratory symptoms than did control workers, in particular lower airway symptoms of nasal catarrh. Drivers and mechanics who were smokers had higher prevalences of respiratory symptoms than non-smoking bus drivers. Drivers and mechanics employed for more than 10 years had higher frequencies of respiratory symptoms than those exposed for 10 years or less. Many of the workers complained of acute symptoms during the work shift. The ventilatory capacity data showed lower values for all parameters compared to control worker values as well as to predicted normal values, for drivers and mechanics who were smokers.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Dec. 1994, Vol.26, No.6, p.771-783. Illus. 31 ref.
Securing of load - Transport of barrels
Ladungssicherung - Lass rutschen, Kumpel [in German]
Barrels falling off trucks were among the major causes of road accidents involving the transport of materials in Germany between 1987 and 1989. The movements of steel and polyethylene drums on a truck during braking were studied experimentally. A variety of loading surfaces, such as wood, corrugated aluminium, or anti-slip floor mats were tested. Surfaces producing a high friction caused the barrels to tip over. From the results recommendations for inclusion in the standards on securing barrels are derived.
Gefährliche Ladung, Sep. 1994, Vol.39, No.9, p.406-410. Illus. 5 ref.
Health and Safety - The Placing on the Market and Supervision of Transfers of Explosives Regulations 1993 [United Kingdom]
Contents of these Regulations (main entry into force 1 Dec. 1993): definitions and scope of application; requirements for placing on the market and for transporting explosives (conformity attestation, CE marking); exemptions. In annex: essential safety requirements; provision relating to explosives to which the CE marking has been affixed; conformity marking; modifications to the Explosives Act 1875 and to the Control of Explosives Regulations 1991 (CIS 91-2011).
HMSO Publications Centre, P.O.Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1993. 13p. Price: GBP 3.20.
Diebold F., Hubert G., Limasset J.C., Attia J., Risler N., Donati J., Dufoir J., Faugère J.G.
Urban buses. Exposure of drivers to exhaust gases from other vehicles
Autobus urbains. Exposition des conducteurs à la pollution produite par les gaz d'échappement des autres véhicules [in French]
A method was developed for the measurement of exposure to exhaust gases by urban bus drivers. On-board sampling equipment was used to measure concentrations of carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, lead, benzo[a]pyrene and formaldehyde in the breathing zone of the drivers, and compare them with concentrations outside, in front or above the bus. The results clearly indicate that the occupational exposure of urban bus drivers to the six pollutants considered is lower than occupational exposure limit values but CO, CO2 and lead concentrations are at or above internationally recommended environmental limits. CO concentration is significantly lower in the air above than in front of the bus.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 4th Quarter 1992, Note No. 1900-149-92, p.515-523. Illus. 24 ref.
Guillemin M.P., Herrera H., Huynh C.K., Droz P.O., Vu Duc T.
Occupational exposure of truck drivers to dust and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons: A pilot study in Geneva, Switzerland
The exposure of 15 truck drivers from Geneva, Switzerland, to dust and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in the driver's cabin was determined and compared with a control group of six office workers. The drivers were divided into smokers and non-smokers and into long-distance and local drivers. Total dust exposure of the local truck drivers of 0.3mg/m3 was three times higher than that of the long-distance drivers and the control group. A similar difference was obtained for the exposure to PAH except that the controls assumed a middle position. Smoking had no influence on the exposure to dust and PAH. The results do not explain why lung cancer is more prevalent among truck drivers than in other professional groups.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1992, Vol.63, No.7, p.439-447. Illus. 32 ref.
Kulling P., Andersson H., Boström K., Johansson L.A., Lindström B., Nyström B.
Fatal systemic poisoning after skin exposure to monochloroacetic acid
Monochloroacetic acid (MCA) is used in the production of carboxymethyl cellulose, phenoxyacetates, pigments and drugs. A person unloading 80% MCA solution from his truck at a plant was splashed. He was wearing no protective clothing. Although his clothes were removed within minutes and he showered for 20min, he suffered chemical burns over 25-30% of his body. Two hours after the accident, his blood pressure fell. He subsequently lost consciousness and stopped breathing. The plasma MCA concentration 4h after the accident was 33mg/mL. In spite of increasingly vigorous life-support measures, the victim died seven days after the day of the accident. Many organ systems showed abnormalities at autopsy. Besides the corrosiveness of MCA, its poisonous properties must be kept in mind.
Journal of Toxicology - Clinical Toxicology, 1992, Vol.30, No.4, p.643-652. 27 ref.
Modern analytical techniques in a mobile laboratory - A review of three years of experience in the control of hazardous goods transport
Moderne instrumentelle Analytik in einem mobilen Labor - Erfahrungen aus drei Jahren Praxis bei der Kontrolle von Gefahrguttransporten [in German]
On behalf of the Austrian Federal Minister for Public Economy and Transport, the Bundesprüfanstalt für Kraftfahrzeuge (Federal Control Establishment for Motor Vehicles) has developed a test trailer for testing the safety of transport of hazardous materials. It was commissioned on 29 June 1987. The controls usually take place on the grounds of the customs offices of heavily used border-crossing points and consist of a strict technical examination of the truck's condition. X-ray fluorescent analysis, GC-MS and varius chemical tests are available for the control of dangerous loads. By means of energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescent analysis, samples can be analysed without any preparation. The advantage of this method is that it combines mobility and conventional laboratory techniques.
Sichere Arbeit, 1992, No.4, p.15-20. Illus.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz
Interactions between occupational demands and the design of workplaces in the transport industry
Über die Wechselwirkungen zwischen den beruflichen Anforderungen und der Gestaltung der Arbeitsplätze in Fahrberufen [in German]
Based on the experience of the German Federal Railways, it is shown that the introduction of new technologies leads to safety improvements, and therefore should result in better job satisfaction. However, increasing reliance on automation and current trends in work rationalisation induce a feeling in workers that they work below their capacity under normal working conditions, but above it in crisis situations. This lack of balance results in increasing job dissatisfaction. This book recommends that a framework be established for better job design in the transport industry of the future, a design that leaves a place for human beings in the system, and one that considers human shortcomings as inherent in human nature.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, Am Alten Hafen 113-115, D-W-2850 Bremerhaven 1, Germany, 1991. 229p. Illus. 232 ref. Price: DEM 36.00.
Transport dangerous goods - Annual report 1990-1991
Transport des marchandises dangereuses - Rapport annuel 1990-1991 [in French]
The report begins with a brief history of the Canadian (Federal) government's Transport Dangerous Goods Directorate, which is responsible for the enforcement of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods (TDG) Act. The organisational structure of the Directorate and its relationship with various federal and provincial bodies is explained. Recently promulgated regulations, standards, and permits are reviewed. General statistical summaries are presented on: dangerous goods accidents by province; death and injuries by cause; accidents by type and by transport mode.
Transport Canada, Surface Group, Canada Building, 344 Slater Street, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5, Canada, 1991. 16p. Illus.
Transport of radioactive materials
Broadsheet in A3 format presenting summary information on: uses of radioactive materials, packages and containers, modes of transport, routine doses, accidents since 1975, labelling, sources of further information.
National Radiological Protection Board, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon OX11 ORQ, United Kingdom, 1991. 1p. Illus. Single copies gratis.
Canadian transportation safety catalogue
This product catalogue is designed to comply with Canadian government acts and regulations in the transportation and shipping industries. Included are Canadian safety products, training materials, dangerous goods compliance products, items for better fleet operations, and guides and handbooks covering U.S. Department of Transportation regulations.
J.J. Keller & Associates, Inc., 145 West Wisconsin Avenue, P.O. Box 368, Neenah, Wisconsin 54957-0368, USA, 1990. 24p. Illus.
Handling, offering for transport and transporting dangerous goods
La manutention, la demande de transport et le transport des marchandises dangereuses [in French]
This brochure provides a general outline of responsibilities for those who handle or offer for transport consignments of dangerous goods and those who transport, by any mode, consignments of dangerous goods as defined in the Canadian Transportation and Dangerous Goods Act and Regulations.
Transport Canada, Surface Group, Canada Building, 344 Slater Street, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5, Canada, 1990. 11p.
Angerer P., Bahemann-Hoffmeister A., Mauermayer R., König P., Kessel R.
Influence of heavy physical work on lung function
Der Einfluss schwerer körperlicher Arbeit auf Messwerte der Lungenfunktion [in German]
Lung function was impaired in 38 healthy workers after they were engaged in the loading and unloading of airplanes; this decrease could not be demonstrated in a control population. Parameters measured were: forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), maximal expiratory flow.
Arbeitsmedizin - Sozialmedizin - Präventivmedizin, 1989, Vol.24, No.6, p.121-124. Illus. 21 ref.
Health and Safety Commission
Rider operated lift trucks - Operator training - Approved Code of Practice and Supplementary Guidance
This booklet contains 2 documents. The Code of Practice has been approved under Section 16 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 for the purpose of giving practical guidance to the provision of basic training for all employees who have no experience in the operation of lift trucks. Scope: industrial counterbalanced lift trucks; industrial reach trucks; rough terrain counterbalanced lift trucks; telescopic materials handlers. Content: introduction; obligation to provide basic training; instructors; training area and facilities; training structure and content; testing; records. The Guidance supplements the Approved Code and gives practical advice on the training necessary for the safe operation of lift trucks. Content: selection of operators for training; training of operators; authorisation, records and certificates; further operator training; instructor selection and training; recognition of accrediting bodies. Five appendices contain additional details on the topic.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1988. 14p. Illus. Price: GBP 2.75.
Significance of personality characteristics in the context of fitness assessment in transport psychology
Zur Bedeutung von Persönlichkeitsmerkmalen im Rahmen der verkehrspsychologischen Tauglichkeitsbeurteilung [in German]
As the demand for responsibility, operational reliability and safety in transport systems increases, the personality characteristics of drivers become ever more important. The various personality inventories described in the literature differ in usefulness for the prediction of drivers' behaviour in real situations. The connection between personality characteristics measured in the laboratory and aptitude for given jobs is weak. This may be due, at least in part, to compensatory processes in the behaviour of the subjects, and to the fact that some personality inventories are intended more to detect mental disease than to test aptitude.
Verkehrsmedizin und ihre Grenzgebiete, 1988, Vol.35, No.3, p.105-123. Illus. 21 ref.
Canadian dictionary of safety terms
This dictionary contains approximately 4,500 safety-related terms and expressions with corresponding definitions. Three broad fields of safety are covered: occupational, transportation and public. A measurement conversion table and a list of acronyms with particular emphasis on Canada and the US are included.
Larr Enterprises, Ram Consulting, Box 9512, Station T, Ottawa, Ontario K1G 3V2, Canada, 1987. 313p. 31 ref.
Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po trudu i social'nym voprosam. Sekretariat vsesojuznogo central'nogo soveta professional'nyh sojuzov
Approval of a standard list of strenous, hazardous, very strenuous and very hazardous jobs for which supplementary payments to workers may be established on account of working conditions in railways and underground railways [USSR]
Ob utverždenii tipovogo perečnja rabot s tjaželymi i vrednymi, osobo tjaželymi i osobo vrednymi uslovijami truda na kotoryh mogut ustanavlivat'sja doplaty rabočim za uslovija truda na predprijatijah i v organizacijah železnodorožnogo transporta i metropolitenov [in Russian]
This decision of 2 Oct. 1986 established a list of 42 jobs including manual mixing and loading of chemical solutions; cleaning and washing of steam-engine boilers; casting of lead-tin alloy parts; cleaning of tank cars; coupling and moving of railway cars.
Bjulleten' - Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po trudu i social'nym voprosam, 1987, No.7, p.29-32.
Order No. 3/1986 (III.9) KM of the Minister of Transport concerning occupational safety and health [Hungary]
A közlekedési miniszter 3/1986 (III.9) KM számú rendelete a munkavédelemről [in Hungarian]
Ministerial order on the responsibilities of the Minister of Transport, of the management of transportation enterprises and of occupational safety and health organs within transportation enterprises, concerning the organisation of OSH prevention and training activities.
Magyar Közlöny, 1986, No.7, p.217-220.
Repair work in underground tunnels and passages - Problems of protecting emergency crews
Interventions dans les installations de circulations souterraines - Problèmes posés par la protection des personnels [in French]
Analysis of the difficulties faced by emergency crews who intervene after accidents in road, railway and underground (subway) tunnels. Aspects covered: intervention preparation, medical and physiological monitoring of crew members, operational training, checking and monitoring of equipment and materials, safety measures to be taken before and during the intervention, medical presence during the intervention.
Sécurité - sciences et techniques, Dec. 1986, No.59, p.45-52. Illus.
The working environment of truck drivers engaged in the distribution of goods - An ergonomic and ergometric study
Förares arbetsmiljö i samband med närdistribution - En ergonomisk och arbetsfysiologisk studie [in Swedish]
This report describes an ergonomic and ergometric investigation of truck drivers engaged in the distrubution of goods. Twenty-two truck drivers were studied in the laboratory and during work in order to identify high physical loads. Heart rate recordings showed that their work is moderately strenuous. Loading and unloading was most strenuous. There was a significant increase in serum creatine kinase at the end of the week. This might be indicative of high local muscular strain. Improvements aimed at reducing exertion are proposed.
Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen, Publikationsservice, 171 84 Solna, Sweden, 1985. 53p. Illus. 27 ref. Price: Swe.cr.50.00.
Lundström R., Lindberg L.
Whole-body vibration in work in a standing position
Helkroppsvibrationer vid arbete i stående ställning [in Swedish]
About 100 places of work, including ships, aircraft, trains and printing houses were investigated as regards human exposure to whole-body vibration while standing. Vibration at frequencies of 0.2-100Hz was measured in 3 perpendicular directions under normal operating conditions. Third-octave bands and broad-banded frequency weighted acceleration levels were determined. Low vibration levels, in most cases below 100dBv, were generally found for all environments; in some cases levels were below the perception threshold for vibration. The highest vibration levels were found in the vertical direction but on ice-breakers dominant vibrations in the front-to-back direction could also be demonstrated. No limitations in working-hours should in general be recommended according to the guidelines given in relevant Swedish or ISO standards.
Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen, Publikationsservice, 171 84 Solna, Sweden, 1984. 84p. Illus. Price: Swe.cr.40.00.
Commission of the European Communities
Breakdown in human adaptation to 'stress' - towards a multidisciplinary approach
The 1st volume of this collection of papers from CEC workshops in 1982 and 1983 includes 20 papers on the prevalence, origin and consequences of stress in air, road and sea transport. Other studies related explicitly to workplace stress are entitled: psychosocial and psychophysiological factors in the design and the evaluation of working conditions within health care systems; white collar occupation and coronary-prone behaviour; questionnaire for organisational stress; methodology in workstress studies. General studies on the methodology of stress studies (epidemiological, medical, psychological) are also present.
Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Kluwer Academic Publishers Group, Distribution Centre, P.O. Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1984. 1682p. (2 vol.). Illus. Bibl. Price: Glds.375.00.
Grandjean P., Hollnagel H., Olsen N.B.
Occupationally related lead exposure in the general population: a population study of 40-year-old men
The blood lead concentration (Pb-B) was determined for 88% of the 40-year-old male residents of 4 suburban communities and information on job category and place of work was obtained by interview. Of 504 men, 482 were currently employed, 18 were unemployed and 4 were retired. The total median Pb-B was 13µg/100ml. Men employed in construction, industrial production, and transportation had the highest Pb-B levels and very low concentrations were found among pensioners and farmers. Blue-collar workers had higher Pb-B levels than white-collar workers. Very high levels were found in 2 men employed at a secondary Pb smelter. The occupationally-related, increased Pb-B levels identified in this population contributed significantly to normal background levels.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Dec. 1981, Vol.7, No.4, p.298-301. 14 ref.
Federation of Industrial Mutual Accident Insurance Associations (Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften)
Safety rules for vehicle maintenance
Sicherheitsregeln für die Fahrzeug-Instandhaltung [in German]
These safety rules apply to the maintenance and alteration of motorised land vehicles and aircraft (including trailers, agricultural machinery, rail vehicles, excavators, etc.). Sections are devoted to: layout and equipment of premises (exits, windows, doors, traffic aisles), inspection pits and underground plant, electrical plant and equipment; protection against fires, explosions and harmful substances (ventilation, flammable liquids, cleaning and good housekeeping, work with open flames); preventing the unintentional movement of vehicles; vehicle inspection lifts and work on raised vehicles; tyre inflation, wheel balancing; brake test benches; gasoline filling; vehicle driving. List of related regulations in the Federal Republic of Germany.
Carl Heymanns Verlag KG, Gereonstrasse 18-32, 5000 Köln 1, Federal Republic of Germany, Oct. 1980. 32p. Price: DM.3.50.
Dangerous cargo: Transportation of hazardous materials - A special issue.
All the principal articles in this special issue are devoted to the problems involved in the transportation of hazardous materials: inadequate voluntary compliance with requirements for effective prevention in hazardous materials transportation; hazardous material transportation emergencies: responsibilities of US State governments (with emergency response checklist); coping with the nation's high-risk cargo (perspectives on handling incidents; training programme available from the US National Fire Protection Association); a shipper's system for safer distribution (handling procedures, documentation, responsibility of manufacturing department, inspections); safe entry into tanks and confined spaces (tankers, permits to enter, entry equipment, combustible gas, oxygen deficiency and toxicity indicators, escape); liquid transportation technology for chemicals (acids, corrosives, toxic substances): equipment and emergency systems; deadly cargo (hazardous materials transported on overland trucks and liquid and gas tankers).
Professional Safety, May 1979, p.17-48. Illus. 53 ref.
Stein J., Jeske E.A., Schnell M.
Fitness for work regulations as basis for medical supervision of transport workers
Die Tauglichkeitsvorschrift Verkehrswesen als Grundlage der komplexen arbeitsmedizinischen Betreuung der Verkehrsschaffenden [in German]
The theoretical basis of the fitness for work regulations applicable to transport workers (effective 1 Oct. 1979) in the German Dem.Rep. is presented, and their place in the overall system of medical supervision of transport workers made clear. The regulations directly or indirectly cover all the important activities of the occupational physician. Their 4 elements (stress at the workplace, examination methods, fitness assessment, work organisation) are discussed at length. Other articles in this issue (p.273-306) deal with the impact of these regulations on the activity of plant health services.
Verkehrsmedizin und ihre Grenzgebiete, 1978, Vol.25, No.6, p.257-272.
Dangerous goods - Problems in transport and medical care in the event of an accident
Gefährliche Güter - Problematik im Transportprozess und bei der medizinischen Betreuung im Havariefall [in German]
The national (Germany, Dem.Rep.) and international regulations to be observed by transport undertakings and their clients are summarised. The classifications of the Orders or agreements pertaining to substances with specific properties (explosive, flammable, toxic, etc.) are tabulated. The differences in classification and difficulties in precise determination of the hazard in the event of damage are discussed.
Verkehrsmedizin und ihre Grenzgebiete, 1978, Vol.25, No.1, p.1-12.
Bibliography: nautical medicine - Vol.I.
Bibliographie Schiffahrtsmedizin - Bd.I [in German]
List of the documentation (some 6,000 documents at present) in the collection of the Nautical Medicine Department of the Bernard Nocht Institute for Seafarers' and Tropical Diseases (Hamburg, Fed. Rep. of Germany), giving title and source of these documents (but no abstract), under the following headings: history; summarised reports, encyclopaediae; medical care on board and ashore; marine biology; physiology; toxicology; prophylaxis and curative medicine; motion sickness; psychology and mental hygiene; hygiene in seafaring and port hygiene; port labour; epidemiology; occupational medicine and ergonomics; medico-technical equipment and procedures; selection, fitness, qualification, training; shipwreck, survival at sea, rescue equipment; diving, living under water; nautical medical themes in respect of ship types; inland waterway shipping; laws, regulations, standards, instructions, leaflets. Contents in German and English. Alphabetical author index.
Abteilung für Schiffahrtsmedizin, Bernhard-Nocht-Institut für Schiffs- und Tropenkrankheiten, Seewartenstrasse 9a, 2000 Hamburg 11, Germany (Fed.Rep.), Apr. 1977. 376p.
Design of trucks and tanks to reduce the hazard of falls from heights
La conception des camions et des citernes contre les risques de chutes de hauteur. [in French]
Communication to the Regional Technical Committee for Transports and Goods Handling (Comité technique régional des transports et de la manutention), Lille, France. Contents: review of accident statistics; tanks (construction, positioning and fixing, etc. of access ladders); prevention of accidents when working or moving on top of tank (non-slip-surface walkways, toeboards); trucks and trailers (egress from driver's cab and descent from truck frame; access; securing and removal of tarpaulins, lowering and securing of tail- and side-boards, etc.); trucks and trailers for vehicle transport. The all-too frequent inadequacy of the equipment for access and for working on the top and sides of these vehicles, referred to in this communication, constitutes a hazard factor which makes bad working conditions even worse.
Caisse régionale d'assurance maladie du Nord de la France, 11 boulevard Vauban, 59024 Lille Cedex, France, 9 Oct. 1975. 9p. Gratis.
Whitbread E.G., Meadowcroft A.E., Steel J.G., Lunn H.P., Pike H., Rees W., Davies D.L., Roberts R.K., Malcolm J.G., Peeler J., Lewis G.J., Swinbank C., Jenkin-Jones C.O.
Distribution Conference: Proceedings.
This conference on packaging and shipping of dangerous goods was held at Harrogate, U.K. on 12-13 Feb. 1975. The papers read were: Regulation of the conveyance of dangerous goods; Hazard classification - the UN system; Package performance tests - the concept and the reality; The movement of chemicals in freight containers; Movement of chemicals by air; Labelling for transport; Labelling for user protection; International transport of dangerous goods in portable tanks; Intermediate bulk containers; Implementation of Chemical Industries Association's recommended safety procedures; European surface transport; Role of returnable packages in the distribution operations of the chemical industry; Packaged goods lost at sea; Presentation of 'CHEMSAFE' (chemical industry scheme for assistance in freight emergencies). The open forum discussion; references to directives and regulations; and Chemical Industries Association publications on related topics are included.
Chemical Industries Association, Ltd., 93 Albert Embankment, London SE1 7TU, United Kingdom, 1975. 77p. Illus. 22 ref. Price: £3.00.
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