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  • Safety programmes

1984

CIS 86-1453 Nuyts R., Maggiani G., Mertens E., Bernard J., Jardinet L., Sterckx P.
Annual action plan
Le plan annuel d'action [en francés]
The first article recapitulates Belgian legislation on annual action plans designed to promote safety and health in enterprises, which the heads of safety departments must elaborate for the following year. The second article presents an actual action plan. The opinions of the manager of an enterprise and those of labour union representatives from various unions are also aired.
Promosafe, Sep. 1984, Vol.11, No.79, p.3-8. Illus., and Oct. 1984, Vol.11, No.80, p.15-22. Illus.

CIS 85-2007 Gutiérrez Marco A., Izquierdo Fernández S.
Campaña de prevención de accidentes en la recolección de la aceituna
Description of the accident prevention programme conducted in Spain for a number of years, involving analysis of the cause and types of accidents in olive harvesting, the selection of protective equipment (particularly for the eyes, the knees and the hands) and information sessions in the fields. A dramatic reduction in the number of reported accidents has been achieved: from 1,736 in the 1968-69 season to 159 in the 1983-84 season.
Mapfre seguridad, 4th quarter 1984, Vol.4, No.16, p.43-46. Illus.

CIS 85-1808 Linville, J.L.
Industrial fire hazards handbook
Contents of this updated manual: industrial fire risk management; life safety in industrial occupancies; plant emergency organisation and training; fire hazards in 20 major industries; special fire hazards in 13 processes; general occupancy fire hazards.
National Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269, USA, 1984. 2nd edition. 1077p. Illus. Bibl.

CIS 85-1635 van den Oever R., Jacques P., Roosels D., Lahaye D.
Health hazards of soil disinfection by methylbromide fumigation in Belgian greenhouses
Survey of exposure effects and of cases of methyl bromide poisoning. Analysis and comparative study of toxicity of techniques in applying the fumigant (by mechanical injection forbidden in Belgium since 1978 and by vaporisation). Because the use of vaporisation has not reduced sufficiently the number and seriousness of poisoning episodes, a prevention programme has been established. Description of this programme (worker information, field assistance, frequent medical and biochemical monitoring), which has reduced the number of cases of poisoning and has improved the sense of responsibility in workers.
Cahiers de médecine du travail - Cahiers voor arbeidsgeneeskunde, 1984, Vol.21, No.4, p.211-215. 8 ref.

CIS 85-1147 Organization and implementation of a disaster drill for health care facilities
This data sheet outlines the different steps in planning and organising a mass casualty training exercise for hospitals and other health care institutions.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60611, USA, Rev. 1984, 5p. Illus. Bibl.

CIS 85-862 Trommler K.J.
Supervisory safety training
The planning and implementation of a 12h safety training programme for first- or second-level blue-collar and white-collar supervisors is discussed. The programme described covers: accident and incident investigation; safety auditing; safety responsibilities; stress management; communications; maintaining an interest in safety; new employee safety orientation; how to teach a job skill.
Professional Safety, Aug. 1984, Vol.29, No.8, p.13-21. Illus. 5 ref.

CIS 85-559 Bryant M.
Success with occupational safety programmes
Detailed description of the factors responsible for successful occupational safety programmes. Contents: keys to success (leadership, commitment, direction); model elements (information services, defined standards, performance controls, hazard definition, local control plans, organisational system, OSH policy); creation of a policy; management organisation; examples of successful programmes (with sample guidelines and questionnaires); small companies; programmes in the construction industry; the setting of operational standards; monitoring (accidents involving injury, accident investigation, audit systems, value of joint consultation). Sample objectives and functions for safety committees and representatives are given.
International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1984. 148p. Illus. Price: SF.17.50.

CIS 85-551 Fellner D.J., Sulzer-Azaroff B.
Increasing industrial safety practices and conditions through posted feedback
Data were collected once a week on 24 practices and 7 conditions in a paper mill and data on injuries with and without lost time were also collected monthly. After posting feedback on safe and unsafe conditions for 6 months, more than half of the 17 divisions in the mill showed improvement. Safe practices increased after feedback was provided on them for 2 months. Injuries were cut in half. A cost benefit analysis of the programme is included.
Journal of Safety Research, Spring 1984, Vol.15, No.1, p.7-21. Illus. 20 ref.

CIS 85-235 Lin L.J., Cohen H.H.
Hospital employee safety and health
The basic requirements of an employee safety and health programme include: environmental control and surveillance; physical examination; maintenance of a medical and exposure records system; safety and health education; communication between departments and services. How to establish an effective programme, ergonomic solutions, workplace planning, management of exposure records, and job training and redesign are also discussed.
Professional Safety, Feb. 1984, Vol.29, No.2, p.28-32. Illus. 32 ref.

CIS 84-1935 Miller T.M., Mazur P.O.
Oxygen deficiency hazards associated with liquefied gas systems: Derivation of a program of controls
Liquefied gases evaporate and expand to about 700 times their initial volume when released to the atmosphere. The main hazard from the accidental release of inert gases such as nitrogen, helium or argon is oxygen deficiency in the work area. Its effects are described and the various definitions of an oxygen deficient atmosphere are given. A hazard control programme including training, oxygen monitoring equipment, self-rescue respirators and medical surveillance should be established when the probability of fatality exceeds 10-7 per hour. Equations for the calculation of fatal accident probability are also given. French translation may be obtained from INRS, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, May 1984, Vol.45, No.5, p.293-298. Illus. 12 ref.

1983

CIS 87-1252 Guidelines for developing a wastewater safety program
Manual for managers. Contents: suggestions for writing a safety programme, development of management policy, safe design of the wastewater system, safety training, safety promotion, how to conduct an accident investigation, safety inspections. The manual is intended for use by the individual responsible for the safety effort, and should be used in conjuntion with other sources of safety information (32 sources are cited).
Water Pollution Control Federation, 601 Wythe Street, Alexandria, VA 22314, USA, 1983. 44p. Illus. 32 ref. Index.

CIS 85-2079 Industrial injury prevention programme
An English translation of the 6th Five-Year Industrial Injury Prevention Programme of the Japanese Ministry of Labour. Contents: objectives of the programme; time-frame of the programme; trends in industrial injuries and approaches to their prevention; targets of the programme; major measures to prevent industrial injuries. An appendix gives specific goals for 19 branches of industry.
Japan Industrial Safety and Health Association, 5-35-1 Shiba, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108, Japan. Apr. 1983. 57p.

CIS 85-1156 Screenivasan N.S.
Management of safety - concepts and tasks
This unified treatment of safety management in an industrial environment covers: basic concepts; safety policy and objectives; safety procedures (including examples of manuals of safety procedures); operator control; management controllability; safety assurance (elimination of unsafe practices); planning, training and organising for safety; parameters for safety analysis; case illustrations from the explosives industry.
IDL Chemicals Ltd., P.O. Sonabarpat, Rourkela, 769016 Orissa, India, 1983. 136p. 42 ref. Price: US$3.00.

CIS 85-801 Petterson B., Aminoff S., Gustafsson L., Lindström K.G., Sundström-Frisk C.
Enhanced safety in forestry - a campaign of action for one branch of industry
Report on a pilot project whose purpose was to increase safety in the Swedish forestry industry by changing several working factors: improved production technology (better tools for felling and freeing of lodged trees, better chain saws, improved work organisation, better training, safer cable cranes); provision of better and more comfortable protective clothing and equipment; the provision of emergency radio transmitters for lone workers; the replacement of piecework wages by flat monthly salaries (with a possible productivity bonus); improved safety in small-scale forestry; near-accident reporting. During the period of the study (1976-1980) there was a large reduction in the number and severity of accidents. The project is assessed, conclusions and recommendations are given.
Forskningsstiftelsen Skogsarbeten, Drottninggatan 97, 113 60 Stockholm, Sweden, 1983. 79p. Illus. 43 ref.

CIS 85-249 Krikorian M.
Supervisors accident prevention guide
Contents: the supervisor's functions and responsibility for the safety and health of employees; management responsibility for safety and accident prevention; causes and results of accidents; unsafe practices and conditions; introduction to OSHA; safety and housekeeping inspections; accident investigation; safety training and education; enforcement of rules, regulations and safe practice procedures; motivating employees to work safely; controlling the potential for fire losses and health hazards; definitions of terms.
Diversified Protection Resources, Inc., P.O. Box 6138, Orlando, Florida 32853, USA, 1983. 161p. Illus. Price: US$39.95.

CIS 84-1427 Construction safety planning
This data sheet provides guidance for developing a policy, planning and programming effective construction safety involving both workers and employers.
Construction Safety Association of Ontario, 74 Victoria St., Toronto, Ontario M5C 2A5, Canada, 1983. 16p.

CIS 84-1156 Practical guide for the planning and running of occupational accident prevention weeks
Guia prático para o planejamento e realização da Semana de Prevenção de Acidentes do Trabalho - SPAT [en portugués]
This special edition of a data-sheet series lists the requirements for in-plant safety weeks, including: programming, exhibits, safety tests (example questionnaire shown), posters, safety equipment displays. Lists of available 16mm safety films (all Portuguese-speaking) and of slide sets. Examples of programming sheets, posters and exhibit lay-outs.
Copersucar, rua Boa Vista, 280, C.P. 5691, 01014 São Paulo, Brazil, 1983. 31p. Illus.

CIS 83-2056
Health Services Advisory Committee
Safety policies in the Health Service
This guidance is to assist in the establishment of health and safety policies within the National Health Service (United Kingdom), as required by the Health and Safety at Work Act (1974). It provides information on writing, publishing and monitoring such policies. There is a checklist for identifying subjects to be covered in a safety policy, including organisation, environmental control and safety and health hazards.
H.M. Stationery Office, 49 High Holborn, London WC1V 6HB, United Kingdom, 1983. 12p. Illus. Price: £2.40.

1982

CIS 84-1151 Photography for safety
This data sheet describes the production and use of photographs and slides for safety promotion programmes. Contents: uses of photography (accenting reports, motivation and publicity, accidents, training); safety when taking photographs; equipment (cameras, accessories); still photography techniques (eliminating motion, lighting, exposure, composition); editing of photographs (layout, cutline, handling); legal considerations; motion pictures.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Avenue, Chicago, IL. 60611, USA, 1982, 12p. Illus. 2 ref.

CIS 83-1199 Hendrick K.
Improving performance for safety and health
This book deals with training, education and adult development as a guide to improving safety and health of employees at all levels. Contents: environments of the safety and occupational health performance improvement programme; principles of performance improvement; purposes of the programme; model for developing a performance improvement programme; determining needs for performance improvement; defining the solution; selecting types of instructional activities; technical and specialised training; task-related training; team development; management development; developing willingness; evaluation.
Garland STPM Press, 136 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA, 1982. 242p. Illus. 39 ref. Price: US$35.00.

CIS 83-555
Ministry of Town Planning and Housing, Transport, the Environment and the Sea (Ministère urbanisme et logement, transports, environnement et mer)
Safety and health requirements to be met by developers and builders
Obligations s'imposant aux maîtres d'ouvrage et aux maîtres d'¿uvre en matière d'hygiène et de sécurité [en francés]
This circular (No.82-40 of 23 Apr. 1982), which has not appeared in the French Official Gazette, gives a complete overview of these statutory requirements in France. It covers: scope of statutory provisions and regulations on safety and health in the building industry (type and size of the work, number of firms and employees, penal sanctions, major accident hazards); applications of these requirements to building and civil engineering work (design and consultation stage, preparation and operation of worksite); provisions specific to the building industry; special case of work being carried out for another public authority; safety information and training of workers. An appendix gives: specific application of statutory safety and health provisions for worksites; time sequence of procedures; list of special administrative clauses.
Cahiers des Comités de prévention du bâtiment et des travaux publics, Sep.-Oct. 1982, No.5, p.236-240.

1981

CIS 83-801 Pettersson B., Aminoff S., Gustafsson L., Lindström K. G., Sundström-Frisk C.
Increased safety in forestry - Program for an industry branch
Ökad säkerhet i skogsbruket - ett aktionsprogram för en bransch [en sueco]
Description of a project carried out jointly by the Swedish Logging Research Foundation, College of Forestry and the National Board of Occupational Safety and Health to contribute to a drastic reduction in accident frequency and severity rates in forestry. The components of the project, which are described in detail, include: survey and analysis of the nature and causes of forestry accidents; development of technical and organisational aids to increase safety in forestry; development of overall safety programmes; dissemination of the results to all categories of forestry workers. Recommendations for continued improvements in safety in forestry are made on: technical development work; safety in small-scale forestry; training; new wage forms and new forms of work; safety work and its organisation.
Forskningsstiftelsen Skogsarbeten, Drottninggatan 97, 113 60 Stockholm, Sweden, 1981. 80p. 43 ref. Illus.

CIS 82-1339 Smith A.J.
Managing hazardous substances accidents
This book describes how to develop a management system to coordinate and carry out the activities necessary to minimise risk, injury and damage, neutralise hazards, clean-up steps resulting from accidents involving hazardous substances. Sections cover: management; technology; assistance systems; public information. Section 2 includes material on types of accidents and the safety of workers and other personnel involved in clean-up and disposal operations and technical assistance.
McGraw-Hill Book Co. GmbH, Lademannbogen 136, 2000 Hamburg 63, Federal Republic of Germany, 1981, 188p. Illus. 6 ref. Price: US-$19.95. DM.65,90.

CIS 82-523 Lio C., De Ribamar Murad J., Maranhão de Aguiar J.P., Ramos D'Albuquerque J., Ferreira de Paiva A.
Construction of hydroelectric power plants - Safety engineering planning
Construção de usinas hidrelétricas - Planejamento de engenharia de segurança [en portugués]
Description of safety and health engineering and OSH organisation methods used in the construction of large dams and hydroelectric power stations in Brazil, covering some 150,000 workers employed by the major contractors and another 100,000 workers employed by subcontractors and service firms: hazard control; hazard identification; hazard evaluation; terminology and communications; hazard analysis; meetings bewteen safety engineers, safety officers and management of the principal contractors and other firms involved in each project; organisation of occupational health services. The sequential stages of a typical construction project are analysed in tabular form, followed by lists of trades, occupations and specialist tasks involved at each stage of hydroelectric engineering projects.
Revista brasileira de saúde ocupacional, Apr.-May-June 1981, Vol.9, No.34, p.22-42. Illus.

1980

CIS 82-550 Occupational safety and health programs for Federal employees
This Presidential Order (effective 1 Oct. 1980) applies to all employees of the US Federal Government, except military personnel. Heads of departments, agencies and all Federal administrative services and facilities are to consult and cooperate with the Secretary of Labor in adopting OSH programmes for their personnel; they may also set up OSH committees. Powers and duties of these committees. Role of the Federal Advisory Council on Occupational Safety and Health. [French and Spanish translations of this Order are published in BIT Série législative - OIT Serie Legislativa, 1/81, 1980-EUA - 1/1980-EE.UU.1.].
Federal Register, Executive Order 12196. 26 Feb. 1980, Vol.45, No.40, 27 Feb. 1980, p.12769-12772.

CIS 81-1451 Building in safety at the planning and tendering stade
Berücksichtigung der Arbeitssicherheit bei Planung und Ausschreibung [en alemán]
Progress on a tunnelling site modifies working conditions and entails continuing adaptation of safety measures; planning is consequently of great importance. The various phases of tunnel construction are reviewed, tunnel design and the related safety problems considered (basic conditions, tunnel cross-section, construction method, safety lining, sections in intermediate phases, statics calculations) and recommendations for drawing up tenders given.
Tiefbau-Berufsgenossenschaft, Aug. 1980, Vol.92, No.8, p.666-673. Illus.

CIS 81-841 Rehtanz H., Wienhold L.
In-plant occupational safety and health - Planning, implementation, control
Arbeitsschutz im Betrieb - Planung, Durchführung, Kontrolle [en alemán]
Contents of this manual, intended for management and inspection personnel: implementation of OSH policies at the management and planning levels (objective, preparation and in-plant organisation of the plan, incorporation of OSH in the plan at the plant level, meeting OSH requirements in executing the plan); control of OSH (organisation and tasks of various supervisory bodies in the German Democratic Republic); overview and complexity of the acitvities required for planning, implementation and supervision.
Verlag Die Wirtschaft, 1980, Am Friedrichshain 22, DDR-1055 Berlin, 1980. 296p. Illus. 126 ref. Price: M.13.00.

CIS 81-840 Nill E.
Pathways to success
Wege zum Erfolg [en alemán]
Booklet intended for safety engineers and safety specialists - especially those commencing their careers - based on 20 years experience as a safety engineer, and intended to contribute to the integration of the formal and technical bases of occupational safety, adapted to the particular circumstances of the individual plant and its workforce. Contents: definitions (occupational safety, role of the safety officer - and how this role is understood); necessity for methodical action - and tools for implementing such action; considerations on the system as a whole, with cause/effect relations; system optimisation; hazard analysis (direct and indirect methods); solutions to problems, and priorities; arguments in favour of safety and choice of appropriate wording; tours of inspection and in-plant cooperation with the labour inspectorate: refresher training, information and motivation; criteria for success, to be observed by safety specialists.
Universum Verlagsanstalt, Rösslerstrasse 7, 6200 Wiesbaden, Federal Republic of Germany, 1980. 94p. 19 ref. Price: DM.8.40.

CIS 81-822 Hale C., Lichtenberg W.H.
Ammonia storage terminals safety program.
The programme, which is designed as a guide to assist terminal personnel in developing their own programme, is presented in 8 sections. These are: emergency conditions, which defines a series of typical problems that may occur; organisation for handling emergencies (manpower sources available to supplement terminal staff); hazards and their control (technical aspects of safe handling of ammonia); first aid and medical treatment; safety training, which includes weekly safety meetings and additional training; accident prevention, which includes periodic inspections and preventive maintenance; properties of anhydrous ammonia; reference section listing available publications.
Ammonia Plant Safety (and related facilities), American Institute of Chemical Engineers, 345 East 47 Street, New York, N.Y. 10017, USA, 1980, Vol.22, p.35-33. 15 ref.

CIS 80-2097 EC action programme on safety and health at work.
This report by the Commission of the European Communities reviewing the progress made in implementing the programme, adopted on 29 June 1978, covers: implementation of the programme; work on individual actions (statistics; research; concepts, terminology, exposure limits; carcinogens; specific toxic substances; assessment of risks; information notices; noise and vibration; accident prevention - ergonomics; monitoring of safety and protection; intercomparison programmes, biological monitoring, industrial medicine; special monitoring; inspection by public authorities).
Industrial Health and Safety, July 1980, Vol.9, No.6, p.20-21.

CIS 80-2017 Meirelles C.E., Robin P., De Lima V.E.
Accident prevention in agriculture
Prevenção de acidentes no trabalho rural [en portugués]
Review of conditions in the primary sector of the Brazilian economy; roundup of hazard factors in agriculture (environment; animal hazards; chemical and mechanical hazards); study of comparative agricultural accident statistics from several countries (France, Israel, Italy, Japan, Norway, Spain, USA). Comments on an occupational safety and health campaign in agriculture organised by FUNDACENTRO in Brazil.
FUNDACENTRO - Atualidades em prevenção de acidentes, Aug. 1980, Vol.11, No.128, p.8-10. Illus.

CIS 80-1157 Capps J.H.
Systems concepts for safety progress.
Considerations on management aspects of safety planning and organisation, and use of technical systems and hazard control techniques applied to machinery, workplace environment, tasks and training.
Professional Safety, Mar. 1980, Vol.25, No.3, p.41-45. Illus. 10 ref.

CIS 80-842 Davies J.L.M.
Construction and commissioning of new plant.
Brief reference to overall fatalities in the U.K. construction industry in 1977, followed by considerations on the management of safe conditions for access on construction sites: duties and responsibilities of contractors, supervisors and workers with regard to injury hazards and safe access (provisions, planning and control); hazardous conditions due to overlapping of activities; work in hazardous conditions (at height, in confined spaces; radiation; noise; handling heavy loads; excavations; electrical installations; earthmoving equipment). List of safety requirements and safety management during programmed commissioning of plant.
Protection, Feb. 1980, Vol.17, No.2, p.15-18. Illus.

1979

CIS 83-2069 De Cicco F., Fantazzini M.L.
Introduction to system safety engineering
Introdução à engenharia de segurança de sistemas [en portugués]
This textbook treatment of accident prevention includes: the history of prevention as a science; definitions; a description of the system safety programme; mathematical fundamentals; the workplace as a system and as a set of subsystems; risk analysis; techniques of analysis (including failure analysis); loss control.
Fundacentro, Al. Barão de Limeira, 539 - CEP 01202, São Paulo (SP), Brazil, Caixa Postal 30291, 1979. 113p. Illus. 38 ref.

CIS 81-1128 The Federal Mine Health Program in 1978.
Report on research and continuing health and safety programmes carried out in 1978 to protect workers in coal, metal and nonmetal mines. 2 new programmes have begun: The Mining Industries Surveillance Programme documents hazardous physical agents used or found in mines and evaluates the toxicity of harmful substances at the concentrations found; the Health Hazard Evaluation Programme is designed to respond to requests from miners, mine operators and government agencies for information about new health hazards. X-ray examinations showed that 5.64% of 118,579 miners had simple or complicated pneumoconiosis and 1.92% were eligible for transfer. Many of those examined had worked less than 5 years in mines. Under the provisions for autopsy of underground coal miners, 321 autopsies were carried out. Pathologic standards for coal workers' pneumoconiosis were developed.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, Aug. 1979, 13p.

CIS 81-535 Martin.
Safety problems in the construction of the underground railway system for the Lille urban area
Les problèmes de sécurité posés par le chantier de construction du métro de la Communauté urbaine de Lille. [en francés]
Communication to the Joint Regional Technical Committee for Building Construction and Civil Engineering (Comité technique régional du bâtiment et des travaux publics), Lille, France. Contents: commentary on French legislation concerning occupational accident prevention (on-site safety organisation); safety measures adopted on the underground railway construction site, where 965 workers were employed (OSH plan; notice for subcontractors; meetings of an inter-firm health and safety committee; establishment of inter-firm health and safety subcommittees for each construction firm's sector).
Caisse régionale d'assurance maladie du Nord de la France, 11 boulevard Vauban, Boîte postale 3008, 59024 Lille Cedex, France, 8 Nov. 1979. 17p. Illus. Gratis.

CIS 81-259 OSHA handbook for small businesses.
This booklet is intended to assist small business employers to meet the legal requirements of the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Act, 1970. It is not a legal interpretation of the Act. It contains a 7-point workplace programme (management leadership; assignment of responsibility; identification and control of hazards; employee and supervisor training; safety and health recordkeeping; first-aid and medical assistance; employee awareness, acceptance and participation. Model self-inspection check lists, and sources of assistance in problem solving are provided.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Washington, D.C. 20210, USA, 1979. 51p.

CIS 80-1491
Health and Safety Commission.
Advisory Committee on Major Hazards - Second Report.
The committee was appointed to identify installations which present a major hazard to workers or the public and to advise on measures of control. Discussed are: historical information on major hazards, including explosions, notifiable inventories and proposed regulations; siting and structures of control building and protection of workers; planning; legal controls and a possible licensing scheme; research and future work.
HM Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom, 1979. 68p. 30 ref. Price: £2.00.

CIS 80-1159 Douglas R.
Information as a stimulus to safety.
Considerations on how presentation of accident statistics, facts and figures can stimulate workers and management to improve accident prevention performance, with examples from steel tube and tubular products manufacture: accident incidence, frequency and duration rates; statistical techniques and findings; individual company results; fatalities; company initiatives; safety representatives.
Occupational Safety and Health, Oct. 1979, Vol.9, No.10, p.14-15 and 64. Illus.

CIS 80-1158 Sentek K.
New perspectives in safety planning
Ein Sicherheitskonzept unter neuen Aspekten [en alemán]
The unsatisfactory results of efforts to improve occupational safety at an undertaking led to the development of a new safety strategy. Its main features are: complete support from management, responsibility of safety committees, setting of concrete safety targets, training of safety personnel, discussions designed to develop safety awareness, special safety drives and propaganda campaigns, information on the accident situation, visualisation of positive results obtained, safety competitions. These measures increased the level of safety in the undertaking.
Zentralblatt für Arbeitsmedizin, Arbeitsschutz und Prophylaxe, Oct. 1979, Vol.29, No.10, p.249-256. Illus.

CIS 80-547 Komanski J., Barwick K.D., Scott L.R.
A behavioural approach to occupational safety: Pinpointing and reinforcing safe performance in a food manufacturing plant.
Behaviour analysis was used to improve worker safety in the makeup and wrapping departments of a wholesale bakery. Desired safety practices were identified, permitting construction of codes suitable for observing workers' on-the-job performance over a 25-week period. The intervention consisted of an explanation and visual presentation of the desired behaviours, as well as frequent, low-cost reinforcement in the form of feedback. Employees in the 2 departments substantially improved their safety performance, from 70% and 78% to 96% and 99% respectively, after the staggered introduction of the programme. During the reversal phase, performance returned to baseline (71% and 72%). The intervention, particularly the frequent feedback, was effective in improving safety performance. Employees reacted favourably to the programme, which the company was able to maintain, with a continuing decline in the injury frequency rate. Behaviourally defining and positively reinforcing safe practices may be a viable approach to accident reduction.
Professional Safety, Oct. 1979, Vol.24, No.10, p.19-28. 53 ref.

CIS 80-301 Programming in-plant vehicle safety.
Discussed are types of industrial trucks; overhead guard to protect operator against falling objects; rider trucks and walking operator trucks; fork-lift, pallet and straddle trucks; electronically controlled in-plant vehicles; truck-mounted cranes and work platforms; use of trucks in hazardous locations; traffic rules (speed, visibility, backing); ceiling-mounted wide-angle-view mirrors in storage bays; visual and acoustic warnings when reversing vehicle. References to American ANSI standards and National Fire Protection Association Standards.
National Safety News, Sep. 1979, Vol.120, No.3, p.58-65. Illus. 2 ref.

CIS 79-1762 Cleveland R., Cohen H.H., Smith M.J., Cohen A.
Safety program practices in record-holding plants.
In order to study successful safety programmes, plants producing synthetic fibres, sheets and pillowcases, photoflash and photoflood bulbs, silicon crystals, and nuclear components were examined by questionnaire and visits. These plants (5705 total employees) had worked without a lost workday injury from 7.5 to 49 million hours. The programme areas rated were: corporate organisation and management structure; management commitment to safety; management efficiency; plant solvency; plant physical, workforce, and union characteristics, industrial and human relations programme, pay and reward systems, safety programme characteristics (staff, organisation, safety committee(s) and meetings, safety training, inspections and audits, policy and work rules, accident investigations, record-keeping, medical and first aid services, contests and promotions, machinery hazard control, personal protective equipment, environmental control, special techniques (critical incidence, behaviour observation, hazard surveys, safety sampling, other)). Ratings in programme areas of these companies were discussed and compared to those of other organisations. The 72 entry questionnaire is appended.
DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No.79-136, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, Mar. 1979, 114p. 3 ref.

CIS 79-851 Ho M.T.
Elements for the preparation and implementation of a plant safety programme
Eléments pour l'élaboration et l'application d'un programme de sécurité dans l'entreprise. [en francés]
This study considers various aspects of a safety programme (definition of objectives, external conditions which may affect its preparation and implementation, facilities available within the firm), reviews the various functions of the safety system which can be used in order to reach certain fixed targets (issuing of safety standards, workplace inspection, a priori hazard analysis, occupational medicine, evaluation of situations, backing and supporting activities etc.) and examines the problems met in implementing a safety programme (emphasis to be given to each function, delegation of safety responsibilities within the firm, measures to be envisaged). In conclusion, examples of safety programmes are briefly described, in an ammunition laboratory, a cement works, and a steel mill.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 1st quarter 1979, No.94, Note No.1165-94-79, p.105-122. Illus. 40 ref.

1978

CIS 91-412 Davis M.
A worker's guide to documenting health and safety problems
Main topics covered by this manual aiming to help US workers with the documentation necessary for resolving OSH problems: individual worker assessment in health and safety programmes; health and safety committee functions; federal and state involvement; different kinds of compensation benefits. A large number of sample forms is supplied. Addresses and phone numbers of OSHA regional offices and state OSHA agencies are given in the appendix.
Labour Occupational Health Program, Institute of Industrial Relations, University of California at Berkeley, 2521 Channing Way, Berkeley CA 94720, USA, 1978. 68p. 9 ref. Price: USD 6.00.

CIS 85-294 Petersen D.C.
Techniques of safety management
Aspects covered in this textbook intended for safety professionals: safety concepts (present framework in the USA, loss control principles); managing and measuring safety performance (policies and accountability, criteria, motivation); additional safety techniques (tracing systems, use of computers, profiling, product safety).
McGraw-Hill Inc., 1221 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10020, USA, 1978. 2nd edition. 308p. Bibl.

CIS 81-98 Operational radiation safety program.
Contents of these recommendations: organisation of radiation safety programmes; facility design; warning and personnel security systems; monitoring and control programmes; personnel protective equipment; orientation and training; emergency planning; occupational medicine programme for radiation workers; governmental regulation.
NCRP Report No.59. National Council on Radiation Protction and Measurements, 7910 Woodmont Avenue, Washington, DC 20014, USA, Dec. 1978. 66p.

CIS 79-1467 Godbey F.W., Hatch L.L.
Occupational safety and health program - Guidelines for colleges and universities.
The basic principles for establishing and maintaining a programme for accident and illness prevention are discussed and illustrated for institutions with little or no occupational safety and health programmes. Background information is given and the legislative requirements are explained. Other details are: organisation and staffing (programme objectives, administrative support, functions of executive and other staff and consultants, funding); programme functions (inspection and corrective action procedures, written rules and regulations, training, recordkeeping and reporting requirements forms and examples, accident and illness investigation and reporting for data collection, programme monitoring and evaluation); sources of information (list of names and addresses of associations and organisations, use of private companies, clearinghouses, government agencies, selected bibliography); glossary.
DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No.79-108, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, Oct. 1978. 95p. Illus. 62 ref.

CIS 79-1163 Hatch L.L., Rentos P.G., Godbey F.W., Schrems E.L.
Self-evaluation of occupational safety and health programs. Self-evaluation instrument - Electric utility industry.
These 2 documents present the concept of self-assessment by management and workers to control the hazards in the workplace. Contents of the 1st document: setting goals and objectives; programme elements; staffing and organisation; techniques for employee involvement; budgeting; recordkeeping; inspection; safety priority setting; hazard control; incentives; preplacement medical examinations; medical surveillance; ergonomics; alcoholism and drug abuse; training; role of the supervisor in training; objective and subjective measures; activity measures; relative risk assessment; information and consultation sources. Lists, forms and worksheets are shown. The last part deals with workplace safety and health under the following heads: ventilation; lighting; the working environment; sanitation; personal protective equipment; hazardous operations; handling and storage of hazardous materials; toxicology; pressure changes; psychological hazards. The 2nd document contains 37 yes-no check lists for equipment, potential hazardous substances and operations to evaluate compliance with legislation and standards.
DHEW (NIOSH) Publications Nos.78-187 and 78-202, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, Oct. 1978, 2 Vols., 109p. and 105p. Illus. 38 ref.

CIS 79-837 Safety in the scale-up and transfer of chemical processes.
This guide is intended to help prepare a plan to scale-up and transfer a process from the laboratory or pilot plant to the manufacturing plant. Responsibilities of staff are outlined and safety check details are given (characterisation of product, chemistry of process, raw materials, process flow sheets, equipment and instrumentation, safety considerations, operating procedures, analysis and process controls, final product). Inadequacies of the original data and similar information found during the scale-up and transfer should be part of the feedback to the pertinent departments.
Safety Guide SG-14, Manufacturing Chemists Association, 1825 Connecticut Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C., USA, 1978. 5p.

CIS 79-307 Pawellek G., Heinz W.
Organisation and occupational safety in transport operations
Organisation und Arbeitssicherheit bei Transportvorgängen [en alemán]
The practical application of an analysis and evaluation procedure, described in an earlier report (CIS 77-1514), applicable to logistic systems is dealt with. The evaluation criteria and hazard and stress factors affecting man are pinpointed and discussed. On this basis an analysis form and calculation procedure were developed. An underground railway and a high-rise building site were studied as examples, and the transport operations involved are described with drawings and photographs. Results are given for 12 operations in the form of operation profiles and tables, and evaluated. Examples are given of the application of the method to improve occupational safety in the operation and planning phases.
Forschungsbericht Nr.179, Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Unfallforschung, Postfach 170202, 4600 Dortmund 17, Germany (Fed.Rep.), 1978. 105p. Illus. 8 ref. Price: DM.17.25.

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