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Occupational safety and health program requirements: Reference guide and workbook
Guidelines for developing an occupational safety and health programme are presented in this course workbook. The different elements of a programme are described along with practical suggestions for proper implementation.
Workers' Compensation Board, Occupational Safety and Health Division, Education and Training Section, P.O. Box 5350, Vancouver, British Columbia V5B 5L5, Canada, 1991. 82p. Illus.
Occupational safety and health program review: Reference guide and workbook
This manual is designed to assist organisations in the evaluation of their occupational safety and health programmes. It can be used in conjunction with the manual entitled Occupational Safety and Health Program. It covers: scoring the review; review results; recommendations of the review team; information gathering; document review; interviews. A sample questionnaire and inspection list form are also included.
Workers' Compensation Board, Occupational Safety and Health Division, Education and Training Section, P.O. Box 5350, Vancouver, British Columbia V5B 5L5, Canada, 1991. 82p. Illus.
Review of the OS&H program. Element No.13
This 30-minute course includes an instructor's guide and set of overheads. The course objective is to explain what is required in the proposed British Columbia regulations for reviewing occupational safety and health programmes.
Workers' Compensation Board of British Columbia, 6951 Westminster Highway, Richmond, British Columbia V7C 1C6, Canada, rev. ed., 1991. 1 kit.
How to implement an effective occupational safety and health program
Elements of an effective safety and health programme are described, such as workplace monitoring, danger identification and danger control. How to implement health and safety committees is also described. Aspects included: role and organisation of the committee, committee activities, how to conduct meetings, health and safety representatives. Appendices include a sample policy statement and forms.
Workers' Compensation Board of British Columbia, 6951 Westminster Highway, Richmond, British Columbia V7C 1C6, Canada, 1991. 64p. Illus.
The pros and cons of qualitative and quantitative analysis of safety systems
There are currently two separate coalitions regarding the analysis of safety/emergency shutdown/interlock systems used in the chemical and petroleum industries. These qualitative versus quantitative differences range from how risk is measured, how safety system performance is measured, and how the two can be related in order to determine which system is appropriate for the application in question. A review of each method is discussed along with their merits and limitations.
Hazard Prevention, 2nd Quarter 1991, Vol.27, No.2, p.6-11. Illus. 23 ref.
Traffic safety measures in our company
Waga sha no kōtsū anzen taisaku [en japonés]
The following 3 points are common keys to attain the goal of accident prevention: (1) the necessity of measures must be understood by company management, i.e., commitment by the whole company; (2) the company should show leadership in management organisations, stimulating them to issue directives and orders for safety to all employees, including vehicle drivers; and (3) small group activities in workplaces must be promoted, with drivers as the main target.
Japan Industrial Safety and Health Association, 5-31-1 Minato-ku, Tokyo 108, Japan, 20 Mar. 1991. 180p. Illus. Price: JPY 1100.
Cordes D.H., Rea D.F.
Preventive measures in agricultural settings
This paper examines the role of preventive measures in reducing death and injury in agriculture. The following areas are covered: legislation; engineering and design; environmental damage caused by pesticides; health provider education; farmer education. It is argued that U.S. federal government leadership is the key factor in education efforts, and several practical suggestions for legislative initiatives are offered. Several state and non-U.S. programmes are cited as examples of successful strategies for prevention, especially in the areas of legislation and farmer education.
Occupational Medicine: State of the Art Reviews, July-Sep. 1991, Vol.6, No.3, p.541-550. 31 ref.
Safety and health management planning
This book provides coverage of the safety and health management functions of middle and top management and the safety and health professional. It shows the senior manager how safety and health programming embraces profitable ways of operating effectiveness to achieve corporate goals. Main topics covered: safety and health management analysis techniques; cost reduction through safety and health management; developing effective operating policies; allocating safety and health responsibilities to different organisational levels; programme planning, development control and evaluation; legal and regulatory aspects of safety and health management in the United States.
Chapman and Hall Ltd., 2-6 Boundary Row, London SE1 8HN, United Kingdom, 1990. xv, 636p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Indexes. Price: GBP 47.00.
Cox S.J., Tait R.S.
Reliability, safety and risk management: An integrated approach
The authors of this book advocate an integrated approach to safety, reliability and management which involves bringing together efficient engineering systems and controls of plant and equipment (hardware), efficient management systems and procedures (software), a practical understanding of people (liveware), and a general knowledge of other human factor considerations. They explain in an essentially non-mathematical manner how high levels of safety and reliability can be attained, how they are assessed, and how residual risk can be managed so as to minimise harm to humans and to the environment.
Butterworth-Heinemann, Reed Book Services Ltd., P.O. Box 5, Rusheden Northants NN10 9YX, United Kingdom, 1991. viii, 289p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Appendix. Index.
Some further evaluations of the International Safety Rating System
The International Safety Rating System (ISRS), also known as the "Five Star" programme, is a safety audit programme designed to be used by managers of industrial sites. Secondary analysis was performed on 3 sets of data that were originally collected to assess the effectiveness of the ISRS. The analyses, which were based on South African and Australian mining experience and North American industrial experience, showed that the ISRS programme has no discernible effect on accident rates.
Safety Science, Nov. 1991, Vol.14, No.3-4, p.253-259. 6 ref.
Council Decision of 25 July 1991 on an action programme for European Year of Safety, Hygiene and Health at Work 1992 [CEC]
Décision du Conseil, du 25 juillet 1991, concernant un programme d'actions relatif à l'année européenne pour la sécurité, l'hygiène et la santé sur le lieu de travail (1992) [CCE] [en francés]
Provisions concerning the organisation in 1992 (from 1 March 1992 to 28 Feb. 1993) of the European Year of Safety, Hygiene and Health at Work. Contents of this decision: declaration of European Year - duration; coordinated actions carried out by the Community, the Member States, social partners, public and/or private organisations; financing; organisational arrangements; Member State participation; informing certain European bodies (e.g. the European Parliament, the Council) about the progress of work. Annex: actions envisaged for the European Year on 4 selected topics (cleanliness of air at work, safety at work, well-being at work, measures to combat noise and vibration).
Official Journal of the European Communities - Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, 2 Aug. 1991, Vol.34, No.L.214, p.77-80.
Oortman Gerlings P.D., Hale A.R.
Certification of safety services in large Dutch industrial companies
Study carried out for the Dutch Ministry of Social Affairs in order to help develop criteria for the evaluation of safety services under Dutch legislation. The criteria were developed from a combination of theoretical considerations and systematic expert opinion. The evaluation instrument is based on consideration of the safety system of a company as a problem solving and monitoring system in which the safety service plays a stimulating, advising and monitoring role. Criteria for assessing this role based on a description submitted by the company and by on-site visits are described. The paper reports a pilot study of the instrument in 5 companies.
Safety Science, May 1991, Vol.14, No.1, p.43-59. 45 ref.
Manual de prevención de los riesgos de incendio en la industria
Industrial fire hazards handbook [en inglés]
En el sumario de este manual: gestión de los riesgos de incendio en la industria; análisis y evaluación de riesgos; seguridad de los trabajadores; organización de las medidas de emergencia; riesgo de incendio en 22 sectores industriales importantes y para 14 procesos; riesgos de incendio asociados a líquidos inflamables y combustibles, gases industriales, GPL, centros informáticos, salas de limpieza, laboratorios, calderas de vapor, sistemas hidráulicos industriales, sistemas de refrigeración, climatización y ventilación, sistemas de manipulación de materiales, instalaciones eléctricas; prevención de los riesgos de incendio y lucha contra el fuego en los almacenes; control de los residuos industriales; llevanza de registros; orden y limpieza en el lugar de trabajo.
National Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269, USA, 3a ed., 1990. 1304p. Ilus. Ref.bibl. Indice.
Nordic Council of Ministers
A better working environment in the Nordic countries. Joint programme for the period 1990-1993
En bättre arbetsmiljö i Norden. Samarbetsprogram för perioden 1990-1993 [en sueco]
Based on the principles of the Nordic Convention on working environment (CIS 91-8, effective: 24 March 1990), the Nordic Council of Ministers specifies the activities to be launched for this programme of collaboration for a better working environment in the Nordic countries: collaboration between the Nordic inspectorates in developing uniform methods of inspection; harmonization of regulations; research on the economic aspects of improvements of working environment; expansion of plant safety services and correlation of activities; uniform methods of recording on occupational accidents and diseases; strengthening of the Nordic influence in European standardization work; coordination of research projects; coordination of training activities; close collaboration between the Nordic Council of Ministers and the labour market partners.
Svensk norsk bogimport a/s, Postbox 9059, Store Kongensgade 59 B, 1022 København K, Denmark; or: Allmänna Forlaget AB, Kundtjänst, 106 47 Stockholm, Sweden, 1990. 48p.
An OSH program in your workplace - Occupational Safety and Health
Programme de sécurité et de santé dans votre lieu de travail - Sécurité et santé au travail [en francés]
This publication is meant to assist employers and employees meet their obligations under Part II of the Canada Labour Code. How to organise, implement and monitor an occupational safety and health programme is explained through the use of comparison charts, diagrammes and examples.
Publications Distribution Centre, Labour Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0J2, Canada, 1990. 33p.
Lanas Ugarteburu P.M.
Plan de lucha contra el ruido - Protección de los trabajadores contra los riesgos derivados de la exposición al ruido
A plan for noise control in a small metalworking plant based on Spanish Royal Decree No.1316/1989 (see CIS 90-720) is presented. This plan includes measures concerning appropriate training and information, proper installation of machinery, sound and vibration isolation, and hearing protection. The detailed results of noise measurements taken before and after application of the plan show the efficiency of the measures taken. Tables and graphics are included.
Prevención, Jan.-Mar. 1990, No.111, p.8-19. Illus.
Safety basics - A generic guide for the development of a safety program within a small to medium sized construction company
Instructions for developing a safety programme for small to medium sized construction companies are outlined. A company safety manual can be assembled following the instructions and customised to suit individual needs.
Alberta Construction Safety Association, 10949 - 120 Street, Edmonton, Alberta T5H 3R2, Canada, 2nd ed., 1990. 1 Vol. (various pagination).
Safety basics audit
Part one details instructions for conducting a safety audit. Topics covered include preparing for the audit, conducting the audit and reporting after the audit. Part two describes audit forms and how to use them. Part three covers follow-up documentation, interviewing guidelines and supplementary forms.
Alberta Construction Safety Association, 10949 - 120 Street, Edmonton, Alberta T5H 3R2, Canada, 2nd ed., 1990. 1 Vol. (various pagination).
1990 Training Programme
La formation - Programme 1990 [en francés]
Training brochure on the role and objectives of the Tunisian Association for safety and the improvement of working conditions (ATSACT) and on its 1990 programme of activities. Main courses and modules include: manual handling, job study, fire safety at work, role of industrial nurses; basic first-aid training.
Institut de Santé et de Sécurité au Travail (ISST), Direction formation et information, 13, rue de Crête, 1000 Tunis, Tunisia, 1990. 20p.
Indulski J.A., Krajewski J.A., Majka J., Dutkiewicz T.
Project on chemical safety in Poland
This paper presents the main aspects of a proposed system of chemical safety in Poland. General principles include theoretical guidelines, definition of chemical safety, scope of issues, goals and targets of the system, organisational and legislative structures, and conditions for the implementation of the chemical safety system. This system is to be based on the idea that any activity related to the use of chemical substances creates a risk of producing adverse health and environmental effects. According to the definition adopted, chemical safety is said to exist when concentrations of chemical compounds in the environment do not rise to a point where there is a risk of harmful effects on health. It is proposed that the system be coordinated by the National Coordinating Committee on Chemical Safety. The most urgent task of the Committee would be to draft a law on health protection against toxic effects of chemical substances.
Polish Journal of Occupational Medicine, 1990, Vol.3, No.4, p.341-349. 12 ref.
Infection control guidelines - Antimicrobial utilization in health care facilities
These guidelines were formulated to assist health care facilities in developing and implementing programmes to promote appropriate antimicrobial use. General principles of antimicrobial use, the essential components of an institutional programme and the organisation and implementation of a programme are presented. An annotated bibliography, glossary, and terms of reference of the working group which formulated the guidelines are appended. Also available in French.
Bureau of Communicable Disease Epidemiology, Laboratory Centre for Disease Control, Health Protection Branch, Department of National Health and Welfare, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0L2, Canada, 1990. 22p. Illus. 47 ref.
Managing safety and health programs
The introductory chapters of this textbook cover the basics of managing safety and health programmes and the establishment and activities of the safety and health committee. These are followed by chapters on the formation and responsibilities of task groups involved in: safety activities; rules and procedures; education and training; inspection and audits; health and the environment; fire and emergency; housekeeping; accident investigation. A final chapter looks at staff safety and health responsibilities. Appendices include a series of sample forms and addresses of organisations offering advice and information.
Routledge, Chapman and Hall Ltd., Cheriton House, (Dept. C), North Way, Andover, Hampshire SP10 5BE, United Kingdom, 1990. viii, 264p. Illus. Index. Price: GBP 29.00.
Guide to workplace housekeeping
Guide d'entretien des locaux de travail [en francés]
Information note on effective workplace housekeeping. Elements in a housekeeping programme are described: dust and dirt removal, employee facilities, surfaces, aisles and stairways, spill control, tools and equipment, maintenance, waste disposal, storage. In the appendix: checklist.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, 1990. iii, 11p. 8 ref.
Roland H.E., Moriarty B.
System safety engineering and management
This comprehensive reference/self-teaching textbook covers at length today's most sophisticated system safety processes offering step-by-step instruction for all programme procedures - from formulation and management to conducting required analysis that can be directly applied to achieve a satisfactory state of safety. Six chapters of the book, each containing exercises for self-teaching, focus respectively on management, statistical methods, network analysis, hazard analysis, risk analysis and decision analysis. Statistical tables and answers to quantitative exercises are summarised in appendices.
John Wiley and Sons Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex PO22 9SA, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 1990. xiii, 339p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Appendices. Index. Price: GBP 47.50.
Stricoff R.S., Walters D.B.
Laboratory health and safety handbook: a guide for the preparation of a chemical hygiene plan
This handbook provides information and step-by-step guidelines for laboratory managers, supervisors and safety officers to assist them in developing procedures that comply with new regulations from the U.S. Labour Department's Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) governing occupational exposure to recognition and anticipation of laboratory hazards; responsibilities; training; hygiene plan; standard operating procedures; emergency plans; general laboratory design; barrier system design; fire and explosion protection; human factors design criteria; chemical exposure evaluation; protective equipment; biohazards; radiation; controlled substances; waste management; regulations.
John Wiley and Sons Ltd., Baffins Lane, Chichester, West Sussex PO22 9SA, United Kingdom, 1990. xix, 330p. Illus. Bibl. Index. Price: GBP 43.70.
Preventive measures in the leather and shoe industries
Iniziative di prevenzione nell'industria calzaturiera e pellettiera [en italiano]
The paper presents the results of a survey of the organisation and implementation of preventive medicine programmes in the shoe and leather industries 10 years after the introduction of the National Health Service in Italy. According to the survey results, there was a marked difference between the resources available in central and northern Italy where, although unevenly, prevention at the workplace has improved, and the regions of southern Italy where the resources were much more limited. The methods used by the Occupational Health Services in the territories under study are described, which are characterised by programmed or planned activities (according to industrial sector) mainly aimed at acquiring better knowledge of the risk factors and their effective elimination.
Medicina del lavoro, May-June 1990, Vol.81, No.3, p.177-183. 13 ref.
Prevention measures in the tanning industry
Iniziative di prevenzione nell'industria conciaria [en italiano]
The paper presents the results of a survey of preventive measures in the tanning industry 10 years after the introduction of the National Health Service in Italy. The aims and procedures of the National Health Service programmes and the Local Health Units in northern, central and southern Italy are described. A marked difference was observed between the southern and central-northern regions as regards size and quality of the occupational health services and the number of programmed activities aimed at risk assessment and preventive measures.
Medicina del lavoro, May-June 1990, Vol.81, No.3, p.171-176. 2 ref.
National Occupational Health and Safety Commission (Worksafe Australia)
A national approach to occupational health and safety for women workers
Contents of this booklet devoted to the setting up of a national strategy in Australia for the protection of women in the labour force against occupational accidents and diseases. Contents: why a national approach is necessary; statistics on women in the labour market; workplace reform and occupational health and safety; implementation strategy; demonstration projects (including the development of an Australian Anthropometric Data Set).
Australian Government Publishing Service, GPO Box 84, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia, Mar. 1990. 21p.
Safety campaigns in companies
Veranstaltungen im Rahmen der betrieblichen Sicherheitsarbeit [en alemán]
Safety campaigns in companies can help to reduce the accident rate if they are planned carefully. Check lists for planning the campaign and selecting the programme are provided. A questionnaire for employees to present their recommendations on improving safety and a list of possible sponsors of safety campaigns are presented.
Die BG, May 1990, No.5, p.260-264, 266. Illus.
Bureau of Inspection of Occupational Safety and Health, Ministry of Labour
China occupational safety and health yearbook 1988-1989
Sections cover: legislation and policies (principal documents and legislation, documents and regulations of the Labour Ministry, other ministries and local governments, lists of standards and rules); inspection (inspection system, methods and experience, list of projects for 1989); administration (administrative regulations for safety management, methods and experience); publicity, education and information (system establishment, methods and experience, lists of publications and videotapes, example programmes); science and technology (system establishement, research programme, achievements, important people and organisations); accident management (documents, handling of accidents, causes of fatal accidents in 1988 and 1989, and of serious accidents in 1988). The proportion of fatalities and serious injuries due to each cause is given; no other statistical information is present.
Shanghai Translation and Publishing Centre, Inc., 597 Fuxing Zhonglu, Shanghai 200020, People's Republic of China, Oct. 1990. 454p. Illus.
Casebook of successful 4S movement in smaller Japanese businesses
The 4S programme promotes workplace safety through good housekeeping, symbolised by the words seiri (order), seiton (arrangement), seiso (cleanliness) and seiketsu (tidiness). This booklet describes how 18 small and medium-sized companies put the "4S Rule" into practice in their enterprises, frequently adding a 5th S: shitsuke (training, self-discipline). Sectors represented: foods, engineering, manufacturing, railcar repair.
Japan Industrial Safety and Health Association, 35-1, Shiba 5-chome, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108, Japan, Jan. 1990. 115p. Illus. Price: JPY 1,200; USD 8.00.
Harms-Ringdahl L., Sundström-Frisk C., Andersson R.
The International Conference on Strategies for Occupational Accident Prevention
Selection of papers and abstracts presented at the International Conference on Strategies for Occupational Accident Prevention, held in Stockholm, Sweden, 21-22 September 1989. Topics covered: societal strategies, risk assessment and setting of safety priorities; management and organisation of company strategies, including safety control in design, expert systems in safety management, economic evaluation of improving safety measures; behavioural approaches to company strategies; use of safety analysis in automatic production systems; use of accident research for the improvement of workplace safety and studies of injury rates; use of national information systems for work induced injuries; epidemiological approaches to accident research with examples taken from various industries.
Journal of Occupational Accidents, June 1990, Vol.12, Nos. 1-3, Special issue, 254p. Bibl.
Mathieu D., Mathieu-Nolf M., Wattel J.F., Delmas C., Laurent P., Frimat P., Furon D.
Prevention of decompression accidents caused by work in compressed air
Prévention des accidents de décompression dus au travail en air comprimé. Expérience du chantier du métro de Lille [en francés]
During work on the Lille (France) underground railway, a particular tunnelling technique was used: mud-pressure tunnelling. This technique requires workers to stay in a hyperbaric chamber. Physicians of the Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Centre, having been consulted by doctors of the construction site, developed a programme for the prevention of accidents related to work in a pressurised atmosphere. The programme, which requires close collaboration by occupational physicians, factory inspectors, foremen, emergency services, the fire brigade and the contractor, was highly successful. There were no decompression accidents at all. The development of such programmes is strongly recommended.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, 1990, Vol.51, No.1, p.1-5. 16 ref.
Systematic safety and health work - Mapping and plan of action
Systematisk verne- og miljøarbeid - Kartlegging og handlingsplan [en noruego]
This training booklet gives practical advice on how to start a safety programme in the workplace. It contains information on the responsibilities of employers, the investigation of working conditions (called "mapping"), co-operation between management, safety delegates, employee representatives and plant health services, the establishment of a plan of action in order to achieve better working conditions and the information of personnel. A check list and a work sheet for the investigation of the working conditions as well as an example of a plan of action are included.
Direktoratet for arbeidstilsynet, Postboks 8103 Dep., 0032 Oslo 1, Norway, 1990. 8p. Illus.
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
From project to construction site - Working conditions, quality, cost effectiveness
Du projet au chantier - Conditions de travail, qualité, performances économiques [en francés]
Do projecto ao estaleiro - Condições de trabalho, qualidade, resultados económicos [en portugués]
Summary of this training manual on construction safety: current trends (the changing economic climate as it affects the construction industry, the emergence of the European Economic Space, the changing system of subcontracting within the construction industry, the economic costs of accidents and low quality); hidden costs of faulty work, accidents and deteriorating working conditions; costs due to bad planning and lack of co-ordination during the building process; quality control, ergonomics and value analysis; new stages in the architectural cycle (concept of "constructibility", systemic management of projects, costs of the prevention of faulty work, proper anticipation of social and financial costs, actions in function of the preventive strategy chosen).
Office des publications officielles des Communauté européennes, 2 rue Mercier, 2985 Luxembourg, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, 1989. 63p. Illus. 17 ref. Price: ECU 12.90, FRF 97.00, BEF 590.00.
The safety system underground
Components of a safety programme for underground mining. Contents: sources of accidents; statistical analysis of the causes of non-fatal and fatal injuries; job hazard analysis and accident classification; responsibilities.
Mines Accident Prevention Association Ontario, P.O. Box 1468, 147 McIntyre Street West, North Bay, Ontario P1B 8K6, Canada, 1989. 12p.
Sánchez Camargo E.
Metodología para elaborar programas de salud y seguridad en el trabajo
A simple and practical methodology to elaborate occupational safety and health programmes is presented in this self-instruction manual. This methodology is focused on prevention through individual training. Information on different aspects of occupational safety and health is presented, followed by questionnaires and self-evaluation tests. After a review of occupational safety and health theory, planning and programming in relation to the prevention of occupational risks are discussed. Some examples of training programmes are given.
Centro Interamericano de Estudios de Seguridad Social (IMSS), México D.F., Mexico, Feb. 1989. 116p. Illus. 31 ref.
Strategies for occupational accident prevention
Properties (including some abstracts only) from an international conference on strategies for occupational accident prevention in developing countries, held in Stockholm, Sweden, September 21-22, 1989. Topics covered include: general occupational health and safety conditions and strategies in various countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America; ergonomic aspects; robot engineering; explosion prevention; workers' behaviour and psychosocial factors; disaster prevention and relief; electrostatic hazards; the role of training in accident prevention; manual materials handling; agricultural accidents and health hazards; accident studies.
National Board of Occupational Safety and Health, 171 84 Solna, Sweden, 1989. 104p. Illus. Bibl.
Kohlhase D., Schubert K.
Auf Nummer sicher gehen [en alemán]
The analysis of occupational accidents in a German gas company revealed that 40% were due to stumbling, slipping and falling. A training programme for employees was worked out. In courses employees were taught safe behaviour on ladders, stairs, on the level and when getting in and out of cars. Video-films, overhead transparencies and posters were used to illustrate dangers and methods to prevent accidents.
Sicherheitsingenieur, 1989, Vol.20, No.12, p.16-20. Illus.
Safe behaviour reinforcement
This book describes behaviour modification and explains how it may be applied to industrial safety. Part 1 examines human caused accidents, the influence of the work environment, employee characteristics, and human error, and describes traditional behaviour change concepts such as training and motivating. Part 2 provides an alternative approach to behaviour modification in terms of elimination of unwanted behaviour, learning of new responses and application of reinforcement schedules. Part 3 explains how to install a system of safe behaviour reinforcement and results to be expected. Details are given of the application of this approach in various industries, and the results achieved.
Aloray Inc., 215 Greenwich Avenue, Goshen NY 10924-9965, USA, 1989. 181p. Illus. Bibl.
Catastrophe modeling of the accident process: Evaluation of an accident reduction program using the occupational hazards survey
In an attempt to explain and predict the contribution of human error to occupational accidents, an accident process model based on catastrophe theory was developed and tested. The Occupational Hazards Survey was used to gather data from US mill and foundry workers pertaining to hazards and dangers, adequacy of safety management, stress, anxiety, and beliefs about accident control. The experiment evaluated change in accident rates as a function of initial accident rates, survey variables, group size and implementations of recommendations derived from the survey data. It was concluded that qualitative variables and recommendations significantly impacted on accident rates, and that the nonlinear model was a superior predictor of change when compared with a linear model containing the same qualitative variables.
Accident Analysis and Prevention, Feb. 1989, Vol.21, No.1, p.61-77. Illus. 74 ref.
Dealing with alcohol at work: The development of workplace policies
Discussion of the problem of alcohol consumption during the working day. It is stated that moderate drinkers, because they are more numerous, contribute more to the overall level of alcohol-related problems than do "problem drinkers". Flow-charts are presented for workplace action in cases of (a) a referral from management and (b) self referral.
Safety and Health Practitioner, June 1989, Vol.7, No.6, p.11-13. 8 ref.
A guideline for managing the industrial hygiene sampling function
The "Alcoa Sampling Guideline" is an example of how one corporation manages the industrial hygiene sampling function. Its goals are to assure a healthful work environment and encourage personal monitoring. The concepts of baseline evaluation and periodic surveillance are introduced. Baselines are established whenever exposures are anticipated to approach or exceed 30% of the permissible limit. The statistical parameters of the baseline and other factors are used to determine periodic sampling needs. The periodic surveillance frequency varies from 6 months to 3 yr with three to nine samples required in each time interval. The guideline is intended to complement rather than to supplant the judgment of the industrial hygienist. As a management tool, the guideline is used to quantify plantwide sampling needs and derive sampling schedules. Moreover, criteria are available for evaluating the adequacy of a plant's exposure monitoring progrmme.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, July 1989, Vol.50, No.7, p.336-371. Illus. 16 ref.
Andersen G.H., Smith A.C., Daigle L.T.
An approach to occupational health risk management for a diversified international corporation
The 3-step programme of plant reviews involves initial assessment visits designed to determine the compliance status and degree of sophistication of the occupational health programme. These assessments are followed by more formal assurance reviews which include consultation, training, and programme support. Finally, formal surveillance reviews are conducted to verify compliance with respect to company and regulatory agency requirements. Each type of review requires planning and adherence to a standardised process to allow comparability of the information generated. Critical elements of this approach include senior management support, knowledge of applicable regulations, and communication of results. Reporting is done on several levels and is designed to communicate relevant information to management from line supervisors to the board of directors. Corrective action, where indicated, is planned by local managers with assistance from other groups as required. Corrective action plan implementation is tracked in conjunction with other monitoring mechanisms.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Apr. 1989, Vol.50, No.4, p.224-228. 5 ref.
Report of the committee for preparation of the 1) model schedule on inspection of hazardous industries and fixing priorities of inspection; 2) model format for on-site/off-site emergency plans
This document is intended to serve as a model format for the survey of hazardous units and as an inspection check-list for factory inspectors so that an all-India directory of such units could be prepared. This directory will furnish information about these units including chemicals used, stored or produced and their quantity (maximum) present at any time so that the hazard could be assessed and plans could be made to meet any emergencies. Main topics: survey of hazardous units and inspection check-lists, priority, inpection scheduling, planning for emergencies, recommendations.
Directorate General Factory Advice Service & Labour Institute, Government of India, Ministry of Labour, Sion, Bombay-400022, India, 1987. 110p.
König C.D., Kirschstein G., Weller E.
Quality circles in the service of occupational safety
Qualitätszirkel im Dienste der Arbeitssicherheit [en alemán]
This procedure to be included in quality circles for occupational safety measures starts with the description of the occupational accident. Next the causes are identified and weighted. Available preventive measures are listed for each cause. An accident involving a forklift truck is used to illustrate the procedure.
Die BG, Mar. 1989, No.3, p.112-115. Illus. 5 ref.
Safety training programme aimed at unsafe behaviour and its success in a production facility of the automobile industry
Schwerpunktorientierte psychologische Massnahmenprogramme und deren Bewährung in einem Betrieb der Automobilindustrie [en alemán]
In a truck axle manufacturing plant in Kassel, Germany (Fed. Rep.), the frequency of serious accidents at the various production steps was determined. For each serious accident the unsafe human actions and their effects were identified. Between safety officers and managers a programme was worked out aiming at improving safety awareness among the workers. The success of the programme is illustrated by the reduction of accidents (per million workig hours) from 107 in 1983 to 60 in 1987.
Die Nordwestliche, 1989, No.4, p.124-127. Illus.
Personal protective equipment - Program
Equipement de protection individuelle - Programme d'utilisation et d'entretien [en francés]
Twelfth of a series of 12 data sheets on personal protective equipment. Aspects covered: designing a programme; promotional strategy; workplace survey; selection; fitting and wearing; maintenance; training; support; auditing the programme.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, 1989. 1p. Illus.
Occupational safety and health program audit: Report with guidelines
Guidance for conducting an occupational safety and health programme audit is presented. The workbook includes: programme ratings; elements of the safety and health programme which are to be rated; forms which can be utilised for the audit; forms for the auditor's summary remarks.
Workers' Compensation Board, Occupational Safety and Health Division, Education and Training Section, P.O. Box 5350, Vancouver, British Columbia V5B 5L5, Canada, 1988. 42p.
International Safety Conference
Le Congrès international de la prévention [en francés]
Proceedings of the International Safety Conference held in Montreal, 11-14 June 1988. Papers are grouped under the following headings: the history and evolution of work accidents (evolution of legislation on occupational safety; social and economic consequences of work accidents; accident prevention measures); occupational safety - a question of management or improvisation (accident prevention as a matter of industry culture, shared responsibility, worker motivation, integrating safety in the management process); noise reduction in the workplace; back injuries; the impact of ergonomics on occupational safety and health; new technologies and the changing environment for safety and risk at work.
Ligue de sécurité du Québec, 6785 ouest, rue Saint-Jacques, Montréal, Québec H4B IV3, Canada, 1988. 228p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Accident prevention in small industries
Occupational safety and health should be given top priority in order to prevent accidents and occupational diseases. Preventive measures should focus on the harmful effects of poor environmental conditions. Responsibilities of the employers in this respect include provision of a workplace free from recognised hazards, ensuring worksites conform to applicable standards, warning employees of potential hazards and ensuring employees follow safety and health requirements. A hazard analysis is a first requirement in minimising or reducing hazards. Dangers from machinery include mechanical hazards due to moving parts and less obvious hazards such as emission of radiation, noise and vibration and ergonomic defects. Machinery should be equipped with appropriate safeguards. Managers, supervisors and workers should be trained in safe working practices. The principles of ergonomics should be applied in all areas.
East African Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, 31 Dec. 1988, No.3, p.8-13. Illus.
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