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  • Personal protection

1992

CIS 95-859
Schwops (Luton) Ltd.
Equipos de protección personal
"Personal protective equipment" [en inglés]
Videocasete, dirigida a los gestores, sobre el empleo de los equipos de protección personal (EPP) en el lugar de trabajo, de acuerdo con los términos de la Directiva 89/656/CEE (CIS 90-385) y del Reglamento Británico de 1992 correspondiente (CIS 93-6). Puntos principales tratados: repercusión de la nueva legislación; definición de los EPP; obligaciones de los empresarios y los trabajadores autónomos; evaluaciones (con listas de control); mantenimiento; renovación y almacenamiento; obligaciones de los trabajadores (formación, información); lista de ejemplos de EPP. El folleto explicativo puede utilizarse conjuntamente con el videocasete en las actividades de formación.
CFL Vision, P.O. Box 35, Wetherby, Yorkshire LS23 7EX, Reino Unido, 1992. Videocasete (duración: 17min.) + cuaderno (28p., Ilus.).

CIS 95-858
Schwops (Luton) Ltd.
¡Eso no me pasa a mí!
"It won't happen to me" [en inglés]
Videocasete dirigido a los trabajadores, donde se exponen las razones por las que deben utilizarse los equipos de protección personal (PPE), sus posibles riesgos, su empleo correcto y su mantenimiento y almacenaje. El folleto que se adjunta puede utilizarse conjuntamente con el videocasete dentro de las actividades formativas.
CFL Vision, P.O. Box 35, Wetherby, Yorkshire LS23 7EX, Reino Unido, 1992. Videocasete (duración: 12min.) + cuaderno (20p., Ilus.).

CIS 95-363 Reddell C.R., Congleton J.J., Huchingson R.D., Montgomery J.F.
Evaluación de un lumbostato y curso de formación para la prevención de lesiones dorsales entre los trabajadores de equipajes de compañías aéreas
An evaluation of a weightlifting belt and back injury prevention training class for airline baggage handlers [en inglés]
Se ha efectuado un estudio sobre 642 operarios de equipajes que utilizaban lumbostato y/o habían participado en un curso de prevención de lesiones dorsales de una hora; se ha establecido una comparación con un grupo de control que no disponía de cinturones ni habían participado en el curso. Esencialmente se ha comprobado que la tasa de absentismo era más alta en los grupos cuyos miembros habían dejado de utilizar lumbostato que en el grupo que solamente había participado en el curso de formación o en el grupo de control. La utilización de un lumbostato no es recomendable durante las tareas de elevación de cargas para el trabajo cotidiano de los operarios de equipajes, toda vez que este dispositivo puede incrementar el riesgo de accidentes en el momento en que se deje de utilizar.
Applied Ergonomics, oct. 1992, vol.23, n°5, p.319-329. Ilus. 29 ref.

CIS 94-864
Health and Safety Executive (HSE)
Personal protective equipment at work
This booklet gives guidance on the Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations 1992 (abstracted under CIS 93-6). Part 1 contains the text of the Regulations interspersed with respective guidance (interpretation and disapplication of the Regulations; provision of personal protective equipment (PPE); compatibility, assessment, maintenance and replacement of PPE; accommodation for PPE; information, instruction and training; use of PPE; reporting loss or defect). Part 2 provides advice on the selection, use and maintenance of specific types of PPE (protection of the head, eye, foot, hand and arm, protective clothing for the body). Relevant legislation and British and European standards are listed.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. iii, 40p. Illus. 111 ref. Price: GBP 5.00.

CIS 94-524 Special use - Expoprotection - F92
Numéro spécial - Expoprotection - F92 [en francés]
Catalogue of products and services exhibited at Expoprotection (Exhibition on protection and safety) and at F92 (Professional Show on fire safety and rescue systems) held in Le Bourget (France) from 8 to 11 Sep. 1992. Contents: electronic safety; mechanical protection (fire doors, fire-proof cabinets); extinguishing systems (extinguishers, sprinklers); protection of workers (personal protective equipment; boots, gloves, hazard identification); services (monitoring, audits, training); institutions. List of exhibitors.
Face au risque, July 1992, special issue, 116p. Illus. Index.

CIS 94-498 Personal protective equipment
Protections individuelles [en francés]
Contents of this special illustrated issue on personal protective equipment (PPE) for the construction industry: PPE in Europe; survey of different types of PPE mentioning, if applicable, the type of hazard, the characteristics of the equipment its use and maintenance, the relevant regulations, the role of OSH specialists, addresses of manufacturers, etc. Equipment covered includes: hard hats, safety glasses and goggles, hearing protectors, masks and hoods, gloves, creams and protective preparations, safety shoes and boots, working clothes and protective clothing, safety harnesses, knee pads and peripheral protectors, support belts, personal equipment for protection against falls. Bibliography on safety in the construction industry (list of manuals, safety data sheets, brochures, posters, safety guides, audiovisual tools (slide sets, video cassettes)). Insert: 2 safety data sheets, one on eye and face protective equipment and the other on the transport of motor fuel by road. Interpretation document on Law No. 91-1414 of 31 Dec. 1991 (CIS 94-000). Tables of contents in English, German, Italian and Spanish.
Cahiers des Comités de prévention du bâtiment et des travaux publics, Mar.-Apr.-May-June 1992, No.269-270, 79p. (11p. insert). Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 93-1575 Carrer P., Maroni M., Farulla A., Simonazzi S., Iachetta R.
Efficacy of personal prevention measures in metal exposure control in welders
Efficacia delle misure di prevenzione personale nel contenimiento della esposizione a metalli dei saldatori [en italiano]
Biological monitoring of welders employed in a power plant showed urinary nickel levels largely exceeding the reference values (Ni-U welders mean=43.2, S.D.=22.1µg/24 h; Ni-U reference values mean=2.7, S.D.=1.4µg/24 h). Subsequently urinary excretion levels of other metals (Cr, Zn, fe, Mn, Cu, Al, Pb) were measured for a more complete assessment of occupational exposure of these subjects; only aluminium and lead were found to slightly exceed the reference values and correlate with urinary nickel levels. As a consequence of these results, some adjustments in personal prevention measures were introduced at the workplace; the subsequent biological monitoring checks showed a progressive reduction in urinary nickel excretion levels over time in all welders.
Medicina del lavoro, Nov.-Dec. 1992, Vol.83, No.86, p.587-595. Illus. 23 ref.

CIS 93-1079 Consumer Protection: Health and Safety - The Personal Protective Equipment (EC Directive) Regulations 1992 [United Kingdom]
These Regulations implement in the United Kingdom Council Directive 89/686/EEC (see CIS 90-381) on the approximation of the laws of the member States relating to personal protective equipment (PPE). They provide for the issuing of prohibition and warning notices and of forfeiture orders under the Consumer Protection Act 1987 and for the approval and withdrawal of approval of certification and monitoring bodies. They lay down the conditions for the free movement of PPE and components. In the schedule: full text of the Directive.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1993. 24p. Illus. Price: GBP 4.15.

CIS 93-1344 Baret M.H.
Comparison of the efficiency and comfort of two personal protection systems against noise
Comparaison de l'efficacité et du confort de deux protecteurs individuels contre le bruit [en francés]
To evaluate the efficiency of a personal hearing protector it is necessary to consider not only its attenuation spectrum, but also its comfort level, because it might have to be worn for a long period of time. This study compared these two aspects in foam ear plugs and moulder ear protectors. Attenuation was better with the foam plugs, but moulded ear protectors also afforded sufficient protection. On the other hand, moulded ear protectors were more comfortable because of their better ergonomic design, and are recommended for this reason.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, 1992, Vol.53, No.2, p.125-129. Illus. 2 ref.

CIS 93-798 Partida Perdigones E.
Los equipos y medios de protección individual - Presente y futuro
Legal provisions establishing the official approval of personal protective equipment in Spain are discussed. The most important Spanish legal text on the matter is the General Ordinance on occupational safety and health of 1974 (see CIS 76-1495). Also discussed are EEC Council Directive 89/686/EEC (see CIS 90-381) on the approximation of the laws of the member States relating to personal protective equipment and Council Directive 89/656/EEC (see CIS 90-385) on the minimum health and safety requirements for the use by workers of personal protective equipment at the workplace.
Salud y trabajo, 1992, No.93, p.19-23. Illus.

CIS 93-409 Marti B.
Personal protective equipment. A guide for employers and safety specialists
Persönliche Schutzausrüstungen - Eine Einführung für Arbeitgeber und Sicherheitsfachleute [en alemán]
Equipaggiamenti individuali di protezione - Una guida pratica per i datori di lavoro e gli addetti alla sicurezza [en italiano]
Equipements individuels de protection - Présentation pour les employeurs et les spécialistes de la sécurité [en francés]
This training guide provides information on Swiss legislation applying to personal protective equipment and its selection criteria and safety requirements. Chapter 3 provides advice on how to convince workers to wear the equipment and to accept being obliged to wear it. Equipment dealt with: hair protection equipment, safety helmets, safety spectacles, face and eye protectors, hearing protectors, safety gloves, arm protectors, safety shoes, respirators, work and protective clothing, fall protection.
Cahiers suisses de la sécurité au travail, Caisse nationale d'assurance en cas d'accidents, Case postale, 6200 Lucerne, Switzerland, Dec. 1992, 87p. Illus. 13 ref.

CIS 93-246 Geerissen H.
Protective gloves against chemicals
Chemikalienschutzhandschuhe [en alemán]
Types and properties of materials used: natural rubber; chloroprene rubber; acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber; isobutylene-isoprene-rubber; fluorinated rubber; polyvinyl chloride; polyvinyl alcohol; methods used to assess protection against chemicals (permeability, resistance to degradation and stretching). Critical discussion of various criteria and concepts used to evaluate the resistance of protective gloves.
Die BG, Aug. 1992, Vol.8, p.460-466. Illus.

CIS 93-6 Health and Safety - The Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations 1992 [United Kingdom]
These Regulations give effect in Great Britain to Council Directive 89/656/EEC (see CIS 90-385). They impose health and safety requirements with respect to the provision for, and use by, persons at work of personal protective equipment. Its scope excludes sea transport, the wearing of ordinary working clothes and uniforms, and portable devices for the detection and signalling of risks. Also excluded, for most of the Regulations, is protective equipment used against certain hazards dealt with by other legislation (ionising radiation; noise; falling objects on construction sites; exposure to lead, asbestos and hazardous substances in general). Topics covered: obligation of the employer to provide suitable personal protective equipment; compatibility and assessment of such equipment; maintenance and replacement; accommodation of equipment; information, instruction and training; use; reporting of loss and defects; exemption certificates. Certain other Regulations are modified. Some Regulations, including The Protection of Eyes Regulations 1974 (CIS 75-503), are revoked.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 11p. Price: GBP 2.70.

CIS 93-86 Product bank
Produktbanken [en sueco]
Semi-annual catalogue of safety and industrial hygiene products and services published by the Joint Industrial Safety Council of Sweden, which links major employers' and workers' organisations. Commercial and non-commercial sources are represented.
Arbetarskyddsnämnden, Box 3208, 103 64 Stockholm, Sweden, Sep. 1992. Issue No.25. Article No.354. 162p. Illus.

CIS 93-304 Hattori Y., Kodama Y., Kawamoto T.
Questionnaire survey for the fitness of protective equipments used by workers
Rōdō eisei hogogu no mondaiten - Rōdōsha ni taisuru ankēto chōsa [en japonés]
Questionnaire surveys on the opinions of workers regarding personal protective equipment were conducted for three consecutive years (1987-1989) at a personal protective equipment exhibition which is held annually at an industrial enterprise during Japan's Labour Hygiene Week, and is attended by workers of the enterprise and associated enterprises. One out of five to six returned questionnaires indicated problems associated with protective equipment at work, but the number and rate of such complaints declined from year to year. Safety spectacles were by far the most common source of complaint (10% of total questionnaire returned), followed by earplugs (1.3%) and dust masks (1.2%), but the number and rate of complaints on protective spectacles decreased each year; the most frequent complaints were: "lens becoming misty", "cords becoming weakened", and "lens easily scratched".
Japanese Journal of Industrial Health - Sangyō-Igaku, Jan. 1992, Vol.34, No.1, p.40-41. 3 ref.

CIS 92-2012
Health and Safety Executive
Respiratory protective equipment. Legislative requirements and lists of HSE approved standards and type approved equipment
This guidance document is a revision of the 1991 edition (see CIS 91-1976). Contents: legislative requirements for the use of RPE in the United Kingdom, type approval certificates and user action; list of HSE-approved standards for RPE; annotated list of HSE-approved equipment; addresses of manufacturers and suppliers.
HMSO Books, PO Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 3rd ed., 1992. 63p. Price: GBP 3.25.

CIS 92-1920
Centro de Experimentación y Seguridad Vial (MAPFRE, Avila, Spain)
La protección personal del chapista o reparador de carrocerías
This article examines the most common operations carried out in car-body repairwork, the inherent risks involved in each operation and the protective measures, in particular personal protection, to be adopted for each case. The different operations covered are: cutting and disassembly of parts; sanding; welding; metal stretching; glass repair and replacement. It is essential to provide sheet-metal workers with the necessary information and training on equipment, methods and protection measures.
Mapfre seguridad, 2nd Quarter 1992, No.46, p.11-17. Illus.

CIS 92-1509 NIOSH certified equipment list as of December 31, 1991
This list is provided as part of the NIOSH testing, approval and certification programme for personal protective devices and industrial hazard measuring instruments (previous list: see CIS 91-1958). Certified products listed include coal mine dust personal sampler units, self-contained breathing apparatus, gas masks, supplied air respirators, particulate respirators, chemical cartridges, powered air purifiers and vinyl chloride respirators. Brief technical details are given of each product listed, and names and addresses of manufacturers and distributors are provided.
Publications Dissemination, DSDTT, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA, Jan. 1992. 549p.

CIS 92-1561 Valanis B., Vollmer W.M., Labuhn K., Glass A., Corelle C.
Antineoplastic drug handling protection after OSHA guidelines - Comparison by profession, handling activity, and work site
Although the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) issued antineoplastic drug handling guidelines in 1986, literature reports indicated that use of protection in the early 1980s did not meet OSHA standards. This study investigated the use of protection by pharmacy and nursing staff in a national sample of facilities. Use of protection by the study sample in 1988 to 1989 is compared with their past use, with use of protection in previous studies, and with OSHA guidelines. In general, pharmacists are better protected than are nurses, and hospital staff are better protected than staff in outpatient settings who also tend to handle more drugs. Although improving over time, protective garment use does not meet OSHA guidelines, particularly among nurses when administering agents or handling patient excreta.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Feb. 1992, Vol.34, No.2, p.149-155. 23 ref.

CIS 92-1211
Health and Safety Commission - Ceramics Industry Advisory Committee
Personal protective equipment
This booklet advises on the provision and use of personal protective equipment (PPE) in the ceramics industry. The need for protective clothing is outlined along with the responsibilities of employers to provide appropriate clothing and guidance on how it should be worn and taken care of. The use of respirators and eye and ear protectors is also outlined.
Health and Safety Executive, Library and Information Services, Broad Lane, Sheffield S3 7HQ, United Kingdom, 1992. 11p. Illus. 3 ref.

1991

CIS 95-451 Manual de prendas de protección personal
En este sumario de este manual con vocación pedagógica y dirigido a los trabajadores: requisitos generales de los equipos de protección individual (EPI); clasificación de EPI (protección de la cabeza, oidos, ojos, cara, vías respiratorias, manos y pies); tabla comparativa de guantes de protección contra ciertas sustancias; ropas especiales de protección.
Consejo de Salud Ocupacional, San José, Costa Rica, 1991. 28p. Ilus. Indice.

CIS 94-1102 Instructivo No.17 relativo a los requerimientos y características del equipo de protección personal para los trabajadores
Directive issued in accordance with provisions of the Occupational Health and Safety Regulations (CIS 83-2092). It prescribes the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) in the following situations: when hazard evaluation indicates that the use of PPE is the only or a complementary means of hazard control; when the nature of the activities normally performed at the workplace requires it; as a temporary measure while a hazard is under evaluation; as an emergency prevention measure. Responsibilities of employers and workers regarding the selection, use and checking of PPE are outlined. Particular provisions relating to hearing, eye and respiratory protection are given. Directive No.17 of 1983 is repealed.
Secretaría del Trabajo y Previsión Social, Doctor Vértiz 96, 06720 México, D.F., Mexico, 1991. 4p. Also in: Diario Oficial, 17 Dec. 1991.

CIS 94-403 Law No.91-1414 of 31 Dec. 1991 modifying the Labour Code and the Public Health Code in order to promote the prevention of occupational hazards and integrating European directives on Occupational Health and Safety into national legislation [France]
Loi n°91-1414 du 31 déc. 1991 modifiant le code du travail et (...) de la santé publique en vue de favoriser la prévention des risques professionnels et portant transposition de directives européennes relatives à la santé et à la sécurité du travail [France] [en francés]
This law integrates the provisions of European directives on OSH into French legislation, including: Directive 89/391/EEC (CIS 89-1401) relating to the introduction of measures to encourage improvements in the safety and health of workers at work; Directive 89/392/EEC (CIS 89-1442) relating to machinery; Directive 89/655/EEC (CIS 90-357) on the minimum safety and health requirements for the use of work equipment by workers at work; Directive 89/656/EEC (CIS 90-385) on the minimum health and safety requirements for the use by workers of personal protective equipment at the workplace; Directive 88/379/EEC (CIS 91-21) relating to the classification, packaging and labelling of dangerous preparations; Directive 89/654/EEC (CIS 90-356) concerning the minimum safety and health requirements for the workplace.
Journal officiel de la République française, 7 janv. 1992, p.319-324.

CIS 93-1593 Health hazards from new technologies
Gesundheitsgefahren durch neue Technologien [en alemán]
Papers presented at a conference organised by the German construction workers' union at Bochum, Germany, 28 Apr. 1990. Working groups dealt with health, technological and environmental aspects of asbestos removal, decontamination of polluted soils, recycling of construction materials and workplace chemicals. Themes common to two or more of these areas are protective equipment, waste disposal and information dissemination.
Industriegewerkschaft Bau-Steine-Erden, Postfach 10 11 44, Bockenheimer Landstrasse 73-77, 60325 Frankfurt am Main 1, Germany, May 1991. 242p. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 93-1467 Personal protective equipment
Contents of this training brochure on the use of personal protective equipment in mines: accident prevention; principles of personal protection; care and use of equipment; protection of specific parts of the body (head, eyes, face, ear, respiratory system, hands, feet); general body protection; belts, harnesses and lifelines; miscellaneous equipment. Glossary of terms.
National Mine Health and Safety Academy, P.O. Box 1166, Beckley, WV 25802, USA, 1991. 57p. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 93-1544 Ulfvarson U., Alexandersson R., Dahlqvist M., Ekholm U., Bergström B.
Pulmonary function in workers exposed to diesel exhausts: The effect of control measures
To assess the protective effect of exhaust pipe filters or respirators on pulmonary function, 15 workers in a tunnel construction site were studied. The total and respirable dust, combustible matter in respirable dust, carbon monoxide, nitrogen monoxide and nitrogen dioxide were measured for each subject during entire work shifts. The effect of the exposure on the lung function variables was measured by dynamic spirometry, carbon monoxide single breath technique, and nitrogen single breath wash-out. The exhaust pipe filtering had a protective effect, directly discernible in the drivers on vital capacity and FEV1.0 and for the whole group on FEV% and transfer factor. The dust respirators had no effect, probably because of the difficulties in correctly using personal protection under the circumstances in the tunnel. In the absence of a true exposure assessment, control measures for diesel exhaust can be tested by medical effect studies. Catalytic particle filters of diesel exhausts are one method of rendering the emissions less irritant, although they will not remove irritant gases. An indicator of diesel exhaust exposure should include the particle fraction of the diesel exhausts, but a discrimination between different sources of organic dust must be possible.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Mar. 1991, Vol.19, No.3, p.283-289. 8 ref.

CIS 92-1968 Andrade Carvalho W.
Risk factors related to occupational and environmental exposure to organochlorine insecticides in the State of Bahia, Brazil, 1985
Fatores de riscos relacionados com exposição ocupacional e ambiental a inseticidas organoclorados no Estado da Bahia, Brasil, 1985 [en portugués]
In order to investigate the risks derived from occupational and environmental exposure to organochlorine insecticides, in particular 1.5% gamma-benzene hexachloride (technical HCH) and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), tests were conducted on 127 male individuals aged between 15 and 52 years from the State of Bahia (Brazil). It was found that improper handling of the products and failure to use personal protective equipment, together with longer time of exposure, significantly increased the rates of the hepatic enzyme transaminases GOT and GPT in the appliers of DDT and technical HCH. In view of the high morbidity among pesticide appliers in agriculture, the institution of programmes to teach these workers to avoid contaminating themselves and the environment is pointed out. Reference is made to the development of good hygiene habits, the use of personal protective equipment, and the correct handling of products. Summary in English.
Boletín de la Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana, Dec. 1991, Vol.111, No.6, p.512-524. 19 ref.

CIS 92-807
Chemical Manufacturing National Interest Group
Chemical manufacturing - Personal protective equipment; Controlling contractors; Are you complying with COSHH?
Three booklets aimed at providing quick information and training ideas to employers in the chemical industry. Connections with the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 1988 (see CIS 89-1092) are stressed.
Health and Safety Executive, Library and Information Services, Broad Lane, Sheffield S3 7HQ, United Kingdom, 1991. 3 booklets. Illus.

CIS 92-1039 White M.K., Hodous T.K., Vercruyssen M.
Effects of thermal environment and chemical protective clothing on work tolerance, physiological responses, and subjective ratings
This study examined the physiological and subjective responses of nine men who completed exercise tests while wearing two types of protective ensembles (light work clothing and a self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA), and a two-piece chemical protective ensemble (CHEM) with SCBA), in each of three thermal environments. The total worktime was found to be significantly shorter in the hot environment while wearing the CHEM ensemble. The mean maximum physiological values and subjective responses also indicated significant differences due to thermal environment and/or ensemble. Results suggest that when ensembles similar to the CHEM are used in hot environments, workrate should be reduced, work periods shortened and rest periods extended.
Ergonomics, Apr. 1991, Vol.34, No.4, p.445-457. Illus. 49 ref.

CIS 92-74
Ontario Women's Directorate
Personal protective equipment for women: Addressing the need
Training guide outlining the particular needs of women when it comes to choosing appropriate protective equipment (PPE) for work. Special emphasis is placed on the following types of PPE: eye and hearing protection, gloves, foot protection, bodyguards. Also discussed are: activities of government and standard-setting agencies in Canada; points of view of PPE manufacturers and suppliers; relevant activities of employers, unions and health and safety committees; checklists on the safe use and maintenance of PPE and on what to look for when choosing PPE. The supplement contains a directory of North American manufacturers and suppliers of PPE for women.
Industrial Accident Prevention Association, 2 Bloor Street West, 31st Floor, Toronto, Ontario M4W 3N8, Canada, 1991. 36p. + Supplement (15p.). 36 ref.

CIS 91-2020 White M.K., Glenn S.P., Hudnall J., Rice C., Clark S.
The effectiveness of ice- and Freon-based personal cooling systems during work in fully encapsulating suits in the heat
The use of cooling garments in conjunction with fully encapsulating suits can reduce heat strain for workers in hot environments. Ice- and Freon-based cooling garments were examined during heat exercises in persons wearing a U.S. Coast Guard chemical response suit (CRS). Responses of 9 healthy men were measured during moderate exercise at 30% of their maximal oxygen consumption in an environmental chamber maintained at 33.9°C and 82% relative humidity. The study describes four randomly assigned experimental conditions. The subjects performed repeated rest/work intervals for 45 minutes, followed by a 10 minute recovery period. Physiological responses were measured at 1 minute intervals during the tests. The study results indicate statistically significant reductions in mean skin temperature and heart rate in the trials where the cooling garments were worn. Significant differences were also seen in lower weight loss and shorter rectal temperature recovery time. However, neither cooling system fully demonstrated an advantage over the other.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Mar. 1991, Vol.52, No.3, p.127-135. Illus. 24 ref.

CIS 91-1976
Health and Safety Executive
Respiratory protective equipment (RPE) - Legislative requirements and lists of HSE approved standards and type approved equipment
This guidance document was previously issued by the Health and Safety Executive in 1989 (see CIS 90-1323). Contents: legislative requirements for the use of RPE in the United Kingdom, type approval certificates and user action; list of HSE-approved standards for RPE, annotated list of HSE-approved for RPE; annotated list of HSE-approved equipment; addresses of manufacturers and suppliers.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1991. 45p. Price: GBP 2.25.

CIS 91-1516 Personal protective equipment
Egyéni védőeszközök [en húngaro]
This series of 12 information sheets, which include basic use and maintenance information and checklists, covers the following topics: general information; head protection; facial protection; eye protection; respiratory protection; hearing protection; protective clothing; hand protection; foot and leg protection; protection against falls from heights.
Országos Munkavédelmi Tudományos Kutató Intézet, 1021 Budapest, Ötvös János u. 1-3, Hungary, 1991. 12 information notes.

CIS 91-1396 Glendon A.I.
Influencing behaviour: a framework for action
The paper provides a framework for addressing the important issue of changing workplace behaviour towards risk, using personal protective equipment (PPE) as an example. Three theoretical frameworks are reviewed as a basis for systematic data collection - a general expectancy model for behaviour, the widely-used health belief model and the behaviour in the face of danger model. Within an action context, 3 case studies of successful behaviour change in respect of PPE use are discussed. These studies illustrate the importance of a comprehensive long-term programme for behaviour change, the effectiveness of active employee invlovement in behaviour change and the significant impact of direct feedback on behaviour change. These strands are drawn together in a suggested long-term programme for influencing attitudes and behaviour towards risk within a human factors context.
Journal of Health and Safety, Mar. 1991, No.6, p.23-38. Illus. 30 ref.

CIS 91-1013 Stimpfel T.M., Gershey E.L.
Design modifications of a class II biological safety cabinet and user guidelines for enhancing safety
Design modifications to permit internal waste collection and to optimise the available work area are described. Improvements, including an internal recessed well for the waste receptacle, relocation of petcocks and electrical duplex, and installation of a new vacuum trap, make operation of the cabinet more efficient and potentially safer. To correct poor work practices, which can compromise the protective features of any biological safety cabinet, it is advised that precise guidelines and training programmes should be followed.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Jan. 1991, Vol. 52, No.1, p.1-5. Illus. 17 ref.

1990

CIS 92-252 An experimental study on the performance of filter-integrated half-face respirators
Urinara muinche-yeogoasik mask sungnung-e kwanhan yeongu [en coreano]
Comparative study of half-mask respirators available in Korea. English-language summary.
Korean Industrial Safety Corporation, Kukje Bldg, 9F.191, 2-Ka, Hangang-ro, Yongsan-ku, Seoul, Republic of Korea, 1990. 95p. Illus. 24 ref.

CIS 91-1347 More safety in grinding operations
Mehr Sicherheit beim Schleifen [en alemán]
The following measures are suggested in order to prevent accidents with pneumatic grinders: accident-proof design of grinders; selection of grinders with dead man's control; use of grinding wheel guards and personal protective equipment (safety spectacles, helmets, gloves and respirators); regular maintenance.
Sicherheitsbeauftragter, Sep. 1990, Vol.25, No.9, p.32-34, 36-38. Illus.

1989

CIS 96-1269 Normas sobre las medidas de protección personal al utilizar productos fitosanitarios en climas calurosos
Guidelines for personal protection when using pesticides in hot climates [en inglés]
Directives pour les mesures de protection personnelle pendant l'utilisation de produits phytosanitaires sous conditions climatiques chaudes [en francés]
Folleto formativo dirigido a los usuarios de pesticidas en los países en vías de desarrollo. En el sumario: vías de penetración de los productos fitosanitarios en el cuerpo humano; precauciones generales; protección personal en climas cálidos; materiales, diseños y disponibilidad de trajes y otros artículos de protección.
Groupement international des associations nationales de fabricants de produits agrochimiques (GIFAP), ave. Louise 143, 1050 Bruxelles, Bélgica, set. 1990 (ed. inglesa, ago. 1989). 34p. Ilus.
96-1269en.pdf [en inglés]
96-1269fr.pdf [en francés]
96-1269es.pdf [en español]

CIS 91-1957 Liao G., Beale S.B.
Computer simulation of the misting of eye protectors
This report describes how a general purpose computer code was used to model the misting processes inside 4 typical types of protective eyewear. It is shown that models with substantial ventilation holes or slots do not mist easily, while inadequately ventilated protective eyewear is sensitive to variations in face temperature.
Health and Safety Executive, St. Hugh's House, Stanley Precinct, Trinity Road, Bootle, Merseyside L20 3QY, United Kingdom, 1989. 44p. Illus. 6 ref. Price: GBP 20.00.

CIS 91-27 Commission communication for the implementation of Council Directive 89/656/EEC of 30 Nov. 1989, concerning the assessment of the safety aspects of personal protective equipment with a view to the choice and use thereof [CEC]
Communication de la Commission concernant, lors de la mise en ¿uvre de la directive 89/656/CEE du Conseil du 30 novembre 1989, l'évaluation du point de vue de la sécurité des équipements de protection individuelle en fonction de leur choix et de leur utilisation [CCE] [en francés]
The Commission requests herewith that the Member States ensure, by the method they judge the most appropriate, the widespread circulation of the data contained in the Annex to this communication, and in particular amongst the competent authorities and the employers' and workers' organisations, so that these data may serve as reference documents during implementation of Council Directive 89/656/EEC (CIS 90-385). The risk, the origin and type of risk as well as the safety and performance criteria for selection of equipment are listed for each type of equipment: industrial helmets; goggles and visors; ear protectors; respirators; gloves; boots and shoes; protective clothing; life jackets; protection against falls.
Official Journal of the European Communities - Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, 30 Dec. 1989, No.C 328, p.3-14.

CIS 90-1828 Personal protective equipment
Equipement de protection individuelle [en francés]
Training brochure with colour illustrations. Contents: safety helmets; hearing protection; eye protection; respiratory protective equipment; protective footwear; safety belts and ropes; protective gloves; protective clothing.
International Metalworkers' Federation, 54 bis, route des Acacias, 1227 Genève, Switzerland, 1989. 6p. Illus.

CIS 90-1625 Tanaka S., Abuku s., Imaizumi K., Ishizuka H., Seki Y., Imamiya S.
Efficiency of respirator canisters with methyl bromide
Two kinds of respirator canisters, an organic vapour (OV) canister containing activated carbon and a methyl bromide (MB) canister containing activated carbon impregnated with triethylenediamine were investigated for their ability to retain MB gas under various conditions of MB concentration, humidity and temperature. At lower MB concentrations, the breakthrough time of the OV canister was shorter than that of the MB canister and decreased with an increase in temperature, remaining unchanged for the MB canister. Examination of the desorption and the residual adsorption capacity for MB gas showed that more than 5ppm of MB gas leaked from 11 out of 18 used OV canisters, whereas less than 0.1ppm MB leaked out from each of the used MB canisters. The mean remaining breakthrough time of the used OV canisters was 9.3min. whereas that of the used MB canisters was 74.4min. It was shown that the gas masks with the OV canisters were not suitable for fumigating with MB gas.
Industrial Health, Dec. 1989, Vol.27, No.3, p.111-120. Illus. 13 ref.

CIS 90-1712 Jung K., Ziegenfuss B.
Marking of person protective equipment
The variety of dangers faced by employees and the large range of personal protective equipment (PPE) available cause considerable difficulties in the choice of suitable PPE. Looking towards the Common European Market, a harmonisation of the protective requirements of PPE and its marking is necessary. This paper looks at the present international situation, discusses the need for change and makes suggestions for the future. The requirements for marking of PPE differ greatly from country to country. Tables show the requirements for the marking of protective helmets and safety footwear in several countries. Examples are given of marking systems proposed by workers in Germany. By using symbols for the main types of work conditions and risks, the protective function can be recognised without having to consult an explanatory catalogue.
Journal of Occupational Accidents, Nov. 1989, Vol.11, No.1, p.87-96. Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 90-1056 Personal protective equipment [Norway]
English translation of the original Norwegian version (CIS 88-1429, effective 1 Dec. 1987) covering: respiratory protective equipment; ear, head and eye protectors; protective equipment for hands and arms, legs and feet; safety belts. Contents: general requirements concerning protective equipment; type approval (by the Norwegian Directorate of Labour Inspection); marking and directions for use; responsibilities of employers; exemptions. Detailed commentaries are appended.
Direktoratet for arbeidstilsynet, Postboks 8103 Dep., 0032 Oslo 1, Norway, May 1989. 13p.

CIS 90-1323 Respiratory protective equipment (RPE) - Legislative requirements and lists of HSE Approved Standards and Type Approved Equipment
Contents of this guidance document: legislative requirements for the use of RPE in the United Kingdom, type approval certificates and user action; annotated list of HSE-approved RPE; annotated list (with manufacturer and distributor noted) of approved RPE commercialised in the UK.
Health and Safety Executive (HSE), Library and Information Services, Broad Lane, Sheffield S3 7HQ, United Kingdom, Oct. 1989. 41p.

CIS 90-1006 Von Oertzen A.H.
Improved safety at high-pressure blasting - Guidelines and experience
Verstärkte Sicherheit bei der Hochdruckreinigung [en alemán]
The indicators of defective electric drives and hoses of high-pressure cleaning equipment are enumerated such as faulty plugs, repeated blowing of fuses and damaged sleeves. The importance of obeying relevant guidelines is stressed because otherwise employers can be sued in case of accidents. The personal protective equipment to be worn depends on the cleaning agents used and includes e.g. boots, spectacles, helmets with a face shield.
Reinigung und Service, Jan. 1989, Vol.15, No.1, p.10, 13. Illus.

CIS 90-937 Lettnin H.K.J.
Work in pressurised atmosphere in a contaminated environment
Arbeiten unter Überdruck in kontaminierter Umgebung [en alemán]
The environment (water, air) of workers working in a pressurised atmosphere may be polluted by gases such as CO and nitrogen oxides, dust and radioactive substances such as radon. These pollutants can also be present in the air supplied to divers. In tunnelling and caisson work, noise and heat exposure can also occur. Safety measures include air cleaning and the wearing of protective equipment.
Tiefbau-Berufsgenossenschaft, 1989, Vol.101, No.5, p.370, 372-376. Illus.

CIS 90-385 Council Directive of 30 Nov. 1989 on the minimum health and safety requirements for the use by workers of personal protective equipment at the workplace [CEC]
Directive du Conseil du 30 nov. 1989, concernant les prescriptions minimales de sécurité et de santé pour l'utilisation par les travailleurs au travail d'équipements de protection individuelle [CCE] [en francés]
Third individual directive within the meaning of Article 16 (1) of Directive 89/391/EEC (CIS 89-1401). The directive defines the employer's general obligations, its obligations related to the assessment of personal protective equipment, the rules for use and the measures necessary to ensure the worker's information, consultation and participation. Non-exhaustive guide lists of items of personal protective equipment as well as of sectors of activity which may require the provision of personal protective equipment are given in appendix.
Official Journal of the European Communities - Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, 30 Dec. 1989, Vol.32, No. L 393, p.18-28.

CIS 90-381 Council Directive of 21 Dec. 1989 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to personal protective equipment [CEC]
Directive du Conseil, du 21 déc. 1989, concernant le rapprochement des législations des Etats membres relatives aux équipements de protection individuelle [CCE] [en francés]
This directive defines the basic requirements to be satisfied by personal protective equipment (PPE), pending the adoption of harmonised European standards. Aspects covered: scope of the directive, placing on the market and free movement, certification procedures, EC type examination, checking of PPE manufactured, EC declaration of production conformity, EC mark. In appendix: basic health and safety requirements, technical documentation supplied by the manufacturer, EC mark, conditions to be fulfilled by the bodies of which notification has been given, model declaration of conformity.
Official Journal of the European Communities - Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, 30 Dec. 1989, Vol.32, No. L 399, p.18-38. Illus.

CIS 89-2041 Personal protective equipment - Program
Equipement de protection individuelle - Programme d'utilisation et d'entretien [en francés]
Twelfth of a series of 12 data sheets on personal protective equipment. Aspects covered: designing a programme; promotional strategy; workplace survey; selection; fitting and wearing; maintenance; training; support; auditing the programme.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, 1989. 1p. Illus.

CIS 89-2040 Personal protective equipment - Chemical protective gloves
Equipement de protection individuelle - Gants de protection contre les produits chimiques [en francés]
Eleventh of a series of 12 data sheets on personal protective equipment. Aspects covered: guide to the selection of gloves (chemical permeation of glove material, glove material rating).
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, 1989. 1p. Illus.

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