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2011

CIS 12-0112
Health and Safety Executive
Safe management of industrial steam and hot water boilers
There has been a significant increase in unmanned boilers, mainly due to improvements in the reliability of electronic control systems. This leaflet provides basic advice on the risks and regulatory requirements for the operation of steam boilers. It sets out the general principles of boiler safety for people with limited technical knowledge of boilers, such as owners, managers and supervisors, who do not have access to industry guidance.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Oct. 2011. 10p. Illus. 6 ref.
Safe_management_of_industrial_steam_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en inglés]

CIS 12-0111
Health and Safety Executive
Getting specialist help with health and safety
In many cases, businesses can manage safety and health themselves or with the help of in-house advisors. However, there are times when businesses need to get external help, particularly on more detailed or technical issues. This is often referred to as specialist help. Deciding exactly what help is needed is very important. This leaflet answers the questions that businesses need to ask when seeking external help.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Dec. 2011. 3p.
Getting_specialist_help_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en inglés]

CIS 12-0315
Health and Safety Executive
Buying new machinery
This booklet is a short guide to the law and responsibilities when buying new machinery for use at work. It explains the main aspects of safety and health legislation that needs to be known by persons responsible for buying new machinery, including the United Kingdom Supply of Machinery (Safety) Regulations 2008 which require in particular that machinery is safe when supplied,comes with a Declaration of Conformity and user instructions in English, and is CE marked. It includes checklists for buying and installing new machinery.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Sep. 2011. 12p. 5 ref.
Buying_new_machinery_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en inglés]

CIS 12-0314
Health and Safety Executive
Supplying new machinery
This booklet is a short guide to the law and responsibilities when supplying machinery for use at work. It explains the main safety and health requirements of the law and what needs to be done in practice to meet them. Besides CE marking, there are other legal requirements which are also important, and which are discussed.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Sep. 2011. 10p. 5 ref.
Supplying_new_machinery_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en inglés]

CIS 12-0054 Bondéelle A., Brasseur G., Clergiot J., Ravallec C.
Subcontracting and occupational safety and health - Improving current practices
Sous-traitance et prévention - Faire évoluer les pratiques [en francés]
Topics addressed in this collection of articles on occupational safety and health related to subcontracting: responsibilities of the contractor; subcontracting experiences of enterprises in various fields of activity (chemicals, cables, security, live performances).
Travail et sécurité, Sep. 2011, No.720, p.16-31. Illus. 10 ref.
Sous-traitance_et_prévention_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en francés]

CIS 11-0764 Wiklund H.O.
Sweden: Regional safety representatives, a model that is unique in Europe
Suède: les représentants régionaux à la sécurité, un modèle unique en Europe [en francés]
This article describes the activities of Sweden's 2000 regional safety representatives appointed by trade unions, which are particularly focussed on SMEs.
Hesamag, 1st half 2011, No.3, p.32-35. Illus.
Suède.pdf [en francés]

CIS 11-0623 Condou I.
Special feature: spouses of skilled tradesman - Safety ambassadors
Dossier: Femmes d'artisans - Les ambassadrices de la sécurité [en francés]
Topics addressed in this collection of articles on the role of spouses of skilled tradesmen in the construction sector in France with respect to occupational safety and health: managing the procurement and use of personal protective equipment; Internet portal dedicated to wives of tradesmen; percentage of spouses working alongside the owner/manager of small enterprises in the construction sector (32%); legal aspects; interview of the President of the national commission of tradesmens' spouses.
Prévention BTP, June 2011, No.142, p.12-17. Illus.

CIS 11-0460 Itani T., Vanadzins I., Matisāne L., Chernova L., Shepovalova A., Gunnarsson K., Hasle P., Palmgren H.
Small-scale enterprises
Малые предприятия [en ruso]
Collection of articles on occupational safety and health in small-scale enterprises of interest to Nordic and Arctic region countries. Contents: occupational safety and health in small-scale enterprises and the informal economy; challenges for occupational safety and health in SMEs in Latvia; entrepreneurs in small-scale enterprises; results from a research centre supporting work ability in SMEs, a challenge for the Finnish occupational health services.
Barents - Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, 2011, Vol.14, No.1, p.3-27 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
Small-scale_enterprises.pdf [en inglés]

CIS 11-0327 Somervell P.D., Conway G.A.
Does the small farm exemption cost lives?
Congress has exempted farms with fewer than 11 employees from enforcement of the Occupational Safety and Health Act. Three states (California, Oregon and Washington) do not observe the exemption. This study compared rates of fatal occupational injury in agriculture, by year, in 1993-2007, in California, Oregon and Washington (aggregated), and the remaining states (as two aggregated groups). Fatality rates were approximately 1.6 to 3 times as high in both groups of states observing the small farm exemption as in the group of three states not observing it. Comparisons excluding the agriculture industry showed weaker differences. Implications of these findings are discussed.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 2011, Vol.54, p.461-466. Illus. 19 ref.

CIS 11-0302
Associação Empresarial de Portugal (AEP), Programa Operacional de Assistência Técnica (POAT)
Prevent!ng - Prevention as a solution: Rubber and plastics industry
Preven!r - Prevenção como solução: Indústria da borracha e das matérias plásticas [en portugués]
This CD-ROM includes a manual on good working practices in the rubber and plastics industry in Portugal. The analysis of this sector was part of a larger technical assistance programme, whose main objective was to support companies to implement measures to achieve desired operational efficiency, with a focus on occupational safety and health. The programme is primarily aimed at small and medium enterprises.
www.prevenirparainovar.com, Portugal, 2011. CD-ROM.

CIS 11-0301
Associação Empresarial de Portugal (AEP), Programa Operacional de Assistência Técnica (POAT)
Prevent!ng - Prevention as a solution: Food and beverage industry
Preven!r - Prevenção como Solução: Indústria da alimentação e das bebidas [en portugués]
This CD-ROM includes a report on safety and health in the food and beverage industry in Portugal. The analysis of this sector was part of a larger technical assistance programme, whose main objective was to support companies to implement measures to achieve desired operational efficiency, with a focus on occupational safety and health. The programme is primarily aimed at small and medium enterprises.
www.prevenirparainovar.com, 2011. CD-ROM.

CIS 11-0421 Dong X.S., Fujimoto A., Ringen K., Stafford E., Platner J.W., Gittleman J.L., Wang X.
Injury underreporting among small establishments in the construction industry
There is convincing evidence that occupational injury and illness rates reported by employers substantially underestimate the true magnitude of injury and illness in the construction industry. Fifteen years of data from five large representative data sources in the United States were analysed. Regression trends and ratio analyses were conducted, and stratified by establishment size and Hispanic ethnicity. Findings are discussed. Underreporting was found to be pervasive for small establishments and Hispanic workers. Given that small establishments are predominant in the construction industry, they should be the focus of a larger effort to identify the true extent of construction-related injuries.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 2011, Vol.54, p.339-349. Illus. 28 ref.

CIS 10-0777 Cagno E., Micheli G.J.L., Perotti S.
Identification of OHS-related factors and interactions among those and OHS performance in SMEs
This literature survey was undertaken to identify OSH-related factors in SMEs in Italy. Interactions among these factors were then examined and tested against accident data for SMEs in the metalworking industry of an Italian province. This allowed improvements in the understanding of the root causes of many accidents.
Safety Science, Feb. 2011, Vol.49, No.2, p.216-225. Illus. 46 ref.

2010

CIS 12-0195 Laney A.S., Attfield M.D.
Coal workers' pneumoconiosis and progressive massive fibrosis are increasingly more prevalent among workers in small underground coal mines in the United States
The objective of this study was to determine whether the prevalence of coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) or progressive massive fibrosis (PMF) among United States underground miners is associated with mine size. Chest radiographs from 1970 to 2009 of working miners who participated in the National Coal Workers Health Surveillance Program for the presence of small and large opacities consistent with pneumoconiosis were examined, based upon the International Labour Organization classification system. A total of 145 512 miners contributed 240 067 radiographs for analysis. From the 1990s to the 2000s, the prevalence of radiographic CWP increased among miners in mines of all sizes, while miners working in mines with fewer than 50 employees had a significantly higher prevalence of CWP compared to miners who worked in mines with 50 or more employees. When adjusted for age and within-miner correlation, the difference in prevalence of CWP by mine size was significant for all decades. Since 1999, miners from small mines were five times more likely to have radiographic evidence of PMF (1.0% of miners) compared to miners from larger mines (0.2% of miners) with a prevalence ratio of 5.0. The prevalence of CWP among United States coal miners is increasing in mines of all sizes, while CWP and PMF are much more prevalent among workers from underground mines with fewer than 50 workers.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 2010, Vol.67, p.428-431. Illus. 16 ref.
Coal_workers'_pneumoconiosis_[BUY_THIS_ARTICLE] [en inglés]

CIS 12-0344 Sapp A.L., Kawachi I., Sorensen G., LaMontagne A.D., Subramanian S.V.
Does workplace social capital buffer the effects of job stress? A cross-sectional, multilevel analysis of cigarette smoking among U.S. manufacturing workers
The objective of this study was to investigate whether workplace social capital buffers the association between job stress and smoking status. As part of a broader study on cancer prevention in small enterprises, interviewer-administered questionnaires were completed by 1740 workers and 288 managers in 26 manufacturing firms. Social capital was assessed by multiple items measured at the individual level among workers and contextual level among managers. Job stress was operationalized by the demand-control model. Multilevel logistic regression was used to estimate associations between job stressors and smoking and test for effect modification by social capital measures. Workplace social capital (both summary measures) buffered associations between high job demands and smoking. One compositional item, worker trust in managers, buffered associations between job strain and smoking. Implications of these findings are discussed.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, July 2010, Vol.52, No.7, p.740-750. 94 ref.
Does_workplace_social_capital_[BUY_THIS_ARTICLE] [en inglés]

CIS 11-0641 Hasle P., Bager B., Granerud L.
Small enterprises - Accountants as occupational health and safety intermediaries
There is an on-going search for ways that authorities and professional bodies can efficiently reach out to small enterprises with preventive measures. It has been suggested that accountants could act as intermediaries on occupational safety and health (OSH). A pilot project was carried out in Denmark to test this possibility. State-authorized accountants were invited to training seminars to give them the necessary OSH knowledge to provide advice to small enterprises. 164 accountants participated in the seminars and 74 accountants replied to a follow up questionnaire concerning their experience of advising their small enterprise clients about OSH. For most accountants, it was a positive experience. However, they also faced certain constraints. This study concludes that it is possible for accountants to act as OSH intermediaries, but that institutional support for the training activities is important to secure a broader application of this approach.
Safety Science, 2010, Vol.48, p.404-409. 32 ref.
Small_enterprises.pdf [en inglés]

CIS 11-0630 Moriguchi J., Ikeda M., Sakuragi S., Takeda K., Muto T., Higashi T., Weel A.N., van Dijk F.J.
Activities of occupational physicians for occupational health services in small-scale enterprises in Japan and in the Netherlands
Occupational health service (OHS) for small-scale enterprises (SSEs) is still limited in many countries. Both Japan and the Netherlands have universal OHS systems for all employees. The objective of this survey was to examine the activities of occupational physicians (OPs) in the two countries for SSEs and to investigate their proposals for the improvement of service. Questionnaires on types and sizes of the industries they serve, allocation of service hours (current and desired) and sources of information for occupational health activities were mailed to 461 Japanese and 335 Dutch OPs. Responses were received from 107 Japanese and 106 Dutch physicians. Service conditions were not the same in the two countries. Nevertheless, both groups unanimously considered that employers are the key persons for the improvement of OHS, especially in SSEs and their education is important for better OHS.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 2010, Vol.83, p.389-398. 28 ref.
Activities_of_occupational_physicians.pdf [en inglés]

CIS 11-0688 Chemicals in the enterprise: A policy evaluation tool
Agents chimiques en entreprise: un outil d'évaluation de la politique [en francés]
This article comments the provisions of Belgian Royal Decree of 11 March 2002 on chemicals (see CIS 01-1586), and presents a chemical hazards evaluation tool suited for small enterprises, developed and validated by means of a questionnaire survey.
Prevent Focus, Oct. 2010, p.12-15. Illus.

CIS 11-0311 Bestratén Belloví M.
Empresas de nueva creación y condiciones de trabajo (IV). Análisis de factores de éxito
This information note complements the previous three devoted to the business plan and the plan for the prevention of occupational hazards. It presents a simplified framework for the analysis and evaluation of the future perspectives of an enterprise creation project.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 6p. 4 ref.
NTP_851.pdf [en español]

CIS 11-0019 Santos G., Mendes F.
The most frequent occupational accidents in Portuguese SMEs
Acidentes de trabalho mais comuns nas PME portuguesas [en portugués]
This article on the most common occupational accidents in Portuguese SMEs highlights the importance of OSH management systems. It is based on the findings of a survey conducted among SMEs certified according to ISO 9001. Of the 46 enterprises surveyed, seven also applied for and obtained OHSAS 18001 certification. The motivations for this additional certification and the benefits derived are discussed. Finally, the article presents and comments key statistics for the most common accidents in Portuguese SMEs.
Segurança, Nov.-Dec. 2010, Vol.XLV, No.199, p.30-34. Illus. 10 ref.

CIS 10-0652 Bestratén Belloví M., Agulló Teixidor X.
Empresas de nueva creación y condiciones de trabajo (III). Implantación del plan de prevención
When starting a business, it is not enough to be an entrepreneur with good ideas, it is also essential to address issues such as workers' participation, team-building, safety and health and conditions of work. This technical note is part of a series of three (see also CIS 10-0650 and CIS-0651) that focus on the relationship between the business plan which is essential for all new businesses and the occupational safety and health plan, which is mandatory in Spain. It addresses more specifically the issues of regulations and good practices in the implementation of the occupational safety and health plan.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 6p. Illus. 2 ref.
NTP_850.pdf [en español]

CIS 10-0651 Bestratén Belloví M., Agulló Teixidor X.
Empresas de nueva creación y condiciones de trabajo (II). Plan de empresa y plan de PRL
When starting a business, it is not enough to be an entrepreneur with good ideas, it is also essential to address issues such as workers' participation, team-building, safety and health, and conditions of work. This technical note is part of a series of three (see also CIS 10-0650 and CIS 10-0652) that focus on the relationship between the business plan which is essential for all new businesses and the occupational safety and health plan, which is mandatory in Spain. It addresses more specifically the issues of team building, human relations, work organization and finance.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 8p. 6 ref.
NTP_849.pdf [en español]

CIS 10-0650 Bestratén Belloví M., Agulló Teixidor X.
Empresas de nueva creación y condiciones de trabajo (I)
When starting a business, it is not enough to be an entrepreneur with good ideas, it is also essential to address issues such as workers' participation, team-building, safety and health, and conditions of work. This technical note is part of a series of three (see also CIS 10-0651 and ISN 111190) that focus on the relationship between the business plan which is essential for all new businesses and the occupational safety and heath plan, which is mandatory in Spain.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 6p. Illus. 6 ref.
NTP_848.pdf [en español]

CIS 10-0670 Itani T., Nguyen B.D., Lund F., Padungtod C., Sahu S., Kawakami T., Khai T.T.
Informal sector
Collection of articles on occupational safety and health in small-scale enterprises and the informal sector of relevance to countries in the Asian-Pacific region. Contents: occupational safety and health in the informal sector and small-scale enterprises in Vietnam; South-South collaboration in five countries; occupational safety and health activities in the informal sector in Thailand; musculoskeletal pain among female workers engaged in manual material handling tasks in informal sectors of West Bengal, India; improving safety and health of waste collectors in Fiji.
Asian-Pacific Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Dec. 2010, Vol.17, No.3, p.47-63 (whole issue). Illus. 35 ref.
Informal_sector.pdf [en inglés]

CIS 10-0510 Moriguchi J., Ikeda M., Sakuragi S., Takeda K., Muto T., Higashi T., Weel A.N., van Dijk F.J.
Activities of occupational physicians for occupational health services in small-scale enterprises in Japan and in the Netherlands
Occupational health service (OHS) for small-scale enterprises (SSEs) is still limited in many countries. Both Japan and the Netherlands have universal OHS systems for all employees. The objective of this survey was to examine the activities of occupational physicians (OPs) in the two countries for SSEs and to investigate their proposals for the improvement of service. Questionnaires on types and sizes of the industries they serve, allocation of service hours (current and desired), sources of information for occupational health activities etc. were mailed in 2006 to 461 and 335 Japanese and Dutch OPs, respectively, who served in small- and medium-scale enterprises. Responses were obtained from 107 Japanese (23%) and 106 Dutch physicians (32%). Findings are discussed. Both groups unanimously considered that employers are the key persons for the improvement of OHS especially in SSEs and their education is important for better OHS.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Apr. 2010, Vol.83, No.4, p.389-398. 28 ref.
Activities_of_occupational_physicians.pdf [en inglés]

CIS 10-0477 Castellá López J.L.
Reflexiones sobre la modificación del Reglamento de los servicios de prevención
This article comments the main changes in the Law on the prevention of occupational hazards and the Regulation on safety and health services in the context of the Spanish occupational safety and health strategy for the years 2007 to 2012 (see CIS 08-545) as well as their implications. The main changes concern the improvement of safety and health in SMEs and in micro-enterprises, and the improvement of the quality and efficacy of occupational safety and health services.
Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, May 2010, No.57, p.35-43. Illus.

CIS 10-0467 Fera M., Macchiaroli R.
Appraisal of a new risk assessment model for SME
The identification, assessment and reduction of the risks are among the most important issues of the safety at work. The objective of this study was to demonstrate the effectiveness of a new risk assessment method for SMEs in several industrial environments including metalworking plants and a cut flowers distributor.
Safety Science, Dec. 2010, Vol.48, No.10, p.1361-1368. Illus. 19 ref.

CIS 10-0373 Jørgensen K., Duijm N.J., Troen H.
Accident prevention in SME using ORM
The Dutch workgroup occupational risk model (WORM) was transferred to a Danish context, with the aim of creating a more simple system, particularly for SMEs. The model identifies the daily work activities that contribute most to risks and also identifies which conditions need to be changed in order to reduce these risks. The objective was to determine whether the method could be used to collect information about risks in SMEs and, if so, whether this information could be presented in a way that would allow SMEs to use it constructively. This article describes the methodological approaches applied and some of the preliminary findings obtained during field observations.
Safety Science, Oct. 2010, Vol.48, No.8, p.1036-1043. Illus. 11 ref.

CIS 10-0371 Uchino A, Muto T., Muto S.
Occupational health and safety services for immigrant workers in Japanese workplaces
The objective of this cross-sectional study was to clarify the status of occupational safety and health services for immigrant workers, the barriers to employing immigrant workers and the needs of the managers in workplaces to keep immigrant workers healthy and safe. A self-administered questionnaire was sent to 126 workplaces in a region of Japan in 2006. Findings show that the most important issue which the managers believed kept immigrant workers safe and healthy was health checkups (69.6%).
Industrial Health, Mar. 2010, Vol.48, No.2, p.231-235. 18 ref.
Occupational_health_and_safety_services.pdf [en inglés]

CIS 10-0315 Gómez M.E., Sanchez J.F., Cardona A.M., Pioquinto J.F., Torres P., Sanchez D., Camargo L.M., Castañeda R.A., Villamizar R.H., Cremades L.V.
Health and working conditions in carpenter's workshops in Armenia (Colombia)
A study of the health and working conditions in 10 carpenter's workshops in the municipality of Armenia (Colombia) was conducted. Working conditions of the 177 most exposed workers were examined, and exposure to wood dust and noise, as well as lighting, were measured. The state of health was surveyed using a self-report questionnaire. Results show that personal protection was not used appropriately and that some were inadequate, that half of workshops had below the minimum allowable lighting limit level (500 lux) required, and that the noise level exceeded the permissible maximum limit value (85 dBA) in all the workshops.
Industrial Health, Mar. 2010, Vol.48, No.2, p.222-230. Illus. 39 ref.
Health_and_working_conditions.pdf [en inglés]

CIS 10-0370 Gunnarsson K., Andersson I.M., Rosén G.
Systematic work environment management: Experiences from implementation in Swedish small-scale enterprises
Small-scale enterprises face difficulties in fulfilling the regulations for organizing systematic work environment management. This study compared three groups of small-scale manufacturing enterprises with and without support for implementing the provision. Two implementation methods, the "supervised" and the "network" methods, were used, with a third group being left to fulfill the regulations as it saw fit. Twenty-three enterprises participated. The effects of the implementation were evaluated after one year by semi-structured dialogue with the manager and safety representative. Each enterprise was classified on compliance with ten demands concerning the provision. The work environment was estimated by the WEST-method. Impact of the implementation on daily work was also studied. At the follow-up, the enterprises in the supervised method reported slightly more improvements in the fulfillment of the demands in the provision than the enterprises in the network method and the enterprises working on their own.
Industrial Health, Mar. 2010, Vol.48, No.2, p.185-196. Illus. 22 ref.
Systematic_work_environment_management.pdf [en inglés]

CIS 10-0368 Micheli G.J.L., Cagno E.
Dealing with SMEs as a whole in OHS issues: Warnings from empirical evidence
In Italy, 72% of the employees work in small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and they are affected by the 80% of the reported accidents. Some studies suggest that SMEs have serious problems aggravated by limited access to human, economic and technological resources. Moreover, it is now acknowledged that methods developed specifically for large enterprises (LEs) cannot be simply transferred to smaller enterprises. Although the debate concerning essentially the size of the enterprises and their corresponding accident rates is ongoing, very little attention is paid to the difference between the micro- (MiEs), the small- (SEs) and the medium-sized enterprises (MEs). Indeed, in most of the cases, SMEs are bundled together and considered as a whole, in opposition to LEs. Within the framework of the E-merging project, a project financed by the Italian National Institute for Insurance against Occupational Accidents - INAIL, who's main objective is to develop a software with a web-based interface capable of supporting SMEs in their safety management activities, some differences have been identified on the basis of two existing data sources.
Safety Science, July 2010, Vol.48, No.6, p.729-733. 26 ref.

CIS 10-0367 Cheng C.W., Leu S.S., Lin C.C., Fan C.
Characteristic analysis of occupational accidents at small construction enterprises
The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristic factors responsible for occupational accident occurrence in small construction enterprises in Taiwan, using methodologies of descriptive statistics, correlation coefficient analysis and ANOVA. The data for the years 2000 to 2007 was obtained from the Council of Labor Affairs of Taiwan Central Government. The results showed that the factors influencing occupational accident development for small construction enterprises included the safety and health management skills, employers' values on the safety and health practices, and the degree of compliance with labor safety laws and regulations. To reduce the overall occurring rate of occupational accidents per 1000 persons in the construction industry, it is important to implement required safety and health practices and training effectively, to ensure that all workers acknowledge and follow these requirements regulations when working.
Safety Science, July 2010, Vol.48, No.6, p.698-707. Illus. 34 ref.

CIS 10-0310 Health and safety at work in SMEs: Strategies for employee information and consultation
The study on information dissemination and employee consultation in SMEs in the field of occupational safety and health was compiled on the basis of individual national reports in response to a questionnaire. SMEs employ over 66% of Europe's working population but account for 82% of all occupational injuries and about 90% of fatal accidents. The main reason for these unfavourable statistics is that SMEs lack the knowledge and resources to manage their working environment properly and to call in external expertise when needed. SMEs face a number of difficulties in complying with occupational safety and health (OSH) regulations owing to less awareness of the costs of non-compliance in terms of higher risks. Employee OSH representatives are frequently lacking, especially in smaller companies, making it more difficult to implement the participatory approach envisaged by the 1989 EU Framework Directive on health and safety. Consultation on changes to organization and working conditions, workplace learning opportunities and job security all contribute positively to improving employee information on OSH risks at work. One approach that appears promising when dealing with this gap is free counselling combined with discounts on insurance premium for those achieving substantive reductions in their accident rates, and territorial employee representatives.
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Wyattville Road, Loughlinstown, Dublin 18, Ireland, 2010. 67p. Illus. 14 ref.
Health_and_safety_at_work.pdf [en inglés]

CIS 10-0365 Pedersini R., Coletto D.
Self-employed workers: Industrial relations and working conditions
This report presents an overview of the industrial relations and employment and working conditions of self-employed workers in the European Union and Norway. It presents basic trends in self-employment, highlights issues concerning the definition of self-employment and offers an overview of the national situations regarding the legal framework. The study also examines social security as a crucial aspect of the regulation of self-employment and a source of differences between employees and self-employed workers. Recent reforms in this area have often focused on increasing protection measures. Finally, the report analyses the presence and regulation of economically dependent work, as well as the collective representation of self-employed workers.
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Wyattville Road, Loughlinstown, Dublin 18, Ireland, 2010. v, 66p. Illus. 9 ref.
Self-employed_workers.pdf [en inglés]

CIS 10-0302 Annual report of JISHA - 2009
This report describes the organization and functions of the Japan Industrial Safety and Health Association (JISHA) and reviews activities during the year 2008-2009. These include: development of programmes relating to risk assessment and OSH management systems; ensuring health and promoting comfortable workplace environments; promoting safety and health education; expansion of the zero-accident campaign; provision of safety and health technical services; international cooperation; assistance to small and medium-size enterprises; safety and health publications; research and surveys; events and campaigns; Japan bioassay research centre.
Japan Industrial Safety and Health Association, 5-35-1, Shiba, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-0014, Japan, 2010. 43p. Illus.
Annual_report_of_JISHA_2009.pdf [en inglés]

CIS 10-0195
State Administration of Work Safety (SAWS), International Labour Organization (ILO), International Social Security Association (ISSA), International Association of Labour Inspection (IALI)
The 5th China International Forum on Work Safety - Speakers and abstracts
List of authors and abstracts of papers presented at a conference on occupational safety held in Beijing, China, from 31 August to 2 September 2010 (see ISN 110689).
National Center for International Cooperation on Work Safety, Room 409 Hepingli Beijie, Dongcheng District, Beijing, P.R. China, 2010. 216p. Illus.

CIS 10-0194
State Administration of Work Safety (SAWS), International Labour Organization (ILO), International Social Security Association (ISSA), International Association of Labour Inspection (IALI)
The 5th China International Forum on Work Safety - Proceedings
Transliterate Chinese title please [en chino]
Proceedings of a conference on occupational safety held in Beijing, China, from 31 August to 2 September 2010. Papers are grouped under the following headings: new practices and development of OSH; economic policies and investment in work safety; identification of potential risks in metallic and non-metallic underground mines; work safety promotion plans and promotion of new technologies in work safety; gas control in coal mines; disaster prevention, reduction and emergency rescue; risk assessment in mining companies; perfection of laws, regulation and standards in work safety; construction safety; safety evaluation and certification; on-site testing technologies of occupational hazards; corporate safety culture; OSH management in SMEs; new approaches of labor inspection; improvement of research and development capabilities and policies in work safety; technology development and application of personal protection equipments; training and education in work safety; monitoring of major hazards and treatment of hidden hazards.
National Center for International Cooperation on Work Safety, Room 409 Hepingli Beijie, Dongcheng District, Beijing, P.R. China, 2010. 691p. Illus.

CIS 10-0058 SMI / SME guide - Occupational safety and health
Guide PME/PMI - Santé et sécurité au travail [en francés]
The objective of this guide is to help and direct heads of SMEs and their subordinates in their approach to manage occupational safety and health. It provides the information and guidance for identifying and evaluating the hazards, and for applying the necessary preventive measures. It facilitates the compilation of the single document for the evaluation of occupational hazards and makes its implementation easier. Contents: general principles of occupational safety and health; hazard evaluation; information and training of workers; hazards related to the layout of premises; hazards related to human factors; hazards related to work activities; checks and responsibilities of employers with respect to occupational safety and health; occupational health services; financial help given to SMEs for improving occupational safety and health and working conditions; human and organizational safety factors.
Assemblée des Chambres françaises de Commerce et d'Industrie, Direction Environnement et Développement Durable, 46 avenue de la Grande Armée, 75858 Paris Cedex, France, 2010. 108p. Illus.
http://www.enviroveille.com/public/documents/guide_sante_securite_au_travail.pdf [en francés]

2009

CIS 12-0092 Carpenter J.
Health and Safety Executive
Safety Schemes in Procurement Competence Forum (SSIP-C Forum)
This project was undertaken to respond to a concern that safety and health bureaucratic procedures were not suited to small enterprises in the construction sector in the United Kingdom, since they often lacked organizational structures and managerial competence to deal with these issues. The setting-up of a "Safety Schemes in Procurement Competence Forum" (SSIP-C Forum) is proposed, together with a description of how it might operate.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2009. viii, 25p. Illus. 2 ref.
Safety_Schemes_SSIP-C_Forum_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en inglés]

CIS 12-0067 Gervais R.L., Pawlowska Z., Bojanowski R., Kouvonen A., Karanika-Murray M., Van den Broek K., De Greef K.
Occupational safety and health and economic performance in small and medium-sized enterprises: A review
This review examines the link between occupational safety and health (OSH) and economic performance, especially as it relates to small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). It is essential to stress from the outset that while there is no clear definition of economic performance, there are indicators that can examine the concept and its importance to businesses. OSH is not usually viewed as a contributory factor to the economic viability of an organization. Compliance with government guidelines, regulations and laws is generally the primary focus of OSH policies. Perceptions of the connection between effective OSH and the resulting financial benefits could, and should be improved. The strong economic advantages of good occupational health practice need to be highlighted continuously to organizations because the failure to acknowledge the importance of this link will limit the effectiveness of interventions aimed at preventing disease and injury. Additionally, while the cost of ensuring safety is important, the lack of safety is also costly. For example, a reduction of accidents, damage and improvements to poor health can lead to a reduction in costs and a greater availability of people and plant. This, in turn, can improve efficiency and thereby heighten the effectiveness of businesses.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2009. 42p. Illus. Approx. 120 ref.
OSH_and_economic_performance_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en inglés]

CIS 12-0303 Willbourn C.
Health and Safety Executive
Report of qualitative research amongst "hard to reach" small construction site operators
In recent years, there has been a significant reduction in fatal accidents and other injuries in the United Kingdom construction sector. This reduction has been attributed in part to the focus of the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) on influencing large firms. In order to encourage the continuation of this downward trend, the HSE's Small Sites Project was established to bring about the adoption of sensible risk management strategies to improve standards of safety and health on small sites, with a specific focus on sites with the presence of five or fewer employees. The objective of this project was to reveal more about how the small sites operate and the intermediaries and the factors which influence those who control small sites in order to inform a programme of positively influencing behaviour on small sites. Data were collected by means of face-to-face interviews with over 30 site managers. Findings are discussed.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2009, vi, 42p. Illus.
Report_of_qualitative_research_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en inglés]

CIS 12-0014 Work Improvements in Small Enterprises (WISE) Action Manual; Trainers' Guide
Work Improvements in Small Enterprises (WISE), also known as "Higher Productivity and a Better Place to Work", is a programme developed by the ILO to assist small and medium-sized enterprises in improving working conditions and productivity using simple, effective and affordable techniques that provide direct benefits to owners and workers. Aimed more specifically at African countries, these binders contain the revised editions of the WISE action manual, training guide and trainers' guide, replacing earlier versions (see CIS 03-1545 ).
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2009. 165p. Illus: 141p. Illus. (2 binders)
Work_Improvements_(WISE)_Trainers'_guide_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en inglés]
Work_Improvements_(WISE)_Action_manual_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en inglés]

CIS 11-0789 Reetoo N., Burrows J., Macdonald E.
Health and Safety Executive
Managing sickness absence and return to work: Trial and assessment of a sickness absence recording tool
The purpose of this project was to evaluate the utility of the Sickness Absence Recording Tool (SART) software in the context of other support services available to assist small and medium sized enterprises in their management of sickness absence. The evaluation used both qualitative and quantitative assessments. Of the 311 organizations that expressed interest in the project, 186 agreed to participate, 158 installed the SART application, 106 returned data to the research team and 74 submitted data for at least eight months. Findings are discussed and recommendations are made for further developments and improvements to the tool.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2009. ii, 158p. Illus. 22 ref.
RR_690.pdf [en inglés]

CIS 11-0609 Targoutzidis A., Antonopoulou L.
A multidimensional approach to modelling for workplace risk assessment
The objective of this study is to develop a simple tool for risk identification and assessment in small enterprises by facilitating the incorporation of insights from accident, human error and risk perception models. It presents an approach that involves the grouping and classification of risk factors according to certain criteria, to fit the proper set of models to each situation. To further facilitate the process, the main guidelines of each model are presented. This simplified approach should help safety engineers in selecting the proper model for the workplace to better assess its risks.
International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 2009, Vol.15, No.4, p.373-384. Illus. 41 ref.
A_multidimensional_approach.pdf [en inglés]

CIS 10-0771 Takala J.
Buenas prácticas en evaluación de riesgos
The campaign of the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work for the period 2008/2009 was devoted to risk assessment in SMEs. Cases of good practices presented by 17 companies won an award or a mention, including a public transport company in the Spanish Basque Country. This paper presents this project aimed at assessing and preventing external violence in the workplace.
Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, Oct. 2009, No.54, p.28-31. Illus. 1 ref.

CIS 10-0770 Bestratén Belloví M., Iranzo García Y.
Identificación y evaluación de riesgos en PYMES - Nueva aplicación informática del INSHT
This article presents a new tool for occupational hazard assessment in SMEs developed by the Spanish National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. This tool in the form of questionnaires allows to highlight deficiencies in the enterprises' safety issues and suggests preventive measures to fill these gaps.
Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, Oct. 2009, No.54, p.6-11. Illus.

CIS 10-0408 Kawakami T.
Como proteger a sus empleados y a sus negocios contra la Pandemia de Gripe Humana - Manual de acción para pequeñas y medianas empresas
Protéger vos employés et votre entreprise de la pandémie de grippe humaine - Manuel d'action pour les petites et moyennes entreprises [en francés]
The outbreak of avian influenza and the ongoing incidences of infected cases have prompted worldwide concern. This training manual is developed to promote safe practices in small and medium-sized enterprises. The manual is user-friendly and practical, providing an Action Checklist on various prevention measures including explanations and descriptions. The unique participatory training methods of the ILO, Work Improvement in Small Enterprises (WISE) and Work Improvements in Neighbourhood Development (WIND), were used to promote understanding and encourage improvement in the actions of employers and workers in small and medium-sized enterprises. Also published in several Asian languages (Khmer, Vietnamese, Lao, Japanese, Malay and Thai).
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2009. 24p. Illus.
Protecting_your_employees.pdf [en inglés]
Protéger_vos_employés.pdf [en francés]
Como_proteger_a_sus_empleados.pdf [en español]
Protecting_your_employees.pdf [en malayo]
Protecting_your_employees.pdf [en camboyano]
Protecting_your_employees.pdf [en chino]
Protecting_your_employees.pdf [en laosiano]
Protecting_your_employees.pdf [en vietnamita]
Protecting_your_employees.pdf [en tailandés]

CIS 10-0191 Qun T.F., Kawakami T., eds.
ASEAN-OSHNET - Good occupational safety and health practices 2008/2009
This publication is a compilation of the many good OSH practices in terms of national OSH frameworks, enforcement, outreach, training and research developed in recent years in ASEAN (the Association of Southeast Asian Nations) member countries. These examples were first presented during the ASEAN-OSHNET Workshop on Good OSH Practices in Singapore in February 2009. The ASEAN-OSHNET functions to help member countries achieve better OSH performance. Under the ASEAN-OSHNET Plan of Action, adopted in 2007, all member countries aim to develop a national OSH profile and implement national OSH strategies or programmes by 2012.
ASEAN Occupational Safety and Health Network (ASEAN-OSHNET), Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare, P.O.Box 347, Pangkham Road, Vientiane Capital, Lao PRD, 2009. 78p. Illus. 16 ref.
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/---sro-bangkok/documents/publication/wcms_120410.pdf [en inglés]

CIS 10-0232
Health and safety Executive
Reducing ill-health and accidents in motor vehicle repair
This revised booklet outlines the main causes of occupational accidents and diseases in motor vehicle repair, namely manual handling, plant and equipment and fire and explosion. It contains a checklist reminding workers of the measures that need to be taken to reduce ill health and accidents. It has been updated to take account of changes in industry practice since the first version was published. Contents; slips and trips; plant and equipment; manual handling; falls; transport; fire and explosion; electrical safety; skin diseases.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Dec. 2009. 15p. Illus. 12 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/PUBNS/indg356.pdf [en inglés]

CIS 10-0124
Health and Safety Executive (HSE)
Health and safety in motor vehicle repair and associated industries
This guide covers specific health and safety issues faced by employers and the self-employed in vehicle maintenance and repair (including tyre, exhaust and windscreen replacement); body repair, refinishing and the roadside recovery and repair of vehicles. It also covers topics that are common across the industry, such as working under vehicles; fire and explosion; noise and vibration; electrical safety; and organizing health and safety.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Oct. 2009. iv, 80p. Illus. 66 ref. Price: GBP 12.95. Downloadable version free of charge.
HSG261 [en inglés]

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