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  • Bacterial and parasitic diseases

1972

CIS 72-2771 Occupational mycosis
Die mykotische Infektion im Beruf [en alemán]
This issue contains articles by a number of authors on mycotic disease in physicians, paramedical personnel, food-industry workers, agricultural workers, miners and immigrant labour. Sections are devoted to: spores; sources of infestation and environmental factors; mode of infestation; pathogenesis and clinical picture. Problems of diagnosis and demonstration of occupational causation are touched upon. A further article is devoted to the mycological laboratory, its equipment and methods of investigation, and indications are given on the identification of fungi on cultures.
Arbeitsmedizin - Sozialmedizin - Arbeitshygiene, June 1972, Vol.7, No.6, p.149-166. Illus. 123 ref.

CIS 73-256 Riboldi A., Ghislanzoni G., Hofmann M.F.
Occupational diseases of milkers' hands
Berufskrankheiten der Melkerhand [en alemán]
Classification and description of the clinical pictures of interdigital moniliasis, milkers' eczema, interdigital fistular granulomatosis, milkers' nodule, palmar hyperkeratosis and chronic occupational osteopathy. The authors report on 30 cases that they have observed personally and point to the influence of 3 aetiopathogenic factors: a mycotic factor, a viral factor and a traumatic-type physical factor. The authors claim that irritant and sensitising factors play only a negligible part.
Berufs-Dermatosen, Aug. 1972, Vol.20, No.4, p.166-173. Illus. 45 ref.

CIS 73-502 Taylor P.J., Pocock S.J.
Commuter travel and sickness absence of London office workers
The relationship between the pattern of commuter travel to work and sickness absence was studied in a population of 1984 office workers in central London. The median journey time was 1h; the average journey had 2.8 stages. One third of the sample considered their journey uncomfortable. The number of journey stages was the most important factor relating to both certified and uncertified sickness. The use of a car or a journey lasting >1.5h was associated with higher uncertified rates of absence. The incidence of certified influenza did not relate to any specific aspect of the journey, including the use of public transport.
British Journal of Preventive and Social Medicine, Aug. 1972, Vol.26, No.3, p.165-172. Illus. 12 ref.

CIS 73-213
Central Pathology Committee, Department of Health and Social Security and Welsh Office, London and Cardiff
Safety in the post-mortem room
This handbook deals with safety precautions to be observed by personnel in the post-mortem room. Subjects covered are risk of infections, smallpox cases, first for samll cuts and wounds, safe use of instruments, uses and hazards of chemicals, ionising radiation and isotope hazards, and safet practices for dealing with radioactive corpses.
Department of Health and Social Security, Alexander Fleming House, Elephant and Castle, London SE1 6BY, United Kingdom, May 1972. 18p. 3 ref. Gratis.

1971

CIS 72-2695 Dalldorf F.G., Kaufmann A.F., Brachman P.S.
Woolsorters' disease - An experimental model
Description of an experimental model of inhalation anthrax in monkeys that very closely mimics woolsorters' disease. It is thought that the morphological data throw light on the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of anthrax but also demonstrate a common mechanism of tissue injury and death caused by many bacteria. 91 monkeys were exposed for up to 32 days to dusty air from a mill processing imported goat hair known to contain anthrax spores. 23 monkeys contracted inhalation anthrax. The morphologic study of the infected monkeys supported the notion that in most cases of inhalation anthrax, spores are carried to the mediastinal lymph nodes where they germinate and produce a primary lymphatic infection. The large bacteria quickly invade the bloodstream and cause fatal septicaemia. The anthrax bacillus produces a toxin which often causes marked local vascular injury with oedema, haemorrhage and thrombosis. In anthrax septicaemia the toxin causes generalised vascular injury with widespread capillary thrombosis, circulatory failure, shock, and death.
Archives of Pathology, Dec. 1971, Vol.92, p.418-426. Illus. 27 ref.

CIS 73-136 Udžvarlić H., Tanasković B.
Respiratory lesions in electric porcelain factory workers
Oštećenja disajnih organa kod radnika u tvornici elektroporcelana [en serbocroata]
In 1969-1970, an industrial hygiene survey was made of airborne dust concentration, composition and particle size in a Yugoslav electric porcelain works; the results are tabulated. Clinical examination of 165 workers revealed 5 cases of pneumoconiosis, 5 of active tuberculosis, 1 of pneumoconiosis with tuberculosis and 4 of chronic bronchitis; clinical and radiological pictures are described. There was a close relationship between respiratory lesions and workplace dust composition - especially where the dust contained free silica of respirable size. The following measures are recommended: local exhaust ventilation, polyester fibre working clothes, humidification of raw materials, total enclosure of processes, rigorous pre-employment medical examinations, and BCG vaccination.
Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 1971, Vol.22, No.2, p.111-125. 25 ref.

1969

CIS 93-1060 Royal Order establishing the schedule of compensable occupational diseases; R.O. establishing the list of industries, ... in which victims of occupational diseases are presumed to have been exposed to the risk of the disease in question [Belgium]
Arrêté royal dressant la liste des maladies professionnelles donnant lieu à réparation; A.R. fixant la liste des industries, ... dans lesquelles la victime d'une maladie professionnelle est présumée avoir été exposée au risque de cette maladie [Belgique] [en francés]
The first Order (dated 28 March 1969), as modified till 1990, provides a list of compensable occupational diseases, classified by type: diseases due to exposure to certain chemical substances; skin diseases due to exposure to substances not listed elsewhere; diseases due to inhalation of substances not listed elsewhere; infectious and parasitic diseases; diseases due to physical agents (ionising and thermal radiation, noise, atmospheric pressure, vibration, repetitive strain, nystagmus). The second Order (dated 11 July 1969), as modified till 1990, provides, for each of the diseases listed in the Order of 28.3.1969, a list of the industries or occupations in which the disease in question can be deemed to have occurred as an occupational disease. Both Orders became effective on 1 July 1969.
In: Les Codes Larcier, tome III (Droit social), Maison F. Larcier s.a., 39 Rue des Minimes, 1000 Bruxelles, Belgium, 1990 ed., p.575-581. Also in: Moniteur belge, 4 Apr. 1969 and 15 July 1969.

1968

CIS 03-697 Guía de seguridad et higiene en los trabajos forestales
Guide to safety and health in forestry work [en inglés]
Guide pour la sécurité et l'hygiène dans les travaux forestiers [en francés]
Esta guía de seguridad e higiene en los trabajos forestales facilita consejos prácticos acerca de los riesgos relacionados con las diversas operaciones forestales. La guía consta de cuatro secciones. La Parte 1 aborda los aspectos particulares de los trabajadores forestales y su entorno (fisiología del trabajo duro; necesidades nutricionales; pausas de trabajo y períodos vacacionales; trabajadores que necesitan una protección especial; condiciones climatológicas y atmosféricas; plantas, animales, insectos, infecciones). La Parte 2 define los riesgos y las medidas de prevención asociadas a las herramientas, equipos, máquinas y materiales utilizados en los trabajos forestales. La Parte 3 incluye consejos prácticos sobre la organización y las diferentes técnicas utilizadas en las principales actividades relacionadas con este campo. La Parte 4 aborda los diferentes aspectos a tener en cuenta para la elaboración de un programa de prevención eficaz. Apéndice: modelo de formulario para declaración de accidentes.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 4th reprint, 1979. xii, 223p. Illus. Index.

1967

CIS 09-592 International medical guide for ships
The aim of this medical guide was to provide an international approach to problems encountered by ships' captains faced with injury or diseases on board ships not carrying a medical doctor. It consists of three parts: international medical guide for ships; recommended contents of ships' medical chests; medical section of the international code of signals, to enable the ship's captain to ask the necessary questions and the medical officer to send adequate instructions. It has since been superseded by later editions, including the version analyzed under CIS 95-590.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service,1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1967. 404p. Illus. Index.

1965

CIS 93-353 Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Notification of Occupational Diseases) Regulations [Hong Kong]
Regulations effective 12 March 1965 and issued under the authority of the 1955 Factories and Industrial Undertakings Ordinance (see CIS 89-6). They require medical practitioners to notify the Director of Medical and Health Services of any case of occupational disease they diagnose in a patient or in the body of a deceased person. In annex: list of occupational diseases (poisoning by one of a number of toxic substances; anthrax; skin cancer or ulceration of the corneal surface of the eye; chrome ulceration; skin inflammation or ulceration produced by dust, liquid or vapour; heat cataract; decompression sickness; pathological manifestations due to radioactive substances or X-rays; silicosis; asbestosis); form to be used for the notification.
Government Printer, Hong Kong, 1981. 2p. Price: HKD 1.50.

1963

CIS 09-610 Problemas de la medicina del trabajo en la agricultura
Occupational health problems in agriculture [en inglés]
Problèmes de médecine du travail en agriculture [en francés]
This publication includes the report of a joint ILO/WHO session on occupational health in agriculture held in Geneva in April 1962 and papers on related topics. Contents of the report: public health problems related to agricultural work; protection of agricultural workers against toxic hazards; protection of agricultural workers against occupational diseases arising from infectious agents and parasites; organization of occupational health in agriculture.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1963. 223p. Illus.

CIS 93-1436 Law No.292 of 5 March 1963 concerning compulsory tetanus vaccination [Italy]
L. 5.3.1963, n.292 - Vaccinazione antitetanica obbligatoria [en italiano]
Vaccination against tetanus becomes obligatory for workers in specified occupations with an increased risk of infection (in particular, for workers in agriculture, for workers exposed to animals, for dustmen, for those engaged in road construction and repair, for those in the building trades, for garbage workers and for workers engaged in paper and cardboard manufacturing). Also included are: Presidential Decree No.1301 of 7.9.1965, relating to the implementation of the original law; Law No.419 of 20.3.1968, and Ministerial Decrees of 22.3.1975 and of 16.9.1975 extending the scope of professions covered (tanners, common labourers, miners, brick-makers, railway workers, woodworkers, metalworkers, seafarers and workers in harbours).
In: Zucchetti R., Igiene del lavoro e prevenzione delle malattie professionali, Buffetti Editore, Via Sud Africa 29, 00144 Roma, Italy, 1987 (ISBN 88-19-48201-0, price: ITL 60,000), p.357-364. Also in: Gazzetta ufficiale, 27 Mar. 1963, No.83.

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