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  • Alcohols

1988

CIS 88-2025 Armandet D., Loriot J.
Furfural and furfuryl alcohol
Furfural et alcool furfurylique [en francés]
Contents of this information note: physical and chemical properties; manufacture and industrial uses; experimental and clinical toxicology; analytical toxicology (biological and atmospheric doses, maximum allowable concentrations in the workplace air); first aid after contamination; regulations in France applicable to the workplace; technical and medical prevention methods; compensation.
Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale, Intoxications, 1988, 6p. 47 ref.

CIS 88-1815 Phenol
Phénol [en francés]
Chemical safety information sheet. Update of the data sheet already summarised in CIS 88-758. Exposure limit (France, 1983): TWA = 19mg/m3. EEC number and labelling codes: No.604-001-00-2; T, R24/25, R34, S2, S28, S44.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1988. 4p. 17 ref.

CIS 88-1813 Pentachlorophenol and sodium salt
Pentachlorophénol et sel de sodium [en francés]
Chemical safety information sheet. Update of the data sheet already summarised in CIS 88-756. Exposure limit (France, 1986): TWA = 0.5mg/m3. EEC numbers and labelling codes: No.604-002-00-8 (pentachlorophenol); No.604-003-00-3 (sodium pentachlorophenolate); T, R23/24/25, S28, S36/39, S44.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1988. 5p. 36 ref.

CIS 88-1464 Methanol
Méthanol [en francés]
One page chemical safety information sheet based on Chemical Hazard Summary No.24 (CIS 87-420) and Cheminfo record No.23 from the CCOHS.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, 1988. 1p.

CIS 88-1462 Isopropyl alcohol
Alcool isopropylique [en francés]
One page chemical safety information sheet based on Chemical Hazard Summary No.22 (CIS 87-418) and Cheminfo record No. 18 from the CCOHS.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, 1988. 1p.

CIS 88-1454 Ethylene glycol
Etileno-glicol [en portugués]
Chemical safety information sheet. Based on Fiche toxicologique No.25-1987 published by the Institut national de recherches en sécurité (see CIS 87-411).
Prevenção no trabalho, Apr. 1988, No.116, p.16.

CIS 88-1645 Sandoval O.H., Cubillos S.O.
Medidas de prevención en el uso del pentaclorofenol y pentaclorofenato de sodio
Contents of this information note on two substances used in Chile in the removal of stains from wood: properties; commercial products sold in Chile containing these substances; toxicological information; symptoms of poisoning; treatment; medical supervision; prevention of exposure.
Asociación Chilena de Seguridad, Bandera 84, Santiago, Chile, 1988. 12p. 5 ref.

CIS 88-758 Phenol
Phénol [en francés]
Chemical safety information sheet. Exposure limits (France, 1983): TWA = 19mg/m3. Acute toxicity: is absorbed through skin; skin burns; irritation of respiratory tract; delayed pulmonary oedema; hepatic and renal damage; neurotoxic effects. Chronic toxicity: digestive, nervous and skin disorders. EEC identification number and labelling codes: No.604-001-00-2; T, R24/25, R34, S2, S28, S44.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1988. 4p. Bibl.

1987

CIS 02-1110 Pentanoles
Pentanols [en francés]
Ficha toxicológica. Actualización de la ficha referenciada en CIS 85-1018. Toxicidad: irritación de la mucosa respiratoria y digestiva; efectos neurológicos (cefaleas, vértigos, astenia, somnolencia, coma); alteraciones visuales; trastornos neuropsíquicos; dermatitis irritativa. Límite de exposición (Francia): TWA = 360 mg/m3 (100 ppm) para el 3-metil-1-butanol. En CIS 01-201 se analiza la colección completa de fichas toxicológicas en formato CD-ROM.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Rev.ed. (1992), CD-ROM CD 613, 2001. 4p. 14 ref.
02-1110.pdf [en francés]

CIS 89-1580 Šmidt P., Ivanov N.G.
Methodological approaches to the assessment of short-term exposure to industrial chemicals with hepatotoxic properties
Metodočeskie podhody k ocenke gepatotropnogo dejstvija promyšlennyh veščestv pri kratkosročnom vozdejstvii [en ruso]
Animal experiments carried out to investigate changes in liver function as a result of short-term exposure to known hepatotoxic chemicals (carbon tetrachloride, allyl alcohol, styrene) and to new industrial chemical compounds (diallyl phthalate, diaminodiphenylmethane etc.) showed the need for standardisation of experimental conditions for determination of the threshold of acute action of toxic chemicals on liver function for the purposes of hygienic standardisation. A set of compulsory and additional tests for detecting hepatotoxic effects of occupational poisons under conditions of short-term exposure is recommended.
Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevanija, Dec. 1987, No.12, p.33-36. Illus. 8 ref.

CIS 89-738 Allyl alcohol
Allylalkohol; 2-propen-1-ol [en sueco]
Chemical safety information sheet taken from the Kemiska Ämnen Register (CIS 89-214). Exposure limit: TLV = 5mg/m3. Toxicity: irritates the eyes, skin and mucous membranes; can cause liver damage.
Arbetarskyddsnämnden, Box 3208, 10364 Stockholm, Sweden, 1987. 3p.

CIS 89-914 Umarova S.I.
Vegetative vascular dysfunction syndrome in workers exposed to low concentrations of chlorobenzene and tricresol
Sindrom vegetativno-sosudistoj disfunkcii u rabotajuščih v kontakte s nizkimi koncentracijami hlorbenzola i trikrezola [en ruso]
Medical examinations of 556 female workers exposed to low concentrations of the organic solvents chlorobenzene and tricresol (cresylic acid) in an enamelled electric wire factory showed a high incidence of vegetative vascular dysfunction syndrome (34.1%). Its incidence increased with length of exposure and concentration of solvent. Chlorobenzene and cresylic acid should be considered as risk factors which provoke the development of vegetovascular disfunction syndrome in those who work in contact with them.
Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevanija, Sep. 1987, No.9, p.11-13. Illus. 11 ref.

CIS 89-867 Drujan E.A., Sidjakina N.A.
Sampling and formaldehyde determination in workplace air
Otbor prob pri opredelenii formal'degida v vozduhe [en ruso]
Several absorber solutions were tested for their suitability for air sampling. A 0.01N solution of sulfuric acid performed best. As the solution also traps methanol and ammonia, it is especially useful for monitoring air quality in carbamide resin plants or in fibreboard plants, where formaldehyde, methanol and ammonia are all liberated simultaneously.
Gigiena i sanitarija, June 1987, No.6, p.65. Illus. 1 ref.

CIS 89-859 Triebig G., Csuzda I., Krekeler H.J., Schaller K.H.
Pentachlorophenol and the peripheral nervous system: a longitudinal study in exposed workers
A longitudinal study was performed to examine whether chronic occupational exposure to pentachlorophenol (PCP) or its compounds causes measurable alterations in the conduction velocity in peripheral nerves as an "adverse effect". The results of nerve conduction velocity (NCV) determinations in 1980 and 1984 in 10 subjects (7 men, 3 women) exposed for an average of 16yrs (range 4-24) were available. The concentrations of PCP in the workplace air varied between 0.3 and 180µg/m3 and were below the MAK value of 500µg/m3. Biological monitoring showed the following results: PCP in the serum: 38-1,270µg/L; PCP in the urine: 8-1,224µg/L. Compared with the upper normal limits (PCP in the serum 150µg/L, PCP in the urine 60µg/L), distinct internal exposure to PCP has resulted in some of the employees. It is concluded that occupational exposure to PCP over several years in the concentrations observed probably do not lead to any adverse effects on the peripheral nervous system.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Sep. 1987, Vol.44, No.9, p.638-641. Illus. 27 ref.

CIS 89-532 D'jačkova E.F., Lovčinovskaja T.A., Čikin G.A.
Chromatographic determination of acrylonitrile, ethanol, toluene, butyl alcohol and epichlorohydrin in mixtures in workplace air
Gazohromatografičeskoe opredelenie akrilonitrila, ėtanola, toluola, butanola i epihlorgidrina v vozduhe pri sovmestnom prisutstvii [en ruso]
Optimal conditions were established for the determination of the title compounds: 3m by 3mm column packed with 10% polyethylene glycol adipate on 0.25-0.5mm Spherochrome; column temperature 90°C; injector temperature 125°C; carrier gas (helium) flow rate 40mL/min; flame ionisation detector. An analysis takes 10min. The newly developed method permits determination of the following minimal concentrations: acrylonitrile - 0.25mg/m3 (MAC 0.5mg/m3), ethanol - 1mg/m3 (MAC 1000mg/m3), toluene - 1mg/m3 (MAC 50mg/m3), butyl alcohol - 1mg/m3 (MAC 10mg/m3), epichlorohydrin - 0.5mg/m3 (MAC 1mg/m3).
Gigiena i sanitarija, Apr. 1987, No.4, p.55-56. Illus. 3 ref.

CIS 89-525 Potemkina E.I., Cygulja L.S.
Gas chromatographic determination of ethyl acetate and ethanol in workplace air
Gazohromatografičeskoe opredelenie etilacetata i etanola v vozduhe rabočej zony [en ruso]
Separation of ethyl acetate and ethanol was checked on several immobile liquid phases. The best separation was obtained with 15% vaseline oil on a diatomite carrier with a particle size of 0.14-0.25mm. A chromatograph with a flame ionisation detector was used. The sensitivity of ethyl acetate and ethanol determination with a sample of 2cm3 was 20 and 10mg/m3 respectively. The coefficient of variation for a concentration of 200mg/m3 is 13%.
Gigiena i sanitarija, Feb. 1987, No.2, p.69-70. Illus. 3 ref.

CIS 88-1810 Methanol
Méthanol [en francés]
Chemical safety information sheet. Exposure limits (France, 1982): TWA = 260mg/m3; ceiling value = 1300mg/m3. Toxicity: irritation of mucous membranes; eye injuries; blindness; neurotoxic effects; dermatitis.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1987. 4p. 15 ref.

CIS 88-1274 Srinivas C.R., Kulkarni S.B., Menon S.K., Krupashankar D.S., Iyengar M.A., Singh K.K., Sequeira R.F., Halla K.R.
Allergenic agents in contact dermatitis from Holigarna ferruginea
Nine of 10 patients who developed dermatitis following contact with Holigarna ferruginea and 5 of 35 asymptomatic volunteers showed a positive patch test reaction to 2% W/V acetone extract of the plant's resinous exudate. Six albino rats were sensitised following 3 weekly applications of the same extract. Laccol (3-heptadecadienyl catechol) was identified as the active principle in the exudate. Plants of the genus Holigarna, a source of lacquer, may be an important cause of occupational dermatitis in India.
Contact Dermatitis, Oct. 1987, Vol.17, No.4, p.219-222. Illus. 6 ref.

CIS 88-1231 Choudhary G.
Determination of 2,3-dibromopropanol in air
An air sampling method and a gas-liquid chromatography technique were developed for this toxic compound, used in the manufacture of a fire retardant.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Sep. 1987, Vol.48, No.9, p.809-813. Illus. 20 ref.

CIS 88-806 Isobutanol health and safety guide
Chemical safety information sheet based on WHO Environmental Health Criteria 65: Butanols - Four isomers (CIS 87-1025). Toxicity: absorbed through the skin; irritant; hepatotoxic.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1987. 44p. Illus. Price: CHF 5.00.

CIS 88-790 tert-Butanol health and safety guide
Chemical safety information sheet based on WHO Environmental Health Criteria 65: Butanols - Four isomers (CIS 87-1025). Toxicity: is absorbed through the skin; irritant.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1987. 40p. Illus. Price: CHF 5.00.

CIS 88-789 2-Butanol health and safety guide
Chemical safety information sheet based on WHO Environmental Health Criteria 65: Butanols - Four isomers (CIS 87-1025). Toxicity: is absorbed through the skin; irritant; hepatotoxic.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1987. 36p. Illus. Price: CHF 5.00.

CIS 88-788 1-Butanol health and safety guide
Chemical safety information sheet based on WHO Environmental Health Criteria 65: Butanols - Four isomers (CIS 87-1025). Toxicity: is absorbed through the skin; irritant; hepatotoxic.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1987. 40p. Illus. Price: CHF 5.00.

CIS 88-909 Brownson R.C., Chang J.C.
Exposure to alcohol and tobacco and the risk of laryngeal cancer
The association between various risk factors and laryngeal cancer was evaluated using a case-control design. The analysis was limited to white males and included 63 cases and 200 controls. The odds ratios associated with previous tobacco use, adjusted for age and alcohol use, followed an increasing linear trend. Similarly, a dose-response relation between alcohol use and laryngeal cancer was identified. The risk for laryngeal cancer was increased synergistically by alcohol and tobacco. After controlling for alcohol and tobacco, the only occupational category with an elevated risk was non-construction labourers. Further studies of the interaction between alcohol and tobacco, occupational factors, and laryngeal cancer aetiology are suggested.
Archives of Environmental Health, July-Aug. 1987, Vol.42, No.4, p.192-196. 31 ref.

CIS 88-756 Pentachlorophenol and sodium salt
Pentachlorophénol et sel de sodium [en francés]
Chemical safety information sheet. Both compounds are absorbed through skin. Acute toxicity: irritates eyes, skin and upper respiratory tract. Chronic toxicity: dermatitis; chloracne. Exposure limit (France, 1986): TWA = 0.5mg/m3 (pentachlorophenol).
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1987. 5p. Bibl.

CIS 88-543 Deng J.F., Wang J.D., Shih T.S., Lan F.L.
Outbreak of carbon tetrachloride poisoning in a color printing factory related to the use of isopropyl alcohol and an air conditioning system in Taiwan
Three workers from a colour printing plant were admitted to hospital with acute hepatitis. One of the 3 had superimposed acute renal failure and pulmonary oedema. Results of comprehensive medical examinations of workers from the plant and of an on-the-scene investigation led to the conclusion that the outbreak was in all likelihood due to a combined exposure to carbon tetrachloride and isopropyl alcohol. This outbreak underscores the importance of adopting appropriate industrial hygiene measures in a rapidly industrialising nation.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 1987, Vol.12, No.1, p.11-19. Illus. 16 ref.

CIS 88-585 Pentachlorophenol
This evaluation of the toxicity data includes: identity, properties, and analysis; sources of human and environmental exposure; transport, distribution and transformation; environmental levels and human exposure; kinetics and metabolism; effect on organisms in the environment, on animals and on man; evaluation of human risks and effects on the environment; recommendations.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Services, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1987. 236p. Bibl.

CIS 87-842 2-Methyl-2,4-pentanediol
2-Méthyl-2,4-pentanediol [en francés]
Chemical safety information sheet. Synonym: hexylene glycol. Moderately flammable liquid. Is absorbed through the skin. Irritates the eyes and mucous membranes at concentrations above 1,000ppm. Exposure limit: ACGIH (USA, 1986) Ceiling limit = 125mg/m3.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75690 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1987. 4p. 12 ref.

CIS 87-1025 Butanols: Four isomers: 1-butanol, 2-butanol, tert-butanol, isobutanol
Evaluation of the toxicity data available on the 4 butyl alcohol isomers. Contents: properties and analysis; sources of exposure (man, environment); metabolism; animal studies; effects on man; evaluation of risks to health and to the environment.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 20, avenue Appia, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1987. 141p. 253 ref. Price: SF.13.00; US$7.80.

CIS 87-989 Cain W.S., Leaderer B.P., Cannon L., Tosun T., Ismail H.
Odorization of inert gas for occupational safety: Psychophysical considerations
This study, performed under conditions of directed attention, examined pyridine and cis-3-hexen-1-ol for possible odorisation of argon. Detection thresholds for pyridine and cis-3-hexen-1-ol in argon were 106ppb and 19ppb, respectively. Practice over 4 days yielded modest improvement in the detection of both odorants. For cis-3-hexen-1-ol, smokers had marginally lower thresholds than non-smokers and older participants had slightly higher thresholds than younger participants. Sex, smoking status and age had no reliable influence on threshold for pyridine. This indicated desirable perceptual stability for pyridine. Supra-threshold measurements also gave strong relative endorsement to pyridine. Calculations indicated that 3-10ppm (vol/vol) pyridine should suffice to warn of an argon build-up of any severity.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Jan. 1987, Vol.48, No.1, p.47-55. Illus. 15 ref.

CIS 87-987 Liesivuori J., Savolainen H.
Urinary formic acid as an indicator of occupational exposure to formic acid and methanol
A sampling strategy was developed to detect personal exposure to methanol and formic acid vapours. Formic acid is the metabolic end product of methanol, and part of inhaled formic acid is excreted directly in urine, so that urinary formic acid would reveal exposure to both agents. A linear relation to inhaled vapours, however, could be shown only if urinary sampling were delayed until 16h after exposure. Exposure to methanol vapour at 200ppm produced 80mg formic acid/g creatinine and an exposure to formic acid at 5ppm caused 90mg/g creatinine. The similarity of these figures may indicate a common toxicological foundation of these values.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Jan. 1987, Vol.48, No.1, p.32-34. Illus. 21 ref.

CIS 87-1120 Proust B., Joly J.P., Lhuintre J.P., Caillard J.F., Hillemand B.
Ethanol: special aspects, legislation and preventive action in connection with alcoholism
Ethanol: terrains particuliers, législation et perspectives d'action vis-à-vis des problèmes de l'éthanol [en francés]
Information note on alcoholism in special categories of people (women, children, young people, the elderly and athletes), and, in particular, in workers, covering: incidence and aetiology of alcoholism in the workplace, its effect on absenteeism, French legislation against alcoholism at work, anti-alcohol campaigns, relationship with traffic and other accidents. There are 3 levels of preventive action possible: primary (reduction in supply and education of the public), secondary (clinical and biological monitoring) and tertiary (prevention of back-sliding among ex-alcoholics).
Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale, Intoxications, 1987, 8p. 49 ref.

CIS 87-1119 Hillemand B., Lhuintre J.P., Joly J.P., Proust B.
Ethanol or ethyl alcohol
L'éthanol ou alcool éthylique [en francés]
Information note on the effects of ethanol (ethyl alcohol) consumption. One chapter is devoted to health effects: digestion, neuropsychic, cardiovascular and haematological problems; effects of alcohol on the endocrine glands and the kidney; relationship between alcohol consumption on one hand and cancer and infectious diseases on the other; alcohol as a drug (addiction and its pathophysiology).
Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale, Intoxications, 1987, 10p. 50 ref.

CIS 87-420 Methanol
Méthanol [en francés]
Chemical safety information sheet. Methanol can be absorbed through the skin in toxic or lethal amounts. Ingestion of methanol can produce blindness. Other symptoms resemble those of ethanol intoxication. Highly flammable. Exposure limit: ACGIH (USA, 1986-87), TLV=260mg/m3.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main St. East, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8N 1H6, 1987. 16p. 20 ref.

CIS 87-418 Isopropyl alcohol
Alcool isopropylique [en francés]
Chemical safety information sheet. Toxic effects are similar to those of ethyl alcohol. Chronic exposure may lead to liver damage. Exposure limit: ACGIH (USA, 1986-87), TLV=980mg/m3.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main St. East, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8N 1H6, 1987. 17p. 26 ref.

CIS 87-411 Ethyleneglycol
Ethylène-glycol [en francés]
Chemical safety information sheet. Vapours may form explosive mixtures with air. Health hazards: depression of the central nervous system; irritation of eyes and upper respiratory tract. Exposure limit: ACGIH (USA, ceiling limit, 1986) = 125mg/m3.
Institut national de recheche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1987. 4p. 19 ref.

CIS 87-556 Andrews L.S., Clary J.J., Terrill J.B., Bolte H.F.
Subchronic inhalation toxicity of methanol
Toxicity was evaluated in rats and monkeys. Animals were exposed to 0,500, 2000, and 5000ppm methanol vapour for 6 h/d, 5 d/wk, for 4 wk. The only treatment and dose-related effect noted was that of mucoid nasal discharge in rats, which was considered reflective of upper respiratory tract irritation. No consistent treatment-related effects were found for organ or body weights or for histopathologic or ophthalmoscopic examinations. Overall, these findings support the use of the present American Council of Governmental Industrial Hygienists threshold limit value (TLV) of 200ppm and short-term exposure limit (STEL) of 250 ppm for exposure to methanol vapour.
Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, 1987, Vol.20, Nos. 1-2, p.117-124. 18 ref.

CIS 87-127 Propan-2-ol
Identification; uses; properties; fire hazards; extinguishants; hazardous reactions; toxicity and biological reactions; health surveillance; handling and storage; safety precautions; leakage and spillage; first aid.
Safety Practitioner, Jan. 1987, Vol.5, No.1, p.14-15. 13 ref.

1986

CIS 91-364
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
EPA Final Rule - Preliminary assessment information and health and safety data reporting; Addition of chemicals [USA]
EPA is adding 4 chemical substances to 2 model information-gathering rules contained in the Toxic Substances Control Act (see CIS 89-23): the Preliminary Assessment Information Rule (PAIR) and the Health and Safety Data Reporting Rule. Manufacturers, processors and importers of these chemicals will be required to report end-use, exposure, volume and unpublished health and safety data to the EPA. The substances are: 2-butanone oxime; 2-propanol; 2-methoxy-2-methyl-propane; N- [5-[bis[2-(acetyloxy)ethyl]-amino]-2-[(bromo-4,6-dinitrophenyl)azo]-4-etho xyphenyl]-acetamide (Disperse Blue 79). In addition, a 5th substance (phosphoric acid, tributyl ester) was added to PAIR and is now designated for response within 12 months. Details of the 2 Rules and an economic analysis of their impact follow.
Federal Register, 14 Nov. 1986, Vol.51, No.220, p.41328-41331.

CIS 89-1480 Phenol
Chemical safety information sheet. Exposure limit: ACGIH TLV = 19mg/m3. Toxicity: skin absorption; conjunctivitis; cyanosis; pulmonary oedema.
Indian Chemical Manufacturing Association, India Exchange, India Exchange Place, Calcutta 700 001, India, 1986. 1p.

CIS 89-1474 Methanol
Chemical safety information sheet. Exposure limit: ACGIH TLV = 260mg/m3 (skin). Toxicity: skin absorption; dermatitis; optical nerve damage; blindness; liver and renal damage.
Indian Chemical Manufacturing Association, India Exchange, India Exchange Place, Calcutta 700 001, India, 1986. 1p.

CIS 89-1324
Sovet Ėkonomičeskoj Vzaimopomo¿či
Occupational Safety and Health - Methods for determining chemical substances in workplace air
Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevanija - Metody opredelenija himičeskih veščestv v vozduhe rabočej zony [en ruso]
Methods for the determination of the following hazardous substances in workplace air: dimethyl sulfate, norbornene polychlorinated biphenyls, benzidine, p-chlorophenol, carbon monoxide, chloroacetophenone, water-soluble chromium compounds, tetraethyllead, oil aerosols, epichlorohydrin, volatile hydrocarbons from cutting fluids, solvent naphtha. The gas chromatographic and photometric methods have been adopted as official methods of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance.
Izdatel'skij otdel, Upravlenija delami Sekretariata SĖV, prospekt Kalinina 56, 121205 Moskva, USSR, 1986. 49p.

CIS 89-547 Saharova L.N., Murav'eva S.I., Makeeva L.T., Žigalov V.P., Grinberg A.A.
Hygienic assessment of the air in present-day caprolactam manufacture
Gigieničeskaja ocenka vozdušnoj sredy v sovremennom proizvodstve kaprolaktama [en ruso]
The air in caprolactam plants contains benzene, cyclohexane, cyclohexanone, cyclohexanol, cyclohexanone oxime and caprolactam. Simultaneous collection of 30min and 15min samples of cyclohexanone and cyclohexanone oxime revealed no differences in their concentrations, so 15min collection of samples with the use of AFAS-U filters is proposed. Monitoring of the average shift concentration of benzene in the workplace air should be done on the basis of time-weighted average concentrations.
Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevanija, Dec. 1986, No.12, p.33-36. Illus. 3 ref.

CIS 89-420 Glycerine
Chemical safety information sheet. Exposure limit: ACGIH TLV = 10mg/m3. Toxicity: relatively non-toxic; irritates eyes and respiratory tract.
Indian Chemical Manufacturers Association, India Exchange, India Exchange Place, Calcutta 700 001, India, 1986. 1p.

CIS 89-417 2-Ethyl hexanol
Chemical safety information sheet. Toxicity: irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract; lung and kidney damage.
Indian Chemical Manufacturers Association, India Exchange, India Exchange Place, Calcutta 700 001, India, 1986. 1p.

CIS 89-76 Ethylene glycol
Chemical safety information sheet. Exposure limit: ACGIH TLV (ceiling value, vapour) = 125mg/m3. Toxicity: pulmonary oedema; depression of the central nervous system; kidney damage.
Indian Chemical Manufacturers Association, India Exchange, India Exchange Place, Calcutta 700 001, India, 1986. 1p.

CIS 88-1801 Ethyl alcohol
Chemical safety information sheet. Exposure limit: ACGIH TLV = 1900mg/m3. Toxicity: irritates eyes, skin and upper respiratory tract; dermatitis; neurotoxic effects.
Indian Chemical Manufacturers Association, India Exchange, India Exchange Place, Calcutta 700 001, India, 1986. 1p.

CIS 88-1092 Butanol
Chemical safety information sheet. Exposure limit: ACGIH TLV (ceiling, skin) = 150mg/m3. Flammable liquid. Toxicity: irritation of skin and eyes; dermatitis.
Indian Chemical Manufacturers Association, India Exchange, India Exchange Place, Calcutta 700 001, India, 1986. 1p.

CIS 88-781 Amyl alcohol
Chemical safety information sheet. Toxicity: skin irritation; dermatitis.
Indian Chemical Manufacturers Association, India Exchange, India Exchange Place, Calcutta 700 001, India, 1986. 1p.

CIS 88-419
Kemikontoret
Soldering fluxes type 4
Flussmedel och lodpastor typ 4 [en sueco]
Chemical safety information sheet. Volatile and flammable liquids. They irritate the eyes, the skin and the mucous membranes; breathing difficulties, visual defects and unconsciousness at high concentrations. Risk of permanent eye damage and blindness. Easy absorption through the skin, with possibility of eczema. Ingestion can lead to blindness or death. Exposure limit (methanol) = 250mg/m3 (Sweden, 1984).
Kemikontorets Förlag, Box 5501, 114 85 Stockholm, Sweden, July 1986. 2p.

CIS 87-1423 Swensson A.
Nordic Expert Group for Documentation of Threshold Limit Values - 65. Allyl alcohol
Nordiska expertgruppen för gränsvärdesdokumentation - 65. Allylalkohol [en sueco]
A critical review of the literature relevant to discussions for an exposure limit is presented. In man the earliest symptom of exposure to allyl alcohol is irritation of the mucous membranes. Damage to internal organs has not been registered. In animal experiments the liver was found to be the most severely damaged organ, while damage to other organs was slight. In long-term experiments a certain adaptation was demonstrated in that the liver when damaged may heal in spite of continued exposure. There is no information on teratogenicity or carcinogenicity. The metabolite glycidaldehyde may have slight carcinogenic properties. Allyl alcohol is mutagenic in the Ames test. A threshold limit value should prevent mucous membrane irritation.
Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen, Publikationsservice, 171 84 Solna, Sweden, 1986. 38p. Illus. 81 ref.

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